personal dictionary

Creative Commons License
personal dictionary by Robert Buchanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
==ACTS==

abandon/abnegate/forego/forgo/forsake/give up/relinquish/renounce/resign/waive
v. to part with a claim, possession, privilege or right
_cede/concede/deliver/release/relinquish/surrender/yield
_v. to relinquish to another, esp. by demand or under duress
__forfeit/lose
__v. to yield a right, property, etc. by punitive consequence of some crime, error or offense

abandon/desert/drop/forsake
v. to withdraw support, companionship or aid for someone or something; to leave behind and alone

abandon/give up/quit/resign
v. to give up an occupation, office or position
_abdicate
_v. to formally resign from a high authority or office, as a throne
_surrender/yield
_v. to resign in favor of a successor

abate/attenuate/cut/decrease/diminish/drop/lessen/lower/mitigate/moderate/mollify/reduce/relax/remit/slack(en)/slake/subdue/temper/weaken
v. to diminish force or intensity
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually diminish
_assuage/mitigate/moderate/mollify/relax/slack(en)
_v. to render less severe

abate/attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fail/fall off/flag/lessen/lower/lull/mitigate/moderate/reduce/relent/remit/slack (off)/slacken/subside/temper/weaken
v. to become less forceful or intense
_dwindle/taper (off)/wane
_v. to gradually diminish
_mitigate/moderate/relax/relent/slack(en)/subside
_v. to become less severe

abate/attenuate/curtail/cut/decrease/diminish/drop/lessen/lower/pare/reduce/retrench
v. to reduce an amount or degree
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually retrench
_minimize
_v. to diminish to the smallest possible volume or degree
_slash
_v. to drastically curtail

abate/attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fall (off)/lessen/lower/reduce
v. to be reduced in quantity or degree
_dwindle/taper (off)
_v. to gradually abate

attenuate/contract/curtail/cut/decrease/diminish/lessen/minify/reduce/pare/shrink
v. to make smaller
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually attenuate
_minify/minimize
_v. to shrink to the smallest possible magnitude

attenuate/contract/decline/decrease/diminish/fall off/lessen/reduce/shrink
v. to become smaller
_detumesce
_v. (of a penis) to shrink from an erect, sexually aroused state
_dwindle/taper (off)/wane
_v. to gradually attenuate

attenuate/decrease/diminish/drop/lessen/reduce/weaken
v. to cause to be weaker

attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fail/flag/fall off/lessen/reduce/weaken
v. to become weaker
_wane
_v. to gradually flag

attenuate/drop/decrease/diminish/lessen/lower/reduce/shrink
v. to reduce the quality or value of

attenuate/decline/decrease/diminish/drop/fall off/lessen/lower/reduce/shrink
v. to lose value or quality

abatement/attenuation/curtailment/cut(back)/decline/decrease/decrement/drop/diminishment/diminution/fall/reduction/retrenchment/shrink/slash
n. an act of making or becoming less in amount, scale, significance, size, etc.
_decrement/taper
_n. a gradual reduction
__attrition
__n. a gradual reduction of strength or efficacy consequent of sustained attack, harassment or pressure
__n. a prolonged decrease of membership or personnel who aren't replaced sequent to retirement, resignation or expiry
_detumescence
_n. diminution of swelling: the subsidence of anything swollen, esp. a penile erection
_minimization
_n. diminution to the smallest possible grade, measurements or quantum

abbreviate/abridge/compress/condense/cut/elide/foreshorten
v. to shorten length or duration by omission of content while retaining essential elements and substance, as that of a speech, play, novel or motion picture

abdication
n. a formal resignation from an office and all its powers and responsibilities, esp. that of a regent

abet
v. to assist or encourage the achievement of a misdeed

abet/aid/assist/back/help/minister [to]/serve/subvent
v. to furnish service or resources to ease accomplishment
_aid/help/minister [to]/relieve/subvent/succor
_v. to provide services or supplies to someone in a period or occasion of asperity or calamity
_subserve
_v. to be useful or helpful to someone or something

abetment/aid/assistance/help/ministration/service/subvention
n. an affordance of help
_aid/help/ministration/relief/subvention/succor
_n. any provision of assistance or care during a disaster or other instance of hardship

abidance/accordance/adherence/compliance/conformity
n. action in adherence to conventions, edicts, laws, rules or standards

abide (by)/adhere (to)/comply (with)/conform (to)/defer to/follow/hew to/keep to/obey/observe
v. to act in accordance with commands, conditions, desires, laws, proprieties, rules, etc.

abjure/abstain (from)/avoid/eschew/forbear/refrain (from)/refuse/resist/withhold (from)
v. to restrain oneself from doing something
_abstain
_v. to forbear voting, as in a legislature
_deny/refuse/withhold
_v. to abstain from bestowing or giving
_waive
_v. to refrain from claiming, enforcing or insisting upon

abjure/abnegate/abstain (from)/avoid/deny (oneself)/dispense with/eschew/forgo/forego/resist
v. to elect not to partake of or indulge in something; to do without
__crucify/mortify
__v. to suppress or subdue one's sensual appetites and passions by abnegation or disciplinary exercises

abjuration/abnegation/abstention/abstinence/abstinency/denial/eschewal/resistance/self-denial
n. the act of refusing the indulgence of one's own desires or appetites

ablate
v. to wear away or dissipate by erosion, evaporation, melting or vaporization

ablute/bathe/lave/wash
v. to cleanse one's body with soap and water

ablution
n. the act of cleansing one's body with soap and water, as in a shower or bathtub

abrade/abrase/chafe/corrade/erode/fret
v. to wear down, off or away by friction, as by rubbing or scraping

abrasion/attrition/corrasion/detrition/erosion/fret
n. any act or process of wearing matter down, off or away by friction, as wood rubbed by sandpaper or rock particles corraded by flux of wind, water or ice

abrade/bark/chafe/excoriate/gall/graze/gride/scrape/scratch
v. to strip, tear or wear away superficial skin by application of friction

abridge/clip/curtail/foreshorten/truncate
v. to terminate before an intended or proper end or extent; to cut short

absolve/acquit/discharge/dispense/excuse/exempt/exonerate/free/release/relieve
v. to relieve from a liability, obligation, responsibility or task, esp. that to which others are subject

absolve/clear/exculpate/exonerate/vindicate
v. to free from culpability or guilt, and any consequences or penalties ensuant therefrom

absquatulate/bolt/decamp/flee/fly/run/scoot/scram/skedaddle/skip/take flight/vamoose
v. to quickly, abruptly depart, esp. to escape or elude something or someone
_abscond/absquatulate/decamp
_v. to furtively flee
__flit
__v. to abscond to elude obligation

absterge/wipe
v. to clean something by rubbing it with a cloth, paper towel, etc.
v. to remove by rubbing, esp. with a cloth

abstract/filch/glom/lift/nab/nick/pilfer/pinch/purloin/steal/swipe/take/thieve
v. to take something without its owner's consent or any intention of restitution
_crib/lift/plagiarize/poach/steal
_v. to appropriate someone else's ideas, music, writings, etc. and present them as one's original work

abstract/prescind/remove/take/withdraw
v. to take something off, away or from an occupied location or position, as by grasping, lifting or pushing
_scrumble
_v. to scrape or scratch something from or out of

abstraction/removal/remotion/withdrawal
n. an act of taking something off, away or from a spot or situation by seizing, raising or pushing

accede/acquiesce/bow/defer/submit/yield
v. to courteously, often reluctantly assent to another's desire, judgment or opinion

accept/adopt/assume/bear/shoulder/undertake (for)
v. to take on or over a duty, obligation, position or responsibility
_accede/adopt
_v. to assume a dignity, right, office or title

accommodate/accord/conciliate/conform/harmonize/parallel/reconcile/square/tally
v. to bring two or more things (as perspectives, opinions, data, accounts, etc.) into consonance or agreement; to make compatible
_coordinate/match/mesh
_v. to produce an attractive combination, usu. of attire or furnishings and esp. by harmonizing colors or patterns
_syncretize
_v. to conciliate (and often consolidate) disparate or converse principles, practices or beliefs, as of religions, philosophies or ideologies
_synchronize
_v. to cause to occur or operate concurrently or at a corresponding rate

accommodate/afford/furnish/provide/provision/render/supply
v. to give something needed or wanted to be used or expended for necessity or comfort
_accommodate/bestow/billet/harbor/house/lodge/quarter/shelter/stow
_v. to furnish with shelter or living quarters
__billet/canton/quarter
__v. to accommodate military personnel
_aliment/maintain/provide (for)/subsist
_v. to provide necessaries or sustenance for, as food or shelter
_allot/deal (out)/dish out/dispense/distribute/divide/dole (out)/lot/mete (out)/parcel (out)/portion (out)/share
_v. to give out (or issue assigned) portions or shares to recipients
__allot/apportion/deal (out)/divide/lot/mete (out)/prorate/share
__v. to dispense proportionally
__dole (out)
__v. to distribute in small portions
__ration
__v. to parcel out fixed portions, usu. of provisions
_equip/fit (out)/furnish/gear/outfit/provide/rig (out, up)/supply
_v. to provision with equipment required to implement a specific task or function
__arm
__v. to equip with weaponry
__instrument
__v. to outfit with instruments
_provision/victual
_v. to supply with edibles, esp. for travel
_scant/stint
_v. to provide in restricted, frugal, often inadequate quantities
_tenon
_v. to supply with a tenon

accomplish/achieve/attain/compass/consummate/do/effect/effectuate/fulfill/manage/nail/reach/realize
v. to successfully bring an ambition, objective or desired result to fruition

accord/bestow/confer/give/grant
v. to give or present a title, status, right, privilege, honor, degree or benefit

accost/affront/confront
v. to meet someone with defiant, disputatious or inimical intent or address

accredit/authorize/commission/empower/invest/warrant
v. to accord authority to implement a task or function

accredit/approbate/approve/authorize/legitimate/license/permit/sanction
v. to grant official or formal consent to do something

accustom/attune/condition/habituate/wont
v. to physically or psychologically familiarize and consequently make comfortable with something by constant, frequent or prolonged exposure, esp. by habit, iteration or practice
_acclimate/acclimatize/accommodate/adapt
_v. to accustom to a new climate or environment
_condition/desensitize/harden/indurate/inure/season/toughen
_v. to accustom to something exceptionable by experience or protracted subjection
_domesticate/naturalize
_v. to introduce and habituate plants or animals to a new environment

accustom/wont
v. to become conditioned to something
_acclimate/acclimatize/accommodate/adapt/adjust
_v. to become attuned to a new climate or environment

acquire/cultivate/exercise/train
v. to develop, improve or refine a lineament, physique, proficiency, etc. by education, exertion or training

acquire/gain/garner/get/land/obtain/secure
v. to come into possession of something, as by effort, purchase or request
_accumulate/amass/collect/cumulate/gather/garner/raise
_v. to gradually acquire friends, information, knowledge, property, strength, resources, wealth, etc.
__agglomerate/aggregate/bunch/clump/cluster/lump (together)/mass
__v. to gather into a single cluster or mass
__hoard/stockpile
__v. to accumulate a store of some resource reserved for future or emergency expenditure
_chisel/finagle/gazump/grift/mulct/rook/shark/swindle/wangle
_v. to obtain something by deception
_exact/extort/force/screw/squeeze/wring
_v. to garner by coercion or force
_extract/force/wrest/wring
_v. to obtain by some forcible or toilsome essay necessitated by resistance
_jangle/wrangle
_v. to gain by argument
_procure
_v. to acquire by some operose, specialized or unusual effort
_receive
_v. to get something offered or delivered
_reclaim/recoup/recover/regain/repossess/retrieve
_v. to secure something previously filched, mislaid or otherwise lost

addle/decay/decompose/fester/perish/rot/taint
v. (of organic matter) to gradually deteriorate or cause to disintegrate ensuing chemical action of bacterial or fungal growth
_fester/putrefy
_v. to decay and emit a miasma

adhere/agglutinate/bind/bond/cohere/cling/unite
v. (of multiple substances, constituents, etc.) to stick or hold together in a single mass and resist separation

adhere/cleave/cling/stick
v. to hold fast to a surface, substance or object

adhere/cleave
v. to be devoted to a cause, conviction, faith, ideology, party, person, etc.

adhere (to)/stick to
v. to implement a plan or procedure without divergence

adjudge/adjudicate/arbitrate/decide/determine/judge/referee/umpire
v. to examine and submit a formal, conclusive judgment regarding and thusly resolve a conflict, disputed matter or other problem

adjudicate/decide/judge
v. to serve as a judge of a competition

administer/administrate/conduct/control/direct/guide/head/manage/operate/oversee/run/superintend/supervise
v. to work in an executive role: to command the affairs of an organization, as a business or government

admit/intromit/receive
v. to allow to enter; to grant entry to, as though an entranceway

adumbrate/augur/betoken/bode/forecast/foreshadow/foreshow/foretoken/portend/prefigure/presage/type
v. to indicate, show or suggest what may transpire in advance; to be an omen of some future occurrence
_adumbrate
_a. to vaguely presage
_foretoken/forewarn/portend/presage
_v. to betoken in monition

advance/boost/cultivate/encourage/foment/forward/foster/further/help/nurture/promote
v. to aid or contribute to the progress, growth or development of a project, person, enterprise, cause, etc.

affix/annex/append/attach/fasten/tack
v. to attach something to something else
_anchor/clamp/fasten/fix/fixate/glue/moor/rivet/secure
_v. to affix firmly or securely to obviate movement or loss
_brad
_v. to tack with brads
_prefix/prepend
_v. to attach before or at the fore
_subjoin/suffix
_v. to annex at the end
_tack
_v. to fasten with a tack or tacks

affront/cut/discourtesy/irreverence/indignity/insult/offense/slight/snub
n. a deliberately offensive or discourteous act
_cut/slight/snub
_n. intentionally incivil inattention

affront/cut/disoblige/indignify/insult/miff/offend/pique/snub
v. to treat rudely, so to provoke anger or indignation
_affront
_v. to openly or publicly offend
_cut/slight/snub
_v. to ignore or regard with insouciance as an expression of disrespect

agglutinate
v. to effect adhesion to a substance or surface, as with glue or any other adhesive agent

aggravate/exacerbate/worsen
v. to make worse
_compound
_v. to worsen by a factor's addition or increase

agitate
v. to arouse public interest in a matter and usu. support for a related cause

air (out)/aerate
v. to expose to or supply with circulating, usually fresh air, esp. to cool, dry or deodorize
_air (out)/ventilate
_v. to aerate an enclosed space to displace stale or contaminated air therein

airt/direct/guide
v. to disclose or indicate a particular direction to a site or other destination

alight/debark/disembark/land
v. to exit or descend in egress from a plane, ship, train or other vehicle
_deplane
_v. to disembark from an airplane following landfall
_detrain
_v. to exit or induce to leave a railroad train

alight/land/light
v. to descend from the air to settle upon a surface, as an aircraft, bird, skydiver, spacecraft, etc.

allocate/allot/appropriate/assign/destine/earmark/intend
v. to reserve (resources, as time, space, funds, etc.) for a specific, often special purpose
_allot/apportion
_v. to proportionally earmark

allure/attract/becharm/beguile/bewitch/captivate/charm/enchant/enthrall/fascinate/magnetize/mesmerize/seduce/spellbind/tempt/wile
v. to affect jubilance or engrossment, as with one's charm and beauty

alternate/interchange/rotate
v. to occur or proceed in consecutive turn, as two or more events, elements, conditions or actions

amalgamate/coalesce/combine/compound/conflate/conglomerate/consolidate/consort/fuse/incorporate/integrate/meld/merge/synthesize/unify/unite
v. to join into a single, coherent entity or whole
_admix/blend/commingle/commix/compound/immingle/immix/intermingle/intermix/meld/mingle/mix
_v. to smoothly and inseparably combine one substance (esp. a fluid) with another
_brigade
_v. to unite troops into a brigade

amalgamation/coalescence/combination/conflation/conglomeration/consolidation/fusion/incorporation/integration/merger/synthesis/unification/union
n. the action or process of combining individual elements into one body or group

amble/paseo/perambulation/promenade/ramble/saunter/stroll
n. a leisurely, ordinarily public walk

ambulate/itinerate/journey/locomote/move/peregrinate/travel/wend
v. to go from place to place
_ambulate/tread/step/walk
_v. to move at a moderate pace by stepping forward in alternation upon a surface
__amble/linger/mosey/perambulate/promenade/ramble/saunter/stroll/tootle
__v. to walk at a slow pace with a leisurely bearing
__circumambulate
__v. to walk around something
___perambulate
___v. to circumambulate a site (as a forest, manor, etc.) to officially inspect and record its bounds
__hobble/limp
__v. to walk inelegantly or haltingly with an uneven gait when lame or injured
__noctivagate
__v. to walk nocturnally
__step
__v. to walk a short distance
__surbate
__v. to make one's feet sore by (usu. excessive) walking
_caravan
_v. to peregrinate in or as though in a procession of vehicles, people or animals
_v. to travel in a capacious covered wagon drawn by equine
_v. to locomote in a van equipped with household amenities, esp. on holiday
_cover/cross/cut/measure/peregrinate/range/ride/thwart/travel/traverse
_v. to move or pass across, over or through
__ply/run/shuttle
__v. to travel a route regularly, usu. by vehicular means
___commute
___v. to traverse one's commute regularly, as between work and home
__wade
__v. to laboriously range something (usu. water)
___ford
___v. to wade a ford
_divagate/drift/expatiate/extravagate/maunder/meander/ramble/range/roam/rove/stray/stroll/wander
_v. to locomote aimlessly, sans route, purpose or destination
__extravagate
__v. to meander beyond specified limits or bounds
__noctivagate
__v. to wander at night
_mill
_v. to move confusedly about
_meander/ramble
_v. to peregrinate along a circuitous or sinuate route
_slalom/tack
_v. to move in a zigzag course

ambuscade/ambush/bushwhack/waylay
v. to await and attack from an occulted situation

ambuscade/ambush
n. a sudden attack from a concealed locus

ameliorate/amend/better/enhance/help/improve/meliorate/mend
v. to make better
_amend/correct/fix/mend/rectify/redress/remediate/remedy/repair/revise/right
_v. to make whatever's wrong right by eliminating an error, flaw or problem
__doctor/fix/furbish/mend/recondition/repair/service
__v. to restore something worn, decayed or damaged to sound or functional condition, ordinarily by replacing faulty or broken components thereof
___cobble
___v. to mend footwear, esp. boots or shoes
___patch
___v. to hastily mend something
_complete/consummate/perfect/polish
_v. to render flawless
_rarefy/rarify/refine
_v. to improve something by eliminating its crude characteristics; to make elegant or polished

ameliorate/better/improve/meliorate/mend
v. to become better

amplify/augment/boost/enlarge/escalate/expand/increase/magnify/raise/swell
v. to make larger

augment/enlarge/escalate/expand/grow/increase/swell
v. to become larger
_wax
_v. to gradually enlarge

amplify/augment/boost/heighten/increase/raise/strengthen
v. to render stronger

augment/heighten/increase/strengthen
v. to become stronger
_wax
_v. to gradually strengthen

amplify/augment/enlarge/escalate/expand/extend/increase
v. to increase an extent

augment/enlarge/escalate/expand/extend/grow/increase
v. to become greater in extent
_wax
_v. to gradually expand

amplify/boost/enhance/enlarge/escalate/heighten/increase/intensify/magnify/raise/strengthen/swell
v. to increase force or intensity

enlarge/escalate/grow/heighten/increase/intensify/strengthen/swell
v. to become more forceful or intense
_wax
_v. to gradually intensify

augment/boost/enlarge/escalate/expand/heighten/increase/raise/swell
v. to increase the amount of
_accresce/accrue/accumulate/cumulate/gather/grow
_v. to increase by progressive addition
__agglomerate/bunch/clump/cluster/mass
__v. (of multiple constituents) to accumulate into one cluster or mass
_treble/triple
_v. to increase or multiply threefold

augment/enlarge/escalate/expand/grow/heighten/increase/swell
v. to become more numerous
_accresce/accrue/accumulate/cumulate/gather/grow
_v. to increase by progressive addition
__agglomerate/bunch/clump/cluster/mass
__v. (of multiple constituents) to accumulate into one cluster or mass
_treble/triple
_v. to increase or multiply threefold
_wax
_v. to gradually swell

amuse/distract/divert/entertain/tickle/treat
v. to distract one's attention from serious or soporific matters or concerns with any agreeable, amusing or stimulating entertainment
_disport/sport
_v. to entertain oneself with a pastime
_fete
_v. to entertain with a feast or festival
_regale
_v. to entertain to great delight

anachronize
v. to assign an inaccurate time to an artistic work, document, edifice, event, etc.
_misdate
_v. to anachronize an erroneous date

analyze/anatomize/dissect
v. to conduct a finical, systematic examination of a subject's constituents to ascertain their interrelations, its essence or structure, or to identify causes, consequences or factors
_analyze
_v. to conduct a chemical analysis of

analyze/psychoanalyze
v. to treat mental and emotional disorders (as neuroses or psychoses) by investigating, patefying and analyzing conscious and unconscious anxieties, conflicts or impulses, esp. by means of free association, or behavioral or oneiric interpretation

anchor/fasten/fix/fixate/moor/secure
v. to render immobile or stationary

angle/cant/incline/lean/rake/slant/slope/tilt/tip
v. to move or lift at an angle diverging from a level position, so that one end or side is higher than the other in a slanting, oblique or diagonal position or direction

annex/assume/appropriate/arrogate/expropriate/usurp
v. to take possession of something for one's own use, esp. illegally or without permission
_assume/usurp
_v. to forcibly or illicitly appropriate control of authority or a position
_expropriate
_v. to appropriate for public use
_seize/wrest
_v. to swiftly and forcibly arrogate something
__commandeer
__v. to arbitrarily seize

annex
v. to appropriate and integrate a territory or country into the domain of a city, county or country, esp. by dint of force, as of conquest or occupation

annihilate/efface/eliminate/eradicate/erase/expunge/exterminate/extinguish/extirpate/obliterate/remove/uproot
v. to destroy entirely; to render completely nonexistent
_atomize/nuke
_v. to obliterate with nuclear weapons

appear/arise/begin/come/commence/emerge/engender/form/initiate/issue/originate/proceed/rise/spring/start/stem
v. to come into existence
_conceive
_v. to commence in a particular manner
_spring
_v. to suddenly begin

appease/assuage/gratify/indulge/quench/sate/satiate/satisfy/slake
v. to fulfill a desire or (esp. edacious) appetite to satisfaction
_appease/assuage/quench/slake
_v. to sate one's thirst by drinking

apply/bestow/employ/use/utilize
v. to apply or put something (as a tool or resource) to service in assay of a function
_exercise/exert
_v. to efficaciously utilize a right, privilege, influence, authority or faculty
_exploit/work
_v. to apply to the greatest advantage
_handle/manipulate/operate/ply/wield/work
_v. to deftly and carefully use an instrument, as a tool or weapon
_press
_v. to use in a manner or for a purpose not initially intended

appoint/assign/constitute/create/designate/make/name/nominate/propose
v. to select someone for a membership, office or position

approach/come/draw near [or] close/near
n. to spatially or temporally come near or nearer to something or somebody

arise/attend/ensue/eventuate/follow/issue/proceed/result
v. to occur as a consequence or effect

arrange/collocate/marshal/order/organize
v. to assemble (constituents) into a convenient, orderly or proper whole
_codify/methodize/organize/systematize/systemize
_v. to arrange in abidance with a method
_collate
_v. to organize (data, pages, texts) in a logical or numerical sequence
_grade/graduate/rank
_v. to collocate in a series according to a scale of quality or rank

artifice/chicane(ry)/dupery/fraud/fraudulence/knavery/legerdemain/skulduggery/skullduggery/trickery/wile
n. the use of tricks to deceive someone, esp. to achieve a political, legal or financial purpose

ascertain/check/confirm/determine/establish/find/see/verify
v. to learn or prove with surety by dint of calculation, experiment, inquiry, inspection, investigation, observation, study or survey

asphyxiate/smother/stifle/suffocate
v. to kill by obturating respiration to deprive of oxygen
v. to succumb to a lack of oxygen

aspirate
v. to suck (a substance, as fluid) out: to draw out or away, or remove by suction

assay/attempt/essay/seek/try/undertake
v. to apply effort to accomplish an objective
_agonize/endeavor/exert/strive/struggle
_v. to arduously essay

assemble/collect/congregate/congress/convene/flock/forgather/foregather/gather/mass/meet/muster/rally
v. (of people) to come together for conference or activity

assign/designate/detail/name/relegate
v. to pick someone to implement a particular task or function

assimilate
v. to conform or adapt to one's environment or culture
_acculturate
_v. (of an individual or cultural, ethnic or social group) to assimilate culturally; to conform to previously foreign and esp. prevailing cultural characteristics and norms

assimilate/conform
v. to become like something else
v. to render something akin to something else

assimilate/absorb
v. to receive and integrate concepts, culture or people into a broader society or culture, esp. by adapting them to the predominant cultural ethos

assort/categorize/class/classify/divide/group/label/range/relegate/sort
v. to assign someone or something to a (taxonomic, social, organizational, economic, artistic, altitudinal, etc.) category
_bracket
_v. to classify two or more people or things together
_taxonomize
_v. to classify organisms into hierarchical groups based on correspondent genetic and physical properties


assume/adopt
v. to take on a certain attribute, bearing or form

assure/ensure/guarantee/insure/see/secure
v. to make certain that something has been or shall occur or be effectuated

atomize
v. to reduce a substance to motes or a fine spray
v. to project a fluid (esp. perfume) as a fine spray

aby/atone/compensate/expiate/redeem/redress/repair/right
v. to furnish reparation for an error, fault or misdeed

atonement/compensation/expiation/redress/reparation/satisfaction
n. any act of making amends for one's deficiency, mistake or trespass

attach/colligate/combine/conjoin/connect/couple/join/link/unite/yoke
v. (of constitutents or components) to bring, put or come together
_suture
_v. to join flesh, skin, etc. by means of suture
_tenon
_v. to join with a tenon

attachment/combination/conjugation/conjunction/connection/coupling/jointure/juncture/linkage/union
n. an act of bringing, placing or coming together
_suture
_n. the act of sewing two bodily surfaces together, as the skin of an open wound

attenuate/extenuate/thin
v. to become or render fine, slender or thin
_emaciate/extenuate/macerate
_v. to render extremely, unnaturally thin, usu. by starvation

avoid/banish/dislodge/drive (out)/eject/expel/oust/rout
v. to impel flight; to force out or away from a place
_banish/proscribe/relegate
_v. to expel from a locality or country, esp. by diktat as a punitive measure; to force to move out or away
__banish/exile/expatriate/ostracize/proscribe/relegate
__v. to banish someone from their country
___ostracize
___v. to temporarily, democratically banish someone
__deport
__v. to expel a foreigner from a country, usu. on grounds pertaining to illegal status or criminality
_rout/scatter
_v. to occasion a disarrayed departure by drubbing

avoid/eschew/forbear/shun
v. to deliberately stay away from someone or something disapproved, detested or feared

avulse/pluck
v. to abruptly, forcibly tear or pull off or away

ax/discharge/dismiss/fire/sack/terminate
v. to end an employee's occupational engagement

baby/coddle/cosset/indulge/mollycoddle/overindulge/pamper/pet/spoil
v. to treat, protect, provide and care for with excessive indulgence, as one might a pet or child, esp. to the eventual detriment of their character

balk/bar/bilk/cumber/embarrass/encumber/frustrate/hamper/hinder/hobble/impede/incumber/obstruct/stymie
v. to restrict or retard activity or advancement; to be a hindrance to
_interdict
_v. to cumber an enemy force by destroying its channels of travel, supply or communication

ballast
v. to fill and fashion the bed of a railway line or road with coarse gravel or crushed stone

bamboozle/cheat/chicane/chouse/cozen/dupe/fool/fox/gull/hoax/hoodwink/hornswoggle/illude/shaft/sucker/tricher/trick
v. to secure an advantage or victory through deception or trickery
_crib
_v. to surreptitiously use a crib whilst assaying an examination, test, etc.

bar/blackball/ostracize
v. to exclude from a community, group, profession or society

bar/block/choke/clog/jam/obstruct/obturate/occlude/stop
v. to impede passage through, esp. with an obstacle

bare/betray/demonstrate/disbosom/disclose/display/enucleate/evidence/evince/exhibit/expose/manifest/patefy/produce/reflect/reveal/show/uncover/unveil
v. to lay open to view; to make visible, apparent or known

bare/denude/husk/strip/unclothe/uncover/unveil
v. to deprive something of its covering; to make naked or bare
_flense
_n. to strip skin or blubber from the body of a seal, whale, etc.
_hull/husk/shell/shuck
_v. to strip a husk or husks from

denudation
n. the removal of a covering or surface

bask/luxuriate/revel/wallow
v. to indulge oneself in delightful, voluptuary pleasure

bathe/deluge/drown/engulf/flood/immerse/inundate/overflow/overrun/overwhelm/submerge/swamp/whelm
v. to overspread or cover completely with a fluid (esp. water), as during a flood

bathe/infuse/penetrate/perfuse/permeate/suffuse
v. to flood or spread over or through with liquid
_drench/fill/imbue/impregnate/interpenetrate/permeate/pervade/saturate/soak/steep
_v. to infuse completely or thoroughly

battle/clash/combat/engage/fight/scrap/struggle
v. to violently oppose someone or something, as by grappling, an acral exchange of blows or the use of weapons
_grapple/wrestle
_v. to engage in proximate, unarmed combat by atteming to seize and throw one's opponent to the ground rather than cuffing, punching or kicking
_parry/stop
_v. to deflect an attack, as a blow or thrust in fencing

become/flatter/suit
v. (of accoutrements, maquillage, vesture, etc.) to enhance someone's appearance or attractiveness

bedizen
n. to decorate or ornament in a garish or tasteless manner

beetle/scurry/scutter/scuttle
v. to move or run with short, fleet steps, often covertly

beget/cause/create/effect/effectuate/elicit/encompass/engender/generate/induce/inspire/make/occasion/produce/prompt/provoke/raise/spawn/trigger
v. to bring about or give rise to an event, condition, situation or response
_converge
_v. (of efforts, factors, perspectives, etc.) to engender a common conclusion, condition or result
_redound
_v. to ultimately produce an effect or consequence

begin/commence/initiate/launch/start
v. to prompt or perform the first or earliest part of an action, process or undertaking thereof
_auspicate
_v. to commence by performing a procedure (as a wassail) or holding a ceremony intended to confer good luck or beget fortune
_recommence/restart/resume
_a. to begin anew

beleaguer/besiege/invest/siege
v. to surround a region, locale, etc. with a military force or forces, esp. to compel surrender

belittle/dwarf
v. to make something seem small or smaller, usu. in contrast to the magnitude of another or others

belt/careen/career/hurtle/race/rush/streak/tear
v. to proceed at high or full acceleration in a specified direction, often uncontrollably

bend/bob/bow/incline
v. to incline one's body, head or knee to express gratitude, politesse, salutation, submission or veneration

berth
v. to provide with a bed (esp. a bunk) on a train or passenger ship

beset
v. to attack from all sides; to siege from circumference

besiege/deluge/flood/inundate/overburden/overload/overtax/overwhelm/swamp/whelm
v. to encumber someone with a suplusage of tasks, interaction, information, activity, etc. with which they're obliged to contend

bestow/reposit/save/store/stow
v. to set something aside for future use
_cache
_v. to store in a cache
_pack/stow
_v. to carefully store an object or objects in a container, esp. for transportation or storage

betise/folly/foolishness/idiocy/imbecility/imprudence/stupidity
n. a stupid act, esp. a mistake

betrayal/disloyalty/infidelity/perfidy/treachery/treason
n. a deliberate breach of confidence, faith, fidelity or trust

bicker/flicker/gutter
v. (of flame, esp. that of a candle) to burn unsteadily, usu. immediate to extinguishment

bicker
n. to flow rapidly, with a rippling or gurgling sound

bind/cohere
v. to stick or hold together, as any mass composed of discrete parts

bind
v. to indue cohesion to a mass, as of ingredients

blackball
v. to exclude someone from an activity or esp. a society via the negative vote of a backstair ballot conducted by said fraternity

blackball
v. to vote against
_veto/negative
_v. to reject an enactment by exercise of a veto; to refuse to endorse or assent

blanch/blench/pale
v. to turn pale, as from illness, horor or shock

blazon/display/exhibit/parade
v. to show conspicuously and esp. publicly

blemish/blot/blotch/imbrue/imbue/maculate/spot/stain
v. to mark something with dirty or discolored patches of dirt, dye, ink, paint, etc. that are difficult (if possible) to remove
_imbrue
_v. to stain with blood

maculation
n. the act of spotting or staining something

boil/ebullition
n. (of a liquid) an act or process of bubbling and vaporizing when heated to a certain temperature

bolster/brace/buttress/cement/consolidate/fortify/harden/reinforce/strengthen
v. to make (a condition, contention, position, structure, etc.) stronger or defensible
_flank
_v. to guard or strengthen the flank of a military force or its position

boost/enhance/heighten/increase/raise/swell
v. to increase the degree of

grow/heighten/increase/swell
v. to become greater in degree

bother/cumber/discommode/disoblige/disturb/incommode/inconvenience/trouble
v. to cause difficulty at someone's expense or discomfort

bounce/jounce
v. to proceed by repeatedly striking and rebounding from a surface

bounce/bound/carom/rebound/reverberate/ricochet/recoil/resile
v. to spring back or away from an impact with a surface

bounce/bound/carom/rebound/ricochet/recoil/repercussion
n. an act or instance of jerking or springing back from an impact

bound/circumscribe/confine/constrain/constrict/curb/limit/restrain/restrict/withhold
v. to keep activity, movement, scope, selection, etc. within specified abstract, quantitative, spatial or temporal bounds

bound/circumscribe/define/delimit/delineate/demarcate
v. to determine or mark the bounds or limits of something

brace/gird/nerve/steel
v. to prepare oneself for action or asperity

brazen
v. to unrepentantly, confidently, audaciously face or endure a trial or challenge

breathe/confer/endow/endue/gift/impart/indue/invest/lend
v. to furnish with a feature or facility, as by design or inspiration
_bless
_v. (as of a deity) to invest with beauty or an aptitude

breed/engender/procreate/propagate/reproduce
v. (of organisms) to sexually or asexually produce offspring
_increase/multiply/proliferate
_v. (of a population) to augment by propagation
_pullulate
_v. to breed rapidly and profusely, so to become common

breed/propagate
v. to induce animals to reproduce by natural processes, often by controlled selection

bring/carry/convey/move/remove/shift/take/transfer/transport
n. to take from one place to another, as by manual effort or vehicular effect

broadcast/circulate/diffuse/disperse/disseminate/propagate/spread
v. to distribute or scatter (fluid, information, seed, etc.) over a broad area, or to many people
_advertise/air/broadcast/publicize/spread
_v. to publicly disseminate information, esp. news
__circularize
__v. to publicize by distribution of circulars
__post/placard/bill
__v. to publicize or announce with placards

broadcast/circulation/diffusion/dispersal/dispersion/dissemination/propagation/spread
n. the spread or transmission of something to a wide or wider area or group

bruise/contuse
v. to inflict an injury that discolors skin by rupturing blood vessels without puncturing the epidermis

brush/graze/kiss/shave
v. to touch, scrape or rub something lightly in passing

buckle/warp
v. to deform or contort when subjected to pressure, moisture or heat

bulldoze/cow/daunt/dismay/intimidate
v. to chasten, dissuade or overcome by eliciting fear or awe, as with threats
_ballyrag/browbeat/bulldoze/bully/bullyrag/hector/swagger/terrorize
_v. to intimidate with glowering, a domineering deportment or overbearing and threatening language, esp. to coerce
_bully
_v. to intimidate smaller or weaker people with strength or power

bury/inhume/inter
v. to plant remains in a grave

burr
v. to create a burr by casting, cutting or drilling

burr/deburr
v. to remove an edge's or area's burr, usu. by smoothing or sanding

burst/detonate/explode/fulminate
v. to violently, suddenly, usu. stridently break or fly open or apart attendant of internal pressure or combustion
v. to prompt an explosion
_blast
_v. to effectuate, form, obliterate, open, shatter, etc. with an explosion

buss/kiss/osculate/smooch
v. to touch the pursed lips to or press one's lips to another's as an expression of concupiscence, love, reverence or salutation
_peck
_v. to kiss briefly or perfunctorily

bustle/flurry/hustle
v. to move or act with agitated or busy and speedy, energetic excitation

bypass/circle/circumvent/skirt
v. to pass around an area or obstacle

bypass/cheat/circumvent/dodge/duck/elude/evade/parry/shirk/sidestep/skirt
v. to slyly avoid response to queries or attendance to responsibilities, problems, issues or duties

call/christen/denominate/designate/dub/entitle/name/nominate/style/tag/term
v. to give a name to an individual, collective or class

calve
v. (of icebergs and glaciers) to split and shed smaller masses of ice

camp (out)/encamp
v. to temporarily lodge in tents, huts or cabins at an established campsite or wooded locality
_bivouac
_v. to camp at an unsheltered site or in improvised shelters

canal(ize)
v. to provide a locale with a canal
v. to excavate a canal through

canalize
v. to convert a river into a canal

cancel/compensate/counteract/counterbalance/counterpoise/countervail/negative/neutralize/offset
v. to void, mitigate or nullify by exerting an equal and opposite influence of weight, force or effect

cannibalize
v. to consume the flesh of one's own species

cannibalize
v. to remove functional components from a machine (esp. a vehicle) to repair or enhance the function of another

cant
n. a motion that tilts, turns or oversets something

canvass/poll/survey
v. to investigate prevailing sentiment and behavior by soliciting and recording public opinion (esp. that of people residing in a specific district)

caper/cavort/disport/frisk/frolic/gambol/lark/prance/rollick/romp/skylark/sport
v. to skip, run, leap or dance playfully; to play in a frisky, exuberant manner
_rollick/romp
_v. to gambol rumbustiously

capsize/knock [OR] tip [OR] turn over/overset/overturn/upset
v. to (often accidentally) turn something from an upright or normal position onto its top, side, face or back

castigate
v. to inflict severe punishment

catalog/inventory/itemize/list
v. to create an itemized list

catalog/enter/inscribe/inventory/itemize/list
v. to record an item or items to or in a list
_index
_v. to itemize a datum in an index
_inscribe/register
_v. to formally inscribe a property, name, event, activity, etc. in a register
__manifest
__v. to register in a manifest
_log
_v. to enter a distance, incident, speed or time in the log of an aircraft or vessel

catch/handle/prehend/take
v. to manually take hold of something or someone
_catch
_v. to catch something falling or flying
_catch/clutch/grab/seize/snatch
_v. to suddenly prehend
__catch/grapple/grasp/grip
__v. to firmly seize
_catch/clutch/grasp/grip/take
_v. to prehend tightly or firmly
_catch/grab/seize
_v. to forcibly take

cause/effectuation/elicitation/excitation/generation/induction/provocation/trigger
n. any process or action that prompts a result, occurrence or condition

cease/discontinue/end/halt/pretermit/quit/stint/stop/surcease/suspend/terminate
v. to bring a state or activity to its end; to prompt to stop doing something
_prorogue
_v. to discontinue a session of a parliament or other legislative assembly without dissolving it

cessation/discontinuance/discontinuation/halt/stint/stop(page)/surcease/suspension/termination
n. the act or process of bringing a proceeding, condition or activity to an end

change/commute/exchange/shift/swap/switch/trade
v. to substitute, give or receive something for another, usually of a correspondent type or comparable value

change/exchange/interchange
v. to give and receive reciprocally, esp. to satisfy disparate or converse needs or desires

charivari/chivaree/shivaree
v. to serenade a freshly wed couple with noise

chasten/correct/discipline
v. to induce moral improvement by punishment

circle/gyrate/pivot/revolve/rotate/swing/swivel/turn/wheel
v. to move around a central point or axis; to turn on or as on a swivel or pivot
_gyre/spin/twirl/whirl
_v. to revolve rapidly
_precess
_v. to rotate or spin in a wobbling motion so that the axis of rotation sweeps conically, as a gyroscope, planet or top

circumvent/euchre/fox/outfox/outmaneuver/outsmart/outwit
v. to best by dint of cunning, ingenuity, intelligence, machination or wit

circumvention
n. the act of evading by passing around

civilize/cultivate/educate
v. to impart culture, teach or refine discrimination of taste or judgment and develop intellectual faculties by edification and education

clamber/scrabble/scramble
n. to climb quickly, laboriously and often feverishly, esp. on one's hands and feet

clarify
v. to render limpid by removing impurities or solids, esp. by heating or filtering

clasp/clip/cuddle/embosom/embrace/enclasp/enfold/fold/gather/hold/hug/squeeze/umarmen
v. to tightly, passionately hold someone in the arms to one's bosom, esp. as a demonstration of love or affection

cloak/conceal/hide/secrete
v. to place or keep something, someone or oneself out of sight, discovery or disclosure
_cache/stash
_v. to secrete weapons, valuables, provisions, larder, etc.

cloister/insulate/isolate/seclude/segregate/sequester/sequestrate
v. to shut off from social intercourse or activity; to confine so to be alone

clout/hit/sock/strike/wallop/whomp
v. to forcefully, usu. sharply bring an extremity, tool, weapon, etc. into contact with someone or something, as during combat or construction
_beat/belabor/drub/hammer/larrup
_v. to strike vigorously and repeatedly
__batter/clobber/pound/thump
__v. to beat with heavy blows
__birch
__v. to belabor with or as with a birch rod or bundle of birch twigs
__cane
__v. to drub with or as if with a cane
__drub/flog/larrup/squail/thrash
__v. to larrup with a stick
___club/cudgel
___v. to flog with or as with a club
__flagellate/flay/flog/larrup/lash/scourge/thrash/whang/whip
__v. to larrup with or as though with a whip
__flail/thrash/thresh
__v. to beat with or as though with a flail
__hammer
__v. to belabor with or as if with a hammer, esp. to drive nails into wood
__lam/lambast(e)/larrup/tan/thrash/thresh/trounce/wallop/whale
__v. to beat severely or thoroughly
__pommel/pummel
__v. to hammer by or as by punching
__thwack/whack
__v. to drub with a flat object
__whang
__v. to larrup with a thong
_boot/kick/spurn
_v. to strike with one's foot or feet
_clout/cuff/skelp/slap/smack/spank/spat/swat/whack/whomp
_v. to wallop sharply with an open hand
__spank
__v. to slap somebody's derriere (esp. repeatedly) as a punishment or stimulation
_clout/punch/sock
_v. to whomp with a clenched fist
_club/cudgel
_v. to clout with a club
__bludgeon
__v. to whomp with a short, heavy club
_flay/lash/whip
_v. to strike with or as though with a whip
__quirt
__v. to whip with a quirt
_hammer
_v. to hit with a hammer, esp. to drive nails into wood
__peen
__v. to strike with a hammer's peen
_slap/skelp/smack/swat/thwack/whack/whomp
_v. to sock with a flat object
_whang
_v. to strike with a thong

cobble
v. to make footwear, esp. boots or shoes

codify
v. to systemize procedures, laws or rules into a code

coerce/compel/constrain/drive/force/impel/make/oblige/press/pressure/pressurize/urge
v. to prompt someone to do something against their will, often by dint of physical force
_coerce/dragoon
_v. to constrain by intimidating, as with threats
_constrain/impel/obligate/oblige/pressure/pressurize
_v. to compel with moral persuasion
_dragoon
_v. to force with violence
_obligate/oblige
_v. to impel by legal measures

coil/gyrate/spiral/twist/wind/wreathe
v. to move in or along a spiral course, esp. around a fixed point

coitus interruptus/onanism/withdrawal (method)
n. a method of contraception by which coitus is initiated, but the penis is deliberately withdrawn ere ejaculation

collimate
v. to adjust an optical instrument's line of sight

collude/connive/conspire/intrigue
v. to furtively contrive and collaborate to realize a deceitful, fraudulent or illegal objective

collusion/connivance/conspiracy/intrigue
n. surreptitious scheming and cooperation in furtherance of a deceitful or illegal plot

commend/commit/consign/entrust/give/intrust/trust
v. to deliver something or someone to the care, protection or safekeeping of another

compete/contend/contest/strive/vie
v. to endeavor to surpass, defeat or gain an advantage over another or others with whom one is in competition, as in a game, campaign, contest, venture, etc.

competition/contention/contest/rivalry
n. an endeavor intended to surpass that of opponents, as participants in a contest or professionals of a bailiwick, esp. to attain some prize or profit

concur/converge/meet
v. to come together at a point from different directions, as roads, lines, objects in motion, etc.

concur/converge
v. (of lines, moving objects, etc.) to move or draw together to a specific position

condition/program
v. to train someone to deport themselves or respond in a predetermined manner

condone/excuse/forgive/overlook/pardon/remit
v. to relinquish blame or resentment concerning a transgression, offense, mistake or discourtesy

conduce/contribute
v. to aid the effectuation of a particular result

conjuration/legerdemain/magic/prestidigitation/sleight of hand
n. any performance of illusionary magic or card tricks wherein utilization of superb manual dexterity is exercised

conscript/draft/impress/induct/press
v. to recruit someone compulsorily into military service

consign/commit
v. to commit permanently and irrevocably, as to death, incarceration, reposition, etc.

consignment/commitment
n. the act of committing someone to confinement in a prison or mental hospital

constitute/establish/found/institute/make/plant
v. to formally or legally set up and initiate a community, institution, organization, society, etc.

constitution/establishment/foundation/institution
n. the act or process of formally or legitimately initiating a community, confraternity, institute, etc.

consume/expend/use
v. to exploit and consequently diminish the supply of a resource
_deplete/drain/exhaust/finish
_v. to expend the totality of a resource's supply

consummate
v. to complete a marital union with coitus after its wedding
v. to fulfill sexually, usu. by intercourse

consumption/expenditure/use
n. any act or process of utilizing and thusly dissipating resources
_depletion/exhaustion
_n. the consumption of a resource exceeding its replenishment

contend/cope/deal/face/fight/grapple/handle/manage/tackle/wrangle
v. to struggle to overcome an adversity or challenge, esp. with some degree of success

copy/recreate/replicate/reproduce
v. to produce an analogous copy of something

copy/duplicate/replicate/reproduce
v. to create an exact or identical reproduction of something

coquetry/dalliance/flirtation
n. playful conduct intended to excite casual sexual interest

cordon
v. to bar access to or from a site or building by surrounding it with police officers, sentinels, soldiers, warships, etc.

corral
v. (of animals) to drive into and confine in a corral
v. to dispose wagons in an annular formation akin to a corral

coruscation
n. a striking or staggering exhibition of talent, wit or brilliance

cram/crowd/jam/pack/squeeze/stow/stuff
v. to forcibly fill a space, place or receptacle tightly, esp. in excess of its intended capacity

create/invent/generate/innovate/originate
v. to produce something hitherto nonexistent

crime/cruelty/depravity/fault/immorality/iniquity/injustice/malefaction/misdeed/sin/trespass/turpitude/villainy/wickedness/wrong
n. a wicked, unjust or immoral act
_abomination/atrocity/enormity/outrage
_n. an exceptionally egregious malefaction
_impropriety/indiscretion/peccadillo/solecism
_n. a paltry sin

crowd/flock/pullulate/pour/press/serry/shoal/stream/swarm/throng/troop
v. to congress or move about in great numbers, as a crowd of people, flock of birds, automotive traffic, etc.

cuff/handcuff/manacle/shackle
v. to bind one's wrists and restrain with handcuffs
_enfetter/fetter
_v. to bind one's ankles with fetters to impede and restrain ambulation

cultivate
v. to seek the society of someone; to court acquaintance or friendship

cultivate/subdue/tame/till/work
v. to prepare land by plowing and fertilization to raise crops

cultivate/grow/raise/rear/tame
v. to nurture the growth of a plant or crop

cunctate/defer/delay/demur/intermit/postpone/prorogue/remit/suspend/waive
v. to put off to a later time
_reprieve/respite
_v. to postpone someone's punishment (esp. an execution)

cunctation/deferment/deferral/delay/demur/postponement/suspension
n. the act of putting off to a future time

curtail/cut/decrease/diminish/lessen/reduce/pare/retrench/shrink
v. to decrease an extent
_dwindle/pare (down)/taper
_v. to gradually curtail
_minimize
_v. to pare to the smallest possible extent

decline/decrease/diminish/lessen/reduce/shrink
v. to lessen in extent
_dwindle/taper (off)
_v. to gradually decline

custom/habit/practice/wont
n. a routine, habitual activity

cut/do/execute/exercise/fulfill/give/implement/make/perform
v. to carry out an action or function
_commit/perpetrate
_n. to execute a crime or other misdeed
_discharge
_v. to perform the functions and obligations of an office or post

dally (away)/dawdle/diddle (around)/dilly-dally/fritter (away)/idle/loiter/lollygag/piddle/shilly-shally/trifle (away)
v. to aimlessly, idly or inefficiently waste time

dally/dawdle/delay/dilly-dally/loiter
v. to act or move slowly and consequently dissipate time

damage/harm/hurt/injure/mar/scathe
v. to cause damage to something and impair its function or diminish its value

damage/gride/harm/hurt/injure/scathe/wound
v. to effect or inflict a bodily injury
_vitriol/vitriolize
_v. to injure by burning with vitriol

dance/flit/play/skip/twinkle
v. to move with swift, nimble expedition, esp. in flight

dandle
v. to gently bounce a baby in one's arms or on one's knee

dart/dash/fly/glint/leap/race/scoot/shoot/whip
v. to swiftly, suddenly move and esp. run

dash/festinate/hasten/hie/hurry/race/rush/scramble/speed/zap/zip
v. to act or move quickly or expeditiously

debilitate/devitalize/emasculate/enervate/enfeeble/exhaust/incapacitate/prostrate/tire/weaken
v. to reduce someone to physical or mental weakness
_drain/exhaust/fatigue/frazzle/jade/prostrate/tire/weary
_v. to enfeeble by protracted or strenuous exertion
_overtire
_v. to tire excessively, often to a point of collapse
_sap
_v. to perniciously or gradually weaken

decamp
v. to pack and leave a camp or camping ground

decay/decline/degenerate/deteriorate/ebb/lapse/sink/slide/slip/wither/worsen
v. to gradually become worse

declension/decline/degeneration/degradation/descent/deterioration/ebb
n. a (ordinarily gradual) process of changing to a worse or inferior state

decline/deteriorate/droop/fade/fail/flag/languish/waste/weaken/wilt/wither
v. to become physically weak; to wane in strength and vigor
_languish/pine (away)
_v. to waste away ensuing severe compunction, grief, longing, etc.

decoct
n. to extract an essence or flavor from a substance by boiling it

decouple/detach/discerp/disconnect/disjoin/disjoint/dissever/disunite/divorce/part/separate/sever/split/sunder/uncouple/unfasten/unyoke
v. to take apart
_divide
_v. to separate into groups, parts, sections, etc.
__bisect
__v. to divide into two parts
___bisect/halve
___v. to divide into two equal parts
___bifurcate/bisect/fork
___v. to divide into two branches
_prorate
_v. to proportionately divide

disjoin/disjoint/dissever/disunite/part/separate/sever/split/sunder/uncouple/unfasten
v. to come apart
_divide
_v. to split into groups, parts, sections, etc.

detachment/disconnection/disjunction/disjuncture/disseverance/disseverment/disunion/separation/severance
n. the act or process of taking apart or breaking a connection

deed/exploit/feat
n. an intrepid, notable or extraordinary achievement

defection
n. disavowal of and departure from one's country to reside in another
n. desertion of an allegiance in favor of its opposition

defenestrate
v. to throw someone or something through or from a window

defenestration
n. the act of throwing a person or thing through or from a window

defile
v. (of soldiers) to march in single file or columns

delegate/depute/deputize
v. to appoint and empower someone as one's representative or substitute

delegate/depute/devolve
v. to assign a task, responsibility or function to somebody (esp. a subordinate) as one's authorized agent
_detail
_v. to delegate a specific task to one or more troops
_n. selection of one or multiple troops to discharge a particular duty

delegation/deputation/devolution
n. an act of sanctioning someone (esp. an adjutant) to act in one's stead as their representative

deliver/dispatch/mail/post/send/ship
v. to transmit correspondence or a parcel to an address, ordinarily by a postal carrier
_consign
_v. to post sold goods
_express
_v. to post by a special messenger or fleet conveyance

delivery/dispatch/shipment
n. conveyance of mail or packages to an address
_consignment
_v. dispatch of merchandise to a vendee

departure/egress/egression/emergence/emersion/exit/leave
n. the act of coming or going out

deploy
v. (of a mechanism or personnel) to be triggered to action or function

deposit/emplace/lay/locate/park/place/plant/posit/position/put/repose/set/situate/stick
v. to put in a particular place or position
_deploy
_v. to position troops, artillery or vehicular forces in battle formation
_v. to be so arrayed
_entrain
_v. to deposit in a train

depredate/desolate/destroy/devastate/fordo/harry/havoc/ravage/ruin/wreck
v. to violently lay waste to and consequently leave barren, as by an invading army or tornado

depredate/despoil/loot/pillage/plunder/ransack/reave/rifle/spoil/strip
v. to rob of currency, goods, valuables, etc. often collectively, during hostile raids provoked by war, riots, etc.
_sack
_v. (of a military force, esp. an army) to reave a locale captured during a military campaign

depredation/despoliation/loot/pillage/plunder/predation/spoliation
n. the act of robbing money or goods during a raid in a period of war or civil disorder
_sack
_n. the plunder of a locality captured during a military campaign; usu. committed by an army

deprive/dispossess/divest/expropriate/strip
v. to take authority, property, rights, status, etc. from someone
_beguile (of, out of)/bilk/cheat/chisel/chizz/con/cozen/defraud/diddle/euchre/finagle (out of)/fleece/gazump/grift/gyp/hornswoggle/mulct/rook/scam/sting/swindle/trick (out of)
_v. to deprive another or others by dint of deceit

deracinate/displace/uproot
v. to forcibly relocate or necessitate migration of an individual or social or ethnic group from their provenance or homeland to a new, foriegn locality or environment

deracinate/eradicate/extirpate/uproot
v. to pull or tear up or out by or as though by the roots, as one might a plant from earth

derive/descend
v. to originate from a (cognate, lineal, etc.) source or origin

designate/indicate/mark/point (out)/show
v. to spatially or figuratively indicate a direction, place, person or thing

despoilation/despoilment/despoliation/loot/pillage/plunder/rapine/robbery/spoil/spoilation/spoliation
n. a forcible or violent and often collective act of theft

destine/earmark/intend/mean
v. to set apart for a particular recipient, as a gift or harm

destine/fate/foreordain/ordain/predestine/predetermine/preordain
v. to determine a course of destiny or events beforehand, usu. irrevocably

devolve
v. to decentralize authority, as that of a federal government to a provincial, regional or local administration

disadvantage/handicap
v. to impose an unfavorable condition upon someone

discard/disposal/jettison
n. an act of divesting oneself of something

discern/distinguish/perceive/pick out/note/notice/observe/spot
v. to detect with one's senses

discerp/pull/rive/tear
v. to pull something apart or into pieces
_pull/rend/rip/rive/tear
_v. to forcefully, violently or vigorously tear
__rend
__v. to tear one's clothing or hair when livid or grieving
_dilacerate/dilaniate/discerp/shred
_v. to discerp into strips or fragments

discharge/disgorge/eject/emanate/emit/expel/issue/void
v. to give or send forth an effluence of gas, light, liquid, etc.
_exhaust
_v. to emit gases
_exude/ooze/percolate/seep/transude
_v. to gradually discharge, as through pores or other tiny apertures
__weep
__v. to exude fluid
_eradiate/irradiate/radiate/shed
_v. to issue rays or waves of light or heat
_vent
_v. to expel liquid, steam, etc. through an opening, as a vent

disobedience/noncompliance
n. a refusal to abide or obey
_insubordination/recusancy
_n. noncompliance against (usu. established) authority
__contumacy
__n. resolute recusancy
__defiance
__n. open, valorous insubordination
__mutiny/rebellion
__n. active opposition to authority or convention
___contumacy
___n. steadfast mutiny
___mutiny
___n. (of sailors or soldiers) rebellion against superior officers

dispatch/grease/ice/kill/liquidate/smoke/waste
v. to deprive one of life; to cause somebody's death
_dispatch/eliminate/execute/grease/ice/murder/smoke/terminate/waste
_v. to inexcusably or unjustifiably and unlawfully kill someone, usu. posterior to premeditation
__assassinate/execute/hit/terminate
__v. to murder by secrecy or surprise, esp. for a political purpose
_decimate
_v. to kill a large segment of a group or population
_dispatch/execute
_v. to kill a condemned person by legal sanction, ordinarily as a punitive measure
__electrocute/fry
__v. to execute by electrocution, usu. with an electric chair
__halter/hang
__v. to dispatch someone by girding their neck with a rope hung from above and swiftly removing the support upon which they stand
___gibbet
___v. to execute someone by hanging them from a gallows
___v. to exhibit corpses by hanging them from a gibbet
__guillotine
__v. to execute someone by decapitation in a guillotine
_lapidate/stone
_v. to kill someone by hailing them with stones
_slay
_v. to violently dispatch

disregard/ignore/neglect/overlook/pretermit
v. to refuse to acknowledge something or someone
_prescind
_v. to withdraw one's attention from a person or thing

distract/divert
v. to draw someone's attention away from something

diverge/divide
v. to be, extend or move in various directions from a common point
_bifurcate/fork
_v. to diverge into two branches
_divaricate
_v. to diverge at a broad angle

dodder/falter/lurch/pitch/reel/shake/stagger/stumble/swag/teeter/totter/wamble
v. to walk, stand or move unsteadily and often abruptly and feebly, as though about to fall

lurch/stagger/swag
n. an awkward, unsteady, tottering gait or motion

dribble/drivel/drool/slabber/slaver/slobber
v. to let or have saliva trickle from one's mouth

drive/impel/propel/urge
v. to forcibly induce motion forward or onward
_harry
_v. to impel by attack or blows
_rowel
_v. to urge a horse with the rowel or rowels of one's spurs

drown/flood/overflow/overrun/swamp
v. to quickly fill beyond capacity with an overflowing abundance or superfluity, as with a liquid

duplicate/iterate/redo/reiterate/repeat/replicate
v. to do again
_reiterate
_v. to do repeatedly, insistently, often excessively

duplicate/manifold/multiply
v. to create several copies of something (such as a page, document, pamphlet, book, etc.) with carbon paper, a mimeograph or a photocopier

ease/facilitate/simplify
v. to make a procedure, activity, etc. easier

eddy/swirl/whirl
v. (of gas or fluid) to flow in a twisting, circular current

edify/enlighten
v. to promote and develop someone's moral values or intellectual faculties by instruction

elicit/educe
v. to develop or draw out from a latent or potential state

eluctate
v. to struggle out, esp. of or with difficulty

embalm
v. to preserve a dead body with the application of balm or arterial infusion of chemicals, esp. formaldehyde

embrocation
n. the act of applying a lotion to skin, as an ointment, emollient, liniment, etc.

egress/emerge/issue
v. to come forth or go out from, esp. into view

emergence/appearance
n. an act or process of becoming apparent sequent to concealment

empale/impale/skewer/stick/transfix/transpierce
v. to pierce through or fixate with any sharp instrument such as a stake or spear
_skewer
_v. to transpierce on or with a skewer
_spike
_v. to impale with or on a spike

enable/empower/capacitate
v. to invest or afford the opportunity, power, means or knowledge to realize a task or function

enclosure/envelopment/inclosure
n. the act of surrounding something on all sides, esp. land or cattle with fencing

encroach/entrench/impinge/infringe/invade/trespass
v. to advance beyond established or recognized limits, esp. at the expense of someone's authority, privacy or rights

encroachment/entrenchment/impingement/infringement/intrusion/invasion/trespass
n. stealthy or gradual entry to or assumption of another's rights, property, position or authority without right or permission

enforce/impose
v. to oblige compliance with and observance of laws and rules

entombment/interment/sepulture
n. ceremonial placement of a corpse in a tomb

entomb/inter/sepulchre
v. to posit a corse in a vault

entrain
v. to board a train

entrance/hypnotize/mesmerize/trance
v. to induce a trance state akin to slumber wherein the subject is unusually susceptible to suggestion

espousal/engagement/betrothal
n. (of a couple) the act of pledging commitment to a forthcoming marriage

evert/invert/reverse
v. to turn inside out

execute/run
v. (of a computer) to activate a program or process an instruction

exhume/disinter
v. to excavate a gravesite and unearth its corpse, customarily for the purpose of reburial or medical investigation

express/press
n. to squeeze fluid (esp. juice) out, as from a tube or fruit

extravagate
v. to exceed normal limits, as of etiquette

fail/neglect/omit/pretermit
v. to heedlessly or indifferently leave something undone, as a task
_forget
_v. to inadvertently neglect consequent of a mnemonic lapse
_miss/omit
_v. to neglect to include someone or something; to leave out

fascinate/transfix
v. to render someone motionless with a fixed stare or evocation of horror, awe or astonishment

fecundate/fertilize/impregnate/inseminate
v. to cause an egg, female animal or plant to develop a new individual by imparting to it male reproductive material

fecundate
v. to make or be fruitful or prolific

fete
v. to honor with a celebration or regale

fidget
v. to move about with squirming, shifting or jerking motions attendant of anxiety or impatience

filigree
v. to fashion or adorn with filigree, as from a precious metal

flail/thrash/thresh/toss/welter
v. to move with erratic jerks or sweeps, like a flail; to wave, swing or toss wildly about

flank
v. to attack down or from the sides

flit
n. a decampment executed to avoid obligations, esp. the payment of a debt

flow/flux/fluxion/stream
n. any action or process of continuous, invariant movement, as of air or water
_confluence/conflux
_n. an act or process of flowing together
_effluence/efflux/effluxion/outflow
_n. a process or action of flowing out
_inflow/influx/influxion/inset
_n. an act or process of flowing in

foment
v. to soothe skin or muscles by bathing with warm water and/or applying ointment

forage
n. the act of searching for comestibles and provisions
v. to seek provender or provisions, esp. across a broad expanse

forfeit/forfeiture
n. the surrender of something as a penalty ensuing a mistake, fault, breach of engagement, etc.

freshen/reanimate/re-energize/refresh/regenerate/reinvigorate/rejuvenate/renew/repair/restore/revitalize/revive/revivify
v. to restore or impart fresh vitality, strength, life, health, impetus, energy, etc.

furl
v. to neatly roll or fold and secure a fabric article such as a flag, garment or sail

fuse/weld
v. to melt the end or edge of a metal or plastic object with intense heat to conjoin it with another

fusillade/salvo/volley
n. a simultaneous or successive discharge of multiple firearms, missiles or artillery
_broadside
_n. the fusillade fired by a warship's broadside

fusillade/volley
v. to attack with a fusillade
_broadside
_v. (of a warship) to volley a broadside

gape/yawn
v. to be or become wide open

gauge/measure/mensurate/mete
v. to ascertain the quantity, capacity or dimensions of something or somebody, esp. with an instrument
_girt
_v. to measure the girth of something

genuflect
v. to bow while bending one knee to a floor as an expression of reverence or worship

gerrymander
v. to divide a region into electoral districts with intent to provide the candidates of a political party with an unfair advantage
n. an act, instance or result of gerrymandering

gimlet
v. to pierce or bore holes in wood with a gimlet
  
girt/gird/bind/belt/begirt/begird
v. to encircle and secure with a flexible band such as a bandage, belt, cord, girdle, etc.
_hobble
_v. to begird or fetter an animal's legs to inhibit its movement
__spancel
__v. to hobble by fettering with a spancel

glean
v. to gather a crop's usable residuum (usu. grain) after a harvest

graze/range
v. to situate or tend animals (esp. cattle or sheep) in a field, meadow, etc. while they graze
_pasture
_v. to graze animals in a pasture

gutter
v. (of a candle) to melt away as wax drips or streams from the waxen pool surrounding the wick

hash/mince
v. to chop into small pieces
_dice
_v. to mince into small cubes

immure/imprison/incarcerate/jail
v. to confine someone involuntarily in or as though in a prison

implant/impress/imprint/inculcate/infix/infuse/ingrain/instill
v. to teach data or establish an idea or attitude with persistent iterations or admonishments
_indoctrinate
_v. to instill a doctrine or ideology in a person or group and condition them to accept it unconditionally, without misgivings or critical deliberation

improvise/extemporize/ad-lib
v. to create, compose or perform without preparation

infuse/steep
v. to immerse tea, herbs, bark, etc. in liquid to extract a salutary, savory or other soluble property

insert/inset/introduce
v. to set or place in

insinuate
v. to subtly introduce or maneuver oneself into a position or someone's society, esp. by cajolery or other means of ingratiation

interleave
v. to place something in regular alternation between the layers or parts of something else

interpenetrate
v. (of multiple elements) to mutually penetrate each other or one another

interpose/interpolate/interject/insert
v. to place between other elements

interfere/interpose/intervene
v. to involve oneself, esp. to alter, preclude or stymie an action or development
_intercede/intermediate/interpose/liaise/mediate
_v. to intervene between parties with an intent to reconcile differences, disputes or other problems

intersperse/sprinkle
v. to intervallically distribute or scatter inter alia
_dot/pepper
_v. to intersperse plenteously
_interlard/intersperse/sprinkle
_v. to diversify with other things distributed or interposed at intervals, as _particolored stripes of a pattern

inversion/overturn/reversal
n. an act of turning something upside down

invert/overturn/reverse/upturn
v. to turn something upside down

irrupt
v. to suddenly or forcibly enter a room or other area

jerk/jolt/jounce/snap/twitch
v. to act, move or shift with a sudden, spasmodic motion

jilt/dump
v. to abruptly or heartlessly reject or abandon a lover

jog/trot
v. to run at a moderate or slow, steady, leisurely pace
n. a brisk yet unhurried pace of running

journey/passage/peregrination/travel/trip/voyage
n. an act of traveling (esp. a long distance) to a destination
_divagation/evagation/expatiation/oberration/pererration/roam/rove/vagation/wander
_n. aimless travel bereft of course, destination or objective
__extravagation
__n. oberration exceeding some limit or perimeter
__noctivagation
__n. the act of walking or wandering during the night

juxtapose/collocate/appose
v. to array side by side or in a particular propinquity, esp. to emphasize contrast of the disposed constituents

lapidate/stone
v. to pelt someone with stones

legation
n. the dispatch of an envoy on a diplomatic mission

legitimate
v. to demonstrate or affirm as just and legitimate
v. to accord legitimacy to a bastard by a legal process

lope
v. to run or move with a long, swinging or bounding stride
n. a steady gait of long or bounding strides

lucubrate
v. to study strenuously, esp. at night

migrate/move/relocate/remove/resettle/transmigrate/transplant
v. to journey from one country or zone to another, so to settle and reside therein
_migrate/transmigrate
_v. to relocate periodically or seasonally

molder
v. to disintegrate naturally into dust

nuance/refine/subtilize
v. to render subtle or invest with greater subtlety

nullify/neutralize/negative/negate
v. to render ineffectual or otiose

obeisance
n. any gesture that expresses deference or homage, as a bow, curtsy, genuflection, kowtow, nod, salaam, etc.

obscurantism
n. any intentional evasion of clarity; the practice of deliberately obviating the disclosure of facts or details

obscure/obnubilate/obfuscate/muddy/fog/darken/confuse/cloud/blur/befog/becloud
v. to make a concept, nuance, situation, etc. uncertain or incomprehensible

obtrude/intrude/inflict/impose/force/foist
v. to force something (esp. one's presence, participation or opinion) upon others when unwarranted or unbidden

obtrude/extrude
v. to push or thrust out or forward

obviate
v. to dispose of a need in advance

optimize
v. to render as effective, functional or useful as possible whilst maximizing efficiency
v. to obtain the most from; to exploit fully
v. (of a computer program) to program or modify to attain maximal efficiency in storage capacity, cost, execution or retrieval

optimize
v. to assert or adhere to a sanguine, hopeful and confident perspective

paddock
v. to confine horses in a paddock

palpate
v. to examine part of a body by touching it

parallel/collimate
v. to place, make, extend or be adjacent and equidistant to something else

pare
v. to peel an outer layer, integument, coating, etc.

perambulation
n. a hike around a locale's perimeter conducted to examine and document its measurements

pillory
v. to punish by locking in a pillory

pillory/gibbet
v. to expose to public mockery or abuse

pirouette
n. a rapid spin of one's body performed on a pedal ball or points of the toes
v. to execute a pirouette, usually as part of a dance

ply/practice/prosecute/pursue
v. to regularly or assiduously perform one's craft, endeavor, pastime or vocation
_prosecute
_v. to pursue a project to completion

ply
v. to conjoin strands of yarn or rope, or clay by weaving, twisting or molding

precipitate
v. to violently hurl or throw downward

precipitate
v. (of condensed water vapor) to fall from clouds as snow, sleet, rain or hail

predate/foredate/antedate
v. to assign a date preceding actuality

preoccupy
v. to occupy or appropriate before another or others

prepossess
v. to favorably impress someone beforehand

presume
v. to venture without permission or sanction

procrastinate/cunctate
v. to habitually delay or postpone action, esp. to satisfy one's indolence or apprehension; to put off doing something

procrastination/cunctation
n. the act of habitually neglecting, delaying or deferring an action or decision to a later time

progression/progress/headway/advance(ment)
n. forward movement toward a locality or other destination
n. development toward a specific objective, often actualized as cumulative achievement

propagate
v. to transmit one's hereditary attributes to offspring or a sequent generation

propagate
v. (of thermic, photic, elecromagnetic, compressive or aural waves) to move through a medium (esp. air), often in a particular direction

propagate/transmit
v. (of thermic, photic, elecromagnetic, compressive or aural waves) to send through a medium (esp. air), often in a particular direction

prospect
v. to explore a region or site therein for useful or valuable substances such as gold, minerals or oil, esp. by means of experimental drilling or excavation

prostitute/sell out/whore
v. to compromise one's integrity or degrade oneself by the exercize of one's talents in pursuit of a base or unworthy objective for pecuniary or other gains

prostitute/whore
v. to exchange sex for money

pry/prize/lever
v. to exert force with a lever to move, open, raise or separate something

purl
v. to flow with a gently curling or rippling motion

rebate
v. to blunt the edge or point of a sharp weapon

rebuild/reconstruct/remake
v. to build or form something again ulterior to its damage, destruction or deterioration

reclamation/reclaim/redemption/reformation
n. the act of rehabilitating one's constitution, conduct or reputation

reconcile/make [OR] patch up
v. to make peace with someone; to restitute friendly relations

recondition/refurbish/rehabilitate/rejuvenate/renew/renovate/restore
v. to return a building, furnishing, painting, vehicle, etc. to an earlier or original condition by extensive repair or remodeling

reconnaissance
n. preliminary exploration or survey of an area conducted to obtain information

reconnoiter/scout
n. to survey an area to acquire data
n. to survey an area (esp. an enemy position) to acquire tactical or logistical data

recrudesce
v. (usu. of disease, misfortune, etc.) to recur after a dormant period

reestablish/reinstate/reinstitute/remit/restitute/restore
v. to return to a former condition, position or rank

reformation
n. an act or process of altering economic, political or social conditions, institutions, practices or laws to curb or obviate abuse or dysfunction, esp. that ensuant of malfeasance

regress/relapse/retrogress/retrovert/revert
v. to return to a prior or less developed condition or comportment, usu. that which is inferior or worse

relay
n. the act of passing something from an establishment, collective or individual to another or others
v. to pass something from one station, group or person to another or others

relegate/reduce/downgrade/demote/degrade
v. to lessen to an inferior rank or status
_declass
_v. to downgrade one's social class or status

relinquish/release/quit
v. to manually let go of something or someone; to free from one's grip

renege (on)/break
v. to fail or refuse to fulfill a promise or obligation

repose/intrust/entrust
v. to place confidence or trust in a person or thing

reprisal/requital/retaliation/retribution/revenge/vengeance
n. punishment inflicted in return for an injury or transgression
_reprisal
_n. any retaliation against an enemy in wartime, as the destruction of property or execution of POWs

repudiate
v. to reject someone's or something's authority or validity

rest/repose/relax
v. to suspend physical activity or movement to disport or rejuvenate oneself
_recess/break
_v. to cease work or study to relax awhile

return/repair
v. to come or go back to a place or person

return/restore/render
v. to bring, give, send or take something back to its owner

return/restore/replace
v. to bring, put, send or take something back to its quondam or rightful place or position

rinse
v. to wash under a fluxion of or by immersion in water

riposte
n. a fencing counterattack performed immediately subsequent to one's effective parry of an opponent's lunge
v. to execute a return thrust after parrying

roister/revel/party/make merry [OR] whoopie/cavort
v. to celebrate with raucous and jubilant conviviality
_wassail/party/carouse
_v. to revel whilst drinking or inebriated; to cavort drunkenly

ruin/pauperize/impoverish/immiserate/destitute/beggar
v. to make a person or locale poor; to reduce to poverty

ruffle/riffle/flick (through)
v. to rapidly or absently turn or flip through with one's fingers, esp. the pages of a book, magazine, etc.

saunter
n. a careless, leisurely gait

scratch/scotch/score/nick
v. to cut a superficial notch or line, as on cardboard to facilitate bending
_notch/nick
_v. to incise with an angular or V-shaped cut or indentation

scour/scrub
v. to polish or cleanse by vigorous rubbing, as with a detergent or abradant

scrabble
n. to frantically scrape, grope or dig with one's hands, hooves, paws, etc.

scratch/scrawl/scrabble/scribble
v. to write or draw something in an awkward, hasty, often sprawling fashion without concern for its legibility or recognizability

scribe
v. to mark or score a ceramic, metal or wooden surface with a scriber to indicate where it's to be cut

scruple
v. to be constrained by moral or ethical considerations; to waver or hesitate to do something that one adjudges potentially wrong

scud/skim/skate
v. to glide lightly and swiftly on or over a surface

segregate
v. to impose separation of a racial, religious or other group from a populace

segue
v. to smoothly transition from one condition, element, function or situation to another

sequestrate/sequester/segregate/isolate
v. to separate from others or one another, as a jury during a trial and deliberations

sex
n. any sexual activity intended for procreation or pleasure
_acokoinonia
_n. sex sans ardor or desire
_onanism/masturbation
_n. manual stimulation of the genital organs to derive sexual pleasure and ultimately attain orgasm
_sex/(sexual) intercourse [OR] congress
_n. penetrative genital contact or coupling between two or more individuals
__avowtry/advoutry/adultery
__n. consensual sexual congress between a married individual and someone who isn't their spouse
__sex/(sexual) intercourse [OR] congress/copulation/coitus
__n. sex by which a male's erect penis is inserted into a woman's vagina
_sodomy/buggery/anal sex [OR] intercourse
_n. intercourse via the anus
_sodomy/oral sex/cunnilingus/cunnilinctus
_n. oral stimulation of the clitoris or pudendum
_sodomy/oral sex/fellatio(n)
_n. oral stimulation of the penis

shape/mold/model/form
v. to fashion into a particular shape, as by sculpting
_broach
_v. to shape or enlarge a hole with a broach
_contour
_v. to shape the outline of, esp. to fit within or in juncture with something else
__bevel/cant/chamfer
__v. to cut or reduce an edge or corner from an orthogonal shape to an oblique, symmetrical form; to contour to a bevel
_cut
_v. to form by cutting
_dimension
_v. to model to particular dimensions
_hammer
_v. to form by beating with a hammer
__peen
__v. to bend, enlarge, smooth or straighten by striking with a hammer's peen

short shrift/summary treatment
n. any brusque, scant, unsympathetic treatment that ordinarily precedes a rejection or dismissal

siphon
v. to convey a liquid from one container into another by means of initial suction and atmospheric pressure
v. to withdraw or transfer funds or resources over a protracted duration, esp. by illicit means

slack(en)/relax/loosen
v. to become or permit to be less taut, as of a cable, line, etc.

slake/slack
v. to create calcium hydroxide by mixing lime and water or deliquescing lime

sluice
v. to accommodate with a sluice
v. (of water) to direct, flow, drain, irrigate or release from or through a sluice
v. to wash (usu. sediment) with water streaming through a sluice
v. to transport (usu. logs) down or through a sluice

sober
v. to make or become sober posterior to inebriation

sortie/sally
n. an armed attack from a besieged situation
v. to attack from a beleaguered position

speed/quicken/hurry/hasten/expedite/accelerate
v. to increase speed of progress, occurrence or development
_precipitate/anticipate
_v. to abruptly or prematurely engender an incident or situation

split/rive
v. to break or divide an object (such as a log or cabbage head) from end to end by striking
_cleave
_v. to split with a sharp instrument, as an axe or cleaver

spurn/scorn/reject/rebuff
v. to contemptuously reject someone or something

squail
v. to hurl a stick or sticks at something

squire
v. to escort a woman as or in the manner of a squire

stanch
v. to stop an effluxion, esp. of blood from a wound

steady/stabilize/fix
v. to make or become stable in condition, position or quality

stint/skimp/scrimp/economize
v. to spend or expend money or other resources minimally in providence or parsimony

stoop/descend/deign/condescend
v. to debase oneself morally, esp. by lowering one's standards to effectuate a reprehensible or otherwise shameful act; to demean oneself by acting in an unworthy, undignified or dishonorable way

stop/prohibit/prevent/preclude/obviate/hinder/forefend/forfend/deter/avoid/avert
v. to keep from occurring
_prevent/forestall
_a. to avert something by means of precautionary measures
_thwart/stymie/stop/snooker/scuttle/prevent/hinder/frustrate/foil/discomfit/disappoint/defeat/dash/confound/bilk/bar/balk/baffle
_v. to stop (someone) from accomplishing something; to successfully oppose a plan, endeavor, desideratum, ambition, action, etc.
__prevent/forestall/anticipate
__v. to dash by acting in advance

stultify
v. to cause someone or something to appear inconsistent, silly or stupid

stultify
v. to make futile, impuissant or otiose, esp. by frustrating

stumble (upon [or] on [or] across)/light (upon [or] on)/happen (upon [or] on)/find/encounter/come upon [or] across/chance (upon [or] on)
v. to discover or meet someone or something without design

stupefy/stun/daze
v. to dull or benumb one's senses or intellect by or as though by a blow or shock
_muddle/besot
_v. to stupefy with inebriation or infatuation

sublimate
v. to divert energy of physical, instinctual and esp. libidinous impulses to endeavors of productive or socially acceptable activity

substantiate/realize/incarnate/embody/actualize
v. to render actual; to give existence, real form or substance to a concept, objective, etc.
_incarnate/embody
_v. to actualize in a human form
_reify/objectify
_v. to make an abstraction concrete or real

subvert
v. to undermine the power and authority of and ultimately overthrow an established system, institution or leader, esp. in a surreptitious manner

supplant/supervene upon/supersede/replace/oust/displace
v. to take the place or assume the role, position or function of something or someone anterior

supple
v. to make or become flexible

suppress/restrain/inhibit/curb/constrain/bridle
v. to suspend activity or ideas

suppress/subject/subdue/stifle/squelch/squash/repress/quell/pacify/overpower/crush/compel
v. to forcibly vanquish rebellion or havoc, esp. to establish one's dominance

surf
v. to ride the face of a wave toward shore, esp. while standing on a surfboard

surf/browse
v. to navigate from one broadcast or online channel, site or page to another with a television or web browser

surveil
v. to monitor the activities of an (ordinarily suspect) individual or group

survey
v. to examine, determine and record the borders, elevation, extent, form, position, topography, etc. of a tract, harbor, coast, etc. by means of linear and angular mensuration in accordance with geometric and trigonometric principles, esp. for cartographic purposes

survive (on)/subsist (on)/live (on)/exist (on)
v. to merely maintain one's life by consumption of aliments, or acquisition of shelter or income

swallow/suppress/subdue/stifle/smother/repress/inhibit/curb/control/constrain/check/chasten
v. to consciously restrain an action, emotion, impulse or reaction

swash
v. to move about in water with a splashing sound

sway/incline/dispose/bias
v. to influence someone's opinion in favor of a certain partiality or attitude
_prepossess/prejudice/predispose/predetermine
_v. to bias in advance

sweep/scour/ransack/comb
v. to search thoroughly

swill/slop
v. to feed beasts with swill

swoop/stoop/souse/pounce
v. to suddenly sweep or spring down upon to attack, as in predation

tabulate/tabularize/table
v. to array or enter data in a tabular format

tack
n. a course of action divergent from another antecedent
v. to alter one's course of action

taint/pollute/maculate/foul/defile/corrupt/contaminate/befoul
v. to make filthy or impure, esp. with waste substances

tally/score/rack up/notch/chalk up
v. to gain a point, goal, run, etc. in a game or contest
v. to record the score of a game

tarmac/macadamize
v. to construct or pave with macadam

temporize
v. to prolong a discussion or process by deferment or prevarication to gain time or induce a compromise

tender/proffer/offer/give/extend
v. to present for acceptance or rejection
_tender/present
_v. to formally offer for receipt or refusal

title/nominate/entitle/designate
v. to assign a title to, as an artistic work

tonsure
v. to shave someone's head

tout/flog/ballyhoo
v. to advertise with aggressive, brazen, hyperbolic enthusiasm

transmigrate/reincarnate
v. to be born anew as another person posterior to one's death

transmogrify/transform/transfigure/mutate/metamorphose/convert/change
v. to change in or an appearance or perceptible form

transpose/transmute/transform/mutate/metamorphose/convert/change
v. to experience a radical alteration of or change the structure, form or character of

transpose/rearrange/permute
v. to change the arrangement, order or sequence of numerous objects or elements in a group

transposition/rearrangement/permutation
n. the act or process of changing the (often linear) order of a disposal, permutation or sequence of grouped articles or constituents

transpose/switch/reverse/invert/interchange/counterchange
v. to set each of two items in the place of one another

transpose
v. to transfer a narrative or paradigm from one place, period or context to another

transubstantiate/transmute/transform/convert/commute
v. to change one substance into another, as lead into gold!

trap/net/entrap/ensnare/catch
v. to capture in or as if in a baited device, hidden pit, etc.
_tangle/net/mesh/entangle/enmesh/catch
_v. to catch in or as one would with a net
_tangle/snare/entangle/ensnare/enmesh/catch
_v. to trap with or as though in a snare

travail/toil/sweat/moil/labor/grind/drudgery
n. any painful or strenuous work
_slog
_n. lengthy labor

travail/toil/sweat/slog/slave/moil/labor/grind/drudge
v. to engage operose work

traverse/thwart/span/range/pass/cross/cover
v. to extend or reach across, over or through
_arch
_v. (of an arch) to span

traverse
v. to ascend, descend or cross a slope via a diagonal or zigzag course while skiing

trip/stumble
v. to momentarily lose one's balance or footing and nearly fall, esp. after catching one's foot on something

troop/socialize/mix/fraternize/consort/associate
v. to keep company with an individual or fraternity in a genial manner
_whore/wench
_v. to consort with whores

trumpery/tommyrot/nonsense/humbug/hokum/bunk/bosh/baloney
n. desipient action or activity

tumble/precipitate/plunge/plummet/pitch
v. to fall forward or down swiftly, sharply or headlong

undergo/suffer/receive/meet (with)/experience
v. to be subjected to or present at an occurrence
_undergo/sustain/suffer
_v. to experience tribulation, injury, pain or loss

undermine/sap
v. to excavate beneath a situation, fortification or building, esp. to collapse it

undertaking/project/enterprise/endeavor/business
n. an important or difficult task, esp. that which requires preparative deliberation
_foray
_n. an initial endeavor beyond one's usual compass of activity
_venture
_n. a parlous, uncertain enterprise

undulate/wave
v. to have or confer a wavy appearance or form (esp. a contour or pattern), as that of a liquid surface
_ripple/riffle
_v. to form or prompt small waves

unseat/remove/oust/eject/displace/dislodge/discharge/depose/cashier
v. to expel from a position or office

uplift/sublime/gentle/exalt/ensky/ennoble/elevate/dignify
v. to elevate to a high degree of moral excellence or spiritual purity; endue with a greater dignity or nobility of character

urge/stimulate/spur/spark/provoke/propel/prompt/move/motivate/instigate/inspire/incite/goad/galvanize/excite/(en)kindle/arouse/actuate
v. to proffer an incentive for or induce to action; to cause to act
_solicit/raise/instigate/incite/foment/ferment
_v. to provoke discord, recalcitrance, trouble, etc.

valet
v. to serve as a personal attendant responsible for his employer's apparel and sundry other tasks
v. to attend to a hotel's patrons or cruise vessel's passengers

veer/swerve/stray/skew/sheer/diverge/deviate/depart (from)/cut
v. to (often abruptly) turn aside or away from a straight or plotted course
_yaw
_v. to temporarily (often momentarily) swerve

veer
v. (of wind) to shift clockwise in direction

vitiate/subvert/pervert/degrade/deprave/debauch/debase/corrupt
v. to lower or ruin one's moral character, usu. by intemperance or sensuality

vitiate/spoil/pervert/mar/impair/degrade/debase
v. to reduce efficacy, quality or value, usu. by damage

vitriolize/pickle
v. to treat and esp. clean metal by immersion in dilute sulfuric acid

volley
v. to discharge or be dispersed concurrently in rapid succession, as though in a volley

volley
n. a badminton, football or tennis return executed by hitting or kicking the ball or shuttlecock before it lands
v. to strike and return a (cricket, football, tennis, etc.) ball before it hits the ground

wager/stake/play/lay/gamble/bet
v. to pledge something (usually a sum of money) as a forfeit if one's forecast of a future event should prove erroneous, usually in return for a corresponding pledge by another or others if the aforementioned prediction is accurate
_parlay
_v. to stake winnings from one bet on a subsequent wager
_v. to transform any gain into another of greater value by investment

quassation/agitation
n. the act of moving something quickly and jerkily up and down or from side to side

waggle/shake/jounce/diddle/agitate
v. to move an object up and down or from side to side with brisk, vigorous, jerking motions
_joggle/jiggle
_v. to shake slightly; to move or cause to move with short, wagging bobs or jerks
_rock/convulse
_v. to agitate with violent force

wanton
v. to engage in numerous (usu. fugacious) sexual relations with several people, often indulgently or impulsively; to act promiscuously
_philander
_v. to indulge intercourse or an affair with a woman or women one can't or won't marry
__whore
__v. to philander with a prostitute or prostitutes

welter/wallow/swell/surge/heave/billow
v. to suddenly, forcibly rise or advance, as a wave or crowd

wassail/toast/pledge/drink
v. to celebrate, honor or wish someone or something well as an expression of benevolence by raising one's glass together with others before quaffing their contents

waste/wanton (away)/trifle away/squander/misspend/fritter (away)/dissipate/consume
v. to use or expend money, time or resources uselessly or carelessly, esp. in a rash, foolish, frivolous or extravagant manner

wave/undulate/roll
v. to smoothly, usu. gently rise and fall or move from side to side, as waves
_ripple/riffle
_v. to flow with a light or faint undulation

wave/wafture
n. the act of moving one's hand side-to-side to signal someone or express salutation or farewell

wigwag/wave/vacillate/swing/sway/rock/lurch
v. to move back and forth or side to side, often at a fixed speed
_vacillate/oscillate
_v. to move or back and forth at an invariant rate

wince/shy/shrink/resile/recoil/quail/flinch/cringe/blench/arsle
v. to suddenly draw back, as in fear, pain, revulsion or shock
_cower
_v. to quail fearfully

winnow/fan
v. (of a breeze, breath or other current) to blow on, off, over or through

winnow/fan
v. to separate grain from chaff with a focused, vigorous air current

winnow/garble/cull (out)
v. to select the best or most qualified constituents of a group or list, esp. by a process of elimination

withdraw/retire
v. to depart from participation in an activity or consort of a group
_sequester/sequestrate
_v. to withdraw into solitude; to seclude oneself

withstand/resist/repugn/oppose/fight/dispute/counteract/counter/combat
v. to act against a person, force, enterprise, etc.
_uprise/rise/revolt/rebel/mutiny
_v. to openly oppose a government or other ruling authority with subversive and esp. violent techniques

wobble/shudder/shiver/shake/rock/quake/palpitate/jounce
v. to move with quick, jerking, often irregular motions
_vibrate/tremble/quiver/quaver/quake/pulsate/palpitate/flutter/flicker
_v. to shake with slight, rapid movements
_judder
_v. to shake or vibrate with spasmodic or violent celerity
_v. any rapid, forceful shaking or vibration

yield/surrender/succumb/submit/render/give up/capitulate/bow
v. to cease resistance to an enemy or opponent and subject oneself to their will, power or authority

surrender/submission/capitulation
n. the act of subjecting oneself to the dominion or power of an opponent after conceding defeat


==ANATOMY==

acute/keen/sensitive/sharp
a. of a highly developed physical sense or faculty

amygdala
n. either of an almond-shaped pair of masses composed of gray matter within the temporal lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, which comprise part of the limbic system and are involved with the generation of fear and aggression

anterior
a. located on or near the head or front plane of a body

anteriors
n. incisors and canines, distinguished in the dental array before posterior premolars and molars

appendage/extremity/limb/member
n. a functional, external bodily structure that projects from the trunk, as an arm or leg

ass/backside/behind/bottom/buns/butt/buttocks/caboose/can/cheeks/derriere/fanny/fundament/gluteus maximus/heinie/keister/nates/posterior/prat/rear/rump/seat/stern/tail/tochus/tush
n. the fleshy, adipose pair of protrusions constituting the lower rear of the human trunk on which one sits

asthenic/ectomorphic/lean/macilent/meager/spare/thin
a. possessing a light physique of minimal muscularity
_bony/emaciated/gaunt/scrawny/skeletal
_n. extremely, unnaturally thin, usu. in consequence of starvation
_ectomorphic/rangy
_a. lean and long-limbed
__gangling/gangly/lank/lanky
__a. ungracefully rangy and tall
_slender/slight/slim/svelte/willowy
_a. elegantly, attractively, often delicately thin
__sylphlike
__a. (of a woman or girl) gracefully, attractively, often delicately thin
_spindly
_a. tall and usu. frailly spare

atrium
n. a bodily cavity or chamber
_atrium/auricle
_n. either of two cardiac chambers from which blood is conveyed to the heart's ventricles; the right atrium receives deoxygenated bood and the left oxygenated from the pulmonary vein
__(atrial) auricle/auricula atrii
__n. a small, conical, muscular pouch projecting from the upper anterior portion of each cardiac atrium
_cistern(a)/reservoir
_n. a sac or cavity containing (commonly lymph or cerebrospinal) fluid
_gullet/pharynx
_n. a membranous cavity of the alimentary canal linking the mouth and nasal passages to the esophagus
_lacuna
_n. a (conventionally minute and osteal) cavity, space or depression containing cartilage or osseous matter
__fontanel
__n. any of a fetus's or infant's cranial lacunae covered by membrane
_vestibule
_n. any bodily cavity, channel or chamber leading to or opening into another (as of the inner ear, urethra or vagina)

auricle/pinna
n. the visible, protruding, cartilaginous structure of the external ear

aural/auricular/otic
a. of or regarding the ear or hearing

auricular
a. shaped like a pinna

auricular
a. of or concerning the atrial auricle

bandy/bowlegged
a. (of legs) laterally excurvate at the knees

beefy/brawny/buirdly/burly/hefty/Herculean/husky/meaty/mesomorphic/muscly/muscular/stalwart/strapping/sturdy/thewy
a. possessing a heavy, stout build of thoroughly developed and pronounced musculature

bile/gall
n. a bitter, alkaline, brownish- or greenish-yellow fluid secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and discharged during digestion into the duodenum, where it conduces emulsification, digestion and absorption of consumed fats, and neutralizes acids

body/carcass/corpus
n. the totality of an organism's physical structure
_cadaver/carcass/corpse/corpus/corse
_n. a dead body, esp. that of a human

bosomy/busty/buxom/chesty/pneumatic/stacked
a. endowed with large, often prominent breasts

boss
n. any extant, external organic mass
_eminence/eminency
_n. a (ordinarily osseous) projection or protuberance from the surface of a body part
__spur
__n. an unnatural eminency
_excrescence
_n. any prominent, often anomalous outgrowth or protuberance such as a wart, nodule, carbuncle or blister

canal/channel/tube
n. a tubular passage or cavity though which air or nutriments are conveyed
_esophagus/gullet/oesophagus/throttle
_n. a muscular, tubular constituent of the alimentary canal lined with mucous membrane that connects the throat to the stomach
_trachea/windpipe
_n. a large membranous tube reinforced by cartilage rings that extends from larynx to bronchial tubes to convey air to and from the lungs

cardiac/cordial
a. of or concerning the heart

caul/pileus
n. a portion of the amnion that may cover the head of a fetus upon parturition

cephalic
a. of or regarding the head
a. within, positioned or directed toward the head

chiasma
n. a crossing or intersection two tracts, as of nerves or ligaments

commissure
n. a joint between two bones
n. the line where the upper and lower lips or eyelids meet
n. a band of nerve tissue connecting the cerebral hemispheres, spinal laterals, etc.

condyle
n. a bone's rounded, terminal protuberance, which forms an articulation in conjunction with another

connate/coadunate
a. (of similar parts or organs) conjoined in growth
_adnate
_a. (of anatomical structures) conjoined to a functionally dissimilar organ, extremity, etc.

corpus
n. that main portion of an organ or other bodily structure
n. any distinct, functional organic tissue, esp. an organ

crinal
a. of or pertaining to hair

curvaceous/curvy/voluptuous
a. (of a figure) having pronounced, sensual curves
_buxom/Rubenesque/zaftig
_a. plumply, pleasantly curvaceous

dissepiment/septum (pl. dissepiments/septa)
n. any partition (often a membrane) that divides two bodily cavities, chambers or tissues

dorsal
a. of, concerning or located on the back or upper surface of an organ, organism or part

duct
n. a vessel through which lymph or glandular secretions (such as tears or bile) issue

ectopia
n. a bodily structure's or organ's abnormal position or location, attendant of congenital disorder or injury

ectopic
a. (of organs) atypically disposed

epiglottis
n. a thin flap of cartilage that's depressed while swallowing to cover the glottis and thus preclude the passage of comestible matter into the larynx

excrescent
a. of or constituting an excessive or abnormal outgrowth or enlargement, as a wart

extremity
n. a hand or foot
_hand/mitt/paw
_n. the prehensile extremity of an arm comprised of the palm, fingers and thumb
__manus
__n. the joint hand and wrist

femur/thighbone
n. a bone in the leg connecting the pelvis to the knee, the strongest and longest in the human body

flank
n. the side between ribs and hip

fubsy/fubby
a. short and chubby

genial
a. of of pertaining to the chin

glabrous
n. (of skin) smooth and hairless

gorge/gullet/thrapple/throat/throttle
n. the passage linking the posterior mouth to the anterior portion of the neck or rear of the mouth, including the fauces and pharynx

guttural
a. of or pertaining to the throat

gynecomastia
n. an enlargement of male breasts, commonly consequent of hormone imbalance or therapy

hairy/hirsute/pilose
a. covered with (usu. when growing) hair
_barbate/bearded/bewhiskered/whiskered/whiskery
_a. hairy on one's cheeks and chin
_downy/fuzzy/(molli)pilose/silky
_a. growing or covered with soft, fine hair
_griseous/grizzled
_a. fully, peppered or streaked with gray hair
_rough/shaggy
_a. possessing or covered with long, coarse hair

haunch
n. the hip, buttock and upper thigh of a human

hepatic
a. of, resembling, regarding, affecting or occurring in the liver

heterologic(al)/heterologous
a. of anatomy dissimilar in structure or evolutionary origin; derived from a different species

homologous
a. of organs corresponding in position, structure and evolutionary origin, though not necessarily of function

hyoid
n. a horseshoe- or U-shaped bone that supports the tongue, situated in the neck's anterior midline betwixt chin and thyroid cartilage
a. of or pertaining to the hyoid bone or associated structures

inhibition
n. any stimulation of an organ's or bodily part's nerve supply that suppresses its function

inguinal
a. of, regarding or situated in the groin

intramural
a. within a cavity's or organ's walls

intrinsic
a. (of certain nerves and muscles) located within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts

ithyphallus
n. an erect penis

lachrymal/lacrimal
a. concerned with the secretion of tears
a. of, comprising, pertaining or proximate to glands that secrete tears

larynx/voice box
n. a muscular organ within the anterior trachea and connected to the hyoid bone that contains elastic vocal cords, which produce sonant sound when vibrated by a current of breath that passes between them

limber/lissom(e)/lithe/lithesome/supple
a. capable of moving or bending one's limbs freely and flexibly, esp. by virtue of a slender physique

lineaments/features
n. a countenance's characteristic constituents: eyes, nose, mouth, chin, etc.

lunule/lunula
n. the white, crescent area at a fingernail's base

Morton's toe [OR] foot
n. a condition whereby a second toe exceeds the length of the adjoining first

nare/naris/nostril
n. either of the nose's two exterior apertures

nevus
n. an inborn or acquired dermal maculation
_beauty spot [OR] mark/birthmark
_n. any congenital dermal blemish
_beauty spot [OR] mark/mole
_n. a small, often raised and usu. dark nevus

node
n. a finger's joint or knuckle

nodule
n. a small, usually uncommon swelling consisting of tissue or a cellular aggregate

ocular/optic/optical/visual
a. of or pertaining to eyesight

ocular/optic/optical/ophthalmic
a. of or regarding the eye
_sclerotic
_a. of or relating to the sclera of the eyeball

ocular
a. of a form or function resembling that of the eye

osteal/osseous/bony
n. consisting of or resembling bone
_skeletal
_a. forming a skeleton

osteal/bony
a. of or concerning bone or the skeleton
_skeletal
_a. of or regarding a skeleton

osteochondral
n. of or pertaining to bone or cartilage

outgrowth/process
n. a natural prolongation or projection from or within an organism's body, as an osseous protuberance
_node
_n. any natural bulge or swelling of an anatomical structure or organ, as those interspersed along the course of a lymphatic vessel
__nodule
__n. a small node

phallic/priapic
a. of, regarding or resembling an erect penis

philtrum
n. the shallow, cleft groove extending from the nose to the upper lip

pilus/hair (pl. pili/hair)
n. any of the fine, pliant, cylindrical filaments growing from a mammal's epidermis
_feat/curl
_n. a lock of curly hair
_thatch
_n. thick, unruly hair resembling thatched roofing material
_tussock/tuft/tuffet
_n. a bunch of hair growing or fastened together

pore
n. any of numerous, minute dermal orifices through which perspiration is exuded

prehensile
a. adapted to seize or grasp, esp. by wrapping around and clutching an object

prognathous
a. possessing a protruding lower jaw

protrusible/protrusile
a. (of a limb or other body part) capable of outward or forward thrust

proximal
a. situated nearer or nearest to a body's midline, or a limb's or bone's point of attachment

pudendum/vulva (pl. pudenda/vulvae)
n. the external female genitals

pulmonary/pulmonic
a. of, concerning or affecting the lungs

pulmonary/pulmonate/pulmonic
a. possessing lungs

purlicue
n. the space betwixt thumb and forefinger

rudiment
n. any undeveloped, immature or deformed part or organ, esp, that of an embryo

primitive/rudimental/rudimentary
a. (of an organ or appendage) in the first or an early stage of formation or growth

sartorial
a. of or relating to the sartorius muscle

sartorius
n. the longest muscle in the human body, situated at the fore of the thigh and extending obliquely from the hip to the inner tibia; the sartorius aids rotation of the leg into the cross-legged position assumed by a seated tailor

scapular(y)
a. of or concerning the scapula or shoulder

steatopygous
a. possessing especially fat buttocks

suture
n. a stabile osteal (and usu. cranial) joint or line of junction

talus/astragal(us)/anklebone
n. the large bone that forms the ankle joint in articulation with the tibial condyle

temporal
a. of, concerning, within or proximal to the cranial temples

testis/testicle/nut/bollock/ballock/ball
n. either of two male ovoid reproductive glands within the scrotum that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens

throb/race/flutter
v. (of the heart) to beat rapidly
_thump/throb/pound
_v. to throb heavily or violently
_palpitate/flutter
_v. to pulsate with excessive or irregular celerity

ventral/abdominal
a. of, concerning or located on the belly, abdomen or underside of an organism

vestigial/rudimentary/rudimental
a. (of an organ or appendage) no longer serving a function, and thus nonfunctional, degenerate or atrophied in occurrence or persistence

viscus (pl. viscera)
n. any internal (esp. abdominal) organ located within one of the body's main cavities


==ARCHITECTURE, FIXTURES & FURNISHINGS==

abutment
n. a member which receives the thrust and supports the lateral pressure of an arch, vault, span, etc.
n. a structure supporting one end of a bridge

aerie
n. any edifice (esp. a residence) situated high on a hill or mountain

alcove/bay
n. a recess in a wall, usu. to accommodate a bed or bookshelves

altar (Christian)
n. a table in a Christian church where communion is administered
n. a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are placed, or religious rites performed

ambo (Christian)
n. one of two raised, oblong pulpits in which the gospels and epistles were read in early Christian churches

amphitheater
n. any alfresco and oviform or circinate building wherein tiers of seats ascend progressively from a central space, as an arena or stage

annex
n. an adjunct building coupled or associated with a central facility

antechamber/anteroom/(entrance) hall/foyer/vestibule
n. a reception chamber within a fore entrance where guests wait, often serving as an entryway to a larger room

antimacassar/tidy
n. a protective (usu. cloth) cover laid over the headrest or an arm of a chair, sofa, etc. to forfend wear, maculation, etc.

apiary/bee house
n. an edifice containing numerous beehives, conventionally wherein they're raised for harvest of their honey

apse
n. a building's domed, vaulted or sloping recess or projection of semicircular or polygonal conformation, esp. the east end of a church, where its altar is located
_tribune
_n. the apse of a basilica containing the Bishop's throne

arcade
n. an arched or covered passageway normally flanked by shops
_loggia
_n. a gallery or arcade of at least one side open to air (regularly supported by columns), esp. one constituting part of a house facing or dominant of a garden

arch
n. a curved, usu. vertical structure that spans and forms the upper edge of an opening (as that of a doorway or bridge) and supports its overhead or lateral weight
v. to span (an opening, etc.) with an arch
_extrados
_n. an arch's upper or exterior curve or surface
_intrados
_n. an arch's interior curve or surface
_archway
_n. an arch over a passageway or entranceway
_arcade
_n. a series of arches supported by a colonnade, either freestanding or comprising part of a wall
__arcature
__n. an arcade constructed on a small scale
_proscenium (arch)
_n. an arch framing the aperture between stage and auditorium
_viaduct
_n. a sequence of arches supported by a row of piers or towers built to carry a canal, road or railroad over a valley or other low elevation

arch
n. a structure shaped like an inverse U
_extrados
_n. an arch's upper or exterior curve or surface
_intrados
_n. an arch's interior curve or surface
_archway
_n. an arch over a passageway or entranceway

architrave
n. a molded frame bordering a door or window

armoire
n. a large cabinet or wardrobe

art nouveau
n. a French school of decorative art, architecture and design popular from the late 19th century to WWI characterized by ornate, stylized motifs depicting the sinuous outlines of vegetation and other natural forms: leaves, vines, flowers, bodily contours, etc.

astragal/bead
n. a convex, typically semicircular or beaded molding disposed at the head or base of a column, or to close the clearance gap of a door or pair thereof

atelier/studio
n. a room in which an artist or designer works

atrium
n. an ordinarily skylighted square or orthogonal central hall or court lit from above, into which rooms or galleries open at one or multiple levels
n. the central court of an ancient Roman house distinguished by its open roof

attic/garret/loft
n. a room or space directly beneath a roof, which may be utilized for lodging or storage
_mansard
_n. a garret beneath a mansard roof

attic
n. a low story or (usu. decorative) wall above a classical facade's cornice

awning
n. a rooflike projection (fashioned of canvas, another tough fabric or flexile plastic) supported by a frame and installed over a doorway, deck, window or storefront to provide shelter from sunlight or precipitation
_canopy
_n. a lengthy awning extending over a doorway to its contiguous sidewalk's curb

azotea
n. a flat roof

baluster/banister/spindle
n. one of a railing's series of columnar supports

balustrade/banister
n. a bridge's, terrace's or stairwell's railing or handrail supported by balusters

bandstand
n. a raised platform on which a band performs

baseless
a. (of a column) without base between the shaft and pedestal

bastion
n. a projecting portion of a fortification (such as a rampart) enabling deployment of multidirectional defensive fire

bedframe/bedstead
n. the frame of a bed, often comprehending a headboard and springs

berth/bunk
n. a (usually tiered) bed of a vessel or train

boss/stud
n. an ornamental projection, as of a vaulted ceiling or roof
_crochet/crocket
_n. a Gothic architectural ornament fashioned to resemble curved foliage (as buds or leaves) projecting from the sloping angles and edges of pinnacles, spires or gables

brace/bracing
n. any structural member that stiffens and imparts steadiness to a framework

bungalow/cabana/cottage
n. a small house of a single story and broad front porch, usually located near a lake or beach, or in a rural vicinage
_bower
_n. a (usu. attractive or charming) rural cottage
_chalet
_n. a bungalow designed in the style of a chalet

buttery
n. a storeroom in which liquors are stocked

buttress
n. an integral projecting support (usually constructed of stone or brick) that supports the wall of a building
v. to provision or reinforce [a structure] with a buttress

cabana/hut/hutch/shack/shanty
n. a small dwelling of simple or crude construction, often serving as a provisional domicile
_chalet
_n. the hutch of a herder in the Swiss Alps
_hovel
_n. a wretched, squalid or otherwise unsavory hut
_jacal
_n. a hut consisting of mud plastered to thin stakes and a thatched roof
_wickiup
_n. a Native American hut composed of a frame covered with brushwood, grasses or mats

canopy
n. a (commonly fabric) covering suspended on pillars or posts over a bed, throne, altar, statue, fountain, etc.
_ciborium/baldachin (Christian)
_n. a canopy standing on four pillars over an altar
_valance
_n. a length of decorative drapery hung from the canopy of a bed to screen its structure

canopy
v. to furnish or cover with a canopy

cellarage
n. a space of or area in a cellar
n. cellars collectively

chalet
n. a wooden house of Swiss provenience distinguished by its low roof and extremely broad eaves

chancel (Roman Catholic)
n. the space in a church circumferent of its altar, usu. enclosed by a lattice or railing and occupied by the clergy and often the choir

charnel house
n. a building or vault in which corpses or bones are heaped or deposited

chifforobe
n. a tall furnishing containing drawers of one side opposite space wherein vesture is hung

cistern
n. a reservoir or tank in which water is stored, esp. that utilized to supply taps or flush toilets

cloister/ambulatory
n. a covered walk of a convent, cathedral, monastery or college, commonly flanked by a wall and a colonnade open or leading to a courtyard

coffer/caisson/lacuna
n. a recessed panel in a ceiling, dome, vault or soffit

coffer
v. to decorate with coffers

columnar/columniform/columnlike
a. having the form of a column

columnar
n. characterized by or comprising columns

concourse
n. a large, broad, open space within or before a building where crowds can walk, as those in an airline terminal

cope/coping
n. the top layer or course of a masonry wall, the upper surface of which is usually canted to shed precipitant water

cope
v. to furnish with a cope

corbel
n. any member that projects from the face of a wall to support a cornice or arch
v. to supply, support with or construct a corbel

cornice
n. a horizontal, ornamental molding that crowns or completes a wall, abutting or flush perpendicular to the ceiling
v. to furnish with a cornice

cove
n. any concave molding

cove/coving
n. an incurvate surface joining a room's wall and ceiling

cresset
n. a metal cup or basket mounted on a pole in which oil or pitch is burnt to illumine an area

crib
n. a baby's bed, the high sides of which incorporate slats

crossbeam/crosspiece/trave/traverse
n. a transverse beam, bar, brace, joist etc. fixed or placed over another or something else; a horizontal member that extends across something
_transom/traverse
_n. a reinforcing horizontal crosspiece above a window or door demarcating it from a window atop

cupola
n. a small, often domed structure surmounting and adorning a ceiling, roof or dome

dais
n. a low, raised platform on which a lectern, throne or seats of honor are installed

derrick
n. a tall, commonly pyramidal framework erected over an oil well or other boring on or from which boring equipment, drill tubes and lengths of pipe are supported, suspended, hoisted or lowered

dolmen
n. a neolithic stone formation presumed to be a tomb, comprising two large, upright stones topped by a transverse capstone

door/doorway
n. an entrance barred and opened by a door
_doorsill/threshold
_n. a doorway sill: horizontal shelf or slab of hardwood or stone constituting the foot of a doorway
_portiere
_n. a curtain hung over a door or in a doorway

downcast
n. a ventilation shaft through which air enters a mine

drafter/draftsman [OR] draftswoman/draftsperson
n. a skilled artist who renders technical plans and blueprints of buildings and machines

draining tile/draintile
n. one of several hollow tiles comprising a drain

embankment
n. a long, artificial mound of stone or earth built to avert flooding, provide protection or support a road or railroad
_revetment
_n. a facing (usu. embodying masonry) that consolidates an embankment

embank/bank
v. to protect, enclose, enable passage or confine within specified limits with a bank or mound of earth or stone

enfilade
n. a collinear conformation of interior doors affording a lengthy vista when all are open

entablature
n. a superstructure of moldings and bands laid horizontally upon columns to support a roof, encompassing:
_architrave/epistyle
_n. a beam resting upon the capitals of columns
_frieze
_n. a sculptured, horizontal band betwixt architrave and the cornice, usually carved in bas-relief
_cornice
_n. the topmost projection crowning an entablature

entresol/mezzanine
n. a low, intermediate story between two others (usu. the first/ground and second/first floors) of a building

escritoire
n. a compositional desk containing drawers and compartments, on the surface of which one writes

escutcheon/scutcheon
n. a thin, often ornate plate installed around a keyhole, doorknob, light switch, etc. to adorn and protect these fixtures

extension
n. any room or array of rooms added to an existing building
_ell
_n. a perpendicular extension

facade/face/front/frontage/frontal/frontispiece
n. the fore of a building, often facing a street or lot and embellished with decorative features
_frontispiece
_n. an ornamental facade

festoon/swag
n. drapery, a garland or a curtain suspended from each end and hanging decoratively to its center

flue
n. a duct through which smoke or other waste gases exhausted by a fireplace, furnace or gas heater passes

folly
n. an extortionate, ornamental building of no practical value constructed to resemble towers, temples, castles, mock Gothic ruins, etc. in a garden or park, usually to satisfy a singular conceit or fancy

footstall/pedestal
n. a base or support on which a column, statue, obelisk, vase, etc. is mounted
_plinth/socle
_n. an orthogonal slab on which the base of a column rests

foyer/(entrance) hall/lobby/vestibule
n. a corridor or hall serving as a large anteroom in a public building

frieze
n. a continuous, horizontal band of painted, sculpted or calligraphic decoration adorning the walls of a room, which may depict scenes in a succession of discrete panels

gable (end, wall)
a. a vertical triangular wall beneath and between the sloping ends of a gable roof

grotto/grot
n. a construction or excavation concocted to resemble a small cave or cavern, esp. that of an 18th-century parterre

header/bonder
n. any brick or stone laid at a right angle to the face of a wall, so that only its short end is apparent

hogan
n. a Navajo dwelling built of logs, stones, etc. and covered with mud or sod, the entrance of which traditionally faces east

landing
n. an intermediary platform in a staircase punctuating consecutive flights of stairs

larder/pantry/spence
n. a room or cupboard in which food, dishes and kitchenware are reposited

lavatory/bathroom/balneary
n. a room equipped with a washbowl, toilet and/or bidet, shower and/or bathtub

lavatory
n. a building equipped with washbowls, toilets and occasionally showers, often designed for public accommodation

lean-to
n. any shelter whose roof is composed of a single slope

lean-to
n. a roof of single slant, the upper edge of which abuts a wall

lintel
n. a horizontal member (as a beam or architrave) supporting superincumbent weight over a door, window or pillars by means of resistance to crosswise fracture

listel/list/fillet
n. any flat, narrow molding interposed betwixt two others

loggia
n. a theater's open balcony

loophole
n. an orifice or slit in a wall through which air and light can pass, or small arms may be discharged

lounge/waiting area
n. a spacious public room in a hotel, theater, club, airport, etc. furnished with seating where people wait, lounge, read, relax, etc.

mansard
n. a sloping, quadrilateral roof

marquee/marquise
n. a (often hemispherical) rooflike projection over a theater entrance, blazoning the titles of features and names of stars exhibited therein

marquee
n. a large tent (usu. featuring open sides) employed for social or commercial functions such as a garden party

marquetry
n. inlaid, wooden, particolored veneers that form patterns or images, utilized to decorate furniture
_parquetry
_n. geometric or mosaic marquetry fashioned to ornament furnishings and esp. floors

mezzanine
n. the lowest balcony in a theater, stadium, etc.
_n. the foremost rows of such a balcony

mezzanine (floor)
n. a floor beneath a theater stage, from which various contrivances (such as traps) are operated

minaret
n. a Mosque's slender tower surrounded by projecting balconies, on which a muezzin stands whilst calling Mossulman faithful to prayer

monument/memorial
n. any structure (statue, plaque, shrine, cenotaph, headstone, etc.) erected in commemoration of persons or events

mortice/mortise
n. a recessed slot, notch or hole carved into wood or stone to receive a tenon (to form a joint) or a mortise lock
_tenon
_n. a projecting end of a wooden piece contoured to be inserted into a mortice and form a joint

muntin
n. bars or rigid supporting strips between adjacent window panes

narthex (Christian)
n. an early Christian or Byzantine church's lobby or portico leading to its nave by way of a railing or screen

nave (Christian)
n. the central area of a church flanked by aisles, spanning from its narthex to its chancel

newel (post)
n. a post to which the handrail of a balustrade terminates at a staircase's beginning, end or landing

niche
n. a shallow recess (usually in a wall) where a statue or other ornament is placed for display
_tabernacle (Roman Catholic)
_n. a niche wherein a statue or relic is enshrined

ormolu
n. gilded brass or bronze, often used to fashion fixtures, furniture mounts and other adornments
n. any of numerous, gilt copper, tin or zinc alloys, utilized as a decorative component of architecture, furnishings, jewelry, etc.

ossuarium/ossuary
n. any place (such as a vault) wherein human bones are deposited

oubliette
n. a dungeon, the sole ingress and egress of which is an aperture though its ceiling

outwork
n. a subsidiary defensive structure positioned beyond and before the principal fortification

pale/paling/picket (pl. pales/paling/pickets)
n. one in a row of pointed, upright, wooden posts, stakes or strips forming a fence

parapet
n. a low, protective wall or barrier along the edge of a roof, balcony or bridge

parlor/front [or] living [or] sitting room
n. a room in a private residence where denizens and guests may sit, converse, relax and engage disports

parlor
n. a reception room in an inn or club where visitors may be received

parterre
n. an ornamental, diversified flower garden in which flower beds and paths are arrayed to form a pattern

parquet
n. the ground floor of a theater or auditorium, esp. that area where spectators are seated
_parterre/parquet circle
_n. the rear and lateral parquet, esp. that portion beneath the balcony

pavilion
n. a large, peaked, extravagant tent sporting crenellated adornments, customarily utilized at a show or fair

pergola
n. a trellised arbor or passageway supported on columns, the framework of which is covered by trained climbing or trailing vegetation

perpendicular
a. of or pertaining to the last phase of English Gothic church architecture prevalent from the late 14th to middle 16th centuries, typified by broad arches, large windows of vertical tracery and flamboyant fan vaulting

pillar
n. an upright structure composed of stone, steel, brick, etc., employed either to support a superstructure such as an entablature or arch, or freestanding as an ornament or monument
_column
_n. a decorative cylindrical or polygonal pillar usu. topped by a capital and resting on a base
_n. anything that approximates the shape or function of a column
__annulet
__n. a ringed band or molding circumferential to the shaft or capital of a pillar
__colonnade
__n. a series of equidistant columns supporting a roof, entablature or arcade
___arcade
___n. a series of arches supported by a colonnade, either freestanding or comprising part of a wall
____arcature
____n. an arcade constructed on a small scale
___peristyle
___n. a circumferent colonnade about a building, court, garden, porch, etc.
___n. any architectural space so encompassed
_newel
_n. a central supporting pillar from or around which the steps of a spiral staircase project or encompass in a helical formation

porch/lanai
n. an external, covered (usu. roofed) platform before a house's doorway
_veranda(h)/porch/lanai
_n. a (usu. roofed and partly enclosed) porch extending contiguous along a house's exterior and level with its ground floor 

portico/porch
n. an open, roofed, columned walkway affixed to a building, usually comprising a porch or leading to an entrance

proscenium/forestage/apron
n. the part of a theater stage before the curtain or between curtain and orchestra
_proscenium (arch)
_n. an arch framing the aperture between stage and auditorium
_proscenium (wall)
_n. a wall demarcating stage from auditorium in modern theaters

quarrel
n. a small square or diamond windowpane of a latticed window

quoin/coin/coign
n. a wall's exterior angle or corner

ramada
n. a roofed shelter of open sides

rampant
a. (of an arch or vault) rising from one abutment to asymmetrically rest at another or opposite of a higher level

rampart
n. a defensive wall surrounding a castle or city constructed with a broad top, parapet and walkway

rampart/parapet/bulwark
n. a defensive wall or embankment, as that of a trench

rampart
v. to fortify or encircle with or as though with a rampart

rostrum/podium
n. a raised platform on which someone stands whilst delivering a speech or conducting an orchestra

rotunda
n. an annular, often domed building or room

sacristy/vestry (Christian)
n. a room within a church where sacred vessels and vestments are reposited and ecclesiastics habilitate

sideboard/credenza/credence/buffet
n. an article of furniture positioned to a dining room's side, the shelves and drawers of which contain utensils, vessels, plates or table linen

solarium
n. a room, porch or gallery exposed to sunlight through either a skylight or glass walls

spire/steeple
n. a tapering, acute conical or pyramidal structure upon a building, esp. a tall tower of a church or temple
_fleche/spirelet
_n. a slender spire above the intersection of a Gothic church's nave and transepts

steeple
n. a church tower and spire

stoop
n. a set of steps leading to a small porch before a house's threshold

tailing
n. any portion of a beam, corbel, rafter, etc. embedded in a wall

teak
n. the hard, substantial, yellowish-brown wood of teak trees, which is resistant to insects and warping, and utilized in the construction of ships and furniture

terrazzo
n. polished flooring material comprised of marble or granite chips embedded in mortar

tesserae
n. small squares of marble, glass, earthenware, etc. employed in the innovation of and comprising mosaics

tessellate
v. to decorate a surface (esp. a floor) with a configuration of tesserae

thatch
n. plant stalks or leaves (straw, rushes, palms) used as roofing
n. a roof composed of thatch
v. to roof with thatch

(flush) toilet/throne/privy/lavatory/commode
n. a plumbing fixture fitted with a hinged seat in which one excretes, which is cleared of waste by a hydrous eddy

transom (window)/fanlight
n. a window above a door or larger window that's usually hinged to a crosspiece over the door

trestle
n. a massive, braced framework of metal and/or timber constructed to support an elevated structure, as a railroad bridge

washstand/washbowl/washbasin/sink/lavatory/lavabo/basin
n. a sink permanently installed in a bathroom that's connected to a water supply, drainpipe and faucet, with which one may wash their hands and face
_lavabo
_n. a stone sink
_n. a large stone washbasin of a medieval monastery
_n. a (usu. ornamental) washbowl moored to a wall

valance (board)/pelmet/cornice
n. a length of decorative drapery or wooden border fitted at the top of a window casing or door to conceal curtain fixtures

valance/dust ruffle
n. a pleated or gathered length of decorative drapery affixed to the frame of a bed to screen the space beneath it

valance
v. to furnish or adorn with a valance or valances

vernacular
n. architecture concerned with domestic and utilitarian purposes according to local culture
a. (of architecture) concerned with the normative domestic and functional rather than the monumental

viga
n. a rafter fashioned from a peeled, trimmed tree trunk, the end of which projects from the adobe wall containing its tailing

villa
n. a large, opulent rural residence comprising extensive grounds
n. a detached or semidetached suburban house
n. an ancient Roman provincial home comprehending residential quarters and farm buildings surrounding a courtyard

vitrine/showcase/display case
n. a cabinet or case paneled by glass sheets wherein items of a shop, museum or home are displayed

wainscot/wainscoting/wainscotting
n. any (usu. wood) facing, lining or paneling applied to a room's interor walls

wainscot
n. the lower portion of a wall finished with a material varying from that of the upper
v. to line or panel a room's walls with wainscoting

wattle
n. a frame comprising poles, rods or stakes interwoven with twigs, reeds or branches, usu. to form a fence or wall
n. matter bestowed to fashion a wattle
v. to construct a wattle

wing
n. a projecting addition of a large edifice

zenana/serail/seraglio/harem/hareem
n. living quarters in a Muslim household reserved for wives, concubines and female relatives and servants


==ASTRONOMY==

accretion
n. the convergence and cohesion of matter drawn (as objects or gases) by gravitation to augment a celestial object (such as Jupiter)

anomaly
n. as observed from the sun, a planet's angular deviation from its last perihelion

apogee
n. the point in a moon's or satellite's orbit at which it's furthest from the planet around which it revolves

asterism
n. a (usually denominated) cluster of stars smaller than a constellation

azimuth
n. the horizon's arc measured clockwise from the south point
n. the direction of a celestial object expressed as the distance from the horizon's south point

cislunar
a. of, concerning or situated within the space between the earth and the lunar orbit

conjunction
n. an apparent alignment of two or more celestial bodies in the same celestial longitude
_syzygy
_n. (literally: "yoked together") a triplex conjunction, as of the sun, moon and earth

egress/emersion
n. the reappearance of a celestial body following an eclipse

empyrean/firmament/heavens/sky/sphere/welkin
n. the great, dome-shaped, outdoor expanse of overhead air, the nocturnal aspect of which appears a concavity or vault on which celestial bodies are projected

ingress/immersion
n. the obscurity of a celestial body in the shadow of or behind another, as during an eclipse

line [OR] parallel of latitude/parallel
n. any of several imaginary lines circumferent of the Earth and parallel to its equator that represent degrees of latitude

latitude
n. the angular distance between an imaginary, equatorial line encircling a heavenly body and a point anywhere north or south of it, ordinarily expressed as degrees and minutes

orrery
n. a small planetarium consisting of an apparatus illustrating the relative sizes, positions and motions of a solar system's planetary bodies, which are represented by the rotations and revolutions of balls turned by wheelwork

paraselene
n. a lucent image of the moon on a lunar halo

perigee
n. a point in the orbit of a moon or satellite at which it's nearest to the planet around which it revolves

prominence
n. incandescent gas erupting from the sun's surface that resembles a tongue and rises to an altitude of several hundred thousand kilometers
_filament
_n. a prominence seen before the solar disc

sublunar(y)
a. positioned beneath the moon

umbra
n. the portion of a celestial body's shadow where a source of illumination is wholly occulted, as during an eclipse
n. a sunspot's dark center

Ursa Major/Great Bear
n. the most prominent northern constellation, which rotates around the North Star; seven of its stars embody the Big Dipper
_Big Dipper
_n. an asterism of Ursa Major resembling a dipper

Ursa Minor/Little Bear
n. the northernmost constellation, which rotates about its North Star; its seven constituent stars comprise the Little Dipper
_Little Dipper
_n. the ladle-shaped asterism of Ursa Minor
_North Star/Polaris/polar star/polestar/pole star
_n. the brightest star in the constellation Ursa Minor, located at the end of the Little Dipper's handle; the Earth's northern axis points toward it

Vesper/Hesperus/evening star
n. a brightly illumined planet (usu. Venus) visible during dusk in the western sky

wane
v. (of the moon) to display a surface of dwindling illumination between the full and new moons
n. the period during which the moon's surface becomes progressively darker

wax
v. (of the moon) to display a surface of escalating illumination whilst passing from new to full

zenith
n. the highest evident point in the orbit of a celestial body above the horizon of an observer
n. a celestial point directly above an observer


==ATTIRE==

accessory/accouterment/accoutrement/trapping
n. an adjunct, often ornamental article of attire extrinsic to an ensemble
_aiguillette/aglet
_n. a tagged, ornamental cord or braid worn by certain officers from the shoulder of a military uniform
_baldric
_n. a (usu. bedight) leather belt or silk sash worn over one shoulder and across one's chest, from which a sword's scabbard or trumpet is slung
_bangle
_n. a rigid (usually plastic or chrome) bracelet or anklet
_broach/brooch
_n. a rather large, decorative pin or clasp worn by women
__breastpin
__v. a brooch worn on the breast, esp. to secure a garment
__fibula
__v. a metal broach worn to clasp articles of attire in ancient Greece and Rome
_buckle
_n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle
_chevron
_n. a badge or insignia composed of V-shaped stripes denoting noncomissioned rank or span of service
_cordon
_n. an ornamental cord or ribbon; worn by military personnel diagonally across the breast as insignia of honor or rank
_crown/diadem
_n. ornamental headgear (usu. a circlet or headdress) fashioned of a precious metal and often bejewelled, worn by a monarch as a symbol of their royalty
_epaulette
_n. an ornamental fringed shoulder strap, commonly of a military uniform
_lavaliere
_n. an ornamental, often jeweled pendant worn on a chain necklace; designated for the Duchesse de La Vallière, a consort of Louis XIV
_peplum
_n. a flared ruffle affixed to the waist of a blouse, bodice, dress or jacket, as a flounce
_plume/panache
_n. a decorative feather or cluster of feathers mounted to a helmet or headdress
_pompom
_n. a decorative ball or tuft of wool, feathers or other fluffy material applied to ornament hats and slippers
_stickpin
_n. a pin with an ornamental head used to secure an ascot or necktie
_tassel
n. a pendant adornment consisting of a fastened tuft of cords

aglet
n. a tubular metal or plastic sheath that seals each end of a shoelace or cord to facilitate passage through eyelets

amulet/charm/mojo/periapt 
n. a talismanic trinket or piece of jewelry usually hung about the neck and thought to confer a magical protection against evil or disease

apparel/attire/clothes/clothing/dress/garments/habiliments/raiment/togs/vesture/vestments/wear
n. tailored articles designed to be worn on a person's body
_costume/ensemble/getup/outfit/rig
_n. a coordinated set of clothes worn together, ordinarily for a specific occasion or objective
_finery
_n. expensive, extravagant or ostentatious attire, accessories or ornaments
_haberdashery
_n. men's habiliments and accouterments purveyed by a haberdasher

apparel/attire/clothe/dress/enclothe/garb/garment/habilitate/habit/invest/tog/vesture
v. to put clothing on someone else's body

applique
n. ornamentation applied in dressmaking consisting of one material sewn onto another
v. to decorate by sewing applique to

assume/attire/clothe/don/dress/enclothe/endue/garb/garment/habilitate/habit/indue/invest/tog/vesture
v. to put clothing (or an article thereof) on one's own body
_bedizen
_v. to dress in meretricious or strikingly tasteless vesture

bootie/bootee
n. a soft, socklike, ordinarily knitted or crocheted shoe worn by babies
n. a boot of short leg worn by women

breechclout/loincloth
n. a simple garment consisting of a cloth that covers one's loins or hips

buckle
n. a (usu. rectilinear) frame fitted with a hinged prong designed to pass through the perforations of a belt or strap to join its ends
n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle
v. to secure or decorate with a buckle

buskin
n. a laced calf- or knee-high boot
_desert boot
_n. a laced, suede buskin of soft soles

buskin/cothurnus
n. a laced boot or shoe of thick soles worn by an Athenian tragic thespian to elevate his stature

cameo
n. a brooch's or ring's medallion engraved with a profile in raised relief

camiknickers/camiknicks/teddy
a. a lingerie undergarment that covers a female's torso and crotch, akin to yet more loose and diaphanous than a bodysuit or swimsuit

camisole/underbodice
n. a short, sleeveless undergarment for women, usually worn under a sheer blouse

camisole
n. a short negligee

casque/headpiece/helmet
n. any hard, often padded and strapped hats worn by solidiers, police officers, firefighters, cyclists, athletes, et al. to protect the skull
_casque
_n. an ornate, visorless, often conical helmet worn during the 15th and 16th centuries

chemise/sark/shift
n. a loose, waistless dress that hangs from its wearer's shoulders
n. a loose, shirtlike women's undergarment

chukka (boot)/turf boot
n. an ankle-high boot laced through two or three pairs of eyelets, commonly fabricated of suede or calfskin

clothe/dress/enclothe/rig
v. to furnish with clothing
_array
_v. to enclothe with finery or sumptuous attire
_costume/outfit
_v. to furnish with an ensemble

cobble
v. to make or mend footwear, esp. boots or shoes

combat boot
n. a rugged, laced, thick-soled boot worn by soldiers in combat

congress boot [OR] gaiter [OR] shoe
n. an ankle-high shoe featuring elastic lateral gussets

cope
n. a long, loose cloak worn by a priest or bishop over an alb or surplice in a procession or during a litugical function

crinoline
n. a stiff, coarse fabric (usually woven of horsehair and cotton or linen thread) used as interlining, esp. for hats
n. a stiff, often hooped petticoat tailored of crinoline

crinoline/hoopskirt
n. a campanular framework of horizontal hoops worn under a woman's long, full skirt
n. the aforementioned skirt

cuff/turnup
n. a turned-back or affixed hem or band encircling the end of a sleeve or trouser leg

dapper/jaunty/natty/pert/saucy/sharp/smart/smug/snappy/spiffy/spruce/trim
a. attractively, often stylishly neat of raiment or appearance

doublet
n. a man's short, padded, close-fitting jacket worn in Western Europe from the 14th through the 17th centuries

ermine
n. the expensive white fur of the ermine weasel, often used to trim raiment

fallal
n. any flashy article of attire, as jewelry

fustian
n. a rugged fabric woven of cotton and flax
a. fashioned from fustian cloth

gantlet/gauntlet
n. a glove distinguished by its flared or extended cuff, worn by laborers, drivers, cyclists, athletes, et al.

gird(le)/belt
v. to encircle the waist, abdomen or a limb with a band, belt or girdle

guayabera
n. a collared, often embroidered shirt of short sleeves and large pockets that's buttoned and pleated at the front

gumboot
n. a calf- or knee-high rubber boot

haberdasher
n. a vendor of men's vestments

haberdashery
n. a haberdasher's shop, where men's attire is sold

half boot
n. any calf-high boot

halter (top)/halterneck
n. a woman's top fastened behind the neck and waist that leaves its wearer's arms, shoulders and upper back bare

haversack
n. a sturdy bag containing provisions, carried by a single strap on one's back or over one's shoulder

Hessian boot
n. a man's knee-high, tasseled leather boot

huaraches
n. sandals of uppers fashioned from interwoven leather strips and low heels

inset/gusset
n. a piece of material sewn into a garment to strengthen or enlarge one of its parts, as a shirt's collar, undergarment's inguinal region or congress gaiter's elastic strips

jabot
n. a decorative lace frill or ruffle cascade extending from the neckline down the front of a woman's a shirt or blouse

jackboot
n. a large, stout, knee-high leather military boot

jumper/sweater
n. a crocheted or knitted garment covering the arms and abdomen

jumper
n. a loose jacket worn by workmen and sailors
n. a coverall worn by children

jumper/pinafore (dress)/pinny
n. a collarless, sleeveless dress tied or buttoned at back and worn over other raiment, esp. a blouse or sweater

kaftan/caftan
n. a cotton or silk cloak belted by a sash of long, broad sleeves that extends to the ankles; worn by men in the Levant
n. a women's dress style concocted in imitation of the kaftan cloak

kidskin
n. soft, smooth leather tanned from the hide of a young goat

mackintosh/raincoat/slicker
n. a waterproof coat, usu. worn during rainstorms
_mackintosh
_n. a raincoat fashioned of rubberized, waterproof cotton or wool fabric

mochila
n. a bag of traditional design slung from the shoulder, and native to South America

overshoe
n. waterproof footwear that protects one's shoes from precipitant or terrestrial moisture
n. fabric footwear that deters scuffing of soles on a floor
_rubber/gumshoe/golosh/galosh
_n. a waterproof overshoe ordinarily fashioned of rubber and worn to protect shoes from water or snow
__arctic
__n. a high, buckled gumshoe

panoply
n. a complete suit of armor, including arms
_casque
_n. an ornate, visorless, often conical helmet worn during the 15th and 16th centuries
_cuirass
_n. a medieval body armor comprised of two contoured metal plates fashioned to cover and shield its wearer's torso
__cuirass/breastplate
__n. an armor plate that covers and protects one's chest; the forepart of a cuirass
_gantlet/gauntlet
_n. an armored glove consisting of mail or plate, commonly a constituent of a knight's panoply
_pauldron
_n. an article of plate armor (one of a doublet) worn over the shoulder and upper arm

pantaloons
n. tight men's trousers extending from the waist to the ankle, the instep of which is supported with straps; widely worn during the 19th century

peignoir
n. a loose dressing gown worn by women

placket
n. any aperture or slit of a garment that eases its habilitation
_armscye
_n. an aperture of a garment through which the arm passes and to which a sleeve may be sewn

placket
n. a piece of cloth sewn beneath a closure with buttons, eyes, hooks, snaps, zips, etc.

placket
n. a pocket of a woman's skirt

plume
v. to bedeck with a plume

preen/primp/prink/titivate
v. to dress or groom oneself with elaborate care

puttee/putty
n. a strip of cloth wound helically from ankle to knee, frequently included as part of a military uniform during World War I and the interwar period

rebozo
n. a lengthy scarf worn by Mexican women over the head and shoulders

riding boot
n. a laceless boot worn for equestrian engagements

rowel
n. a sharp, spiked wheel to which the shank of a spur terminates, used to impel a horse

rucksack/knapsack/backpack
n. a robust canvas, leather or nylon bag carried on one's back by a doublet of shoulder straps, often supported by a light metal or plastic frame

ruff
n. a wide, starched, pleated, projecting collar worn by both sexes in the 16th and 17th centuries, characteristic of Elizabethan and Jacobean costume

sartorial
a. of or pertaining to a tailor or to tailoring
a. of or regarding apparel

scapular(y) (Roman Catholic)
n. a loose, sleeveless, often cowled monastic garment worn over the shoulders

seersucker
n. light cotton or rayon fabric, the texture of which features crinkled or puckered stripes

serape
n. a long, often colorful and fringed woolen shawl similar to a blanket worn by men, esp. in Mexico

shako
n. a tall, stiff, plumed cylindrical military dress hat sporting a visor and bedecked with a metal plate or badge

singlet
n. a man's collarless (and often sleeveless) undershirt

ski boot
n. a stiff, padded boot that is locked with a binding to a ski

slicker
n. a long, loose water-repellant coat fashioned of oilskin

soutache
n. a narrow braid (usually composed of silk or rayon) used to trim vestments, esp. robes and pajamas

tassel
v. to afford or adorn with tassels

top boot
n. a high boot, the cuff or upper portion of which incorporates a fabric or leather of contrasting color or texture

undress/unclothe/uncase/strip/divest/disrobe/discase
v. to remove one's own or someone else's clothes

vest/waistcoat/weskit
n. a short, collarless, sleeveless garment usu. worn over a shirt

vested
a. supplemented by or worn with a vest

vesture
n. something that covers or cloaks like a garment

waders
n. waterproof hip boots or a waterproof garment covering the legs and abdomen, worn by anglers whilst fishing

wear
v. to have clothing, ornaments or appurtenances on one's body
_attire/dress
_v. to wear clothing of a particular variety or in a distinctive manner

Wellington (boot)
n. a waterproof knee-length boot constructed of rubber or plastic

wimple
n. a cloth headdress worn by medieval women and nuns over the head and about the neck and ears 

zoot suit
n. a flashy suit of extreme cut popular in the 1940s, characterized by a long, loose jacket with padded shoulders and sprawling lapels, and baggy, tapering pants


==BEAUX ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT==

abstract/nonfigurative
a. of artwork in which real or natural objects or forms are neither depicted nor represented; not representational

abstract/nonobjective/nonrepresentational
a. of artwork wherein natural objects or figures aren't realistically represented

abstract/abstraction
n. an abstract composition, novel, painting, sculpture, etc.

acrostic
n. a series of verses or other passages in which certain letters, such as the first or last of each line, constitute a word or message

act/enact/play/portray/render/represent
v. to perform the role of a character or characters in a motion picture, stage play, radio drama, etc.
_create
_v. to be the first to render a character
_interpret
_v. to render a role in harmony with one's individual conception of a character or characters
_underplay
_v. to play a part with restraint and/or subtlety

addendum/appendix/codicil/supplement
n. supplementary textual matter appended to a publication's principal content
_index
_n. an addendum comprising an alphabetized list of subjects (events, names, places, etc.), each entry of which features the number of a page on which the topic is mentioned or treated to enable reference
_v. to supplement a text with an index
_v. to itemize a datum in an index

ad-lib/extemporaneous/extemporary/extempore/impromptu/improvised
a. executed, performed or said without forethought or preparation

ad libitum
a., av. at one's pleasure; at liberty (affording a performer discretion in regard to tempo or omission of accessory accompaniment)

air/beam/broadcast/transmit
v. to transmit audio or audiovisual content heard on radio or seen on television
_relay
_v. to control or retransmit (a signal, message, etc.) with a relay
_simulcast
_v. to broadcast simultaneously on AM and FM stations, radio and television or multiple radio or television stations, esp. when presented or dubbed in different languages
_telecast/televise
_v. to broadcast (commercials, feature films, news programs, serials, etc.) via television
__cablecast
__v. to air content by cable television

allegorical
a. resembling, constituting or containing a figurative, emblematic treatment of one abstract subject under the narrative guise of another
_fabular/parabolic(al)
_a. of, regarding, resembling or involving an allegorical short story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson

anthology/florilegium
n. a collection comprised of written (usu. literary) passages or works, such as short stories, poems, plays, essays, etc.
_omnibus
_n. an anthology of reprints indited by a single author or written in treatment of related subjects or themes

apercu/brief/conspectus/epitome/outline/overview/resume/sketch/summary/summation/synopsis
n. a brief, condensed description providing only the basic or significant details of an event, situation, speech, subject, etc.
_abstract/brief/epitome/precis/synopsis
_n. a summary of a text, as a book, essay, etc.
__argument/synopsis
__n. an abstract of a literary work's plot, premise or topic

armature
n. any wooden or metal framework constituting a sculpture's supporting core

auctorial/authorial
a. of, by, concerning or characteristic of an author

augment
v. to increase a major or perfect interval by a semitone

bathos
n. an abrupt, anticlimactic, ludicrous transition from the sublime to the quotidian
n. triteness or triviality of style

belles-lettres
n. literature valued for its esthetic rather than informative content

belletristic
a. written in assay of and regarded for aesthetic merit rather than content

Bildungsroman
n. a novel treating of the psychological, moral and intellectual development of its protagonists during their formative years

boustrophedon
a. (of written lines) alternately inscribed from right to left and left to right
n. a scriptory method wherein lines are written in alternation from right to left and left to right

bricolage
n. (in art or literature) construction or innovation from a diverse range of available things
n. that constructed or created from a diverse array of available sources

cacography/scrawl/scribble
n. poor, hasty, inelegant, unskillful handwriting

caesura/cesura/||
n. a pause in a line of verse dictated by verbal cadence rather than metrics

calligraphy/chirography/penmanship
n. beautiful, elegant handwriting
n. the art of refined handwriting

cameo
n. the technique of carving an engraving in low relief on a gemstone or shell so that the colors of its raised design and background contrast
n. the bas-relief carving of disparate hues
n. the gem or other substance so engraved

cameo
n. a brief, graphic literary sketch or dramatic scene

cancel/delete/elide/excise/expunge/scratch/strike (out)
v. to mark text as invalid by drawing a horizontal line through it

canon/criterion/precept/tenet
n. a fundamental rule or principle of established validity in a religion, philosophy or field of art or science that governs belief, conduct and procedure, and in compliance with which something may be judged, decided or compared

canon
n. a contrapuntal musical composition in which a melody of one part is imitated exactly in others

cantilena/cantabile
n. a smoothly fluid, melodic, instrumental or esp. vocal passage or movement

censor
v. to examine a book, motion picture, musical work, publication, etc. and expurgate content therein accounted morally or politically unacceptable

character
n. a style of printing or writing (as a special script)

chiaroscuro
n. the treatment and sequent distribution of light and shadow in an image

chyron
n. a graphic superimposed at the bottom of a broadcast television (usu. news or sports) program's image or frame, ordinarily comprising a banner of scrolling text or conspicuous animation

collate
v. to critically analyze and compare texts or other data, esp. to detect discrepancies

colophon
n. a publisher's emblem or trademark, ordinarily printed on a book's spine or title page
n. a statement printed in a book detailing its title, author, date, production, publication, etc.

corpus
n. a collected body of writings by an author, of an age, genre or idiom, or pertaining to a particular topic
_historiography
_n. a body of historical literature

corps de ballet
n. dancers of a ballet troupe who perform together and are assigned no solo parts

corrigenda
n. a list of a publication's errors and their corrections

corrigendum
n. an (usu. printer's) error to be corrected

couplet/distich
n. a verse's rhyming pair of consecutive lines, ordinarily in the same meter

create/design/produce
v. to make an artistic work

credo (Christian)
n. a musical setting of The Nicene Creed

cut/delete/efface/erase/excise/expunge/obliterate
v. to remove text entirely, as by rubbing it out

cutback/flashback
n. a sequence or episode in a fictional story depicting a precedent event
n. a transition to such a scene

cyclorama/panorama
n. a continuous picture displayed on the wall of a cylindrical room, viewed by spectators standing at its center, that represents a natural vista
n. a (usu. incurvate) wall or drop emplaced at the rear of a stage, often painted to represent various backgrounds

delineate/depict/describe/limn/picture/portray/render/represent
v. to produce a pictorial representation of anything, as a diagram, drawing, painting, etc.
_draw/line/trace
_v. to create an image of a subject by inscribing marks and lines on a surface with a charcoal, crayon, pen, pencil, scriber, stylus or other inscriptive instrument
__adumbrate/define/delineate/describe/outline/trace
__v. to draw or trace the contours or outline of anything
___circumscribe
___v. to draw a line around
____encircle/encompass/ring
____v. to circumscribe within a circle
__adumbrate/design/draft/sketch
__v. to create a crude, ordinarily tentative and often hastily conceived drawing of minimal detail
_foreshorten
_v. to shorten lines in a picture to create an illusion of depth

deposition
n. a work depicting Christ's descent from the cross

desultory/digressive/discursive/excursive/meandering/rambling
a. of or characterized by disconnected speech or writing in address of a broad array of subjects, perhaps divergent from a principal pith or topic

diminish
v. to reduce a minor or perfect interval by a semitone

diminuendo/decrescendo
n. (of music) a wane in volume or force
n. a musical passage in which diminuendo is effectuated
a. (of music) dwindling loudness

diminution
n. the statement of a theme in notes of lesser duration, usually half that of those preceding

discourse/disquisition/monograph
n. a formal, detailed essay written in treatment of a specific subject
_exordium/prologue
_n. an introductory portion or passage of a disquisition
_exposition
_n. an explanatory discourse
_tractate/treatise
_n. a systematic disquisition
__antidotary
__n. a treatise on the subject of antidotes
__exordium/prologue
__n. an introductory portion or passage of a treatise
__exposition
__n. an explanatory treatise
__nomography
__n. a tractate concerning the authorship of laws

disjunct
a. (of melodies) pertaining to progressions distinguished by intervals exceeding a second

drafter/draftsman [OR] draftswoman/draftsperson
n. an artist skilled at drawing
_n. a skilled drafter who renders technical plans and blueprints of buildings and machines
_illustrator
_n. a draftsman who describes works for publications, esp. books or magazines

dramatis personae
n. the characters of a fictive narrative, as those of a novel or stage play
n. a list of a stage play's characters

dramaturgic(al)
a. of or relating to the art of dramatic theater

dyslogy
n. any written reprehension of something or somebody

elegiac(al)
a. representing or expressing a mournful quality, as that of an elegy

elliptic(al)
n. characterized by an extreme economy of expression and omission of superfluous elements

enlarge
v. to produce a photographic print larger than its source negative

ensemble/consort
n. a party of musicians who play or sing together
_(broken) consort
_n. an association of musical instruments in different families who perform together
_(whole) consort/choir
_n. an outfit of musical instruments in the same family performing together
__skirl
__n. a group of bagpipers

entr'acte/intermission
n. an interval betwixt two successive acts of a theatrical performance
_entr'acte/interlude
_n. a musical, theatrical or terpsichorean entertainment performed during an entr'acte

envoy
n. a brief, conclusive dedicatory or expositive stanza of certain poetic forms, esp. ballades

equestrian
a. (of a sculpture, painting, etc.) depicting or representing someone on horseback

ethos
n. the moral aspect of a character that determines or prompts their comportment or actions

excursus
n. a detailed discussion of a particular point in a book, usually printed as a constituent of an appendix
n. any diegetic digression

exegesis
n. a critical explanation or interpretation (esp. of Biblical scripture)
_eisegesis
_n. an exegesis expressing the author's personal opinions as exposition

extravaganza/spectacle/spectacular
n. any spectacular, elaborately staged entertainment production

facetia/jeu d'esprit (pl. facetiae/jeux d'esprit)
n. a witty, usu. amusing written work, such as an essay or story
_squib
_n. a brief, witty and facetious or sarcastic written essay

farce
n. a light comedy of crude characterization, broad humor and ludicrously improbable situations in which much buffoonery and horseplay ensues, the plot of which depends on skillfully exploited circumstances
n. the humor of a farce
n. the genre of farcical comedy
_burletta
_n. a comic operetta; a musical farce

fertile/prolific
a. rendering numerous paintings, illustrations, etc.
a. composing a profusion of musical works

fertile/prolific/voluminous
a. inditing numerous literary works

filigree
n. delicate and intricate ornamentation of gold, silver or other fine, twisted wire

finale
n. the conclusive movement of a musical composition
_coda
_n. the final passage of a composition's finale

florilegium
n. a beautifully illustrated book concerning flora

flue (pipe)/labial (pipe)
n. an organ pipe, the tone of which is produced by an effluence of air passing across its sharp or liplike fissure

folio
n. a sheet of paper folded once to form two leaves (four pages) of a book
n. the printed number of a book's page
n. any book or manuscript of folio pages measuring the largest common size (presently, 15 inches)
a. having or relating to the format of a folio

fresco
n. a durable method of painting on a wall of wet plaster with watercolors
n. a painting pictured with watercolors on wet plaster
v. to paint with watercolors on a wall's wet plaster

frontispiece
n. an illustration that precedes (usu. facing) the title page of a book

furor scribendi
a. an ardor for writing

gambist
n. a musician who plays the viola da gamba

hagiography
n. a biography of a saint or saints
n. a partial biography that idealizes its subject
n. composition of a hagiography

hallelujah/alleluia
n. any sacred musical composition based on the hosanna, "hallelujah"

hamartia
n. a fatal flaw that effectuates the downfall of a tragedy's protagonist

harmonic
a. of or regarding (usu. euphonic) audial tones sounded concurrently, as notes in a chord
a. or or relating to a musical line complementing a melody

harmonic/harmonious
a. characterized by or producing (usu. euphonic) audial tones sounded concurrently, as notes in a chord

harmonize
v. to write a harmony for a melody; to add notes to produce harmony
v. to sing or play in harmony

historiography
n. the study, principles and techniques of historical research
n. the authorship of history

hymnody/hymnology (Christian)
n. the composition of hymns
n. the study of hymnal classification, composition, history, etc.

hymnody/psalmody (Christian)
n. hymns collectively

hymnody/hymnology/psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing hymns

iconography
n. collective pictorial representations of a subject
n. symbols utilized in an artistic work
n. emblems or symbols frequently applied in an artistic movement
n. signification ordinarily attributed to such symbols

ictus
n. any verse's metrical or rhythmical stress 

idiom/artistic style
n. the style of a particular artist, movement, period, school, etc.
_burin
_n. an engraver's artistic style
_diction/phraseology/phrasing/wording
_n. a style of writing: the assemblage, disposition and application of words in written discourse, in concern of clarity, accuracy, variety, etc.

idiomatic
a. pertinent to or characteristic of an artistic style of a particular period, phenomenon, collective or individual

impromptu
n. a brief musical passage or composition that was or seems to have been extemporized

inlay card
n. a card or pamphlet constituting part of a cassette's or disc's packaging containing acknowledgements, artwork, credits, lyrics, production details, a conspectus, etc.

in media res
av. in the midst of successive events, esp. those of a narrative

inset
n. a small picture inserted within the bounds of a larger one
v. to decorate with an inset

intaglio
n. incisive carving distinguished from that in relief
n. a design or figure incised or engraved into or under any hard material
n. a gemstone, seal, jewelry, etc. carved or etched in intaglio
v. to carve or engrave in intaglio

intensify
v. to increase a photographic negative's or plate's contrast

interlard/intersperse/pepper/sprinkle
v. to diversify or embellish (usu. prose) by interjecting something unusual, unique, foreign or idiosyncratic

interleave
v. to furnish a book with blank leaves, esp. to protect illustrated pages

interpolate
v. to insert words, passages, etc. into a text for purposes of revision or falsification

inversion
n. a contrapuntal variation of a melody or passage in which ascending intervals are interchanged with descending intervals and vice versa

inversion/double counterpoint
n. counterpoint achieved by counterchanging an upper and a lower part

ithyphallic
a. (of graphics, sculpture, etc.) depicting an erect penis

lacuna/hiatus
n. a blank, empty or missing portion of a book or manuscript

leaf
n. a single sheet of paper comprising two pages printed or written on its sides
_insert/inset
_n. an extra leaf or leaves bound, tipped or loosely inserted into a book or magazine, which usu. blazon advertisements
_interleaf
_n. a blank leaf inserted between those printed in a book
_page
_n. one side of any printed or written leaf

lilt
n. a jaunty musical rhythm

lilting
a. (of a rhythm) characterized by buoyancy

literati
n. educated people who indulge an edifying interest in literature

literatim
av. (of textual replication) letter for letter

longueur
n. a tedious period or portion of a narrative that elicits boredom

lucubration(s)
n. a solemn or pedantic literary work produced by endeavor

marginal
a. printed or written in a page's margin

(mass) medium
n. any media technology designed to disseminate information to the public by means of transmissions: print, audio recordings, cinema, radio, television, Internet

medium
n. a solvent with which pigment is mixed to produce paint, or paint is mixed to extenuate its viscosity

melodic/melodious
a. of or concerning melody

melodic/melodious/tuneful
a. containing or producing melody
_monodic(al)
_a. (of a composition) having a single melodic line or vocal part

metric(al)
a. of, relating to or composed in poetic meter

metrician
n. a composer of metrical verses, as a lyricist or poet

mimesis
n. any representation or imitation of reality (esp. nature and human behavior) in artistic media

minuet
n. a slow, graceful, regal court dance for two in triple time consisting of a coupee, a high step and a balance, which was popular in the 17th and especially 18th centuries
n. a musical work in triple meter composed for the minuet, often constituting a movement of a sonata, suite or symphony

monody
n. a musical composition consisting of or dominated by a single melodic line

oeuvre
n. the totality of an artist's output

omnilegent
a. reading everything
a. having read everything

oratorio
n. a dramatic yet unstaged musical composition based on a religious text or theme, and performed by vocalists and orchestra

overleaf
av. on the other side of a leaf (the opposite page)

paean
n. a song expressing jubilation, praise or triumph

pagination/paging
n. a system of numbering pages

pagination
n. the sequence or number of numerated pages

palimpsest
n. a manuscript (usually scribed on papyrus or parchment) on which more than one text has been written and traces of the earlier, effaced writings are still visible

panegyry/panegyric/eulogy/eulogium/encomium
n. a typically formal, often lofty composition indited in enthusiastic praise of someone or something

parody/spoof/travesty
n. a cinematic, literary, musical, etc. work contrived in humorous imitation or misrepresentation of another, or of an artist's or genre's style by exaggerating the idiomatic qualities thereof for comedic and often satirical effect
_burlesque
_n. a spoof that satirizes its subject by caricature

pastiche/hash
n. a work of art devised of a style in imitation of a previous work, artist or period
_pastiche/medley
_n. a musical composition embodying a series of songs, motifs or other musical passages from various sources

pathos/poignancy
n. a quality that evokes pity or sorrow
_bathos/glop/mawkishness/maudlinism/mush(iness)/sappiness/sentimentality/schmaltz(iness)/schmalz/syrup
_n. contrived, excessive or insincere pathos

personification
n. ascription of human qualities to objects or conceptions

phantasmagoria
n. artistic imagery of fantastic and otherwordly subjects

picaresque
a. of or describing witty, amusing rogues or their adventures
a. of or pertaining to an episodic and satirical or otherwise humorous genre of fiction depicting the adventures of picaroons

postscript
n. a note appended to a letter posterior to its signature, and usually introduced by "P.S."

preface/precede/introduce
v. to afford a book or essay a preface

prolusion
n. an essay or article precursive of a longer or more detailed work
_exordium/prologue
_n. an introductory portion or passage of a disquisition or treatise
_introduction/proem
_n. a preliminary and normally comprehensive essay of a text (usu. a book), ordinarily written by its author, which treats of its subject matter and may serve as a guide to the work
_foreword
_n. a brief initiatory statement of a text, conventionally penned by someone other than its author, as an authority on its topic endorsing the work, author or both
_preamble/preface/proem/prologue
_n. a book's introductory statement expounding the scope, preparation and intention of the succeeding work; a preface follows a foreword, often contains acknowledgments and is customarily composed by its author
_prolegomenon
_n. a formal scholarly or critical essay introducing a lengthy and usu. complex text
_prologue
_n. a novel's precursory chapter

prosaic
a. of, pertaining to or possessing the style or diction of prose

protean
a. (of actors) extremely versatile

psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing psalms
n. the musical composition of psalms
n. any musical arrangement of a psalm
n. psalms collectively

purple/ornate/flowery/florid/empurpled/aureate
a. distinguished by elaborate syntactic, grammatical or rhetorical constructions and unusual or recondite language
_sesquipedalian
_a. inclined to bestow long words
_turgid/tumid/tumescent/rhetorical/purple/plethoric/overwrought/orotund/magniloquent/grandiloquent/fustian/flatulent/declamatory/bombastic/aureate
_a. tediously pompous or extravagant in style of writing

quadrille
n. a French square dance in 2/4 or 6/8 time comprising five or more integral movements and performed by four couples
n. music composed for a quadrille

quarto
n. a page size of approximately 9.5" X 12", consisting of printed sheets folded twice to form four leaves (eight pages)
n. a book of quarto dimensions
n. a size of writing paper measuring approximately 10" X 8"

recapitulate/reprise
v. to repeat an earlier theme of a composition

recension
n. a revised edition of a text effected by critical review and incorporating the most plausible elements gleaned of varying sources
n. the edited text of a recension

reprint
n. a constituent article or excerpt thereof printed again
v. to print an article or excerpt from a prior publication again in another
_offprint
_n. a reprint first published in a larger publication
_v. to reprint an article or excerpt from a larger, previous publication

restore
v. to bring a painting, statue, etc. back from a state of injury or decay, or from an altered condition

revise/emend/edit
v. to enhance text by correcting errors and implementing improvements therein
_recend
_v. to revise a text by predication on critical analysis
_redact/edit
_v. to revise text for publication
_sanitize/expurgate/bowdlerize
_v. to emend by excising text accounted exceptionable, obscene or otherwise unacceptable

roman a clef
n. a novel in which actual people and events are represented in a fictional context and assigned contrived appellations

rubric
n. a title, heading or initial letter printed in red text or a special typeface, esp. in an early manuscript or book

ruffle
n. a soft, steady drumbeat
v. to beat a drum with a low, constant rhythm

score
n. a written or printed form of a musical composition, on the large pages of which parts written for different instruments appear on separate staves
n. (often incidental) music composed for a motion picture or stage play

scrivener/scribe/penman/copyist/amanuensis
n. someone employed to manually pen copies of documents and manuscripts

segue
v. to proceed or play an ulterior movement, section or song without interruption from that preceding

serial
a. pertaining to or composed in accordance with a technique whereby notes are disposed in tone rows
_dodecaphonic
_a. of, concerning, consisting of or composed as twelve-tone serial music 

serial/series
n. anything broadcast or published in installments at regular intervals

simulacrum/semblance/likeness/image/effigy
n. a carved, drawn, molded, painted, photographed, sculpted, etc. representation of a person or thing
_petroglyph
_n. a prehistoric image carved or incised on rock
_phallus
_n. any image of the penis signifying male reproductive power
__ithyphallus
__n. any depiction of an erect penis

skirl
v. to play bagpipes
v. (of bagpipes) to emit a shrill wail
n. the stridulous wail produced by bagpipes

solecism
n. a grammatical error of speech or writing

soliloquy
n. a (usu. lengthy) dramatic speech voiced in solitude by a character to himself or herself, intended to convey hitherto unspoken reflections

sonnet
n. a poem consisting of 14 lines written in conformity to a fixed rhyming scheme
v. to praise or celebrate in a sonnet

stabile
n. an abstract, stationary sculpture (usually constructed of sheet metal) consisting of fixed units, which presents different forms from different perspectives

staccato
a. marked by or composed of sharply disconnected notes, parts or sounds that are crisply clipped
n. performance or enunciation in this manner

synchronism
n. artistic representation of events that occurred at different times in the same work

tableau (vivant)/picture (pl. tableaux vivants/pictures)
n. a static representation of a dramatic scene or historical incident embodying one or more silent, costumed, immobile people arranged in poses, esp. on a stage

threnody/requiem/lament/elegy/dirge/coronach
n. music of mourning composed or performed in commemoration for the deceased

transpose
v. to transfer a narrative or paradigm from one place, period or context to another

transpose
v. to rewrite or perform a piece of music in another key

trash/garbage/dreck
n. shoddy, worthless art or entertainment
_pap/pabulum/pablum/froth/corn
_n. banal, bland, unsubstantial trash
_treacle/schmalz/schmaltz/hokum/corn
_n. hokey art or entertainment

treble/soprano
n. the highest singing voice of a female or boy
n. a passage or part composed for soprano
n. a singer who sings or instrument that sounds in the soprano range
a. having or denoting the soprano range or a soprano performer

trompe l'oeil
n. visual illusion in art, esp. as employed to credibly present a painted detail as a three-dimensional object
n. a painting or design intended to create the illusion of a three-dimensional object

twattle/twaddle/trumpery/tripe/tommyrot/rubbish/nonsense/piffle/humbug/hooey/hokum/hogwash/gibberish/folderol/codswallop/bunk/bosh/bilge/baloney/balderdash
n. meaningless or ludicrous writing
_blarney
_n. duplicitous nonsense
_twattle/twaddle/fustian/claptrap/bombast
_n. pompous or pretentious writing

underline/underscore
v. to mark (usu. text) with a subjacent line
n. a line drawn beneath text

upbeat/pickup/anacrusis
n. an unaccented beat preceding the first of a sequent measure

upbeat
n. a conductor's upward stroke directing performance of an anacrusis

variorum
n. an edition containing juxtaposed versions of a text or notes by various scholars, editors or other commentators
a. of, concerning or consisting of a variorum

verbose/prolix/garrulous/diffuse
a. using or containing a tedious excess of words

verbosity/verbiage/verbalism/surplusage/prolixity/diffusion
n. an overabundance of words

vernacular
a. spoken or written in a vernacular or patois

write/pen/make/indite/compose/author
v. to create a composition, essay, novel, play, poem, etc.
_affix/add
_v. to further write
__append
__v. to add an appendix or supplement
__prepend
__v. to add something at the beginning, as a foreword or proem
__suffix/subjoin/append/affix
__v. to affix at or from an end
_dwell/dilate
_v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to write at (usu. detailed) length in treatment of a subject
__expatiate/expand/enlarge/elaborate/dilate
__v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to dilate in greater detail
_lucubrate
_v. to write arduously, esp. at night
_v. to indite scholarly content
_panegyrize/eulogize
_v. to pen enthusiastic laudation of something or someone
_rave
_v. to pen in address of something with wild zest!
_score
_v. to write a musical score for a movie or play
_sonnet
_v. to compose a sonnet

xylopyrography/poker painting
n. an art or technique of rendering pictures or designs on wood with a heated stylus


==BODILY FUNCTIONS==

assimilate
v. to convert victuals into substances readily absorbed by the body succeeding digestion
v. to metamorphose food into living tissue by anabolism

bear/birth/deliver/mother/produce
v. (of a woman) to give birth to a baby

birth/childbirth/delivery/parturition
n. the act of giving birth by expulsion of a child or children from the womb

beget/engender/father [or] mother/generate/procreate/reproduce
v. (of a man and woman) to produce children

blush/crimson/flush/glow/redden
v. to color reddish or pinkish when ill, abashed or physically engaged

blushed/crimson/flushed/glowing/reddened
a. perfused with blood and thus reddened by ailment, exertion or evocation of emotion

breathe/respire
v. to draw air into and expel air from one's lungs
_breathe (in)/inhale/inspire
_v. to breathe oxygen, smoke, etc. into the lungs through one's nose or mouth
__aspirate
__v. to inhale liquid or a foreign object
__sniff/snuff
__v. to audibly, momentarily inspire
_breathe (out)/exhale/expire
_v. to orally or nasally discharge carbon dioxide, smoke, etc. from one's lungs
__snort
__v. to noisily, forcibly exhale through one's nostrils, often to express despite or resentment

conception/fecundation/fertilization/impregnation/insemination
n. the act of becoming pregnant; fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon that effects a fusion of male and female gametes to form a zygote

cry/lacrimate/lachrymate/water/weep
v. to produce or shed tears in response to intense emotion or physical stimulus

detumesce
v. to cause or experience a declension of penile erection

egest/eliminate/evacuate/excrete/pass/void
v. to eject waste (as feces or urine) from the body
_defecate/purge/shit
_v. to evacuate fecal matter from one's bowels through one's anus
_micturate/pee/piddle/piss/tinkle/urinate
_v. to egest urine from the bladder

eruct/burp/bolk/belch
v. to orally eject wind from the stomach with cacophony

expectorate/spit
v. to forcefully expel saliva or phlegm from the mouth

expectoration
n. forced oral expulsion of saliva or phlegm

fart/flatulation
n. a voluntary or reflexive emission of intestinal gas through the anus

fart/flatulate/toot
v. to expel intestinal gases through the anus

gustation/gustatory modality/(sense of) taste
n. the faculty by which one perceives and severalizes bitter, salty, sour and sweet properties in one's mouth

horripilation
n. erection of goose bumps and bodily hair provoked by chill, chagrin or fear

laxation/defecation
n. the elimination of fecal waste from the bowels through the anus

masticate/manducate/chew
v. to bite, crush and grind vittles with the teeth ere swallowing

mastication/manducation/manduction
n. biting, crushing and grinding food in one's mouth, so to soften it for swallowing

menstruate/flow
v. to discharge the menses (blood and other matter) from the lining of the uterus each month

parous
a. having given birth
_multiparous
_a. bearing multiple offspring, esp. during one birth
_oviparous
_a. producing eggs from which one's offspring hatch
__ovoviviparous
__a. producing eggs from which young hatch within a mother's body
_viviparous
_a. birthing live young instead of eggs

perspire/sudate/sweat
v. to discharge moisture through epidermal pores

sternutate/sneeze
v. to exhale spasmodically through one's nose

sternutation/sneeze
n. an involuntary expulsion of air through the nose

snore
v. to emit hoarse snorting or grunting noises whilst asleep

stertor
n. hoarse or labored snorting, somnial breathing

systole
n. rhythmic cardiac contraction by which blood is pumped through the aorta and pulmonary arteries

urination/uresis/piss/pee/micturition/micturation/emiction
n. the discharge of urine
_enuresis
_n. involuntary urination

victual/manducate/ingest/eat/consume
v. to masticate, savor and swallow food

vomit/upchuck/spew/retch/regorge/purge/puke/heave/disgorge/barf
v. to eject the stomach's contents through the mouth
_regurgitate
_v. to disgorge undigested or semi-digested food

vomit(us)/purge/puke/heave/emesis/disgorgement/barf
n. reflexive oral discharge of the stomach's contents
_regurgitation
_n. emesis of undigested or partially digested food


==BOTANY==

abaxial/dorsal
a. facing away from an axis (as the undersurface of a leaf from a stem)

Abies alba/European silver fir/silver fir
n. a coniferous evergreen of gray bark and needlelike leaves native to mountainous central and southern European regions

Abies amabilis/amabilis fir/Pacific silver fir/red silver fir
n. a medium to tall fir of western North America characterized by its tiered branches and conic crown; when crushed, its leaves smell of orange

Abies concolor/Concolor fir/white fir
Abies lowiana/California white fir/Colorado fir/white fir
n. a tree of medium to tall height endemic to central or western United States distinguished by its narrow crown, acuate leaves and soft wood

acacia
n. any among several ordinarily spiny trees and shrubs of leguminous genus Acacia yielding alternating, bipinnate, compound leaves or leaves of flattened stalks from which dense inflorescences of small white or yellow flowers grow
_Acacia farnesiana/cassie/huisache/mimosa bush/scented wattle/sweet acacia/sweet wattle
_n. a thorny shrub or small tree of tropical and sub-tropical American provenance, the fragrant yellow flowers of which are used as a key ingredient of perfumery

adaxial/ventral
a. facing toward an axis (as the face of a leaf to a stem)

alder
n. any among the varied deciduous shrubs and trees of genus Alnus yielding toothed leaves that alternate with coned catkins; alder bark is employed as an ingredient in dyeing and tanning, while its wood is exploited for the construction of bridges for its prolonged resistance to rot when submerged

aloe
n. any of various plants of the genus Aloe yielding rosettes of juicy, spiny leaves and red, orange or yellow tubular flowers from long stalks

ambrosia/bloodweed/ragweed
n. any weed of the North American genus Ambrosia, the green flowers of which produce airborne, profuse pollen that provokes hay fever

armature
n. any of a plant's defensive organs (such as thorns) or protective coverings (as a carapace)

artemisia
n. any herbaceous plant of the genus Artemisia possessing green or gray and fragrant foliage and small discoid flowers: mugwort, sagebrush, tarragon and wormwood

aster
n. any daisies of genus Aster topped by radiate flower heads of white, pink and violet rays encompassing a yellow disk; most bloom in Autumn

attenuate
a. (of a plant's extremity) tapering to a slim or narrow point or span

balsam
n. any tree or shrub (esp. the Balsam fir) yielding balsam

benthos
n. plants growing at the bottom of a pond, sea, stream, etc.

bifid
a. deeply cleft into two parts or lobes, as a petal or leaf

bine
n. a twining or winding stem of any climbing plant, as that of a woodbine or hop

blight
n. any among several bacterial, fungal or viral diseases (as mildew or smut) that afflict plants, of which wilting or death are symptomatic

boss
n. any extant, external, often swollen organic mass
_nodule/tubercle
_n. a small, rounded swelling or protuberance growing from a plant

botany/flora/vegetation
n. the totality of plant life in a particular habitat, region or period

Brachychiton acerifolius/flame durrajong/flame tree/Sterculia acerifolia
n. a tree of south Australia producing panicles of brilliant scarlet flowers

Brachychiton australis/broad-leaved bottletree/flame tree
n. a north Australian tree bearing white flowers and broad leaves 

bracken
n. a large, coarse fern sporting triangular, usu. triplex fronds
n. a cluster of bracken

briar/Erica arborea/tree heath
n. an ericaceous Mediterranean shrub or small tree in the heath family, the woody roots of which are used to fashion tobacco pipes

burl
n. a convex, wooden projection growing from a tree's trunk or branch

caducous
a. shed at an early stage of development, as a plant's sepals

calyx
n. the collective whorl of a flower's sepals comprising an external floral envelope or layer of the perianth that encloses its petals to protect its developing bud
_sepal
_n. one green, leafy constituent of a calyx
_monosepalous/gamosepalous
_a. of a calyx embodying one sepal
_disepalous
_a. of a calyx comprising two sepals
_trisepalous
_a. of a calyx containing three sepals
_polysepalous
_a. of a calyx embodying a variable or indefinite number of parts
_gamosepalous
_a. of a calyx consisting of united or partially united sepals, as those of the primrose

candelilla
n. two waxy shrubs of western Texas and Mexico: Euphorbia antisyphilitica or Pedilanthus pavonis

Capparis spinosa/caper
n. a spiny, trailing, capparidaceous shrub of the Mediterranean that yields pale to white lilac flowers, the buds of which contain red, pulpy fruits

carrizo
n. a tall reed of North America possessing wide leaves and large, pluming panicles

catclaw
n. an erect shrub, the small spines of which produce racemes of white to yellow flowers 

Ceratopetalum gummiferum/Christmas bush/Christmas tree
n. an Australian tree or shrub bearing red flowers, often bestowed as a Christmas decoration

cholla
n. any of various spiny, cylindrical, arborescent cacti of genus Opuntia in Mexico and the southwestern United States
_nopal/prickly pear
_n. any cacti of the genus Opuntia sporting spiny and flattened or cylindrical stem joints, red, orange and yellow flowers, and (often esculent) ovate fruit

Christmas tree 
n. any evergreen or simulacrum thereof ornamented with lights and gimcrackery, conspicuously emplaced as a principal interior Christmas decoration

cling/clingstone
n. any fruit (esp. peach) of flesh that adheres tightly to its pit

deathcamas
n. poisonous plants of the Zigadenus genus native to North America

Delonix regia/flamboyant/flame tree/peacock flower/Poinciana regia/Royal poinciana
n. an extravagant tree or shrub native to Madagascar, widely planted in tropical and sub-tropical regions for the vivid beauty of its immense racemes of scarlet and orange flowers

diurnal
a. (of flowers) only open during daylight hours

dwarf oak
n. a shrublike, deciduous tree of the United States yielding a sweet, edible nut

endemic
n. a plant native to a specific region

etiolated
a. pale and wilting for a dearth of sunlight

everlasting (flower)
n. any of various plants (as of genera Anaphalis, Gnaphalium, Helichrysum and Helipterum) that bloom flowers retaining their form and color after they've been culled and dried

exuberant/gross/lush/luxuriant/profuse/rampant/rank/riotous/wanton
a. abundant in vegetal growth

firethorn/pyracantha
n. any rosaceous, thorny shrub of genus Pyracantha distinguished by evergreen foliage and brilliant red and orange berries

fugacious
a. withering, fading or (of caducous parts) shed early

gentian
n. any of various gentianaceous plants of genera Gentiana or Gentianella sporting brilliant blue, red, white or yellow flowers

groundsel
n. any plant of the genus Senecio, esp. S. vulgaris: a common weed bearing small, rayed, usu. yellow flowers

graft
v. to integrate a shoot or bud with another growing plant by collocation or insertion

grama (grass)
n. any among varied dense American grasses of genus Bouteloua that are usually grown as pasture grasses

graminaceous/gramineous
a. of, regarding or denoting grasses

gutta-percha
n. any tropical tree of the sapotaceous genera Palaquium and Payena

haulm/stalk/stem/stock (pl. halm/haulm/stalks/stems/stocks)
n. the main, vascular body or axis of a herbaceous plant

heliotropic
a. growing, turned or turning toward light, esp. sunlight

hull/husk/shuck
n. the dry, membranous integument of some seeds or fruits, as walnuts or corn

hull/husk/shell/shuck
v. to strip a husk or husks from

ilex
n. any among the various shrubs or trees of genus Ilex, esp. the holly and inkberry

indigo
n. any of multiple leguminous shrubs or herbs of genus Indigofera growing pinnate compound leaves and racemes of red or purple flowers

inflorescence
n. an array of flowers growing from a common stem or stalk
n. a cluster of flowers
_panicle
_n. a branched inflorescence
_raceme
_n. an inflorescence comprising stalked flowers growing along a common stem, those buds at the base of which are the first to mature and bloom
__panicle
__n. a compound raceme

juniper
n. any coniferous, evergreen shrub or tree of the genus Juniperus yielding spiny or scaly leaves and berrylike cones

liverwort/hepatic
n. any of numerous small, green, nonvascular plants of class Hepaticopsida that grow in wet areas, embody a flat, lobed thallus or leafy, mosslike matter and reproduce by dint of encapsulated spores

Lophophora williamsii/mescal/peyote
n. a spineless, globy cactus native to Mexico and the southwestern United States, the tubercles (peyote buttons) of which contain mescaline and occasion hallucinogenic effects when chewed

maguey
n. various large Mexican agaves exploited as a source of fiber, mescal and the sap from which it's distilled

mesquite/algarroba
n. shrubs and small trees of genus Prosopis autochthonic to arid regions of the Americas; notable for their spiny, bipinnate leaves and sugary beanlike pods, and employed as forage and firewood

monkeyflower
n. herbaceous perennials of the Mimulus genus aboriginal to western North America, the flowers of which resemble a monkey's physiognomy

necrosis
n. any circumscribed decay and death of plant tissue resultant of disease or frost
_canker
_n. any necrotic fungal or bacterial disease of woody plants that inflicts localized damage to trunks, branches or twigs

nopal
n. any of several cacti of genus Nopalea that resemble the prickly pear

Nuytsia floribunda/flame tree/fire tree/Christmas tree
n. a shrub or small tree of western Australia, notable for its vivid yellow-orange flowers and parasitism to the detriment of contiguous vegetation

ocotillo
n. a desert candlewood shrub native to Mexico and the southwestern United States yielding long, spiny stems and clusters of tubular scarlet flowers that blossom from the tips of its branches

osculate
v. to be relegated to an intermediary class between two taxonomic groups

palo verde
n. any among varied, leguminous, spiny desert shrubs and trees of genus Cercidium/Parkinsonia featuring green bark and yellow flowers, and indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern United States

panic grass
n. any grass of genus Panicum (notably millet), many of which are grown for fodder and grain

parenchyma
n. (ordinarily soft, succulent) essential cellular tissue composed of divisible cells distinguished by thin walls comprising the pulp of fruits or pith of stems, bark, roots, etc.
_pith
_n. the soft, spongy central cylinder within the stems of most flowering plants primarily comprised of parenchyma

perennial
n. any plant that survives in excess of two years, or indefinitely
a. (of a plant) living three or more seasons

persistent
a. (of a floral extremity) retained; never shed, as certain leaves or the scales of a pine cone

phytology/botany
n. a branch of biology dedicated to the study of botanical physiology, genetics, classification, diffusion, ecology and economic significance

piñon (pine)/pinyon (pine)
n. pine trees of northern Mexico and southwestern United States bearing edible seeds

pith
v. to remove the pith from a plant's stem

poblano
n. a thick, dark green Mexican chili pepper of hot, poignant flavor

pollinate
v. to convey pollen to or deposit pollen on and thusly fecundate a floral stigma or coniferous ovule

prostrate/procumbent
a. growing flat along the ground
_decumbent
_a. laid or growing otherwise prostrate to an erect tip

quince
n. a small, rosaceous tree or shrub indigenous to west Asia blooming white to pink flowers and yielding a hard, ovate, xanthous fruit
n. the firm, yellow, acerbic fruit of the quince tree or shrub, usu. bestowed as an ingredient of jellies or preserves

sacahuista
n. a flowering grass native to North America

sarsaparilla
n. any among numerous climbing, prickly, tropical American plants of genus Smilax bearing serrated, cordate leaves, the large, redolent roots of which are used to produce a flavoring
n. dried roots of a sarsaparilla plant

scrog
n. a branch, bush or shrub whose growth has been stunted, as by etiolation

scrub oak
n. any of various small oaks forming shrublike bosks

soapweed
n. a tall, arborescent yucca of the southwestern United States

sotol
n. plants of genus Dasylirion and the agave family distinguished by panicles of whitish flowers, and slender, spiny leaves; autochthonal to the southwestern United States and contiguous northern Mexico

stamen
n. a flower's protruding, pollen-bearing reproductive organ comprised of a filament and anther
_filament
_n. the slender stalk of a stamen that supports its anther
__anther
__n. a pair of lobes extending from the extremity of a stamen's filament in which pollen accrues to be ultimately discharged and borne upon the wind or harvested by bees

stomate/stoma/pore
n. one of numerous minute epidermal apertures in a leaf or stem through which gases and water vapor pass that enable transpiration or absorption

sycamore/plane tree/buttonwood/buttonball
n. any of the deciduous trees of genus Platanus, distinguished by its flaky bark, lobed leaves and hanging, hirsute fruit clusters; its wood is often exploited as tinder

sycamore
n. a deciduous, Eurasian maple tree notable for its greenish flowers, winged fruits and lobed leaves

tassel
n. the tufted head of some plants, esp. that growing from a cornstalk's tip and sporting prominent stamens
v. to form or grow tassels

teak
n. a tall tree of east Indian provenance now widely planted in western Africa and the tropical Americas for harvest of its durable, attractive timber

terrestrial/telluric
a. growing on land or from soil

tiller
n. a lateral shoot sprouting from the base of a graminaceous stem
v. (of plants) to grow shoots sprouting from the root, or base of a stalk

transplant
v. to unearth a plant and replant it elsewhere

trefoil
n. any leguminous, European plant of the Trifolate or Lotus genera bearing trifoliate compound leaves and small, dense flowers of white, yellow, red or purple hues

tussock/tuffet
n. a thick clump or tuft of vegetation (esp. grass), the length or density of which exceeds that circumferent

uva-ursi/bearberry
n. a creeping evergreen dwarf shrub bearing leathery, astringent leaves, pink flowers and vivid, ruddy berries

verdure/greenery/green
n. green, lush vegetation or foliage thereof

verdure/verdancy
n. the vibrant viridity of flourishing vegetation

vernation/prefoliation
n. the arrangement of young (folded/coiled/rolled) leaves in a bud ere it opens

violet
n. any prostrate plant of genus Viola typified by flowers of irregular white, yellow, blue or purple petals

wallflower/Cheiranthus cheiri
n. any perennial of genus Erysimum native to southern Europe that grows inflorescences of all colors (esp. yellow and orange) and naturalizes on cliffs or walls

whitethorn
n. a thorny Eurasian shrub bearing carmine berries and dense clusters of scarlet to white flowers

wiregrass
n. any grass of wiry roots (as Bermuda grass) or stems (as A. stricta or A. purpurea)

xylology
n. a branch of dendrology concerning the structure of wood


==CEREBRATION==

absorb/assimilate/imbibe/ingest
v. to mentally learn and consequently comprehend information

absorbed/captivated/engrossed/immersed/intent/monopolized/obsessed/preoccupied/prepossessed/rapt
a. exclusively and obsessively intrigued by something
_absent/abstracted/distrait/preoccupied
_a. engrossed in one's own thoughts
__absent/absent-minded/distrait
__a. so preoccupied that one is unaware of other matters, esp. what is happening about oneself

absorption/captivation/engrossment/fixation/immersion/obsession/preoccupancy/preoccupation/prepossession/raptness
n. the mental state of being fascinated by something to the exclusion of all else
_abstractedness/abstraction/preoccupancy/preoccupation
_n. excogitative immersion

abstract
v. to consider a concept theoretically, without thought of a specific example

account/adjudge/consider/count/deem/esteem/hold (to be)/judge/rate/reckon/regard (as)/take (for)/think/view (as)
v. to subjectively believe or consider in a specific way
_admire/appreciate/approve/esteem/favor/prize/regard/respect/value
_v. to rate highly in reflection of one's admiration
_belittle/deprecate/depreciate/derogate
_v. to adjudge less impressive, significant or valuable than it actually is or appears
__downgrade/minimize/trivialize/vilipend
__v. to depreciate something as piffling
_compare/liken
_v. to regard people or things as correspondent
_criticize/deplore/disapprove/discountenance/reprobate
_v. to rate something disapprovingly; to regard as reprehensible or wrong
_equate/identify
_v. to regard something or someone as equal to another or others

acuity/acuteness/incisiveness/insight/keenness/penetration/perceptiveness/perceptivity/percipience/percipiency/perspicaciousness/perspicacity/subtlety
n. a precise and profound capacity for comprehension
_acumen/astuteness/canniness/discernment/discrimination/judiciousness/perspicaciousness/perspicacity/sagaciousness/sagacity/sapience/shrewdness/wisdom
_n. a faculty to render valid judgment in consort with one's insight
_clairvoyance
_n. intuitive insight

acute/astute/incisive/insightful/keen/penetrating/penetrative/perceptive/percipient/perspicacious/piercing/prehensile/sharp/subtle
a. endowed with profound, accurate understanding
_astute/cagey/canny/discerning/discriminating/judicious/perspicacious/sagacious/sapient/sharp/shrewd/subtle/wise
_a. possessing sound judgment exercised in accordance with acuity
_clairvoyant
_a. intuitively perceptive

addle/amaze/baffle/bamboozle/becloud/bedevil/befog/befuddle/bemuse/bewilder/cloud/confound/confuse/discombobulate/discomfit/disorient/floor/flummox/flurry/fog/fox/muddle/mystify/obfuscate/obnubilate/perplex/puzzle/stump/throw
v. to frustrate someone's comprehension

afflatus
n. a strong, often sudden creative impulse; divine inspiration

agile/alert/apt/bright/clever/dexterous/intelligent/nimble/prehensile/quick/smart
a. prompt to learn and comprehend

accord/agree/assent/coincide/concur
v. to harmonize in opinion or sentiment

apercu/insight
n. a profound, often sudden comprehension regarding a property or quiddity by means of percipience or intuition

apophenia
n. the erroneous colligation of patterns and connections from random data

apparent/clear/distinct/evident/frank/glaring/luminous/manifest/marked/obvious/overt/palpable/patent/plain/sharp/transparent/trenchant/unmistakable/visible
a. readily understood

apprehend/catch/compass/comprehend/discern/fathom/follow/get/grasp/perceive/prehend/see/seize/twig/understand
v. to intellectually lay hold of a concept or communicative tenor

appraise/approximate/assess/calculate/estimate/evaluate/gauge/judge
v. to approximately judge the value, number, quantity or extent of by calculation, reasoning or practical experience
_criticize
_a. to analytically judge
_misprize/underestimate/underrate/undervalue
_v. to evaluate or esteem an inadequate value
_prorate
_v. to assess proportionately
_review
_v. to conduct a formal assessment of troops, esp. those comprising the formation of a ceremonial parade

ambit/area/compass/horizon/purview/orbit/range/region/scope/sphere/territory
n. a span of comprehension, experience, interest, knowledge or perspective
_breadth/liberality/sweep
_n. an especially broad purview

arrest/attract/catch/engage/fascinate/grab/interest/intrigue/occupy
v. to inspire curiosity or interest
_absorb/consume/engage/engross/fixate/immerse/monopolize/obsess/preoccupy/prepossess/rivet
_v. to engage or intrigue obsessive interest or attention to the exclusion of other thoughts

artistic/creative/cunning/imaginative/ingenious/innovative/innovatory/inspired/inventive/original/visionary
a. easily conceiving and implementing many novel ideas

associate/connect/link/relate
v. to establish a causal, imaginative, logical, natural or syntactic connection or relation
_colligate
_v. to relate factors or observations by an applicable hypothesis
_correlate
_v. to demonstrate or establish a complementary, mutual or reciprocal relation

au fait/au courant/abreast
a. possessing reliable, detailed, current knowledge of something; fully informed

belief/confidence/credence/faith/reliance/trust
n. firm acceptance of some perceived verity

capacity/faculty
n. a mental ability, as those of intellection, perception or speech

cerebrate/reflect/think
v. to apply one's mind for decision, invention or reason
_brood (on, upon, over)/dwell (on, upon)
_v. to cerebrate of something persistently and often sullenly
_cogitate/consider/contemplate/debate/deliberate/excogitate/meditate (on, upon)/mull (over)/muse/ponder (on, upon, over)/reflect (on, upon)/ruminate (on, upon)/speculate (on, upon)/think (about)
_v. to think intently in deliberation; to consider a subject with prolonged care
__contemplate
__v. to consider as a possible though uncertain intention
__introspect
__v. to deliberate on one's own thoughts and feelings

cerebration/intellection/mentation/thought
n. exercise of the intellect: the action or process of using one's mind to conceive, consider or reason in concern of something
_cogitation/consideration/contemplation/debate/deliberation/excogitation/meditation/reflection/rumination/speculation/thought
_n. careful and profound intellection
__introspection
__n. analytical excogitation of one's own feelings and thoughts
_lucubration
_n. laborious cerebration

chimera/dream/fantasy/pipe dream
n. a grotesque product of the imagination; a vain, foolish or incongruous fancy

cogitation/consideration/musing/reflection
n. a carefully considered thought about something

cogitative/contemplative/deliberative/excogitative/meditative/musing/pensive/pondering/reflective/ruminant/ruminative/speculative
a. deeply, thoroughly thoughtful
_introspective
_a. mulling over one's internal cogitation and feelings

concentrate/focus/pore
v. to commit one's attention to something, esp. when reading or studying

conception/excogitation/formation
n. the creation of an idea, as a theory, principle, plan, explanation, etc. in one's mind

conceive/design/form/make/produce
v. to develop and form an idea, opinion, project, theory, etc. in one's mind by intellectual exertion
_concoct/contrive/design/devise/excogitate/formulate
_v. to adapt, design or press with ingenuity and skill
_concoct/create/invent/excogitate
_v. to imaginatively conceive something new, as a concept or device
_concoct/fabricate/invent
_v. to form a falsity or fiction
_contrive/design/devise/hatch/plan/machinate/scheme
_v. to design a (usu. detailed or involved) procedure or program for the realization of an objective
__contrive/design/devise
__v. to cleverly plan
__compass/contrive/hatch/intrigue/machinate/plot/scheme
__v. to covertly contrive a (usu. evil) stratagem
__contrive/scheme
__v. to devise with malevolent, malicious or treacherous intentions
_create/design/produce
_v. to make an artistic work

conclude/deduce/derive/educe/infer
v. to establish a conclusion by reasoning derived from evidence or premises

conclude/decide/determine/purpose
v. to reach a decision concerning a matter, esp. a course of action
_resolve
_v. to decide with resolution
_predetermine
_v. to decide in advance

conflate/confound/confuse/jumble/muddle
v. to mistake two or more concepts, people or things as being the same by ignorance of their distinctions

construct/conception/concept/abstraction
n. a general idea that's usu. derived or educed from specific instances
_imago
_n. an ideal conception of someone (usu. a parent) formed during childhood that subconsciously persists into one's adult years

craze/derange/disorder/distract/madden/unbalance/unhinge
v. to unsettle the reason of; to render insane

daze/grogginess/stupor/stupefaction/trance
n. a state of stunned confusion inhibiting coherent thought or feeling

delusion/illusion
n. an erroneous, commonly delusory mental representation of something perceived

demarcate/differentiate/discern/discriminate/distinguish/secern/secernate/separate/severalize
v. to peceive a difference or differences in or between people and things; to recognize as distinct
_individuate/individualize
_v. to differentiate something or someone from others of the same type

differ/disaccord/disagree/discept/discord/dissent/diverge/vary
v. to have a disparate opinion

dyslogia/dyslogy
n. incapacity to verbally communicate concepts or reason symptomatic of mental disorder

entrenched/firm/fixed/implanted/impressed/imprinted/inculcated/ingrained/instilled/inveterate/planted/set/unshakable
a. (of a conviction or habit) firmly established and unlikely to change

evocation
n. imaginative re-creation

exclude/eliminate/elide
v. to omit from consideration

extrapolate/generalize
v. to reference specific instances in comparative address of others; to infer an unknown from something that is known

extrapolate
v. to extend the application of a method or conclusion (esp. one based on statistics) to an unknown situation by assuming that existing trends will continue or similar methods will be applicable.
v. to attempt to gain knowledge of that neither known nor experienced by extrapolating

extrapolation
n. an inference about the future or some hypothetical situation based on known facts and observations

fecundity/creativity
n. the intellectual productivity of a creative imagination

fixate/obsess
v. to be constantly engrossed by a person or thing in an exclusive and neurotic manner

fixation/fixed idea/idée fixe/obsession
n. an idea in concern of which one is compulsively preoccupied
_loganamnosis
_n. an obsession to recollect a forgotten word

forgetful/oblivious/unmindful
a. tending not to remember
_amnesiac/amnesic/amnestic
_a. suffering partial or total personal mnemonic loss ensuant of brain damage, illness, psychological trauma or shock

hebetude/languor/lassitude/stupor/stupefaction
n. mental lethargy

heresy/heterodoxy/unorthodoxy
n. any belief, conjecture or opinion discordant with those established or official

impression/inkling/notion/sense
n. a vague idea

impute/give/credit/attribute/attach/assign/ascribe/accredit
v. to regard as resulting from, created or caused by, characteristic of or belonging to a source, origin or person
_impute/charge/blame/affix/accuse
_v. to attribute responsibility or esp. culpability to a cause, group, person or source
_arrogate
_v. to unjustifiably ascribe to another

individuation/individualization
n. discrimination of an individual from its generic group or species

intuit/divine
v. to know or comprehend by dint of intuition

lethologica
n. a psychological disorder whereby mnemonic lapses of key words inhibit one from articulating themself

mnemonic
a. of or regarding memory
a. aiding or intended to boost memory
n. any means by which memory may be elicited, as a correlation, formula, rhyme or verse

nescience/inscience/ignorance
n. want or lack of knowledge

parturient
a. on the verge of innovating a new idea

percept
n. an impression of something perceived, developed as a consequence of perceptual thought processes

prefigure/anticipate
v. to imagine or consider beforehand

prescind
v. to disunite something or someone from another or others in thought or consideration

prevision/previse/foresee/foreknow/anticipate
v. to know what will transpire in advance

prospicience/prevision/prescience/foresight/foreknowledge/farsightedness/divination
n. predictive knowledge of future events; the power to presage events or trends prevenient to their occurrence
_pyromancy
_n. divination of or connoting fire or flames

prospicient/previsionary/previsional/prescient/foresighted/foreknowing/divinatory
a. possessing knowledge of events before they occur

purpose/propose/plan/meditate/mean/intend/design/aim
v. to have in mind as an intention or objective

reify/hypostatize
v. to deem an abstraction concrete or real; to attribute material reality to a concept

sensitive
a. acutely aware of and quick to detect or respond to subtle changes, signals or influences

sensitivity/sensibility/esthesia/aesthesia
n. faculty for intellectual or aesthetic awareness, feelings, distinctions, discernment, predilections, etc.

suppress/restrain/inhibit/curb/constrain/bridle
v. to suspend activity or ideas

tenacious/retentive/recollective
a. possessing a good memory; easily recalling facts and impressions

theorize/suspect/surmise/suppose/speculate/reckon/presuppose/presume/infer/imagine/hypothesize/guess/fancy/expect/divine/devise/conjecture/assume
v. to expect or imagine as true or probable without verification, based on limited evidence

theory/suspicion/surmise/surmisal/supposition/supposal/speculation/presumption/inference/hypothesis/guess/conjecture/assumption
n. a belief, conclusion, proposition or opinion based on incomplete or inconclusive evidence

thick/slow/purblind/opaque/obtuse/dull/dense
a. slow to learn or comprehend for a deficiency of intelligence, or mental or personality disorder

velleity
n. a wish without sufficient impetus to prompt action

view/prospect/outlook/expectation/anticipation
n. a belief, aspiration or tentative vision concerning the future

vivid/graphic
a. (of a memory) conveying or evoking the accuracy, clarity, freshness and realism of immediate experience

vivid
a. (of one's imagination) forming distinctly realistic images

will/volition
n. the mental faculty of concious, deliberate choice and determination of action
_velleity
_n. the weakest grade of volition

will/volition/selection/resolution/option/election/determination/decision/choice
n. an act or instance of asserting a concious choice or decision

wiliness/trickiness/subtlety/sneakiness/slyness/guile/foxiness/deviousness/cunning/craftiness/craft/artifice/artfulness
a. intelligence manifest as deceptive skill


==COLLECTIVES==

alignment/alliance/bloc/coalition/confederacy/confederation/federacy/federation/league/union
n. an association of people, groups or countries (esp. those bound by a pact or treaty) to advance their common interests and achieve specific objectives
_axis
_n. an international alliance formed to coordinate foreign and military policy

army/concourse/confluence/crowd/crush/flock/herd/horde/mass/multitude/press/serry/shoal/throng/troop
n. a large, concentrated gathering of people
_doggery/mob/rabble
_n. a robustious or disorganized crowd
_drove
_n. a moving multitude

assemblage/assembly/company/congregation/convention/convocation/council/gathering/meeting/rally/troop
n. a group formally convened for a common purpose
_congress/convention
_n. a formal, discussional assembly of delegates from a political party, labor union, vocation, etc. who confer in concern of common interests
_contingent
_n. a representative group (as a delegacy) constituting part of a larger convocation
__delegacy/delegation/deputation/mission
__n. a party of representatives or delegates
___legation
___n. a diplomat (esp. one subordinate to an ambassador) and their staff

association/band/consortium/corps/crew/organization/outfit/partnership/party/society/syndicate/team/troop
n. any group of people engaged in an endeavor or activity

brigade
n. an army subdivision comprised of multiple infantry battalions, squadrons or regiments

cadre/cell
n. a body of activists constituting the smallest unit or nucleus of a larger political movement or organization

cadre
n. a nucleus of professional servicemen required to establish and train a new or newly expanded military unit

cast/players
n. the performers of a stage play or motion picture

claque
n. a group employed to acclaim an act or performer

claque
n. an obsequious group, as one's retinue

clowder/cludder/clutter
n. a group of cats
_glaring
_a. a clowder comprised of cats who are uncertain of one another

commonality/commonalty/herd/hoi polloi/mass/masses/mob/multitude/populace/public/rabble/third estate
n. the (often inferior or philistinic) common people, as distinguished from artistic, intellectual, political, military and other notables

company/ensemble
n. a collaborative circle of theatrical performers
_troupe
_n. a theatrical company that tours numerous venues

contingent
n. a body of troops dispatched to succor a larger force in a campaign

convoy
n. a group of vehicles that travel together, often to guarantee mutual protection

cordon
n. a series of police, soldiers or guards enclosing, guarding and preventing access to or from an area, building or thing

cortege/entourage/equipage/retinue/suite/train
n. a body in the company or attendance of someone, usually a dignitary or other notable

couple/duo/dyad/pair/twosome
n. two people regarded together, as partners, siblings, spouses, et al.

detail
n. military personnel assigned to perform a task

doggery
n. a group of dogs

ensemble
n. a group of musicians who play or sing together

gemeinschaft
n. a group bound by personal (ethnic, familial, religious, etc.) relations

gesellschaft
n. a society united by impersonal formal, practical or professional relationships

induct/initiate/receive
v. to accept people into an exclusive society or group, usu. by a rite

legation
n. jointly, a diplomatic minister (esp. an envoy) and his suite

literati
n. educated people who indulge an edifying interest in literature

ogdoad/octet
n. a group of eight people

parity
n. the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered

patriciate/gentry/gentility/elite/aristocracy
n. any (often hereditary) upper or ruling class of nonpareil wealth and preponderant influence, as a peerage

posterity
n. all of a progenitor's descendants
n. all future generations of people

presbytery (Presbyterian)
n. those ministers and elders who compose a presbytery

schism/scission/split
n. division of a group into opposing factions

school/shoal
n. any large group of aquatic animals (esp. fish) that swim in confluence, esp. during migration
_gam
_n. a school of whales

skirl
n. a group of bagpipers

sortie
n. troops engaged in an attack from a sieged situation

span/pair
n. a harnessed, driven pair of oxen, mules or horses
_yoke
__a span linked by a yoke

succession
n. multiple animals, people or vehicles following one another
_caravan
_n. a succession of pack animals or vehicles traveling together, usu. in single file
_column/file/line/train
_n. an orderly succession of individual constituents
__cavalcade/procession
__n. an orderly, formal, often ceremonious succession
___cavalcade
___n. a procession of equestrians, carriages or cars
___cortege
___n. a funeral procession
__defile
__n. a single file of soldiers


==COLORS==

band/bar/streak/stria/striation/stripe
n. an elongated strip of contrasting color

banding
n. the presence or formation of striae

blue
n. a color between green and violet in the chromatic spectrum, as that of a clear sky or sunlit sea
_aquamarine
_n. a light blue-green or greenish blue color
_azure/cerulean/sky blue
_n. a rich, bright, clear blue color, as that of a cloudless sky
_baby blue
_n. a pale shade of blue
_cyan
_n. a greenish-blue color
_midnight blue
_n. an extremely dark blue
_navy (blue)
_n. a dark blue color
_peacock blue
_n. a greenish-blue color akin to that of a peacock's neck
_powder blue
_n. a soft, pale blue color
_Prussian blue
_n. the deep blue color of Prussian blue pigment
_royal blue
_n. a deep, vivid blue color
_sapphire
_n. a bright blue color
_steel blue
_n. a dark, bluish-gray color
_ultramarine
_n. a brilliant, deep blue color

blue
a. of a color between green and violet in the chromatic spectrum

brown
n. a dark color of yellowish or reddish hue, as of dark wood or rich soil
_amber
_n. a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_bay
_n. a reddish-brown color
_beige
_n. a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown color
__buff
__n. a yellowish-beige color of undyed leather
__ecru
__n. the pale beige color of unbleached linen
_biscuit
_n. a pale brown
_burnt sienna
_n. a deep reddish-orange to reddish-brown color akin to that of sienna darkened by heating
_camel
_n. the light, yellowish-brown color of camel hair
_caramel
_n. the rich, light brown color of caramel
_chestnut
_n. a deep reddish-brown color, as that of chestnuts
_dun
_n. a dull, grayish-brown color
_fawn
_n. a light yellowish-brown color
_hazel
_n. a light reddish-, greenish- or golden-brown color, as that of certain irises
_khaki
_n. a dull yellowish-brown color
_mahogany
_n. a rich, reddish-brown color, as that of mahogany wood
_oatmeal
_n. a grayish-beige color flecked with brown
_rust
_n. a red-orange-brown color resembling iron oxide
__rufous
__n. a reddish-brown hue of rust
_sand
_n. a light yellow-brown color like that of sand
_sanguine
_n. a dark reddish-brown color akin to that of dried blood
_sable
_n. a grayish, yellowish brown resembling that of the sable's fur
_sepia
_n. a rose-brown color prominent in fin de siecle monochrome
photographs
_tan
_n. a pale or yellowish-brown color
_tawny/fulvous
_n. an orange- or yellowish-brown color
_umber
_n. a dark, reddish-brown color
__burnt umber
__n. a dark brown color

brown
a. of a dark color of yellowish or reddish hue
_amber
_a. of a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_bay
_a. colored reddish-brown
_beige
_a. dyed a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown
__buff
__a. of a light yellow-beige color
_biscuit
_a. light brown of color
_dun
_a. of a dull, grayish-brown color
_nut-brown
_a. of a rich, dark brown color
_sable
_a. of a grayish, yellowish brown
_sepia
_a. of a rose-brown color
_tawny/fulvous
_a. of an orange- or yellowish-brown color

cerise
n. a deep to vivid reddish-pink color
a. of a deep or vivid reddish-pink color

chroma/intensity/saturation/vividness
n. chromatic purity: the vividity of a color contingent on its grade of distinction from diluting white

(chromatic) spectrum
n. a band of colors visible when white light is dispersed (as by a prism or diffraction grating) representing photic wavelengths: violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red

chromatic
a. of, pertaining to or produced by color or colors

chromatics/chromatology
n. the scientific study of colors

clinquant/tinseled
a. glittering with gold and silver

color/dye
v. to indue with a hue or change the color of
v. to assume a or another color; to become colored
_blue
_v. to render or become blue
_brown/embrown
_v. to make or become brown in color
_crimson
_v. to make or become a deep purplish-red color
_empurple/purple/purpurate
_v. to render or become purple
_green
_v. to turn or become green
_perfuse/suffuse
_v. to spread or flood over or through with (a) color
__imbue/saturate
__v. to perfuse entirely
_tincture/tinge/tint
_v. to impart a slight or faint coloration
_vermilion
_v. to dye something vermilion/cinnabar
_yellow
_v. to turn yellow, esp. by aging

coral
n. light yellowish-pink hues
a. of any coral colors

damask
n. a grayish-pink color, as that of the damask rose

dim/drab/dull/muted/quiet/restrained/sober/somber/subdued
a. (of colors) neither bright nor vivid
_dingy/dirty/muddy
_a. of a dark, dull, murky hue discolored by impurities; neither bright nor clear

gold
n. the bright, lustrous, metallic yellow or yellow-brown color of gold

gold/golden/gilt/aureate
a. of a bright, lustrous, metallic yellow or yellow-brown color

gradation/nuance/shading
n. a minute distinction between shades, tones or colors

green
n. a color between yellow and blue in the spectrum of thriving grass or emeralds
_aquamarine
_n. a light blue-green or greenish blue color
_jade (green)
_n. a vivid spectrum of greens varied from bluish- to yellowish-green
_olive
_n. a dull grayish-green color, as that of an unripe olive
_pea green
_n. a yellowish-green color like that of pea soup

green
a. of the color between yellow and blue in the spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
_greenish/virescent/viridescent
_a. slightly green

hue/chromaticity
n. the quality of a color as determined by a dominant wavelength and purity independent of brightness, by which is it severalized as a gradation or variety of red, green, blue, yellow, etc.

indigo
n. a color betwixt blue and violet in the chromatic spectrum; a deep violet-blue

iridescent
a. disclosing a play of lustrous colors resembling those of a rainbow
_nacreous/opaline/opalescent/pearlescent/pearly
_a. radiating a milky iridescence, as that of an opal or illumined mother-of-pearl

orange
n. a bright reddish-yellow color of the chrononymous citrus fruit
_burnt sienna
_n. a deep reddish-orange to reddish-brown color akin to that of sienna darkened by heating

orange
a. colored a reddish yellow, as that of a ripe orange

purple
n. any color amid blue and red in the spectrum
_aubergine/eggplant
_n. a blackish purple color
_violet
_n. a bluish-purple color disposed at the far end of the spectrum

purple
a. of a spectral hue between blue and red
_violet
_a. of a bluish-purple color

red/sanguine
n. any of various colors resembling the color of blood afore orange and opposite violet in the spectrum
_amaranthine
_n. a reddish-rose color
_cardinal
_n. a rich, vivid red color
_cherry/cherry-red
_n. a rich, bright or deep red of cherries
_crimson
_n. a deep purplish-red color
__carmine
__n. a vivid, reddish hue of crimson
__rose
__n. a light crimson or warm pink color of roses
_maroon
_n. a dark brownish-red color
_ruby/ruby-red
_n. an intense purplish-red color
_scarlet
_n. a brilliant, slightly orange-red color
__cinnabar/vermeil/vermilion
__n. an especially orange scarlet hue
_wine red
_n. a dark red color like that of red wine
__burgundy
__n. a deep, reddish-purple color like that of burgundy wine

red/rubicund/ruddy/sanguine
a. of a color at the spectral terminus of blood, cherries or rubies
_cherry/cherry-red
_a. of the rich, bright or deep reds of cherries
_crimson
_a. of a deep purplish-red color
_scarlet
_a. of a brilliant, slightly orange-red color

sable/black
n. an achromatic color of maximum darkness and no hue
a. of black

tarnish
n. any discoloration of a metal surface effectuated by corrosion or esp. oxidation

tincture/tinge/tint
n. a faint shade or slight coloration

variegated/varicolored/rainbow/polychromatic/multihued/multicolored/colorful
a. displaying, possessing or embodying a variety of colors
_changeable
_chromatically varying when viewed from different angles
_particolored
_a. varicolored in discrete sections

vivid/vibrant/rich/brilliant/bright
a. (of colors) of intense saturation and radiant brightness

yellow
n. a color of sunflowers or ripe lemons amidst orange and green in the spectrum
_amber
_n. a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_beige
_n. a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown color
__buff
__n. a yellowish-beige color of undyed leather
__ecru
__n. the pale beige color of unbleached linen
_lemon (yellow)
_n. the brlliant yellow color of the lemon fruit
_mustard
_n. a dark yellow color, as that of the condiment

yellow/xanthous
a. of the color intermediate between orange and green in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk
_amber
_a. of a brownish-yellow or yellowish-brown color
_bay
_a. colored reddish-brown
_beige
_a. dyed a light greyish-brown or pale sandy yellowish-brown
__buff
__a. of a light yellow-beige color


==COMESTIBLES, CONSUMPTION & COOKERY==

anthropophagism/anthropophagy/cannibalism
n. the consumption of human flesh by humans

appetizing/palatable/sapid/savory/tasty/toothsome
a. (of food or drink) possessing a flavor pleasing to one's gustation
_ambrosial/dainty/delectable/delicious/luscious/nummy/scrumptious/toothsome/yummy
_a. (of food or drink) extremely appetizing
_piquant/racy/savory/spicy/tangy/zesty
_a. pleasantly pungent or tart of flavor

aubergine/eggplant
n. the oval, glossy and black-purple, green, white or yellow fruit of the nightshade eggplant (Solanum melongena), which is prepared and eaten as a vegetable

blanch/parboil
v. to boil vegetables briefly until they're partially cooked as a preparative measure to whiten, ease peeling, neutralize distasteful pungency, etc. 

bodega
n. a warehouse wherein wine is stored and aged

brackish/distasteful/unappetizing/unpalatable/unsavory
a. objectionable to one's taste; having an unpleasant flavor
_acerbic/acid(ic)/acrid/bitter/sharp/sour/tart
_a. having a harshly biting, usu. unsavory taste
__acidulent/acidulous
__a. slightly sour

broach
n. a spit on which meat is roasted

buttery
a. containing, spread with, resembling or akin to butter

calzone
n. a baked or deep-fried Italian turnover consisting of pizza dough filled with cheese, meat and vegetables

caper
n. a pickled floral bud of Capparis spinosa employed as a tangy garnish or condiment of relishes or sauces

chine
n. a cut of meat containing a portion of an animal's backbone
v. to cut meat along or across the spine when butchering

cocotte
n. a small casserole in which an individual portion is cooked and served

epulose
a. feasting to surfeit

esculent/edible/eatable/comestible
a. fit to be eaten

flank
n. a meaty cut from the fleshy part of an animal's side between its ribs and leg

garlic
n. the pungent, aromatic bulb of the garlic plant, used as an ingredient, esp. for culinary seasoning

gustation/gustatory modality/(sense of) taste
n. the faculty by which one perceives and severalizes bitter, salty, sour and sweet properties in one's mouth

gustation/taste
n. the act of discerning the savor of a substance in one's mouth or in contact with one's tongue

hash
n. diced meat and potatoes that are browned or reheated in gravy or sauce, often with other vegetables

hash/mince
v. to chop ingredients (esp. meat and vegetables) into small pieces
_dice
_v. to mince into small cubes

interlard
v. to mix lean and adipose meat

leguminous
a. relating to or consisting of legumes: alfalfa, beans, clover, peas, etc.

mull
v. to heat, spice and sweeten a potable, esp. wine or wassail

nonpareil
n. colored sugar beads applied as a topping on candies and cookies
n. a flat chocolate disk coated with nonpareil

pilon/piloncillo/sugarloaf
n. a conical loaf of sugar

pinole
n. meal comprising ground corn or wheat, mesquite or toasted chocolate beans, spices, sugar, etc.

piñon (nut)/pinyon (nut)
n. comestible seeds of the piñon pine

poblano
n. a thick, dark green Mexican chili pepper of hot, poignant flavor

potable/drinkable
a. safe or suitable for drinking

potation/potable/drinkable/drink/beverage
n. any liquid fit to drink
_aguardiente
_n. Iberian brandy distilled from grape pomace
_n. (often potent) Latin American liquor derived from sugarcane and commonly flavored with anise
_ale
_n. dark, heavy malt liquor fermented from cereal (esp. barley); comparable to yet exceeding the weight and acerbity of beer
_burgundy
_n. any red or white wine produced in France's region of Burgundy
_gimlet
_n. a cocktail comprising equal parts gin or vodka and lime juice, and occasionally a mite of sugar
_grappa
_n. an unaged Italian brandy distilled from grape pomace subsequent to pressing
_mead
_n. liquor of fermented honey and water
_mescal
_n. colorless Mexican liquor distilled from fermented agave sap
_plonk
_n. cheap, usually inferior wine
_pulque
_n. a thick, light, milky alcoholic drink produced from the fermented juice of certain agave plants, esp. the maguey
_sarsaparilla
_n. a soft drink (such as root beer) flavored with extracts of sarsaparilla roots or comparable artificial flavors
_tiswin
_n. an alcoholic potation brewed from corn
_wassail
_n. a heated beverage concocted of ale, beer or mulled wine spiced or sweetened with roasted apples or sugar; imbibed at festivities, esp. Christmas

prickly pear
n. the fruit of a prickly pear cactus

prandial
a. of or concerning a refection, esp. dinner
_postprandial
_a. suceeding a meal, esp. dinner
_preprandial
_a. preceding a meal, esp. dinner

provender/meat/food/edible(s)/eatable(s)/comestible(s)
n. any solid or semisolid nutriment that's eaten
_provender/pasture/forage/fodder/feed
_n. grass, hay or other vegetation eaten by grazing animals such as equine or cattle
_vittle/victual
_n. food eaten by humans
__viand
__n. an article of victual
___bonne bouche (pl. bonnes bouches)
___n. a tasty tidbit of food

quail
n. quail flesh, which may be roasted or broiled if young, or otherwise braised

quince
n. the firm, yellow, acerbic fruit of the quince tree or shrub, usu. bestowed as an ingredient of jellies or preserves

reduce
v. to inspissate sauce, gravy, broth, etc. by boiling it

repast
v. to serve food
_ply
_v. to insistently lavish someone with victuals and drink
_treat/regale/feast
_v. to provide with choice or abundant food or drink

repast/refection/meal
n. food which is served and eaten at one occasion
_spread/regale/feast/banquet
_n. an extravagant repast of resplendent preparation, often eaten in celebration
_snack/refreshment/nosh/collation/bite
_n. a light, informal repast

ristra
n. a string on which preserved foodstuffs such as chilies, garlic, onions, dried fruit, etc. are threaded to be hung

rusk
n. a slice of sweet, raised bread, baked twice until browned and crisp
_zwieback
_n. a rusk that's baked as a loaf, sliced and toasted

saporous/saporific/sapid/flavorous/flavorful
a. full of flavor

savor/relish
v. to appreciatively taste food with delight

shirr
v. to bake shelled eggs

succulent/juicy
a. deliciously profuse of juice

surfeited/satiated/sated/replete/full
a. fed to satiety
_surfeited/stuffed/replete/overfed/gorged/glutted/farctate(d)/crammed
_a. immoderately full

tangy/sharp/racy/pungent/poignant
a. (of flavors) keenly potent

treacle/golden syrup
n. a pale, gold cane syrup used to sweeten cakes, ice cream, puddings, etc. as an ingredient or topping

treacle/theriac/molasses
n. dark, viscous brown syrup derived from refinement of raw sugar, ordinarily used as an ingredient

trifle
n. layered sponge cake soaked in brandy, rum or sherry and spread with cream, custard, jam or jelly; may be adorned with fruits, nuts or chocolate morsels

tripe
n. the esculent lining of a ruminant's stomach

vapid/tasteless/savorless/insipid/flavorless/flat/bland
a. bereft of flavor

victual/ingest/eat/consume
v. to masticate, savor and swallow food
_surfeit/stuff/snarf/overgorge/overeat/ingurgitate/guzzle/gourmandize/gormandize/glut/gorge/engorge/englut/devour/cram/binge
_v. to eat greedily or excessively; to make a pig of oneself
_snack/nosh/nibble
_v. to eat sparingly, esp. betwixt meals or when partaking of manifold morsels
__graze
__v. to eat a succession of snacks in lieu of meals
_repast/feast
_v. to eat an opulent meal

victual/provision
v. to supply with edibles, esp. for travel

victual
v. to acquire comestibles

vittles/victuals/viands/provisions/provender/larder/commissariat
n. a stock or supply of foods


==COMMUNICATION & SPEECH==

acclaim/acclamation/applause/cheers/eclat/ovation/plaudit(s)
n. a loud, enthusiastic demonstration of praise expressed by clapping or shouts, ordinarily intended to honor or welcome someone or something

acclaim/applaud/cheer
v. to salute with clapping, shouts or other vociferations of approval

acknowledge/admit/allow/avow/cede/concede/confess/grant
v. to agree or accept that something is true or valid, esp. after first denying or resisting as much
_admit/avouch/avow/confess/disbosom
_v. to admit of a fault or to a crime
_concede
_v. to acknowledge defeat in a contest

acknowledgement/admission/allowance/avowal/concession/confession/grant
n. (usu. reluctant or begrudging) agreement concerning or acceptance of a truth

act/affect/assume/counterfeit/dissemble/fake/feign/masquerade/pretend/profess/sham/simulate
v. to register pretence by adopting a false attribute, bearing or sentiment
_dissemble/dissimulate
_v. to conceal one's true feelings, motive, personality or thoughts by pretence with intent to deceive
_malinger
_v. to dramatize or dissemble illness as an excuse to shirk

act/affectation/appearance/display/facade/front/guise/masquerade/pose/pretense/semblance/show/simulation
n. any deceptive comportment, exhibition or representation intended to impart a spurious, often respectable impression
_charade
_n. a conspicuous pretense
_veneer
_n. any pleasant or gratifying facade

adjure/appeal/beg/beseech/crave/entreat/impetrate/implore/obsecrate/obtest/plead/pray/press/solicit/supplicate/urge/woo
v. to request humbly, earnestly, often urgently
_besiege/importune/ply/press/woo
_v. to entreat persistently, often in an irksome manner
__dun
__v. to persistently importune in concern of overdue payment

admonishment/admonition/caution/caveat/monition/warning
n. cautionary advice concerning something imminent, esp. danger or other unpleasantness

admonitory/cautionary/exemplary/monitory/warning
a. acting or serving to warn; instructing by way of admonition or caution

advert (to)/mention/refer (to)/reference
v. to briefly, often adventitiously speak of something
_allude
__to reference obliquely or tacitly

advise/apprise/inform/instruct/notify/tell
v. to make someone aware of something, such as a salient fact or situation
_admonish/caution/exhort/monish/warn
_v. to inform someone of possible trouble or danger; to advise caution concerning a certain act
_assure/certify/tell
_v. to inform positively, with certainty and confidence
_brief
_v. to apprise by synopsizing
_disbosom/disclose/discover/divulge/expose/leak/release/reveal/tell
_v. to notify others of information previously known only to a select few, or which was intended to be kept a secret
__babble
__v. to rashly or foolishly disbosom
__betray
__v. to treacherously divulge

advise/counsel/recommend
v. to suggest a course of action or option as advantegeous, prudent, sound, etc.

advocate/boost/champion/commend/endorse/favor/promote/recommend/support
v. to speak or argue in favor or praise of someone or something, esp. publicly
_adopt/espouse
_v. to accept and endorse a cause, idea, ideal, ideology, principle, etc. as one's own

affirm/allege/assert/asseverate/attest/aver/avouch/avow/certify/claim/contend/declare/maintain/predicate/profess/state/swear
v. to frankly, positively express that something is so with confidence and certitude
_insist
_v. to aver with persistence or resolution
_pretend/profess/purport
_v. to claim insincerely
_profess
_v. to claim an accomplishment, knowledge of a subject or proficiency of a practice or profession

affirmation/allegation/assertion/asseveration/averment/avowal/claim/declaration/predication/profession/protestation/statement
n. a confident, positive, often emphatic statement of fact or belief
_argument/contention/thesis
_n. an assertion advanced to be maintained or proven in argument

affront/contumely/cut/denigration/disparagement/insult/irreverence/revilement/slur
n. a rude, disparaging or belittling remark intended to offend or hurt

aforementioned/aforesaid/foregoing
a. previously mentioned or stated

alas*/regrettably/sadly/unfortunately
av., *int. an expression of concern, grief, pity or regret

alluded/hinted/implicit/implied/inexplicit/insinuated/silent/suggested/tacit/understood/unspoken
a. suggested, though not perspicuously expressed or explicated

allure/entice/lure/tempt/wile
v. to attract or induce someone to do something by extending an (advantageous, cibarious, monetary, sexual, etc.) impetus

allusion/hint/implication/inkling/innuendo/insinuation/intimation/suggestion
n. an indirect or covert indication, suggestion or reference

ambiguity
n. an expression whose meaning cannot be determined from its context

animadversion/criticism/deprecation/disapproval/reprehension
n. any expression of unfavorable assessment
_acrimony/attack/disparagement/invective/obloquy/vilification/vitriol/vituperation
_n. bitterly abusive criticism, denunciation or insult
_animadversion/attack/blame/castigation/censure/chastisement/condemnation/disapproval/excoriation/obloquy/opprobrium/reproach/reprobation
_n. scathing criticism
__blast/fulmination
__n. violent excoriation
__commination/denunciation
__n. open or public condemnation
___fulmination
___n. violent denunciation
_dyslogy
_n. a written or spoken reprehension of something or somebody

animadvert (on, upon)/blame/criticize/deprecate/reprehend
v. to communicate a negative assertion or opinion concerning perceived faults, iniquity, etc.
_animadvert (on, upon)/attack/blast/castigate/censure/chastise/clobber/condemn/crucify/declaim (against)/deplore/excoriate/flay/fulminate (against)/hammer/inveigh (against)/pan/rail (at, against)/reproach/reprobate/savage/scathe/scorch/scourge/slam/slash/vituperate/whip/zing
_v. to harshly or severely criticize
__decry/denounce/fulminate (against)/rail (at, against)
__v. to openly or publicly castigate
_attack/denigrate/disparage/invect/rail (at, against)/revile/slur/vilify/vilipend/vituperate
_v. to speak of unfavorably with abusive, contemptuous disrespect
__decry
__v. to publicly disparage

apophasis/paraleipsis/paralipsis
n. a mention of or allusion to something by claim that it won't be mentioned

aporia
n. an expression of uncertainty regarding what to say, which course to pursue, where to begin or end, etc.

aposiopesis
n. an abrupt verbal cease in the midst of a sentence indicating a reluctance to continue, as that prompted by misgiving

applaud/approve/commend/laud/praise
v. to express a positive opinion, as esteem or approval, of something or someone
_acclaim/applaud/ensky/exalt/extol/glorify/laud/magnify
_v. to ardently praise
__acclaim/celebrate/proclaim
__v. to publicly applaud
__eulogize/panegyrize
__v. to verbally extol
__hymn
__v. to exalt by singing a hymn or hymns
_sonnet
_v. to praise or celebrate in a sonnet

argue/contest/controvert/debate/dispute
v. to verbally express divergent or opposing views or opinions by submission of reasons or data in a contentious, often heated exchange
_altercate
_v. to passionately argue
_altercate/argue/bicker/dispute/feud/fight/hassle/quarrel/wrangle
_v. to angrily (and usu. clamorously) controvert
__bicker/squabble/spat/tiff
__v. to quarrel in concern of a pissant matter
_contend/contest
_v. to strenuously debate

argument/contestation/controversy/debate/disagreement/disceptation/disputation/dispute/variance
n. a conversation in which disagreement regarding divergent or opposing perspectives is expressed
_altercation
_n. an impassioned variance
_affray/altercation/argument/bicker/disagreement/dispute/feud/fight/fracas/fuss/hassle/jangle/quarrel/rhubarb/wrangle
_n. a choleric, often clamant contestation
__bicker/squabble/miff/spat/tiff
__n. a negligible quarrel
_contention
_n. arduous debate
_contretemps
_n. a minor, rather mortifying disagreement
_controversy/dispute
_n. a public argument

arrogate
v. to (usu. presumptuously) claim for oneself without justification

articulate/deliver/emit/enunciate/express/phrase/pronounce/say/speak/state/talk/tell/utter/verbalize/vocalize/voice
v. to verbally communicate emotions, information, intentions, opinions, etc. with articulated speech
_add
_v. to further voice, usu. following a pause
__subjoin/suffix
__v. to add at the end, as of a conversation
_address/bespeak
_v. to speak to someone or many people
_articulate/enounce/enunciate/pronounce
_v. to speak with accuracy and clarity
_babble/blabber/gab
_v. to speak incessantly
__babble/blabber/chatter/gab/jabber/prate/prattle/twitter/yabber/yak/yatter
__v. to rapidly blabber about trivial matters
_babble/blabber/gab/maunder/palaver
_v. to idly express
__babble/palaver/prate/prattle/yak/yatter
__v. to gab diffusely
_babble/blather/blither/gibber/piffle/prattle/twaddle
_v. to voice poppycock
_babble/jargon/jargonize/maunder
_v. to utter unintelligibly
__babble/gabble/gibber/jabber/yabber
__v. to speedily maunder
__rave
__v. to wildly babble, as one may in delirium
_burr
_v. to speak by prounouncing the letter R with a trill
_v. to pronounce the letter R with a trill
_call (out)/clamor/cry (out)/halloo/holler/resound/shout/vociferate/yell
_v. to say stridently with shock, remonstrance, elation, agony, etc.
__ejaculate/exclaim
__v. to suddenly vociferate
__halloo
__v. to shout "halloo"
_cant
_v. to vocalize in a singsong tone
_converse/discourse/speak/talk
_v. to engage in conversation; to contribute to an exchange of verbal communication
__amplify (on)
__v. to discourse at length
__chat/confabulate
__v. to converse in a casual and informal manner
__discuss/parley
__v. to talk about a subject
___parley
___v. (of enemies) to discuss terms of surrender during an armistice
___speculate
___v. to discuss idly or casually and conjecturally, without certitude or sufficient reason to formulate a conclusion
_coo
_v. to pronounce softly or lovingly in a gentle voice
_curse/imprecate/swear
_v. to deliver obscene or profane language
_dilate*/dwell*/perorate/spout
_v. (*usu. followed by on or upon) to speak at (usu. detailed) length in treatment of a subject
__dilate/elaborate/enlarge/expand/expatiate
__v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to dilate in greater detail
__bloviate/spout
__n. to pompously perorate
__perorate
__v. to formally or magniloquently dilate
_elide
_v. to omit or slur a phoneme or syllable in pronunciation
_ingeminate/iterate/reiterate/repeat/restate/retell
_v. to state again
__reiterate
__v. to say repeatedly and often insistently, esp. to emphasize or clarify
_inject/interject/interpolate/interpose
_v. to emit something abruptly, esp. as an aside or interruption during a conversation
_pipe/shrill
_v. to shrilly speak
_rasp
_v. to talk with a grating voice
_rave
_v. to talk about something with frantic gusto!
_spout/verbalize
_n. to speak diffusely
_twitter
_v. to speak briskly and tremulously
_volley
_v. to utter simultaneously or in quick succession

aspersive/calumniatory/calumnious/defamatory/denigrating/denigratory/scandalous/scurrile/scurrilous
a. of the contrivance or dissemination of disparaging claims about someone to damage their reputation

assemble/call/convene/convoke/gather/rally/raise/summon
v. to call upon people to congregate at a meeting or for an activity

assure/certify
v. to assure somebody of a verity with the intention of inspiring confidence
_reassure
_v. to assure again, esp. by iteration

attest/evidence/prove/substantiate/verify
v. to establish that something is so by presentation of sound argument or evidence
_attest/certify/confirm/corroborate/fortify/substantiate/support/sustain/validate/verify
_v. to support the certainty or validity of something with cumulative or supplemental proof
_confound/confute/debunk/disprove/explode/falsify/negative/rebut/refute
_v. to prove to be false; to overthrow an assertion, notion or theory with disceptation or evidence

babble/gibberish/jargon
n. unintelligible speech
_babble/gabble/gibber/gibberish/jabber/yabber
_n. brisk babble

badinage/banter/chaff/jest/joke/rib/tease
v. to confabulate with light, playful joking

badinage/banter/chaff/persiflage/pleasantry/raillery/sport
n. light, playful, teasing repartee exchanged in friendly and frivolous good humor

bamboozle/befool/betray/cheat/chicane/cozen/deceive/dupe/fool/fox/gull/hoodwink/humbug/illude/misinform/mislead/trick
v. to prompt erroneous belief with falsehood or prevarication
_beguile/delude/mislead
_v. to deceive by agency of cunning
_bluff
_v. to befool with a pretense of aggression or assurance

bamboozlement/betrayal/deceit/deception/dupery/humbug(gery)
n. the conviction of someone to falsity by lies or equivocation
_bluff
_n. deceit by confident or aggressive simulation

banality/bromide/cliche/commonplace/platitude
n. a trite or stereotyped remark or statement, often of instructive or prescriptive purport and intended to soothe or placate

belittle/derogate/diminish
v. to detract from someone's or something's authority, dignity or eminence, as with invective or by distinction

bemock/contemn/deride/flout/indignify/mock/scoff/scorn
v. to express contempt for; to speak of with derision

behest/charge/command(ment)/dictate/direction/directive/enjoinment/imperative/injunction/instruction/order
n. a statement by which one directs someone to do something
_commandment/decree/diktat/edict/mandate/ordinance/rescript
_n. a formal or official order
_countermand
_n. a contrary command cancelling or reversing a previous command
_fiat
_n. an arbitrary command

bid/charge/command/dictate/direct/enjoin/instruct/order/tell
v. to direct someone to do something, esp. when empowered with authority
_defile
_v. to command or compel (troops) to march in single file

blandish/blarney/cajole/coax/inveigle/palaver/wheedle
v. to persuade, manipulate or influence by charm, flattery or gentle exhortation

blandishment/blarney/cajolery/palaver
n. charming flattery or promises intended to persuade or win favor

blatant/clamant/clamorous/noisy/strident/vociferous
a. conspicuously and offensively loud; disposed to vehement outcry

bluster/boast/brag/crow/gasconade/gloat/rodomontade/roister
v. to speak of one's achievements, possessions, function, position or abilities with excessive pride and vanity

boast/gasconade/jactitation/rodomontade
n. verbal self-assessment expressing conceit
_braggadocio
_v. unfounded or pretentious bluster

bray/guffaw/roar
n. a burst of loud, hearty laughter
v. to laugh loudly and boisterously

brief/compact/concise/crisp/curt/succinct/summary/terse
a. expressing much with few words; briefly comprehensive
_compendious
_a. succinctly stating the totality of a subject's basic substance
_lapidary
_a. precisely, concisely, elegantly expressed and thus fit to be engraved to stone
_pithy/sententious
_a. forcibly, substantially terse

broach/moot/raise
v. to introduce a subject for discussion or dispute

broadcast/circulate/diffuse/disperse/disseminate/propagate/spread
v. to distribute or scatter (fluid, information, seed, etc.) over a broad area, or to many people
_advertise/air/broadcast/publicize/spread
_v. to publicly disseminate information, esp. news
__circularize
__v. to publicize by distribution of circulars
__post/placard/bill
__v. to publicize or announce with placards

broadcast/circulation/diffusion/dispersal/dispersion/dissemination/propagation/spread
n. the spread or transmission of something to a wide or wider area or group

bruit/rumor (pl. hearsay/rumor/scuttlebutt)
n. an item of unverified information in popular circulation
_canard
_n. a deliberately false rumor or story, often calumniatory of intention

bruit/rumor
v. to disseminate a rumor, usually by casual conversation

bum/cadge/grub/mooch/schnorr/scrounge/shnorr/sponge
v. to freely obtain or seek to freely obtain by asking or wheedling at the expense or generosity of others

burr
n. a uvular trill of the letter R common to some northern English and Scottish accents

call/clamor/cry/holler/outcry/shout/vociferation/yell
n. a loud, inarticulate utterance voiced of surprise, delight, pain, protest, opposition, convocation, etc.
_caterwaul/screech/shriek
_n. a shrill cry, as that of cats in estrus
_exclamation/ejaculation
_n. an abrupt outcry
_halloo
_n. a cry of "halloo"

cant/pious platitudes
n. insincere palaver of a moral, religious or political nature

carp/cavil/niggle/quibble/quip
v. to raise annoying, trivial objections, esp. as a means to prevaricate
n. an irritating, irrelevant distinction or objection, usu. advanced to evade the topic of an argument or debate

catechize
v. to examine by means of query or interrogation

challenge/confound/contest/contradict/contravene/controvert/counter/deny/disaffirm/gainsay/impugn/negate/negative
v. to speak contrary to an assertion; to claim that a statement is not true, esp. by contending the opposite
_impeach
_v. to challenge the honesty, veracity, validity or integrity of
_repudiate
_v. to reject as false

character/characterize/delineate/depict/describe/image/portray/render
v. to communicate a representation of an abstraction, person, thing, etc.
_assimilate/compare/liken/parallel
_v. to portray people or things as similar to one another
_amplify/dilate/elaborate/enlarge/expand/expatiate
_v. (usu. followed by on or upon) to add further details or related information to one's description
_belittle/deprecate/depreciate/derogate/downplay
_v. to character as less important, impressive or valuable than it genuinely is or seems
__downgrade/downplay/minimize/trivialize
__v. to depreciate something at the lowest possible or conceivable consequence or worth
_define
_v. to delineate the essence, nature or properties of something or someone
_delineate
_v. to describe precisely
_depict/describe/narrate/recite/recount/rehearse/relate/report/tell
_v. to depict an account of an event, experience, story, etc.
_equate
_v. to render something or somebody as equivalent to another or others

clarify/elucidate/enucleate/explain/explicate/exposit/expound/interpret
v. to make clear, comprehensible or plain with communicative description; to dispel confusion or ignorance with communication
_abstract/brief/encapsulate/epitomize/outline/sketch/summarize/synopsize
_v. to succinctly exposit the pith and/or summarized main points of an account or report
_amplify/elaborate
_v. to elucidate in greater detail
_exposit/expound
_v. to present, analyze and explain an account, concept, hypothesis, principle, theory, etc. in systematic detail, esp. to elevate discourse
_illustrate
_v. to enucleate with an example or comparison
_preface/premise
_v. to introduce by advance explication
_ravel/unravel
_v. to clarify by distinguishing aspects or events from one another, esp. by itemization

cogent/potent/valid
a. pellucid, coherent and forcefully convincing

collogue
v. to confer secretly

colloquy
n. a conversation or conference, esp. one formally arranged

communique/declaration/dictum/proclamation/pronouncement
n. a formal or authoritative announcement from an official source

conjuration/incantation/invocation
n. a ritual recitation of words or sounds believed to induce a magical effect

connote/predicate
v. (of a word, phrase or object) to suggest or signify a meaning or notion concomitant to that which is central or literal

contentious/controversial/eristic(al)/polemic(al)/thorny/vexed
a. of, involving or likely to arouse dispute or argument

conundrum/enigma/puzzle/riddle/stumper
n. a confounding query or statement phrased to implicate deliberation so to determine its meaning or answer, esp. that based on paronomasia

convocation
n. the act of calling people together, esp. to attend a convention

crisp/laconic/spartan/terse
a. communicating with few words
_abrupt/brief/brusk/brusque/curt/gruff/snappish/snappy/terse
_a. discourteously laconic

debrief
v. to interrogate someone (esp. a military or diplomatic figure) to obtain an exhaustive report in concern of a mission or undertaking

delivery/diction/elocution/locution/phraseology/phrasing/speech/wording
n. a mode by which something is vocally expressed with words; the assemblage, disposition and application of words in spoken discourse, in concern of clarity, accuracy, variety, etc.

delivery/diction/enunciation
n. the articulation of speech as estimated by its intelligibility to an audience

demonstrate/emanate/evince/exhibit/express/exude/ooze/radiate/reflect/register/show
v. to exhibit or give expression to a quality or feeling by one's acts, appearance, attitude, behavior or countenance

derisive/derisory/disdainful/jeering/mocking/scoffing/scornful/sneering/taunting
a. expressing disdain or derision, as for someone or something deemed inferior or noisome

desultory/digressive/discursive/excursive/meandering/rambling
a. of or characterized by disconnected speech or writing in address of a broad array of subjects, perhaps divergent from a principal pith or topic

detail/enumerate/itemize/list/number/recite/recount
v. to count over or tell off one after another as a list of individual items; to state names, facts, etc. in sequence

deviate/digress/divagate/ramble/stray
v. to depart from a principal topic to address concomitant matters in verbal or written discourse

disabuse
v. to free someone from an erroneous belief

disambiguate
v. to dispel any uncertainty, esp. by means of unequivocal communication

disquisition/dissertation
n. an elaborate analytical or expository treatise or discussion in treatment of a particular subject

dissuade/discourage/deter
v. to persuade someone against pursuit of an action or course thereof, often by instilling doubt or fear of consequences

dissuade/expostulate
v. to reason with someone for the purpose of dissuasion

distort/misrepresent/pervert/skew/sophisticate/twist
v. to practice sophistry: to deliberately misinterpret or misconstrue a meaning to mislead or deceive

distorted/misrepresented/perverted/skew/twisted
a. maliciously misinterpreted, as calumny or any duplicitous communication

drift/import/intent/meaning/purport/sense/significance/signification/substance
n. the semantic content of a communication or expression
_connotation/overtone
_n. an expression's suggestive, secondary, commonly implicit purport
_drift/implication/import/intent/purport/significance/signification/strain/tenor
_n. tacit meaning
_gist/meat/sense/strain/substance
_n. the essential, most significant import, as of a matter, speech, story, etc.
__spirit
__n. a profound and usu. unspecified strain

dysphemism
n. an offensive or derogatory expression substituted for another deemed pleasant or neutral

ellipsis
n. any omission of supererogatory words from speech

elliptic(al)
n. characterized by an extreme economy of expression and omission of superfluous elements

elocution/oratory
n. an expert manner of speaking entailing control of voice and gesture
n. the study and practice of public speaking

eloquence/fluency/volubility
n. facility of speech and writing

eloquent/fluent/voluble/articulate
a. characterized by or readily expressing oneself with perspicuous and cogent language

emit/utter/vocalize/voice
v. to produce sounds, as a bark, growl, shout, etc.
_call (out)/clamor/cry (out)/holler/resound/shout/vociferate/yell
_v. to loudly vocalize with shock, remonstrance, elation, agony, etc.
__bay/howl/ululate
__v. to utter a long, loud, emotional cry
__ejaculate/exclaim
__v. to suddenly vociferate
_coo
_v. to voice a low, murmuring sound akin to the characteristic notes of pigeons or doves
_pipe
_v. to emit in a piercing tone

emphasized/emphatic/explicit/intense/stressed/strong/vehement
a. expressed with perspicuous force of speech or action

epigram
n. a witty or sarcastic saying or writing of aphoristic brevity

equivocate/palter/prevaricate/tergiversate/waffle
v. to express oneself with ambiguous or circumlocutory language to evade, mislead or withhold information

euphemism
n. an inoffensive, indirect or vague expression substituted for another regarded as offensive or inordinately harsh

exposition
n. an extensive, systematic interpretation or explanation of a specific topic

expostulation/objection/protestation/remonstrance/remonstration
n. the act of expressing earnest, forceful opposition or protest

extravaganza
n. an extravagant flight of sentiment or language

exult/glory/jubilate/rejoice
v. to feel or express extreme joy, happiness, elation; to be ecstatic with joy
_triumph
_v. to jubilate for victory

exultation/jubilation/jubilee/rejoicing
n. any expression of delight

fabrication/falsehood/falsity/invention/lie/mendacity/story/untruth
n. a deliberately false statement
_whopper
_n. a great or heinous lie

felicity
n. a gratifying capacity for expression

fuss/objection/protest/protestation/remonstrance/remonstration
n. a communication (esp. an exclamation or argument) of protest or dissent

glib/pat/slick
a. artfully persuasive in speech, though superficial and insincere

harangue
v. to deliver a forceful, virulent speech

homily/preachment
n. a tedious, didactic, moralizing discourse

hint/imply/insinuate/intimate/predicate/purport/suggest
v. to express, indicate or state indirectly

honorific
n. an expression of respect

impromptu/ad lib
n. an extemporaneous speech or remark

instantiate/instance/exemplify/example
v. to represent an assertion, concept or theory with an example or instance
_adduce
_v. to cite or propound a reason or example as evidence in support of an argument or accusation
_invoke/instance/cite
_v. to cite or appeal to someone or something as an authority for an action or in support of an argument

interjection/exclamation
n. an abrupt remark, conventionally an interruption or aside expressing surprise such as "oh!" or "dear me!"

interlard/intersperse/pepper/sprinkle
v. to diversify or embellish speech by interpolating something singular, humorous or irrelevant, as quotations, jeux d'esprit, jeremiads, epigrams, anecdotes, etc.
_farce
_a. to interlard (a speech, etc.) with jokes or quips

invoke/appeal
v. to earnestly request something, esp. succor

irrespondence
n. dereliction of response, esp. in pertinence to correspondence

jeremiad
n. a long, mournful complaint or list of woes

knell/toll
v. to proclaim or summon by or as though by a knell

lascivious/libidinous/lubricious/lubricous/passionate/salacious/sultry
a. expressing concupiscence

libelous
a. defamatory by means of written or pictorial expression

mellifluous
a. of a smooth, euphonious verbal cadence

mewl/pule/whimper/whine
v. to cry feebly or softly

mimicry/mimesis/impersonation/imitation
n. an act of copying another's idiolect, personality, temperament and often appearance in performance, esp. for the amusement of others
_takeoff/parody/impression/impersonation/burlesque
_n. a risible, hyperbolized, often satirical impression

non sequitur
n. a statement or reply immaterial to what preceded it

omit/forget
v. to neglect to mention someone or something

opine
v. to express one's opinion

overstate/overcharge/magnify/hyperbolize/exaggerate/dramatize/amplify
v. to enlarge beyond bounds or truthful portrayal; to represent something as larger, greater, better or worse than it actually is

palliate/extenuate
v. to conceal or minimize the gravity of a mistake or offense with exposition, excuses or apologies

panegyry/panegyric/eulogy/eulogium/encomium
n. a public oration delivered in formal praise of someone or something
_eulogy/eulogium/epitaph
_n. a formal expression of praise for someone who has recently died

parapraxis/Freudian slip
n. a minor mnemonic, practical or verbal error interpreted as the betrayal of a repressed emotion or motive

pejorative/dyslogism
n. a disparaging word, phrase, expression, etc.

pejorative/dyslogistic
a. (of a word, phrase, expression, etc.) possessing or endowed with a negative or disparaging connotation

peremptory/imperative
a. (usu. of commands) permitting neither controversion nor refusal

peremptorily/imperatively
av. in an imperative and commanding manner admitting possibility for neither denial nor refusal

perorate
v. to conclude a speech by recapitulating

perspicuous/pellucid/luculent/lucid/limpid/intelligible/comprehensible/clear
a. clearly expressed and easily understood

perspicuousness/perspicuity/pellucidity/lucidness/lucidity/limpidity/comprehensibility/clarity
a. clarity of expression or statement

polemicize/polemize
v. to engage in or contribute to a controversy, esp. by way of argumentative dispute

preface
n. a series of preliminary remarks spoken as introductory to a speech or discourse

proclaim/predicate/herald/enunciate/enounce/declare/blazon/annunciate/announce
v. to publicly state

profess
v. to confess one's faith in or allegiance to

propagate
v. to spread information, customs, etc. from one person to another

proposition
n. an invitation for sexual activity
v. to suggest or offer an engagement of sexual intercourse

purple/ornate/flowery/florid/empurpled/aureate
a. distinguished by elaborate syntactic, grammatical or rhetorical constructions and unusual or recondite language
_sesquipedalian
_a. inclined to bestow long words
_turgid/tumid/tumescent/rhetorical/purple/plethoric/overwrought/orotund/magniloquent/grandiloquent/fustian/flatulent/declamatory/bombastic/aureate
_a. tediously pompous or extravagant in style of expression

question/query/interrogatory/interrogative/interrogation/inquiry/enquiry
n. a sentence or expression phrased to solicit information

rant/fulmination/diatribe/denunciation/denouncement/declamation/broadside
n. a bitter, vehement discourse condemning someone or something
_tirade/philippic/harangue/declamation
_n. a protracted denunciation, usu. delivered as a speech

recrimination/countercharge
n. an accusation in response to another

recriminations
n. mutual, exchanged accusations

rejoinder/repartee/riposte/retort
n. a quick, witty, usu. incisive reply to a remark, question, insult, criticism or accusation

chide/reprehend/reproach/reprove
v. to express critical disappointment in someone or disapproval of their actions, esp. those of a child, student, underling, et al., often to chasten them
_admonish/chide/monish
_v. to reprove mildly, if firmly
_berate/castigate/censure/chastise/chide/flagellate/lambast(e)/objurgate/rate/rebuke/reprehend/reprimand/reproach/reprove/scold/upbraid/whip
_v. to harshly reprehend
__lecture
__v. to scold at some length
__reprimand
__v. to formally or officially chastise

reprehension/reproach/reproof/reproval
n. a critical expression of disappointment or disapproval
_admonishment/admonition/monishment
_n. a gentle yet earnest reproach
_castigation/censure/chastisement/objurgation/rebuke/reprehension/reprimand/reproach/reproof/reproval
_n. emphatic or severe reproval
__lecture
__n. a protracted objurgation
__reprimand
__n. a formal or official rebuke

reproving/reproachful/reprehensive/disapproving
a. expressing disappointment or disapproval

repudiate/renounce/reject/disown/disclaim/disavow/deny
v. to cast off: to refuse acknowledgement of, relinquish all responsibility for, or deny connection and association with
_recant/forswear/foreswear/abjure
_v. to formally (often solemnly) disavow or retract, usu. upon oath

ribaldry/raunch
n. lewd, vulgar humor

rident
a. laughing

ridicule/derision
n. contemptuous, jeering laughter

sciolism
n. any pretentious exhibition of knowledge or scholarship of which one possesses merely superficial conversance

seduce
v. to persuade someone to participate in sexual intercourse, as with cajolery or dalliance

slanderous
a. defamatory by oral expression

snoop/pry/nose
v. to inquire intrusively in concern of someone's private affairs

solecism
n. a grammatical error of speech or writing

soliloquy
n. the act of speaking to oneself, esp. when alone

sotto voce
a., av. (of speaking or singing) softly verbalized, so as not to be overheard

spoonerism
n. the accidental transposition of two phonemes in words of the same phrase or sentence, as "that backed pin" for "that packed bin;" named for W.A. Spooner, an English university don and Anglican priest prone to such mispronunciations

suasion/persuasion
n. the act of provoking action or influencing belief by appeals to reason or understanding

subtilize/refine
v. to specify fine distinctions (as among words or semantics) in discussion

suggest/submit/render/propound/propose/present/pose/offer/moot/advance
v. to proffer an idea, perspective, plan or theory for consideration or acceptance

sulk/pout/mope
v. to silently express saturnine resentment, esp. by glowering

tautology
n. a statement that is necessarily true by the virtue of multiple corresponding propositions: "Either he'll arrive on time or he won't."

temporize
v. to prolong a discussion or process by deferment or prevarication to gain time or induce a compromise

translate/render
v. to convert something by speech or writing from one language into another

travesty/parody/mock/mimic/impersonate/imitate/burlesque
v. to copy someone's action, mannerisms or speech to ridicule or deride them, and often to entertain others

turgidity/tumescence/rhetoric/orotundity/magniloquence/grandiloquence/flatulence/bombast
n. an excessive or pretentious use of lofty verbal ornamentation

twattle/twaddle/trumpery/tripe/tommyrot/rubbish/nonsense/prattle/poppycock/piffle/moonshine/jargon/humbug/hooey/hokum/hogwash/guff/gibber(ish)/folderol/flapdoodle/drool/drivel/codswallop/bunk(um)/bosh/blather/bilge/baloney/balderdash/babble
n. senseless or preposterous speech
_claptrap/blarney
_n. deceitful nonsense
_twattle/twaddle/jargon/gibber(ish)/fustian/claptrap/bombast
_n. pompous or pretentious talk

twit/taunt/sneer/shaft/sarcasm/jibe/jeer/gibe/barb
n. an aggressive, caustic, usu. contemptuous remark directed at someone to insult or provoke

twit/tease/taunt/sport/scoff/ridicule/needle/mock/jibe/jeer/flout/gibe/deride
v. to subject someone or something to sarcastic derision; to make fun of

sport/ridicule/mockery/derision
n. speech intended to humiliate by making light of a person or thing

vacuity/inanity
n. a statement revealing some paucity of ideas or intelligence

valediction
n. the act of saying farewell

valediction/valedictory (address, oration)
n. a farewell oration, esp. that delivered during graduation exercises by an outstanding member of the graduating class

vaticinate/prophesy/prognosticate/presage/predict/foretell/forecast/divine/bode/bespeak/augur
v. to declare a future event or trend in advance, often from present facts or indications
_augur
_v. to previse from interpretation of an omen

vaticination/prophecy/prognostication/prediction/divination
n. the act of telling future events or trends ere they transpire
_cheiromancy/chiromancy/palmistry
_n. a mode of divination whereby one's temperament is established or future and fortune prevised by an examination of the lines, marks and patterns on their palms and fingers

vaticination/prophecy/prognostication/prognostic/prognosis/prevision/presagement/prediction/forecast/divination
n. any advance averment or estimate concerning future events or trends

verbose/prolix/garrulous/diffuse
a. using or containing a tedious excess of words
_periphrastic/circumlocutory/ambagious
_a. needlessly, circuitously verbose

verbosity/verbiage/verbalism/surplusage/prolixity/diffusion
n. an overabundance of words
_periphrasis/circumlocution/ambage
_n. any circuitous mode of expression

vernacular
a. spoken or written in a vernacular or patois

vilification/traducement/smear/obloquy/malignment/denigration/defamation/calumny/calumniation/aspersion
n. any mendacious, malicious accusation or misrepresentation of someone's actions or speech intended to besmirch their reputation
_libel
_n. written defamation
_slander/calumny
_n. verbal defamation

vilify/traduce/smear/malign/denigrate/defame/calumniate/asperse
v. to maliciously communicate false, damaging statements regarding someone or something, esp. to mar their reputation
_libel
_v. to traduce someone in print
_slander
_v. to calumniate someone viva voce

vituperative/vitriolic/virulent/trenchant/stinging/sharp/searing/scorching/scathing/pungent/pointed/peppery/mordant/mordacious/invective/incisive/cutting/caustic/blistering/bitter/biting/astringent/acrimonious/acrid/acidulous/acidulent/acerb(ic)
a. harshly critical or insulting

vivid/graphic
a. (of an account) conveying or evoking the accuracy, clarity, freshness and realism of immediate experience

voluble/talkative/loquacious
a. disposed to profuse speaking
_garrulous
_a. exceedingly talkative, esp. regarding trivial matters

zinger/witticism/sally/quip/jeu d'esprit/jest/facetia/crack/bon mot (pl. zingers/witticisms/sallies/quips/jeux d'esprit/jests/facetiae/cracks/bons mots)
n. a witty, usu. amusing remark


==CONDITIONS==

aberration/abnormality/anomaly/irregularity/peculiarity
n. deviation from a normal or common order, type, form or rule
_pathology
_n. any (mental, social, etc.) condition divergent from that deemed normal or healthy

abject/crummy/miserable/sorry/wretched
a. suffering an appallingly unfortunate and often hopeless or humiliating condition or circumstances

abeyance/caesura/cesura/interval/pause/suspension
n. temporary cessation or inactivity

ablaze/afire/aflame/alight/ardent/blazing/burning/fervent/fervid/flagrant/flaming/fiery/inflamed/ignited
a. on fire; emitting flames

abound/crawl/pullulate/swarm/teem
v. (of a place) to be abundant or supernumerary with animals, people, plants, vehicles, etc.

absolution/acquittal/exoneration/pardon/release/remission/remittal
n. formal discharge from duty, guilt, obligation, penalty or punishment

abyss/chasm/divergence/divide/division/gap/gulf
n. a broad, often irreconcilable difference or division of perspective or situations between people or groups, which often engenders tension or hostility

accepted/authoritative/canonic(al)/established/recognized/standard
a. predominantly or officially accepted as reliably accurate or true
_definitive
_a. standard and complete

accompanying/associated/associative/attendant/collateral/concomitant/connected/related
a. existing or occurring in accompaniment or association with something else
_attended/fraught
_a. accompanied by a condition or element, as peril

_correlate(d)/correlative
_a. reciprocally or mutually related, so that each implies the other

accord/agree/check/coincide/conform/consist/consort/correspond/equate/fit/harmonize/jibe/match/mesh/parallel/square/suit/tally
v. to be consistent or compatible in accounts or characteristics
_cohere/consist
_v. to be logically or aesthetically connected and therefore consistent

acme/apex/apogee/apotheosis/climax/crest/crown/culmination/height/meridian/ne plus ultra/peak/pinnacle/prime/summit/tiptop/top/zenith
n. the highest point or stage of development, quality or achievement at which something is best, perfect or successful

advancing/afoot/progressing/underway
a., av. currently in active progress

adventitious/exogenic/exogenous/exterior/external/extraneous/extrinsic/outside
a. originating externally

adynamia/debilitation/debility/enervation/enfeeblement/faintness/feebleness/incapacitation/infirmity/languor/prostration/weakness
n. a dearth of strength or vitality
_exhaustion/fatigue/frazzle/lassitude/prostration/tiredness/weariness
_n. deprivation of energy or strength consequent of exhaustive activity, as labor
__inanition
__n. exhaustion resulting from a lack of nourishment

adynamic/debilitated/devitalized/enervate(d)/enfeebled/etiolated/faint/feeble/incapacitated/infirm/prostrate/weak(ened)
a. bereft or deprived of strength or vigor
_bushed/drained/effete/exhausted/fatigued/frazzled/jaded/lassate/prostrate/spent/tired/wearied/weary/worn
a. depleted of energy and physical strength or mental resources sequent to some formidable or protracted toil, and requiring sleep
_sapped
_a. gradually, often insidiously weakened

ail
v. to be ill or unwell

ajar
a., av. slightly open

ambulant/ambulatory/itinerant/itinerating/journeying/locomoting/peregrinating/peripatetic/traveling/wending
a. moving about
_afoot*/ambulant/ambulatory/peregrinating/peripatetic/walking
_a., *av. [traveling] on foot
__noctambulant
__a. nocturnally peripatetic
_divagating/drifting/erratic/expatiating/extravagant/extravagating/fugitive/maundering/meandering/migrant/migratory/oberrating/pererrating/rambling/ranging/roaming/roving/straying/vagrant/wandering
_a. locomoting without purpose, plan or destination
__errant/roaming/roving
__a. drifting in search of adventure
__extravagating
__a. straying beyond a border
__migrant/migratory/nomadic/vagabond/vagrant
__a. wandering while homeless
__mundivagant
__a. roving globally
__noctivagant/noctivagous
__a. divagating during the night
_meandering
_a. traveling on a devious or anfractuous course

amorphous/formless/shapeless/unformed/unshaped
a. having neither definite form nor distinct shape

anomy/anomie/anomia
n. (of an individual, group or society) an absence of social, moral or ethical values

arduous/hard/labored/laborious/strenuous
a. exerting tremendous effort

attached/colligated/conjoined/connected/copulate/coupled/joined/linked/united/yoked
a. physically connected by a link, as railway cars

attachment/colligation/conjugation/conjunction/connection/connectivity/junction/juncture/link/union/yoke
n. the state of being joined together

attendant/consequent/consequential/ensuant/ensuing/following/resultant/resulting/sequent
a. occurring or produced as an effect or result
_incident(al)
_a. likely to occur in consequence

attingent/contiguous/tangent/touching
a. in physical contact with something else

barefoot/discalced
a. vestured of no footwear

bastard(ly)/illegitimate/misbegot(ten)/natural/spurious
a. born to unwed parents

become/befit/beseem/fit/suit
v. to be appropriate to someone or something's circumstance, constitution, gravitas, stature, etc.

bedlam/brouhaha/chaos/clutter/commotion/confusion/disorder/disruption/disturbance/havoc/jumble/maelstrom/mayhem/pandemonium/pother/stir/storm/turbulence/turmoil/upheaval/welter
n. a state of violent, wild, confused disorder or agitation
_ballyhoo/clatter/hubbub/hullabaloo/ruckus/ruction/rumpus/tumult/uproar
_n. a clamant commotion

beggar
v. to exceed someone's or something's resources, limits or faculties

bereft/deprived/destitute/immiserated/impoverished/indigent/necessitous/needy/pauperized/penniless/penurious/poor
a. lacking necessaries; poverty-stricken

bespeak/betoken/denote/designate/indicate/mean/portend/signify
v. to be an indication, sign or symptom of

binding [on, upon one to]/compulsory [to]/imperative [that]/incumbent [on, upon]/mandatory [that]/necessary [to]/obligatory [on, that]/required [that]
a. required as a duty or responsibility

blameworthy/culpable/guilty/peccant/sinful
a. responsible for an iniquity

blemished/blotched/blotted/imbrued/maculate(d)/spotted/stained
a. (esp. of fabric) marked with colored or dirty patches that are difficult or impossible to eliminate

broken/dead/down/inoperable/inoperative/kaput
a. (esp. of devices) not functioning
_defective/down/faulty/malfunctioning
_a. inadequately performing an intended or expected function
__temperamental
__a. working with erratic, unpredictable inconsistency and consequently unreliable

burning/clamant/dire/exigent/imperative/imperious/necessitous/pressing/urgent
a. demanding or requiring immediate action, aid, attention or resolution, as an emergency

call for/compel/demand/exact/force/necessitate/oblige/require
v. (of circumstances or imperative) to impose action or obligation as requisite

cancellation/revocation
n. the state of being cancelled

causeless/uncaused
a. occurring or existing without cause or apparent cause
_spontaneous
_a. happening without evident external cause

ceaseless/constant/continual/continuous/incessant/nonstop/perpetual/relentless/steady/sustained/unbroken/unceasing/uninterrupted/unrelenting/unremitting
a. acting, functioning or occurring continuously without pause or slack

celebrity/fame/popularity/renown
n. a state of being widely known to many in a locality, region, nation, culture, etc.
_celebrity/distinction/eminence/fame/greatness/honor/illustriousness/popularity/renown/reputation
_n. widespread (local, regional, national, cultural, etc.) repute
__preeminence
__n. incomparable renown

chance/odds/outlook/likelihood/probability
n. the likeliness that a future event will occur
_prospect
_n. any probability of success

of choice/favored/preferred
a. esteemed with partiality: admired, appreciated or enjoyed above others
_favorite/preferent
_a. preferred excusively beyond any other or others

chosen/elected/picked/preferred
a. selected in preference, esp. in lieu of others

common/predominant/prevailing/prevalent/rampant/rife/widespread
a. accepted, existing, occurring or practiced frequently and prominently in an area or culture, or during a particular period
_omnipresent/ubiquitous/universal
_a. found or existing everywhere

compose/comprise/constitute/form/make
v. (of constituents) to be part or the entirety of something

comprehend/comprise/contain/embody/embrace/encompass/include/incorporate
v. to possess (classes, components, elements or members) as part or parts of something larger
_comprehend/encompass/include
_v. to contain something in its entirety, often as part of a broader purview
__cover/span
__v. to encompass a particular ambit

comprise/consist (of)/contain/embody
v. to be composed of

conditional [on]/contingent [on, of]/dependant [on, of]/depending [on]/determined [by]/hinging [on]/incident [to]/resting [on]/subject [to]
a. occurring or existing if certain future conditions or resultant circumstances materialize

connote/entail/implicate/imply/import/involve/mean/necessitate
v. (of an action, activity or condition) to occasion or impose as a logical or necessary circumstance, condition, concomitance or consequence

constraint/control/inhibition/limitation/repression/restraint/restriction/suppression
n. any condition by which someone or something is restricted or subject to the imposition of limitations

contentedness/eudaemonia/wellbeing
n. a contented state of happiness, good health, prosperity and comfort

contingence/contingency
n. a condition of being dependent on some event or action

contingent/possible/uncertain
a. of that which may occur yet can't be presaged with surety

correlate
v. to relate reciprocally or mutually

cosignatory
a. signing collectively

crapulous/crapulent
a. indisposed or suffering ensuant to gross intemperance of cibarious or alcoholic consumption

crowded/serried
a. (of people) pressed together

cumulative/accumulative/accretive
a. increasing or growing by successive addition

dangerous/dicey/hazardous/parlous/perilous/risky/treacherous/unsafe
a. fraught with uncertainty and some risk of harm or death
_precarious/treacherous
_a. dangerously insecure or unsteady, esp. if liable to fall

dead/deceased/departed/expired/late/perished
a. not living; no longer alive
_dying/moribund/terminal
_a. on the verge of death; breathing one's last

decrepitude/dilapidation
n. a state of deterioration ensuant of old age or long use

denote/image/import/mark/mean/represent/signify/symbolize/type/typify
v. to constitute a symbol of

depletion/exhaustion
a. a state whereby a supply or resource has been wholly consumed

despoliation
n. a state whereby a person or group have been reaved of possessions, esp. by a mob

designate
a. appointed to but not yet installed in office

detached/disconnected/disjoined/disjunct/disunited/parted/separated/severed/unattached/unconnected
a. not joined together: set or taken apart

detachment/disconnectedness/disconnection/disjunction/disjuncture/disseverance/disseverment/disunion/inconnection/parting/separation/severalty/severance
n. a state of being disconnected

detriment/harm/injury
n. the state of being harmed or damaged

differ/vary
v. to be different from one another

difference/disparity/dissimilarity/distinction/unlikeness/variance
n. the state of being neither similar nor equivalent to another or others
_contradiction/contrariety/discrepance/discrepancy/incompatibility/incongruence/inconsistency/variance
_n. a difference between conflicting claims, facts or opinions

disambiguation
n. clarification resulting from the removal of ambiguity

disappearing/evanescent/vanishing
a. fading (usu. apace) from sight, memory or existence

disgrace/dishonor/disrepute/ignominy/infamy/shame
n. a loss of respect, honor or esteem
_odium/opprobrium
_n. disgrace arising from despicable, shameful conduct
_obloquy
_n. dishonor ensuant to public censure or calumny

disparity/inequality
n. a lack of equality

downtrodden/oppressed/repressed/subdued/subjugated/tyrannized
a. cruelly or unjustly suppressed by any authoritarian class or entity

dysania
n. a condition in which rising from bed is difficult

eclat
n. exceptional or blatant success

elected/elective
a. selected or appointed by a vote
_elect
_a. elected though not yet inducted to office

eleemosynary
a. dependent on charity
a. supported by or subsisting on charity

embody/epitomize/image/impersonate/incarnate/incorporate/personify
v. (of someone or something) to reflect or represent an abstraction, attribute, ethos, principle, sentiment, spirit, etc.

entire/intact/inviolate/pristine/pure/sound/unblemished/undamaged/undefiled/unharmed/unhurt/unimpaired/uninjured/unmarred/unscathed/unspoiled/unspoilt/unsullied/untouched/virgin/whole
a. free or safe from violation, desecration, injury or damage

epitomize/exemplify/image/represent/typify
v. to be an example of a group or sort by manifesting or possessing its integral characteristics

equality/equation/equipollence/equipollency/equivalence/equivalency/parity
n. a state of having the same value, status, significance, function, force, amount, etc. as another or others
_coequality/equality/equity/parity
_n. functional or occupational equality

extant/surviving
a. still in existence; neither destroyed nor extinct

exterior/external/extrinsic/outside
a. existing outside
a. acting or operating from without

exterior/external/outer/outside
a. located beyond a boundary or enclosure

extramural
n. happening or conducted beyond the premises or courses of a college or university

fissiparous
a. (of unicellular organisms) reproducing by fission

flowing/fluent/streaming
a. (of fluids) in motion
_effluent/outflowing
_a. flowing out or forth
_influent/inflowing
_a. flowing in or into

(state of) flux
n. a condition of dubiety concerning progress prior to action or the institution of a new order (usu. ensuing a significant event) 

forcible/vigorous
a. achieved or implemented by (usu. physical) force

forfeit(ed)/confiscate(d)
a. punitorily seized or surrendered

functional/functioning/operable/operational/operating/operative/working
a. able to serve a purpose or perform a function

immobile/motionless/quiescent/static/stationary/still/unmoving
a. not moving

impecuniousness/pennilessness
n. a state in which one lacks money

impulsive
a. (of a physical force or forces) acting fugaciously, even momentarily

inaction/inactiveness/inactivity/inertia/stasis
n. a state whereby neither activity nor attendant change transpires
_dormancy/quiescence/quiescency
_n. quiet inaction

incumbent
a. (of an official) presently holding an office

independent/substantive
a. existing or functioning without another or others; neither subordinate nor collective

inert
a. possessing neither inherent power of nor resistance to influence of mobility

infrangible/inviolable
a. never to be violated, transgressed, profaned, infringed or dishonored

inhere/reside
v. to be inherent in something; to belong intrinsically and essentially

insularism/insulation/isolation/seclusion/segregation/sequestration
n. a state of being alone and detached from other people or things

intermural
n. engaged by or occurring between multiple institutions

intramural
n. transpiring or performed in an (usu. educational) institution

inversion
n. assumption of a gender role traditionally assigned to the opposite sex

isolated/segregated/separated/sequestered/sequestrated
a. set or kept apart from others

manqué*/unfulfilled/unsuccessful
a. (*postpositive) stymied in essay or enterprises to realize one's ambition

mean/medium/middle
n. a state intermediate between extremes

moribund/stagnant/stagnating/static
a. neither progressing nor developing attendant to inactivity or neglect

nascent/incipient/inchoate/inceptive/emerging/emergent/beginning
a. commencing existence, and thusly germinal or unformed

nihility/nonexistence/nothingness/nullity
n. an absence or cessation of existence or life

novitiate
n. a state wherein one is a tyro of a vocation or religious order

open/outstanding/pending/undecided/undetermined/unsettled
a. awaiting conclusion, confirmation, decision, resolution or settlement

perfunctory
a. (of a task or function) done routinely, with minimal if any effort or reflection

plenitude/plenteousness/plentifulness/plentitude
n. a condition of being full or complete

plurality
n. the state of being plural
_dualism/duality/duplicity
_n. any dual or twofold state

possibly/perhaps/perchance/peradventure/mayhap/maybe/conceivably
av. it's possible or conceivable, though uncertain that; by chance

postremogeniture/ultimogeniture
n. the condition of being the lastborn of a parity

postulate/precondition/prerequisite/requirement/requisite/sine qua non
n. something required as a prior condition for a subsequent occurence or existence

prefigure/anticipate
v. to be a forerunner or prior version of something not yet created or introduced

primogeniture
n. the state of being a firstborn offspring, esp. to the same parents as one's siblings

propriety
n. a condition of being right, proper or fitting

Pyrrhic
a. (of a victory) countervailed by staggering losses, esp. those commensurable of the defeated party

rapport/intimacy/friendship/comradeship/companionship/camaraderie/bond
n. a harmonious, sympathetic relationship of mutual, empathic understanding

reclamation/reclaim/redemption/reformation
n. a state of moral rehabilitation

regent
a. acting or functioning as substitute for an absent sovereign

renascent/resurgent/reviving
a. repairing to new activity, popularity or prevalence subsequent to a period of dormancy or unpopularity

repeated/recurring/recurrent/perennial
a. done or occurring repeatedly
_frequent/continual
_a. recurring often
_quotidian/everyday/diurnal/daily
_a. recurring every day
_nightly
_a. happening every night
_novennial
_a. recurring every ninth year

reprieve/respite
n. temporary relief from harm or discomfort

similitude/similarity/semblance/resemblance/likeness/correspondence/comparability/affinity
n. the state of being or appearing alike

sober
a. neither drunk nor affected by any other drug

somnolence/sleepiness/drowsiness
n. a very sleepy state

soporific/somnolent/snoozy/slumberous/sleepy/drowsy/dozy
a. needing, prone or fit to sleep

spurned/snubbed/shunned/scorned/rejected/rebuffed
a. suddenly or contemptuously dismissed
_jilted/dumped
_a. abruptly rebuffed by a lover

stature/repute/reputation/prestige/note/honor/greatness/eminence/distinction/cachet
n. a high degree of respect, importance or influence proceeding from some impressive development or achievement
_reputation/renown/popularity/illustriousness/honor/greatness/fame/eminence/distinction/celebrity
_n. widespread (local, regional, national, cultural, etc.) repute
__preeminence
__n. incomparable renown

sublimate(d)/refined/purified
a. (of a substance) cleansed of impurities

subsist/live/exist/be
v. to possess objective existence or reality

thriving/prospering/flourishing
a. realizing success or progress

torpor/torpidness/torpidity/listlessness/lethargy/lassitude/languor
n. dull, often drowsy sluggishness attending a dearth of energy

tranquility/still(ness)/serenity/rest/repose/relaxation/quiet(ude)/peace(fulness)/calm(ness)
n. a restful condition entailing an absence of tension, stress, anxiety or activity

tricky/touchy/ticklish/thorny/tender/sticky/sensitive/prickly/delicate/awkward
a. (of a situation) easily upset, consequently difficult to manage and necessitating discreet tact, prowess or diplomacy

unbid(den)/uninvited
a. not invited, as to one's home

unchaste
a. sexually experienced; not vestal

vacuity/vacancy/senselessness/pointlessness/mindlessness/inanity
n. a total absence of meaning, ideas or intelligence

vacuity/vacuum/void
n. the absence of matter

virtually/practically/nigh/nearly/near/almost
av. not quite attained, completed, implemented, realized, etc.

virtuous/virgin(al)/vestal/pure/chaste
a. in a state of sexual virginity

want/privation/poverty/penury/pauperization/pauperism/pauperdom/neediness/need/indigence/impoverishment/hardship/destitution/deprivation/beggary
n. a severe lack of necessaries such as food, money, material possessions or means of support

windy/windswept
a. exposed to winds

workable/viable/realizable/practicable/possible/feasible/executable/attainable
a. capable of being accomplished or realized
_reifiable
_a. capable of being realized as something concrete or manifest

wretchedness/woe/trouble/tribulation/trial/rigor/misery/hardship/discomfort/asperity/affliction/adversity
n. a condition or circumstance of extreme difficulty, distress or suffering that tests forbearance or endurance


==COUNTENANCE==

agape/gaping
a. with one's mouth wide open, as in astonishment or awe

askance/askant/asquint
av. with a sidelong or oblique glance

aspect/countenance/(facial) expression/visage
n. an appearance effected by a facial gesture that registers a particular reaction, mood or emotion

blushing/erubescent/florid/flushed/glowing/red/rosy/rubescent/rubicund/ruddy/sanguine
a. red of complexion, suggesting fervency or exertion

frown/lour/lower/scowl
v. to contract one's brows and turn down the edges of one's mouth to convey anger, indignation or sullen discontent
n. a frowning countenance

gape
n. a staring, open-mouthed expression radiating astonishment

glare/glower
v. to stare with an angry or saturnine countenance
n. a sore or sour stare

grimace
n. an ugly, contorted countenance expressing pain, disgust or wry amusement
v. to contort one's face so to indicate a negative mental or emotional state

leer/ogle
v. to stare suggestively or obliquely, esp. with libidinous intent; to glance or gaze with a sly, malign, immodest or lecherous expression
n. a cunning, fresh or lusty aspect

pout
v. to express disapproval or petulance by projecting one's lips

pout/moue
n. a sullen protrusion of the lips emanating annoyance or distaste

smilet
n. a small smile

sneer
v. to smile contemptuously, as by curling one's upper lip; to express contempt or scorn with a smile
n. a jeering visage of a curled upper lip

white/wan/pallid/pale/colorless/bloodless/blanched/ashen
a. (of one's complexion) unnaturally deficient of color, indicating emotional distress, physical malady or lassitude

wry/distorted/contorted
a. (of facial features) twisted to exude disgust, disappointment or annoyance


==DISPOSITION & DEPORTMENT==

abandoned/debauched/dissipated/dissolute/fast/intemperate/jaded/nice/overindulgent/profligate/unregenerate/wanton
a. indulging and often corrupted by a nimiety of sensual pleasures

abstemious/restrained/temperate
a. observing prudent moderation, esp. in regard to consumption of food and drink
_dry/sober
_a. free of alcoholism; abstemious in one's consumption of alcohol
__teetotal
__a. eschewing alcoholic beverages entirely

acerbity/acrimony/bitterness/jaundice/virulence
n. a harsh, bitter demeanor

acquisitive/avaricious/avid/covetous/esurient/grabbing/grabby/grasping/greedy/prehensile/rapacious
a. ardently, immoderately desirous to obtain wealth or possessions
_covetous
_a. esurient for the property of others
__envious/jaundiced/jealous
__a. discontentedly or resentfully covetous

acquisitiveness/avarice/avariciousness/avaritia/avidity/covetousness/cupidity/greed/rapacity
n. an insatiable, reprehensible lust for wealth or property, especially in gross excess of that needed or deserved
_covetousness/pleonexia/pleonexy
_n. cupidity for the property of another or others

acquit/act/bear/behave/carry/comport/conduct/deport/quit
v. to behave in a certain manner, esp. when interacting with others

adamant/constant/decided/decisive/determined/dogged/firm/immovable/inflexible/intent/intractable/mulish/obdurate/obstinate/persevering/persistent/persisting/pertinacious/purposeful/resolute/resolved/rocky/set/stable/stalwart/staunch/steadfast/steady/stiff/stubborn/tenacious/unfaltering/unrelenting/unwavering/unyielding
a. fixed firmly in intention or purpose: undeviating from a course of action
_balky/restive
_a. liable to stop and obstinately refuse to proceed, as a mule or pettish child
_clamorous/importunate/strident/urgent
_a. persistent in entreaty, esp. to a point wherein annoyance is provoked or intrusion imposed
_headstrong/perverse/wayward/willful
_a. intractably intent on doing or having whatever one pleases, notwithstanding consequence
_pigheaded
_a. stupidly obstinate

adamant/decided/decisive/determined/firm/immovable/inflexible/intractable/intransigent/mulish/obdurate/obstinate/persevering/pertinacious/resolute/rocky/stalwart/staunch/steadfast/steady/stubborn/uncompromising/unfaltering/unregenerate/unrelenting/unwavering/unyielding
a. unshakably adherent to a conviction, opinion, position or principle
_calcified/fossilized/ossified/rigid/set/unregenerate/unyielding
_a. intractably adherent to a convention, habitude or perspective; resistant to change
_immovable/implacable/inexorable/obdurate/relentless/unappeasable/unrelenting
_a. not to be placated or persuaded by request or obsecration
_pigheaded
_a. stupidly obstinate

adverse/aggressive/antagonistic/antipathetic(al)/churlish/hostile/inimical/oppugnant/rancorous/surly/unfriendly/virulent
a. not friendly: characterized by or actuated to enmity

affection/bent/disposition/inclination/leaning/ply/predisposition/tendency
n. a tendency to behave, feel or think a certain way
_affection/fondness/inclination/liking/partiality/predilection/preference/propensity/taste
_n. a tendency favoring something or someone, esp. in lieu of others
__affinity
__n. a natural predilection
__fancy
__n. a capricious and usu. sudden liking
__love/penchant
__n. a strong, especial fondness
__weakness
__n. a self-indulgent partiality
_penchant
_n. a powerful, distinct disposition
_proclivity/propensity
_n. an inherent inclination

agreeable/amenable/biddable/compliant/conformable/docile/gentle/meek/obedient/submissive/supple/tame/tractable/yielding
a. disposed to compliance or consent
_acquiescent
_a. implicitly submissive
_abject/meek/obsequious/servile/slavish/subservient/supple
_a. excessively, often pathetically or miserably obedient
__bootlicking/fawning/groveling/obsequious/servile/sycophantic/toadying/toadyish
__a. subservient in an ingratiating and fulsome manner, usu. to win favor and obtain advantage
__maritorious
__a. obsessively obsequious to one's husband
__uxorious
__a. (usu. affectionately) servile to one's wife

alacritous/animate/animated/bouncy/bubbly/crisp/effervescent/energetic/feisty/lively/lusty/mercurial/peppy/perky/pert/racy/sparkling/spirited/sprightly/spunky/vibrant/vigorous/vital/vivacious/warm/zippy
a. behaving in a manner expressive of one's copious (cheery, enthusiastic, forceful, etc.) energy
_ebullient/exuberant
_a. uninhibitedly vivacious

alacrity/animacy/animation/bounce/bubbliness/brio/effervescence/effervescency/elan/energy/esprit/feistiness/liveliness/pep/peppiness/perkiness/pertness/sparkle/spirit/spiritedness/sprightliness/spunk/verve/vibrance/vibrancy/vigor/vim/vitality/vivaciousness/vivacity/zing/zip
n. a personality's abundantly energetic cheer, force, gusto, etc.
_ebullience/exuberance/exuberancy
_n. unreserved verve

allure(ment)/appeal/attraction/attractiveness/charm/enticement/fascination/lure/magnetism/pull
n. the power to please, entice or attract with beauty or charisma

aloof/cool/distant/remote/unapproachable/upstage/withdrawn
a. neither friendly nor loquacious; coolly reserved and unsociable

ambivalent/dithering/doubtful/dubious/hesitant/indecisive/infirm/irresolute/oscillating/tentative/torn/uncertain/undecided/unsettled/unsure/vacillating/waffling/wavering
a. incapable of resolving one's opinion or choosing a course of action

angelic(al)/beatific/clean/decent/ethical/good/honest/honorable/just/moral/noble/pure/righteous/sainted/saintlike/saintly/sinless/uncorrupted/undefiled/unsullied/upright/upstanding/virtuous
a. morally excellent; possessing or manifesting immaculate virtue

anthropophagous/cannibalistic
a. (of humans) inclined to ingest human flesh

antipathetic(al)/averse/disinclined/indisposed/loath/loth/reluctant/unwilling
a. opposed [to]; neither willing nor eager to do something

apathetic/careless/disinterested/indifferent/insensible/perfunctory/unconcerned/uninterested/uninvolved
a. cumbered by neither interest nor concern
_blase
_a. indifferent or bored in consequence of exhaustive experience, indulgence or observation
_blithe/callous/careless/heartless/heedless/inconsiderate/insensible/insensitive/offhand/thoughtless/uncaring/unfeeling/unkind/unthinking
_a. disagreeably, often rudely indifferent to the needs, feelings or sensibilities of others
_blithe/casual/cavalier/cool/insouciant/nonchalant/offhand
_a. casually disinterested; coolly apathetic
_degage/detached/dispassionate/passionless
_a. emotionally indifferent or removed, and thus objective and impartial
_madcap/reckless/temerarious
_a. careless of (often dicey) consequences

apathetic/expressionless/impassive/inexpressive/passionless/phlegmatic(al)/stolid/stony/undemonstrative/unemotional/unexpressive
a. exhibiting or comporting oneself with little or no emotion

aplomb/composure/cool/equanimity/equilibrium/phlegm/poise/repose/sangfroid/self-possession/temper
n. calm, confident mental and emotional self-control, esp. in a state of pressure or tension

apologetic/compunctious/contrite/penitent/regretful/remorseful/repentant/rueful/sorry
a. expressing distress, sorrow and regret for one's sins or malefactions

apt/disposed/given/inclined/liable/minded/predisposed/prone/subject/tending/willing
a. (usually followed by "to") naturally or favorably compelled to think, act or perform in a particular way

argumentative/cantankerous/confrontational/contentious/controversial/disputatious/disputative/dissentious/eristic(al)/feisty/pugnacious/quarrelsome
a. disposed to dispute or disagree, esp. so to provoke argument
_eristic(al)
_a. disputative for the sake of argument or prevalence thereof; often employing specious arguments to attain this end

arrogance/assumption/conceit/egoism/egotism/hubris/immodesty/narcissism/pride/vainglory/vanity
n. inflated, inordinate, overbearing self-regard or presumption
_condescension/haughtiness/hauteur/loftiness/lordliness/pride/sniffiness/snobbery/snobbiness/snobbishness/snootiness/superciliousness/superiority/swagger
_n. overbearing, intolerable pride manifest as disdain or disregard for others

arrogant/boastful/cocksure/cocky/conceited/egotistic(al)/immodest/narcissistic/proud/vain/vainglorious
a. exhibiting undue, magnified, often insufferable pride and self-esteem
_cavalier/condescending/grand/haughty/lofty/lordly/patronizing/proud/sniffy/snobbish/snobby/snooty/snotty/supercilious/superior/swaggering/uppish/uppity
_a. contemptuously, condescendingly proud: emanating arrogant, dismissive disdain in conviction of one's superiority

artless/green/guileless/ingenuous/innocent/naif/naive/simple/unguarded/unsophisticated/unworldly
a. characterized by or exuding credulity, unaffected simplicity and a dearth of guile or wordly experience

askance/askant/distrustfully/mistrustingly/suspiciously
av. with an attitude of cautious, uncertain speculation

application/assiduity/assiduousness/care/conscientiousness/diligence/industriousness/operosity/sedulity/sedulousness/thoroughness
n. constant and attentive effort, as to a task or endeavor

assiduous/careful/conscientious/diligent/industrious/operose/painstaking/sedulous/thorough
a. exerting or characterized by heedful and unremitting effort

atrabiliar/atrabilious/bilious/bitchy/cantankerous/choleric/crabbed/crabby/cranky/crotchety/dyspeptic/feisty/fractious/frampold/fretful/grouchy/grumpy/hasty/hotheaded/irascible/irritable/liverish/nettlesome/ornery/peckish/peevish/peppery/perverse/pettish/prickly/splenetic/temperamental/testy/tetchy/touchy/waspish
a. prone to anger or annoyance; often rankled by nugatory matters
_petulant
_a. abruptly, capriciously, often childishly saturnine or splenetic

atrabiliousness/bile/biliousness/bitchiness/choler/crabbiness/crankiness/dander/feistiness/fractiousness/fretfulness/grouchiness/grumpiness/irascibility/irritability/liverishness/orneriness/peckishness/peevishness/pepperiness/perversity/pettishness/prickliness/spleen/temper/testiness/tetchiness/touchiness/waspishness
n. a disposition of agitated anger
_petulance/petulancy
_n. sudden, whimsical, usu. immature choler

atrocious/barbaric/barbarous/beastly/brutal/brutish/cruel/ferocious/fiendish/flagitious/harsh/horrible/immane/inhuman/mean/monstrous/sadistic/savage/truculent/vicious
a. liable to deliberately or apathetically inflict suffering upon others

attitude/bearing/behavior/comportment/conduct/countenance/demeanor/deportment/manner/mien
n. the way in which one behaves and conducts oneself, esp. in radiation of their character or immediate temper
_custom/habit/habitude/way/wont
_n. an inveterate demeanor or leaning

audacious/bodacious/bold/brave/courageous/daring/doughty/feisty/gallant/gutsy/gutty/hardy/heroic/lionhearted/mettlesome/nervy/plucky/skookum/spunky/stouthearted/unflinching/unshrinking/valiant/valorous
a. steadfastly confident and resolute when confronting challenge, danger or fear
_adventuresome/adventurous/audacious/daring/venturesome/venturous
_a. inclined to brave risk or assay difficult or unusual enterprises
_audacious/dauntless/fearless/intrepid/undaunted
_a. utterly courageous; impervious to deterrence, fear or intimidation
_audacious/foolhardy/temerarious
_a. impetuously brave

audacity/boldness/bravery/courage/daring/feistiness/gallantry/hardiness/heart/heroism/lionheartedness/mettle/nerve/pluck/spunk/stoutheartedness/valiance/valor
n. determined readiness to confront danger, difficulty or risk without or in spite of fear
_audacity/dauntlessness/fearlessness/intrepidity
_n. a categoric immunity to discouragement, fear or intimidation
_audacity/temerity
_n. rash daring

austere/dour/grim/relentless/rigid/rigorous/severe/stern/strict/unbending/unsparing
a. harshly and inflexibly assertive of authority, the exercise of discipline and observance of rules

bananas/bats/batty/berserk/bonkers/buggy/certifiable/cracked/crackers/crazed/crazy/cuckoo/demented/deranged/disturbed/dotty/gaga/insane/loco/loony/loopy/lunatic/mad/meshuga/non compos mentis/nuts/nutso/nutty/screwy/unbalanced/unhinged/wacko/wacky
a. mentally ill, maladjusted or otherwise unsound, and consequently impaired of normal perception or comportment and incapable of safe or lucid interaction
_psycho/psychopathic/psychotic
_a. afflicted by a severe, chronic mental disorder severely distorting one's perception and apprehension of reality
_schizophrenic/schizoid
_a. suffering from a mental disorder characterized by delusion, hallucination and a withdrawal from reality
_touched
_a. slightly crazy

barefaced/impenitent/obdurate/remorseless/shameless/unabashed/unapologetic/unashamed/unblushing/uncontrite/unregenerate/unrepentant/unrepenting
a. expressing neither remorse nor guilt for one's malefactions

baseness/degeneracy/depravity/folly/immorality/iniquity/turpitude/villainy/wickedness
n. a deviation from moral or spiritual values; an aversion to rectitude

bashful/chary/coy/demure/diffident/farouche/modest/mousy/nice/shy/timid/timorous
a. reticent, hesitant or quietly anxious for a dearth of confidence or assurance
_private/retiring/withdrawn
_a. shy and fond of solitude; avoiding contact or interaction with others

bellicose/belligerent/combative/pugnacious/truculent
a. apt or avid to fight

benevolent/benign/benignant/gentle/good/goodhearted/gracious/humane/kind/kindhearted/kindly/mansuete/meek/nice/tenderhearted/warm/warmhearted
a. inclined or seeking to help or be good to others
_affable/amiable/approachable/benevolent/benign/congenial/cordial/friendly/genial/gentle/kind/nice/warm/warmhearted
_a. pleasantly kind, as a friend would be
__affable/approachable
__a. gratifyingly easy to converse or consort with
_bounteous/bountiful/freehanded/generous/handsome/kind/lavish/liberal/munificent/openhanded/prodigal/unselfish/unsparing/unstinting
_a. inclined to give or share with others, often in large amounts
_caring/compassionate/empathetic/empathic/gracious/kind/kindhearted/kindly/sympathetic/tenderhearted/warm/warmhearted
_a. tending to feel and exhibit solicitude or sorrow regarding the troubles of others
_cheerful/generous/magnanimous/ungrudging
_a. generous in forgiveness; loth to sustain a grudge

blemish/failing/fault/flaw/frailty/shortcoming/weakness
n. any moral defect of one's character
_fault/foible/vice/weakness
_n. a minor failing

bounteousness/bounty/freehandedness/generosity/largess(e)/lavishness/liberality/munificence/openhandedness/prodigality
n. a disposition which prompts one to give to or share with others

brainish/foolhardy/hotheaded/impetuous/improvident/madcap/precipitant/precipitate/precipitous/rash/sudden/temerarious
a. acting or given to act without sufficient deliberation, esp. in concern of consequence
_brainish/impulsive/madcap/precipitant
_a. (usu. suddenly) thoughtlessly subject to action actuated by megrim
_madcap/reckless/temerarious
_a. careless of (often dicey) consequences

foolhardiness/impetuosity/impetuousness/improvidence/rashness/precipitateness/precipitousness/temerariousness
n. an inclination to act without due reflection
_impulsiveness/impulsivity
_n. provoked by impulse instead of mentation
_recklessness/temerariousness
_n. indifference regarding consequence

brooding/broody/dour/farouche/glowering/glum/grumpy/moody/moping/morose/pouting/saturnine/sour/sulky/sullen
a. exuding an irascibly gloomy or sardonic temperament

buffoonery/clowning/harlequinade/japery
n. desipient yet jocose, comic and esp. animated behavior

buoyant/cheerful/cheery/genial/glad/jolly/lighthearted/merry/upbeat
a. posessing or emanating a pleasantly happy humor
_sanguine
_a. merrily optimistic

cagey/canny/careful/cautious/chary/circumspect/discreet/guarded/nonconfrontational/politic/prudent/tactful/wary
a. cautiously judicious of deportment or expression, esp. to attain an advantage or preclude affront, danger, detriment or contretemps

calm/degage/halcyon/limpid/placid/relaxed/secure/serene/tranquil/unflustered/unperturbed/unruffled/untroubled
a. free from tension, anxiety or agitation; at ease

calm(ness)/peace/placidity/repose/relaxation/security/serenity/tranquility
n. a disposition free from stress or severe emotion

captious/carping/censorious/hypercritical/overcritical
a. predisposed to detect and object to (usu. minor or trivial) faults

careless/derelict/forgetful/heedless/inadvertent/inattentive/neglectful/negligent/remiss/slack/thoughtless/unmindful/unthinking
a. applying inadequate attention and care to one's responsibilities, as of work or duty

character/decency/goodness/honesty/honor/integrity/morality/nobility/probity/rectitude/righteousness/scrupulousness/uprightness/virtue/virtuousness
n. confirmed, unshakable moral excellence by virtue of principled morality and sincerity

charity/clemency/grace/lenience/leniency/lenity/mercy/quarter
n. mercifulness proceeding from tolerance or compassion in concern of one or those whom one is sanctioned to judge, chasten, punish or harm

chary/dainty/fastidious/finical/finicky/fussy/nice/particular/persnickety/picky
a. especially or excessively anxious or insistent in concern of one's specific needs or requirements, and all aspects thereof

chilly/cold/cool/distant/frigid/frosty/glacial/icy/impersonal/unaffectionate/unfriendly
a. destitute of affection, enthusiasm, sympathy or any warmth of bearing

chronic/confirmed/customary/habitual/hardened/ingrained/inveterate/wonted
a. of, consequent of, possessed of or fixed by an acquired, established pattern of behavior or practice that is unlikely to change

civil/civilized/cordial/courteous/deferential/gentle/gracious/mannerly/obeisant/polite/respectful
a. demonstrating regard for others with friendly, considerate and accommodating behavior
_chivalrous/gallant/gentle
_a. attentive and courteous to women
_gracious
_a. condescendingly polite

civility/cordiality/courtesy/courteousness/deference/graciousness/obeisance/politeness/respectfulness
n. polite and obliging conduct evincing respect for others
_comity
_n. mutual cordiality, as between two or several people or parties
_politesse
_n. formal courtesy

coltish/frisky/frolicky/frolicsome/kittenish/ludic/playful/sportive/tricksy/wanton
a. fond of and disposed to exuberant play

companionable/convivial/Falstaffian/forthcoming/gregarious/jovial/outgoing/sociable/social
a. cheerful, friendly and engaged in the society of others

complacent/smug
a. proudly, immoderately satisfied and content with one's facility, achievements or advantages

complexion/constitution/disposition/humor/makeup/mettle/nature/spirit/temper/temperament
n. an individual's unique character, mentality, mood and predisposition evinced by their actions, reactions and demeanor

compulsive/pathological
a. related to, resulting from or impelled by an irresistible psychological urge, esp. one contrary to one's conscious will or purport

confiding/credulous/dupable/green/gullible/trustful/trusting/unsuspecting/unsuspicious
a. predisposed too eagerly to trust or believe what one is told

congenial/sympathetic
n. (of people) correspondent in partialities, personality, etc. and consequently compatible

constancy/devotion/faith/faithfulness/fealty/fidelity/loyalty/troth
n. faithful dedication, as of a friend or spouse to another
_allegiance/fealty/fidelity
_n. loyalty of activists to their cause, citizens to their nation or subjects to their sovereign
_ardor/zeal
_n. impassioned loyalty
_piety/piousness
_n. reverent, familial (esp. filial) fealty

constant/dedicated/devoted/faithful/fast/firm/liege/loyal/staunch/steadfast/true/unswerving
a. affording or demonstrating constant support or allegiance to a person or institution
_ardent/zealous
_a. fervently faithful

convincible/persuadable/persuasible/suasible
a. open to persuasion, as by contention
_flexible/impressible/impressionable/malleable/manipulable/pliable/pliant/susceptible/tractable
_a. extremely responsive to persuasion; easily influenced
__amenable/suggestible
__a. susceptible to suggestion

conviviality/gaiety/jollity/jouissance/joviality/merriment
n. a temperament characterized by or conducive to friendly, lively sociality

costive/laggard/lazy/pokey/poky/sluggish/tardy
a. languidly slow, esp. surprisingly or undesirably so

courtly/dignified/distinguished/eximious/gallant/grand/lofty/lordly/majestic/proud/regal/sedate/stately
a. deporting oneself with deliberate, serious aplomb worthy of respect

courtliness/dignity/gravitas/gravity/loftiness/lordliness/majesty/regality/sedateness/stateliness
n. serious, formal composure

crisp/laconic/spartan/terse
a. communicating with few words
_abrupt/brief/brusk/brusque/curt/gruff/snappish/snappy/terse
_a. discourteously laconic

dallying/dawdling/dilatory/laggard/lollygagging
a. liable to defer or delay, esp. for one's sluggishness or abstraction

disobedient/fractious/indocile/noncompliant/recalcitrant/unruly
a. averse to obedience; neglecting or refusing to comply
_contumacious/refractory
_a. obstinate in defiance of command or control
_obstreperous
_a. stridently disobedient
_restive
_a. impatient with control, delay or inhibition
_boisterous/disorderly/fractious/obstreperous/rambunctious/raucous/riotous/robustious/rough/rowdy/rumbustious/unruly/wild
_a. clamorously, uninhibitedly and vigorously ungovernable and often disruptive
_contrary/froward/peevish/perverse/wayward/willful
_a. determined to dissent or do the converse of whatever is expected or desired
_insubordinate/recalcitrant/recusant
_a. neither submissive nor obedient to authority
__contumacious/refractory
__a. stubbornly insubordinate
__defiant
__a. boldly recalcitrant
__mutinous/rebellious
__a. actively resisting authority or convention
___contumacious
___a. intractably rebellious
___mutinous
___a. (of soldiers or esp. sailors) inclined to rebellion against superior officers

fractiousness/indocility/recalcitrance/recalcitrancy/unruliness
n. a disinclination to obey or submit
_contumacity/refractoriness
_n. adamant recalcitrance
_obstreperousness
_n. stridulous indocility
_recalcitrance/recalcitrancy
_n. unruliness in opposition to (usu. established) authority
__defiance
__n. open, valorous recalcitrancy
__rebelliousness
__n. disposed to combat authority or convention
___contumacity
___n. obdurate rebelliousness

demeaning/discreditable/disgraceful/dishonorable/disreputable/ignoble/ignominious/inglorious/mean/opprobrious/scandalous/shameful/undignified
a. of comportment or action evoking or deserving disgrace or shame

caddish/discourteous/disrespectful/impertinent/impudent/impolite/incivil/irreverent/rude/uncivil/ungracious
a. expressing an offensive lack of respect for another or others
_abrupt/brief/brusk/brusque/curt/gruff/snappish/snappy/terse
_a. discourteously laconic
_audacious/brash/brassy/brazen/cheeky/fresh/impertinent/impudent/insolent/lippy/nervy/pert/presumptuous/sassy/saucy
_a. boldly uncivil
__cool
__a. calmly insolent
_contumelious
_a. scornfully disrespectful
_flip/flippant/irreverent
_a. casually or playfully rude

discourtesy/disrespect/impertinence/impoliteness/incivility/irreverence/rudeness/uncivility/ungraciousness
n. insulting comportment destitute of cordiality
_assumption/audacity/brashness/brass/brazenness/cheek/chutzpah/effrontery/face/freshness/gall/impertinence/impudence/insolence/nerve/pertness/presumption/sass/sauce/sauciness/
_n. bold incivility
_contumely
_n. contemptuous disrespect

dishonest/false/lying/mendacious/untruthful
a. deliberately purporting falsehoods

dishonesty/improbity/mendacity/untruthfulness
n. a propensity to profess lies

disloyal/faithless/false/inconstant/insidious/perfidious/punic/recreant/renegade/traitorous/treacherous/unfaithful/untrue
a. characterized by or inclined to betrayal of confidence or trust

dissolute/fast/immoral/libertine/licentious/loose/profligate/unethical/wanton
a. unrestrained by morality or moral convention
_cyprian/easy/fast/libertine/licentious/loose/sportive/wanton/whorish
_a. unprincipled and unrestrained in concern and pursuit of sexual matters; receptive to sexual advances
__bed-hopping/cyprian/easy/fast/licentious/loose/promiscuous/sluttish/slutty/swinging
__a. characterized by or indulging casual, frequent and transient sexual relationships

eccentricity/foible/idiosyncrasy/oddity/peculiarity/quirk/singularity/tic
n. an odd, distinctive behavioral habit or trait

effete/degenerate/decadent
a. frivolously sybaritic or dissolute, reflecting a cultural or moral declension

elegance/grace/poise/presence
n. an elegant, dignified or imposing deportment

erratic/moody/mercurial/temperamental/unstable
a. emotionally mutable; prone to frequent changes of moods and sequent behavior
_capricious/changeable/fickle/flighty/impulsive/inconstant/mercurial/variable/volatile/wayward/whimsical
_a. subject to and consequently prone to suddenly act in accordance with impulse rather than necessity or reason

evil/immorality/iniquity/vice/wickedness
n. grossly immoral or unfair conduct
_viciousness/villainy
_n. outrageous iniquity

faineant/idle/inactive/indolent/inert/lazy/lusk/otiose/shiftless/slothful/sluggard(ly)/sluggish
a. disinclined to activity or exertion

fastidious/meticulous/nice/painstaking/punctilious/scrupulous/thorough
a. precisely attentive to and concerned with accuracy and detail

fearful/fearsome/shy/timid/timorous/trepid
a. easily frightened
_cowardly/craven/gutless/pusillanimous/recreant/spineless
_a. barren of courage or resolve; contemptibly fearful
__dastardly
__a. malicious and recreant

flightiness/frivolity/frivolousness/jocularity/levity/lightheartedness/silliness
n. the trait of being happily, playfully carefree and facetious, often at the expense of due respect; neither serious nor sensible

free-thinking/latitudinarian/undogmatic
a. independent from and unswayed by authority, dogma or ideology

frigid/cold
a. sexually unresponsive, insensate or indisposed

genuine/honest/sincere/straight/truthful/veracious
a. predisposed to tell the truth
_aboveboard/blunt/candid/direct/downright/explicit/forthright/frank/free-spoken/ingenuous/open/outspoken/plain(-spoken)/straight/straightforward/upfront
_a. honest, unequivocal and unreserved of expression

genuineness/honesty/sincerity/straightness/truthfulness/veracity
n. a predisposition to tell the truth
_bluntness/candor/directness/explicitness/forthrightness/frankness/ingenuousness/openness/outspokenness/plainness/straightforwardness/straightness
_n. direct, unalloyed sincerity

hopeless/incorrigible/incurable/irreclaimable/irredeemable/unredeemable/unreformable
a. impervious to correction or reform

huffy/tetchy/touchy
a. prone to perceive an affront to oneself, be it actual or imagined; defensively hypersensitive

idiosyncrasy/personality/temperament
n. the totality of a person's distinctive, aggregate behavioral, emotional, mental and social attributes

indulgence/lenience/leniency/lenity
n. a predilection to gratify or accommodate someone or others

inquisitory/probing/searching
a. sedulous and percipient in scrutiny, inquiry or investigation

insularity
n. ignorance of or indifference to concepts, cultures, peoples, experiences, etc. beyond the bounds of one's breadth

interfering/intruding/intrusive/invasive/meddlesome/meddling/obtrusive/officious
a. disposed to involve oneself unbidden in the affairs of others, esp. with a disruptive or offensive comportment

ithyphallic/lascivious/lewd/libidinous/salacious
a. apt to or characterized by great sexual desire, interest or indulgence 
_cyprian/dirty/goatish/lascivious/lecherous/lewd/libidinous/prurient/raunchy/salacious/wanton
_a. excessively lascivious
_priapic
_a. preoccupied with male sexuality

jestful/jocose/jocular/jokey/playful/waggish
a. disposed to or characterized by playful jest
_facetious/tongue-in-cheek
_a. irreverently or insincerely jocular
__biting/caustic/corrosive/cutting/incisive/mordant/mordacious/piercing/pointed/pungent/sarcastic
__a. spitefully tongue-in-cheek; expressing derision with sneering, witty irony
__deadpan/dry/wry
__a. phlegmatically facetious; of humor expressed with an impassive pretense
__sardonic/wry
__a. cynically facetious
_scurrilous
_a. crudely or offensively jestful

lachrymose/tearful/weeping/weepy
a. crying or liable to weep

mimetic/imitative
a. characterized by or exhibiting or apt to imitation of behavior or a process

morbid
a. uncommonly intrigued by death or macabre events

mordacious/snappish/snappy
a. (of a human or animal) apt to bite

officious
a. assertive of one's authority in an irritatingly domineering manner

optimistic/upbeat
a. hopeful for, confident of or anticipating the best possible circumstances, conditions, results, etc.
_sanguine
_a. merrily optimistic

patience/longanimity/forbearance
n. a calm or good-natured tolerance of delay, incompetence or provocation

peremptory/overbearing/masterful/magisterial/imperious/imperial/domineering/dictatorial/autocratic/authoritative/authoritarian
a. characteristic of a dictator: apt to enjoin with disregard for the opinions or desires of others

perverted/perverse/kinky/deviant
a. of, characterized by, involved in, appealing or disposed to atypical sexual predilections or practices

philistinism
n. intractably smug, ignorant and conventional indifference or hostility to artistic, intellectual and spiritual values, refinement or enterprise

prescriptive/dogmatic
a. of, pertaining or prone to an autocratic, often pedantic imposition or enforcement of a rule, method or perspective

propriety/proprieties/manners/etiquette
n. conventional standards of behavior deemed correct for public interaction

puerile/juvenile/jejune/infantile/immature/childish/callow
a. evincing, suggesting or characteristic of a child's emotional or intellectual development, esp. manifest as silliness or frivolity

precise/punctilious
n. exactly adherent to etiquette and formalities

quiet/reserved/restrained/reticent
a. cooly formal and disinclined to emotional demonstration

reserve/reticence/taciturnity
n. an aversion to communication; volunteering nothing unnecessary

reserved/reticent/silent/taciturn/uncommunicative/untalkative
a. indisposed to communicate with others

sanctimonious/pious/pietistic(al)/pharisaic(al)
a. blatantly, hypocritically or hyperbolically pious or righteous

savoir faire
n. knowledge of how to comport oneself with aplomb and grace in any situation

sententious
a. given to sanctimonious moralizing, esp. as expressed with adages
a. apt to utter maxims

slaughterous/sanguinary/murderous/homicidal/cutthroat/butcherly/bloodthirsty
a. zealous for slaughter

sober
v. to make or become more serious, sensible and solemn

solemnity/sobriety/seriousness/gravity/gravitas
n. a serious, commonly ruminative demeanor

solicitous/concerned/careful
a. characterized by or exuding anxious care or concern

solicitously
av. in a concerned, restive manner

steady/staid/somber/solemn/sober/serious/grave
a. of or evincing an extremely serious, often pensive bearing or appearance bereft of cheer or mirth

sublime/sublimate/rarefied/noble/lofty/grand/exalted/empyreal/eminent/elevated
a. of superior moral or intellectual character

superficial/shallow/facile
a. destitute of intellectual or emotional depth; only comprehending or concerned with whatever is manifest

tendentious/tendencious
a. possessing or registering a specific and deliberate tendency

tendentious/tendencious/prepossessed/prejudiced/prejudicial/biased
a. harboring or exuding an emphatic or resolute prejudice in favor of or opposition against something or someone
_partial
_a. favorably tendentious
__partisan
__a. biased in favor or support of a person, party, creed or cause
_sexist/gendered
_a. biased in favor of or against one gender or the other

trifle/sport/jest/frivol/dally
v. to behave in a frivolous manner

trumpery/tommyrot/tomfoolery/piffle/nonsense/humbug/bunk/bosh/baloney
n. inane behavior

unctuousness/unctuosity/unction/smarminess/oleaginousness/oiliness/greasiness/butteriness
n. exceedingly suave, affected ingratiation

unctuous/smarmy/oleaginous/oily/greasy/fulsome/buttery
a. effusively, unpleasantly, insincerely polite, flattering or ingratiating

unembarrassed/unblushing/unashamed/unabashed/shameless
a. neither feeling nor expressing chagrin or discomfiture

unforgiving
a. antipathetic to remit a slight or other discourtesy

upstart/parvenu/nouveau riche
a. characteristic of someone whose paucity of social graces (esp. ostentation) or acceptance belies a position ensuing his or her recent economic or social advancement

urbane/suave/smooth/polished/debonair
a. elegantly, confidently charming, agreeable and courteous whilst conveying sophistication

violent/outrageous
a. prone to violence

voluble/talkative/loquacious
a. disposed to profuse speaking
_garrulous
_a. exceedingly talkative, esp. regarding trivial matters

watchful/wary/wakeful/vigilant/sharp/hawk-eyed/argus-eyed/alert
a. scrupulously observant, esp. for danger or trouble

whiny/querulous/peevish/grouchy/fretful
a. prone to complain, esp. in a petulant and grating manner

wicked/villainous/vile/unscrupulous/unregenerate/unprincipled/unconscionable/sordid/sinister/sinful/reprobate/perverted/perverse/nefarious/naughty/miscreant/iniquitous/immoral/ignoble/evil/depraved/corrupt/base/bad
a. bereft of moral scruples or principles and characterized by or disposed to malefaction
_flagitious
_a. criminally wicked; predisposed to or characterized by lawless brutality

wily/vulpine/tricky/tricksy/trickish/subtle/sneaky/sly/shrewd/shifty/sharp/scheming/Machiavellian/guileful/foxy/devious/designing/cunning/crafty/calculating/artful
a. apt to or skilled in the achievement of one's ends by deceitful or circuitous means


==ECONOMICS==

amalgamation/merger
n. the consolidation of two or more commercial companies into a single enterprise, by which a new entity is engendered or the dominant firm absorbs those subordinate

annuity
n. a fixed sum tendered annually, esp. for the remainder of the recipient's lifetime
n. an insurance scheme for which an investor is entitled to a sequence of annual payments
n. the right to receive or obligation to remit an annuity

annuity/rente
n. income from capital investment paid at set intervals as a series of remittances

appreciate/gain/rise
v. to increase in price or value

arbitrage
n. a simultaneous or contemporaneous purchase and sale of commodities, currencies or securities in different markets to profit from their disparities of price
v. to practice arbitrage by purchasing and selling assets in distinct markets

arrears/arrearage
n. a sum of money owed constituting an overdue debt
n. a state of dereliction regarding an unpaid pecuniary debt

back/bankroll/finance/fund/sponsor/stake/subsidize/subvent/support/underwrite
v. to provision or allocate funds for a purpose or endeavor; to guarantee financial support
_capitalize
_n. to afford capital as a means to realize an undertaking

barter
n. trade conducted by exchange of goods and commodities in lieu of monetary transaction

barter/exchange/swap/trade
n. the act of furnishing goods or services to receive others desired
v. to interchange goods or services commercially without the use of money

bill/invoice/reckoning/tab
n. an itemized list of charges and fees summated to a total owed for goods and services provided
_check/tab
_n. a bill on which the enumerated costs of refections served at a restaurant or drinks in a tavern are registered

businessperson
n. anyone employed in a commercial or industrial enterprise

buy/emption/purchase
n. the act of exchanging money for a product or service
n. anything obtained in exchange for money
_coemption
_n. the purchase of a commodity's entire supply as a means to control its price

buyer/client/customer/emptor/purchaser/vendee
n. anyone who purchases goods or services
_monopsonist
_n. the sole vendee of a commodity or service in a market
_oligopsonist
_n. one of very few purchasers in a market, whose scarcity affords them leverage in concern of costs
_patron
_v. a recurrent, often frequent customer, usu. of a retailer or hotel
_scalper/tout
_n. someone who purchases bulk tickets to an event so to resell them at a profit

cabotage
n. commerce implemented along a coast
n. the act of conducting trade along a coast

cargo/consignment/delivery/freight/lading/shipment
n. goods transported and delivered by a ship, motor vehicle or aircraft
_payload
_n. that portion of cargo that generates revenue

capital
n. wealth (esp. money) available or employed to initiate or finance a business venture

caveat emptor
n. "let the buyer beware" -- a commercial principle asserting that without a warranty, a vendee assumes all risk of quality

cellarage
n. a fee charged for the storage of goods or personalties in a cellar

chit
n. a voucher of any sort for a product or service owed, esp. a repast

clear/discharge/liquidate/pay/quit/settle/square
v. to pay the totality of a debt

coemptive
a. of or regarding an effort to procure the totality of a commodity's supply

coin(age)/specie
n. monetary currency in the form of stamped (usually discoid) metal pieces
_gold
_n. coins minted from gold

compensate/indemnify/pay/recompense/redress
v. to proffer something (esp. money) to someone in acknowledgement of damage, injury, loss or suffering for which one is responsible

compensate/pay/recompense/remunerate/repay/reward
v. to pay for a service such as work, a favor or some other effort

compensate/indemnify/recompense/refund/reimburse/remunerate/repay/restitute
v. to pay someone in compensation for expenses or losses

debt/score
n. something owed, esp. money

defalcate/embezzle/misappropriate/peculate
v. to steal or misuse assets (esp. money) entrusted to one's care

deficiency/deficit/loss/red ink
n. the monetary amount by which the costs (as expenditures or liabilities) of operating a business exceed its revenue

divest/disinvest
v. to sell, dispose of or withdraw from an investment

duopolist
n. one of but two suppliers of a product or service in a market

duopolistic
a. of or concerning a market in which but two entities purvey goods and services

duopoly
n. a market condition defined by the concentration of a commodity's or service's availability when vended by only two sellers

duopsonistic
a. of or relating to a market in which but two emptors purchase a particular product or service

duopsony
n. an economic condition in which only two customers exist in a market to purchase a specific product or service

economize/retrench
v. to frugally limit, decrease or minimize expenses

emporeutic/trade
a. of or concerning the purchase, sale and exchange of commodities, products and services

emporeutic
a. of or regarding merchandise

emptional
a. subject to or available for purchase

endow
v. to provide or bequeath with a permanent fund or source of income

endowment
n. funds or property donated to a collective, individual or institution

exchangeable/fungible/replaceable
a. subject to exchange, return, replacement or negotiation for another of correspondent or equivalent substance or function

exchequer/finances/funds/purse/treasury
n. the monetary resources of a corporation, government, institution or individual

fiat money
a. legal (usually paper) currency, the value and purchasing power of which is established by diktat of the issuing government; neither based on nor convertible into gold, silver or specie

fleece/gazump/gouge/overcharge/rook/screw/soak/sting
v. to charge an extortionate price for a product or service; to rip off

glut
v. to oversupply a market with a commodity or service so that supply exceeds demand and the cost of the aforementioned surplusage plummets

hypothecate
v. to pledge money or property as collateral without transfer of title or possession

incidental (expense)/minor expense
n. an expense neither budgeted nor specified and often contingent, as meals, taxi fare, tips, etc.

inflated/overpriced/steep/stiff
a. (of goods and services) charged at a price exceeding value
_exorbitant/extortionate/extravagant/outrageous/unconscionable
_a. (of prices) grossly exceeding a reasonable or usual value
__prohibitive
__a. likely or purposed to deter purchase by virtue of an unconscionable price
__usurious
__a. (of interest rates) extortionate

irredeemable
a. (of paper and esp. fiat money) convertible into neither coin nor gold or silver

liquidate
v. to convert assets (esp. securities) into cash

liquidate
v. to settle the affairs of and dissolve a business or estate by assessing and discharging its liabilities (esp. debts) with its apportioned assets

lot/parcel
n. an amount of emptional commodities or merchandise

market/purvey/sell/vend
v. to exchange goods for money

merchandise/trade/traffic
v. to profit by buying and selling goods and commodities

merchandising/trade/trafficking
n. the act or profession of purchasing and vending goods for profit

monetary/pecuniary
a. of or pertaining to money
_monetary
_a. of or relating to coinage or other currency

monopolism
n. policy, practices and a system immanent to monopolies

monopolist
n. a person who or firm that enjoys exclusive control of a commodity or service in a market
n. an exponent of monopoly

monopolistic
n. of or characterized by a market or products and services thereof manufactured, sold or controlled exclusively by a single entity

monopoly
n. a market condition in which only one seller provides a product or service
n. the exclusive control of a commodity or service in a particular market
n. a company or other enterprise exercising sole control of a product or service
n. the commodity or service subject to aforementioned exclusivity

monopsonistic
a. of or pertaining to the single emptor in a market

monopsony
n. a market condition in which a single purchaser exists for products or services offered by numerous sellers

multiopoly
n. an absence of limit or restriction appertaining to the number of sellers offering a particular product or service

multiopsony
n. a market condition in which a number of potential buyers is indefinite

nominal
a. (of a cost or price) nugatory in contrast to the genuine value
a. of, regarding or comprising a rate of interest or return unadjusted for inflation or compounding

obligate
v. to commit funds, property or other assets as security to the fulfillment of an obligation

oligopolist
n. an advocate of extremely limited competition in a market

oligopolistic
n. of or pertaining to a market condition in which relatively few sellers compete

oligopoly
n. a situation wherein the presence of scant few sellers in a market enables any among them to exert a significant impact

oligopsonistic
n. of or relating to a market in which very few buyers exist

oligopsony
n. a market condition wherein a paucity of emptors can exploit their position to influence prices to their advantage

pecuniary
a. comprising money
a. entailing a monetary penalty, as a fine

pittance
n. an exiguous pecuniary wage, allowance or recompense

prospectus
n. a document describing a forthcoming enterprise, project or security, usually distributed to prospective investors
n. a formal, written offer to sell securities that exposits a plan for a proposed business enterprise, filed with the SEC as a constituent of a registration statement

recuperate
v. to recover from or a financial loss

remit
v. to send money as a payment or gift

remitment/remittance
n. a a sum of money sent (as by post or Internet) as a payment or gift

rentier
n. someone whose income is derived from property rents, bond interest or other investments

repossess
v. to retrieve a personalty (esp. a car) when its purchaser defaults on its payments

repudiate/disaffirm
v. to refuse to acknowledge a debt and liquidate accordingly

repudiation/disaffirmation/disaffirmance
n. refusal to concede or discharge a debt (esp. by public authorities)

retail
n. the sale of merchandise and commodities in relatively small quantities to consumers
v. to sell goods individually or in small quantities directly to consumers 

speculate
v. to invest at a risk of loss

steuerlich
a. of or concerning taxes

stipend/salary/emolument/earnings
n. a constant sum paid at regular intervals for services, esp. to a professional

stipend/allowance
n. a fixed sum regularly disbursed, esp. to cover one's expenses, as to a student or Anglican vicar

subsidy
n. foreign aid paid by one sovereign or nation to another to purchase their cooperation or neutrality

subvention/subsidy
n. a grant of financial aid (cash; insurance; interest-free or low-interest loans; rental rebates; tax credits, deductions or exemptions) furnished by a government or other benefactor to:
__an economic sector, to maintain or reduce market costs
__a particular commercial enterprise or business that benefits the public welfare
__a scientific institution or group whose work is esteemed socially or economically auspicious
__an artistic or educational institution (as museums) adjudged culturally significant or informational

subsidiary (company)
n. a public company, the controlling interest (a majority or totality of its stock) of which is owned by another firm

trade name/marque/brand (name)
n. the name of a product, product line or service

treasury
n. a corporate, governmental or institutional department responsible for the collection, management and expenditure of revenue
_exchequer/fisc
_n. a royal or national treasury; originally, the public treasury of Rome or Emperor's private purse

valuation/evaluation/estimation/assessment/appraisement/appraisal
n. the act or process of valuing: estimating value or worth
n. an (often expert or official) estimate of something's value

valuation
n. an assessed monetary value or price

welsh
v. to fail to pay a debt, esp. that incurred whilst gambling


==EVENTS==

abruption
n. an abrupt instance of breaking off or away, as consituents from a mass

accident/chance/consilience/fluke/fortuity/happenstance/stroke
n. any unexpected, unplanned incident that occurs without apparent cause
_caprice/fluctuation/vagary
_n. any abrupt or unanticipated occurrence representing change
__vicissitude
__n. a vagary of circumstance or fortune at a distinctive period in one's life, or the development of something
_fluke
_n. a happenstance yielding good fortune
_upset
_n. an improbable, unforeseen outcome, esp. that of a competition

antecedent
n. a preceding instance, event or cause

armageddon
n. any crucial, catastrophic conflict from which cataclysmic destruction eventuates

Armageddon (Christian)
n. the ultimate, climacteric battle between the forces of good and evil precursive to the Day of Judgment, as foretold in the Apocalypse of Saint John

armistice/cease-fire/truce
n. an abeyance of hostilities during which two opposed parties negotiate terms of peace

assignation/tryst
n. a surreptitious rendezvous, esp. one scheduled by lovers

augury/auspice/foretoken/omen/portent/presage/prodigy/prognostic/sign
n. an event interpreted as an indication of a forthcoming occurrence

(the) ax/discharge/dismissal/dismission/sack/termination
n. the elimination of someone's employment

ban/enjoinment/forbiddance/interdiction/outlawry/prohibition/proscription
n. the act or an instance of restraining action, admittance, exposition, expression, sale, etc. in accordance with a law

bashing/beating/clobbering/debacle/drubbing/hammering/licking/massacre/pasting/pounding/rout/shellacking/slaughter/thumping/thrashing/trouncing/walloping/whipping
n. a disastrous, decisive, resounding defeat

bedlam/brouhaha/commotion/confusion/disorder/disruption/disturbance/furor/pandemonium/pother/stir/storm/upheaval/upset
n. a scene of fevered, confused, possibly brutal disorder or agitation
_ballyhoo/clatter/hubbub/ruckus/ruction/rumpus/tumult/uproar
_n. a clamant commotion
_flurry
_n. a brief, excited, commonly precipitate instance of commotion

blitzkrieg
n. a military campaign executed to attain a swift and decisive victory, esp. by dint of aerial bombardment supported by tank encroachment

bomb/bust/catastrophe/clinker/clunker/debacle/disaster/dog/fiasco/flop/turkey/washout
v. a complete, humiliating, often preposterous failure

bonanza/godsend/windfall
n. a sudden, advantageous happening that brings good fortune, esp. that actualized as great wealth

bridal/espousal/marriage/nuptial(s)/wedding
n. a ceremony confirming and celebrating the matrimonial union of two people, as a husband and wife
_bridal
_n. a wedding feast

burial/inhumation/interment/sepulture
n. the ritual deposition of a corpse in a grave

caesura/cesura/letup/lull/pause
n. a calm interval during which activity or noise wanes, as during a storm or conversation

calamity/cataclysm/catastrophe/disaster/tragedy
n. an event inflicting great damage, hardship or loss, as a flood or volcanic eruption

carnival/celebration/festival/festivity/fete/fiesta/gala/jubilation/jubilee/merrymaking
n. a day, night or other period or occasion of jubilant celebration, ordinarily held outdoors and often featuring ceremonies, a feast or entertainment
_festival/fete/fiesta
_n. a (usu. ceremonial) celebration of a religious holiday, esp. a saint's day
__Carnival (Roman Catholic)
__n. a frolic fiesta contiguously anteceding Lent
_anniversary/festival
_n. a gala of a prior event perennial on its annual date
__jubilee
__n. any gala celebrating a (25th, 50th, 75th, 100th, etc.) anniversary
_frolic/jamboree/merrymaking/revel(s)/wingding
_n. a rowdy, clamorous festivity

casus belli
n. any event that provokes or is exploited to justify initiation of war

charivari/chivaree/shivaree
n. a cacophonic mock serenade for newlyweds, usu. performed with noisemakers

climacteric
n. a period (esp. a year) when crucial events and their consequences transpire

coincidence/consilience
n. an uncanny, contingent concurrence or similitude of events or circumstances without evident causal relation

commute
n. a routine journey of some distance to and from an occupational locale

concomitant/concomitance/attendant/accompaniment
n. an event that occurs simultaneously or in connection with another; a parallel, related or concurrent happening

confluence/concourse
n. any occurrence whereby people come together

contingence/contingency/contingent/eventuality/possibility
n. a circumstance, event or result that may transpire

contretemps
n. an unforseen and embarrassing or inopportune incident

corollary/attendant
n. a direct, practical consequence or result that follows naturally

coup (d'etat)/putsch/takeover
n. a sudden, often violent appropriation of an overthrown government's power and authority, from which a new government ordinarily stems

crepuscle/crepuscule/dusk/evenfall/gloam(ing)/nightfall/twilight
n. the evening period immediately succeeding sunset, ere the lambent sky darkens

debacle
n. fissuring of fluvial ice, from which flooding may proceed

discordance/discrepance/discrepancy/divergence/variance
a. an instance in which something varies from something else, often unexpectedly

donnybrook/fracas/melee
n. a rowdy, crowded, confused fight

entr'acte/intermission
n. an interval betwixt two successive acts of a theatrical performance
_entr'acte/interlude
_n. a musical, theatrical or terpsichorean entertainment performed during an entr'acte

excursion/jaunt/outing/sally
n. a brief trip, esp. for pleasure

extravaganza/spectacle/spectacular
n. any spectacular, elaborately staged entertainment production

festival
n. a (commonly recurring) program of cultural events, entertainment, exhibition or competition (such as cinematic screenings, dances, musical performances, theatrical stagings, etc.), usu. presented at a particular locus

flurry/flaw
n. a sudden gust of wind
n. a brief, light, windy snowfall or rain shower

formation
n. any natural process that causes something to form

gaudy
n. an academic event such as a formal dinner or student celebration held at certain British colleges and universities

gantlet/gauntlet
n. a punishment wherein an offender walks or runs between two rows of armed men who switch him as he passes

hecatomb
n. a prodigious loss of life, esp. by slaughter

inauguration
n. the formal beginning or initiation of any movement, period, course of action, etc.

inauguration/inaugural
n. a formal ceremony conducted to acknowledge and celebrate the admission of an appointee or elect nominee to an office

inauguration/induction/initiation/installation/installment
n. a formal admission to an office, outfit or position

insurgence/insurgency/insurrection/putsch/rebellion/revolt/rising/sedition/uprising
n. an open, organized and violent or subversive resistance to state authority, ordinarily represented by a conflict in which one faction attempts to wrest control from another

intifada(h)
n. two uprisings effected by Palestinian Arabs:
__a revolt in the Gaza Strip and West Bank protesting the Israeli occupation therein that commenced in December of 1987 and persisted to September, 1993
__an insurrection provoked by Ariel Sharon's visitation to the Temple Mount spanning September of 2000 to February, 2005

jubilee
n. a special anniversary of existence or activity, as the 25th, 50th, 75th, etc.

longueur
n. a boring period

metamorphosis/permutation/transformation
n. a complete change in character or condition

neolithic
n. the latter duration of the Stone Age in west Asia (9000-6000 B.C.) and Europe (4000-2400 B.C.), when primitive agriculture and stock rearing, and ground or polished stone tools and weapons prevailed
a. of, relating to or denoting the latter Stone Age

Pyrrhic [OR] Cadmean victory
n. a victory in which the conqueror's losses are tantamount or proportional to those of the thwarted

pluvial
n. a period distinguished by increased, intense or copious rainfall

preamble/preface/preliminary/prelude/prologue/prolusion
n. an event preceding and often preparing for another of greater or principal importance

precedent
n. an instance or act that may be instantiated to justify posterior, parallel occurrences or circumstances

probation/novitiate
n. a period when a neophyte of an occupation, position, religious order or other society is tested in appraisal of their character, proficiency or qualifications; their engagement thenceforth may be incident to their proven accomplishment

prom(enade)
n. a formal dance held at and attended by students of a school or college at the end of an academic year

rapprochement/reconciliation
n. a restoration or resumption of cordial relations

rash
n. a series of contemporaneous and usu. unpleasant recurrences 

renaissance/renascence
n. any cultural revival of the arts, sciences and learning

Renaissance/Renascence
n. a European revival of the arts influenced by classical models, arising in Florence in the 14th century and diffusing throughout the continent and British Isles through the mid-17th century
n. the culture and artistic styles prevalent during the Renaissance

repercussion/reverberation
n. a remote or indirect consequence of an event or action

reprise/recurrence
n. any repeated occurrence

rest/respite/recess/intermission/breather/break
n. a brief period of repose or recreation during which work or other exertion is suspended

schism/scission/split
n. division of a group into opposing factions

shift/spell/stint/trick/turn
n. a scheduled period or assigned share of work

soiree
n. an evening party ordinarily held at a private house where attendants nosh, dance, discourse, etc.

sortie
n. the flight of a combat aircraft dispatched to a mission

spell/stint/stretch/turn
n. an sustained period during which something happens or is done

switch/swap/substitution/shift/replacement/exchange/commutation/change
n. an instance wherein one thing or person is exchanged for another

vicissitudes
n. mutability in life, nature or fortune, esp. successive alternations from one condition or circumstance to another

visitation
n. any appearance or arrival of a supernatural being, esp. a deity
n. an instance of divine calamity, castigation, relief or reprisal

wait/holdup/delay
n. a time during which some action or occurrence is awaited

whammy
n. a grievous or frustrating setback

woe/trouble/tribulation/trial/trauma/suffering/ordeal/misfortune/cross/crisis/affliction/adversity
n. an experience during which some severe difficulty, frustration, upset or misery is endured


==FEELINGS & SENSATIONS==

abash/agitate/bother/cark/commove/concern/confuse/discombobulate/discomfit/discomfort/discompose/disconcert/discountenance/dismay/disquiet/distract/distress/disturb/exercise/faze/flurry/fluster/fret/perturb/rattle/ruffle/shake/throw/trouble/unnerve/unsettle/upset/vex/worry
v. to disrupt the composure of; to inflame anxiety

abash/ashame/chagrin/confound/discomfit/discountenance/embarrass/humble/humiliate/mortify/shame
v. to inspire uncomfortable self-consciousness and a consequent lapse of dignity or pride

abashed/awkward/chagrined/discomfited/disconcerted/embarrassed/mortified/sheepish
a. feeling or betraying self-conscious anxiety ensuant of contretemps or awareness of a fault

ache/languish/long/pine/yearn/yen
v. to passionately, despondently desire something or someone not present or available

acute/exquisite/intense/keen/piercing/sharp
a. (of an emotion or sensation) profoundly or sharply felt, as any extreme pain or pleasure

adoring/amative/amatorial/amatorian/amatorious/amatory/amorous/enamored/loving/romantic/warm
a. inclined to, inflamed with or displaying love
_amative/amatorial/amatorian/amatorious/amatory/amorous/erotic/sportive
_a. sexually romantic

affect/arouse/elicit/evoke/excite/inspire/kindle/move/penetrate/pique/provoke/touch
v. to occasion an emotional sensation or response
_arouse/commove/en(kindle)/excite/fire/ignite/inflame
_v. to affect excitation or fervor

affection/arousal/elicitation/evocation/excitation/inspiration/provocation
n. any act that excites an emotion or emotive response

afflict/ail/hurt/pain
v. to inflict mental or emotional suffering
_agonize/anguish/bedevil/distress/dretch/excruciate/plague/rack/torment/torture
_v. to pain greatly
_prick/smart/sting
_v. to keenly distress
__twinge
__v. to suddenly sting

afflict/ail/hurt/pain/trouble
v. to cause physical pain
_agonize/anguish/dretch/excruciate/plague/rack/torment/torture
_v. to inflict severe pain
_burn/prick/smart/sting
_v. to afflict with sharp pain
__twinge
__v. to induce an acute, abrupt pain

affright/alarm/consternation/dismay/fright/panic
n. abrupt, extreme fear excited by an awareness of danger

aggravate/anger/antagonize/frost/irritate/provoke/rankle/rile/rouse
v. to arouse choler
_aggravate/annoy/antagonize/bother/bug/chafe/devil/displease/exercise/fret/gall/importune/irk/irritate/madden/miff/molest/needle/nettle/niggle/peeve/plague/rankle/rile/ruffle/torment/trouble/vex
_v. to elicit mild anger
__badger/bedevil/beset/bother/devil/harass/harry/hassle/hound/nag/persecute/pester/plague/press
__v. to annoy with persistent criticism, importunity, inquiry or solicitude
_aggravate/anger/enrage/exasperate/incense/infuriate/madden/outrage/provoke
_v. to excite extreme anger or indignation

agitated/antsy/anxious/disquiet/edgy/itchy/jittery/jumpy/nervous/overwrought/perturbed/queasy/restive/restless/squirrelly/tense/troubled/twitchy/uneasy/unquiet/unsettled/uptight
a. manifesting mental or emotional strain provoked by ennui, anxiety or discontent as nervous impatience or tetchiness

agitation/distress/fret/lather/perturbation/stew/sweat/swither/upset
n. anxiety concomitant of active worry

agog/avid/eager/enthusiastic/keen/warm/zestful
a. feeling or radiating stimulated interest, enjoyment, appreciation or anticipation
_ambitious/avid/eager/greedy/keen/solicitous/voracious/zealous
_a. enthusiastic to achieve an objective
__alacritous
__v. merrily eager
_ardent/warm
_a. passionately enthusiastic
_ebullient/exuberant
_n. effusively zestful

avidity/avidness/eagerness/enthusiasm/gusto/heart/relish/vigor/vim/zest/zestfulness/zing
n. lively enjoyment, interest, approval or appreciation
_ambition/avidity/avidness/eagerness/keenness/lust/voracity/zeal
_n. a positive feeling that one desires to do or have something
__alacrity
__n. cheerful zeal
_ardency/ardor/lust/passion
_n. intense zest
_ebullience/exuberance/exuberancy
_n. gushing gusto

alienation/disaffection/estrangement
n. a loss or dearth of sympathy for others

allay/alleviate/assuage/comfort/ease/help/lenify/mitigate/palliate/relieve/soothe/stanch
v. to subdue physical pain or discomfort, as with treatment or ingestion of an agent

allay/alleviate/assuage/comfort/ease/help/lenify/mollify/pacify/quell/quiet/relieve/soothe/stanch
v. to remit a painful or vexing emotion (agitation, anxiety, despondence, fear, grief, etc.), esp. by calming
_allay/mollify/pacify/placate
_v. to diminish one's choler

amaze/astonish/astound/boggle/confound/daze/dumbfound/flabbergast/floor/shock/stagger/stupefy/stun/surprise
v. to dull or excite senses with shock or wonder; to overwhelm or render speechless with amazement

analgesia
n. an absence of pain
n. an inability to feel pain

anger/choler/dander/dudgeon/hackles/ire
n. a potent feeling of extreme animosity, displeasure or belligerence
_acrimony/bitterness/dudgeon/gall/indignation/jaundice/offense/pique/rancor/resentment/umbrage
_n. bitter anger or annoyance in response to inquity or unfair treatment
_aggravation/exasperation/furor/fury/ire/lividity/outrage/passion/rage/wrath
_n. extreme, often violent anger

angry/choleric/cross/irate/mad/sore/wroth
a. feeling or expressing anger, hostility or resentment
_aggravated/annoyed/antagonized/bothered/bugged/chafed/cross/deviled/displeased/galled/importuned/irked/irritated/maddened/miffed/needled/nettled/niggled/peeved/plagued/rankled/riled/tormented/troubled/vexed
_a. frustrated and mildly angry, esp. by frequent or petty annoyances
_aggrieved/bitter/disgruntled/indignant/jaundiced/rancorous/resentful
_a. feeling resentment in response to injustice or unfair treatment
_apoplectic/boiling/enraged/exasperated/fuming/furious/incandescent/incensed/infuriated/irate/livid/outraged/raging/seething/wrathful/wroth
_a. exceedingly, fiercely angry

angst/malaise
n. an acute yet unspecific feeling of despondent anxiety or dread

apathetic/dispassionate/emotionless/immovable/impassive/passionless/stolid/stony/unemotional
a. feeling little or no emotion

appease/assuage/calm/gentle/hush/lull/mollify/pacify/quiet/settle/soothe/still/tranquilize
v. to render (someone or people) calm, as by assursance

calm [OR] settle (down)/lull/still/tranquilize
v. to become tranquil

apologetic/compunctious/contrite/penitent/regretful/remorseful/repentant/rueful/sorry
a. feeling distress, sorrow and regret for one's sins or malefactions

appease/gruntle/placate/propitiate
v. to evoke a friendly or favorable disposition, as by indulgence or palaver
_conciliate/propitiate
_v. to placate so to overcome one's distrust, hostility or rancor
_humor
_v. to insure one's pleasure or satisfaction by accordance of or adherence to their notions, wishes or whims

ardency/ardor/fervency/fervor/fire/incandescence/intensity/passion/vehemence/warmth
n. intense emotive warmth, esp. of devotion, fondness, enthusiasm, etc.
_furor scribendi
_a. an ardor for writing

ardent/fervent/fervid/fierce/fiery/impassioned/incandescent/inflamed/intense/passionate/torrid/vehement/warm
a. feeling, emanating or engendered by powerful emotion
_infatuated
_a. imbued with a potent yet foolish, unreasoning or fleeting passion, esp. of love
_perfervid
_a. greatly impassioned

aroused/erotic/horny/sexy/stimulated
a. sexually excited; feeling carnal desire
_concupiscent/goatish/horny/lascivious/libidinous/lustful/lusty/passionate/prurient/randy
_a. intensely aroused

assurance/certainty/certitude/confidence/sureness/surety
n. firm conviction that something is true; freedom from doubt

barefaced/impenitent/obdurate/remorseless/shameless/unabashed/unapologetic/unashamed/unblushing/uncontrite/unregenerate/unrepentant/unrepenting
a. feeling neither remorse nor guilt for one's malefactions

beatific/blissful/delighted/ecstatic/elated/enchanted/enraptured/euphoric/exalted/exhilarated/exultant/glad/gleeful/joyful/joyous/jubilant/overjoyed/radiant/rapt/rapturous/rhapsodic/thrilled/transported
a. feeling great rapture or delight; exuberantly or triumphantly happy

bliss/delight/ecstasy/elation/enchantment/euphoria/exaltation/exhilaration/exultation/felicity/gladness/glee/joy/joyance/jubilation/jubilance/jubilancy/rapture/transport
n. a feeling of extreme, exciting, often overwhelming happiness

blue/sad/sorrowful/unhappy/triste
a. feeling an unpleasant emotion
_atrabiliar/atrabilious/blue/crestfallen/dejected/depressed/despondent/dispirited/down/downcast/downhearted/gloomy/glum/heartsick/low/melancholic/melancholy/miserable/morose/plaintive/triste
_a. feeling, characterized by or afflicted with severe, perpetual, often chronic sadness
_crestfallen/demoralized/despondent/discouraged/disheartened/dispirited
_a. saddened by a loss of courage, enthusiasm or hope
_disconsolate/inconsolable/unconsolable
_a. sad beyond solace
_doleful/dolorous/elegiac/grieved/grieving/grievous/lugubrious/mournful/plaintive/sorrowful/woebegone/woeful
_a. feeling, evincing or characterized by unhappiness for misfortune, as a loss, disappointment or death
__brokenhearted/heartbroken
__a. crushed by intense grief
__lugubrious
__a. immoderately or affectedly mournful

boredom/ennui/tedium
n. a feeling of listless dissatisfaction occasioned by a lack of engagement or excitement

buckle
v. to succumb to or collapse under emotional pressure

caprice/fancy/humor/impulse/megrim/spleen/vagary/whim/whimsy
n. a sudden, inexplicable desire or shift of bearing, opinion or temperament
_urge
_n. a potent involuntary (usu. physical) or instinctual impulse

caring/compassionate/gracious/sympathetic
a. feeling concern or sadness for someone's adversity

carnal/fleshly/sensual
a. of, pertaining to or distinguished by physical (esp. sexual or gastronomic) appetites, needs and passions
_carnal/erotic/venereal
_a. of or pertaining to sexual appetites and desire

commiseration/compassion/pathos/pity/ruth/sympathy
n. empathic feelings of sorrow for the misfortunes of others

charge/infuse/suffuse
v. to permeate or pervade with (an) emotion

complacence/complacency/smugness
n. a feeling of contented, usu. conceited self-satisfaction

contempt/despite/disdain/scorn
n. a derisive feeling that someone or something is beneath consideration or offensively worthless

cutting/keen/lancinate/lancinating/piercing/shrewd/stabbing
a. suddenly and acutely painful, as though inflicted by a sharp instrument

delirious/fevered/feverish/frantic/frenetic/frenzied/hysterical/mad/manic/nympholeptic/overexcited/overwrought/wild
a. characteristic of or affected by violent, irrepressable excitation
_nympholeptic
_a. hysterical in concern of a desideratum

desolate/forlorn
a. miserably, hopelessly lonely

disgust/nauseate/repel/repulse/revolt/sicken
v. to ignite physical nausea, or aversion or loathing by affront to aesthetic or moral sensibilities

dislike/distaste
n. a negative feeling in concern of something or someone
_abhorrence/abomination/animosity/animus/antipathy/aversion/detestation/disgust/enmity/execration/hate/hatred/hostility/loathing/nausea/odium/repugnance/repulsion
_n. intense dislike
__revulsion
__n. violent, usu. sudden aversion

dislike/distaste
v. to feel displeasure for something or someone
_abhor/abominate/contemn/despise/detest/execrate/hate/loathe/misprize
_v. to ardently or severely dislike; to account as repugnant

doubt/doubtfulness/dubiety/dubiousness/incertitude/peradventure/uncertainty
n. a state of unsurety concerning something; a dearth of conviction

dread/reverence/veneration
n. profound respect and awe for someone or something

dyspepsia/indigestion
n. sensations of bloating, heartburn, nausea and abdominal discomfort or pain symptomatic of impaired digestive function

ebullition/flaw/gust/outburst/passion/sally
n. an abrupt, passionate, often violent emotive discharge
_tantrum/temper/tirret/wax
_n. a cross or wroth outburst

enamor
v. to inflame with love for someone

enjoy/like/relish/savor
v. to derive or receive pleasure from something
_delight (in)/love/revel (in)
_v. to take tremendous pleasure in or from

esurient/hungry
a. craving food
_famished/ravenous/starving
_a. extremely hungry
_edacious/esurient/gluttonous/greedy/ravenous/voracious
_a. desiring an esculent plenitude or nimiety
_peckish
_a. slightly hungry

esthesis/sensation
n. any fundamental, unelaborated awareness of physical or perceptual stimulation
_interoception
_n. perception of internal bodily sensations
_kinesthesis
_n. esthesis of bodily and appendicular motion
_proprioception
_n. perception of one's bodily parts in relation or proximity to one another

exult/glory/jubilate/rejoice/swoon
v. to feel extreme joy, happiness, elation; to be ecstatic with joy
_triumph
_v. to jubilate for victory

affection/fondness/liking/relish
n. a feeling favoring someone or something
_affinity
_n. a natural affection
_fancy
_n. a capricious and usu. sudden liking
_love/passion/philia
_n. a warmly potent, often unparalleled fondness
__adoration
__n. profound, perfervid and devoted love
__ailurophilia
__n. a passion for cats
__logophilia
__n. a love of words
__pyrophilia
__n. a love for fire

infatuated
a. imbued with a potent yet foolish, unreasoning or fleeting passion, esp. of love

kinaesthesia/kinesthesia
n. sensations enabling perception of one's bodily motion, position, tonus, weight, etc.

languor/dreaminess
n. a comfortable, sluggishly relaxed feeling

limen/threshold
n. a point at which a stimulus is sufficiently strong to be perceived or distinguished from another, and below which it cannot

liminal
a. of, regarding or at the threshold of sensory perception; barely perceptible

lovesick
a. languishing with love, usually for one absent

mania
n. an excessive, excited, intensely obsessive desire, enthusiasm or affection for something or someone
_ablutomania
_n. an immoderate desire to wash, esp. one's hands
_eleutheromania
_n. a wild desire or enthusiasm for freedom
_eremiomania
_n. a mania for stillness
_hylomania
_n. a compulsive fervency for wood
_kathisomania
_n. a mania favoring sitting
_litigiomania
_n. a compulsion to pursue legal disputes
_oniomania
_n. an excessive compulsion to purchase all sorts of products
_pyromania
_n. a pathological desire to initiate fires

(sense) modality
n. a particular form of sensory perception, as visual, tactile, auditory, etc.

nausea/qualm/queasiness/sickness/wamble
n. gastrointestinal distress antecedent of a vomitive impulse

nauseated/qualmish/queasy/sick/wambly
a. feeling sickness of the stomach, mild disorientation and an involuntary impulse to vomit

orexis
n. any physical desire
_eros/libido/sex
_n. sexual desire
__concupiscence/lust/passion
__n. potent sexual desire
_esurience/hunger
_n. a desire for food kindled by an innate need for nutriment
__famishment/ravenousness
__v. severe hunger
__edacity/esurience/ravenousness/voracity/voraciousness
__n. an excessive desire to eat

pang/prick/stitch/twinge
n. a sudden, acute, localized pain

pensive/wistful
a. evincing, feeling or characterized by vague or reflective longing or melancholia

phobia
n. an intense, irrational, irregular, persistent fear of something
_automysophobia
_n. an abnormal fear of uncleanliness
_bathmophobia
_n. an unnatural fear of walking
_blennophobia/myxophobia
_n. an excessive fear of slime
_bromidrosiphobia
_n. an anomalous fear that one has minging body odor
_coprophobia
_n. a distinct fear of feces
_dikephobia
_n. an uncommon trepidity of or distaste for justice
_haphophobia/haptophobia/thixophobia
_n. an unusual fear of touching or of being touched by another or others
_hylephobia
_n. an intense fear of or dislike for wood
_kopophobia
_n. an uncommon fear of physical or mental exhaustion
__ponophobia
__n. an excessive and aberrant fear of fatigue
_medorthophobia
_n. a potent and morbid fear of an erect penis
_misophobia/musophobia/mysophobia
_n. an atypical fear of dirt
_pyrophobia
_n. an extreme, aberrant fear of fire
_xenophobia
_n. a potent or unfounded odium or fear of strangers, foreigners or anything accounted unfamiliar

presentiment/presage/premonition/foreboding/divination
n. a distinct, intuitive feeling that something (usu. unpleasant) is imminent

pride/plume/congratulate
v. to feel (often complacent) self-satisfaction regarding an achievement or fluke

rectal tenesmus
n. a sensation of incomplete defecation

restless/itchy/fidgety/antsy
a. too bored or impatient to relax

restlessness/itchiness/fidgetiness
n. ennui or impatience expressed as incessant motion or activity

sapidity/relish
n. the gustatory sensation experienced when an aliment is taken into the mouth

scruple/qualm/misgiving/compunction
n. a pang or tide of anxiety or doubt prompted by ethical considerations that inhibits activity of moral dubiety

sensitivity/sensibility
n. the capacity possessed by an organism to perceive and respond to sensations

somnolence/sleepiness/drowsiness
n. torpidity felt when one is ready or fit to sleep

solicitude/solicitousness
n. a feeling of anxious or excessive concern

surrender/resignation/abandonment
n. a yielding of oneself to an emotion, esp. despair

swallow/suppress/subdue/stifle/smother/repress/inhibit/curb/control/constrain/check/chasten
v. to consciously restrain an action, emotion, impulse or reaction

terror/panic/horror/dread
n. any intense, profound, usu. overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety
_affright
_n. sudden terror

velleity
n. the lowest degree of desire

yo-yo/wobble/waver/vacillate/sway/shilly-shally/oscillate/hover/dither/dilly-dally/alternate
v. to fluctuate indecisively regarding dissimilar or antipodal options, opinions or feelings


==FIGURES==

aberrant/anomaly/character/deviant/eccentric/erratic/oddball/weirdo
n. one whose deportment or characteristics substantially discord from those of their peers or demographic

abhorrence/abomination/asshole/bete noire/cocksucker/cullion/cunt/detestation/dickhead/fink/fuckface/hate/jerk/motherfucker/rat/scumbag/shithead/swine/twat/whoreson/wretch
n. someone who evokes or deserves loathing or disgust
_bastard/dick/prick
_n. a male detestation
_bitch/cunt/gorgon
_n. a female asshole
_coward/craven/poltroon/recreant
_n. a detestably fearful or irresolute person, esp. one who shrinks from or avoids exertion, pain or hazard
__cur/dastard
__n. a malicious coward

adjunct/assistant/junior/secondary/subaltern/subordinate/subsidiary/underling/vassal
n. anyone employed of an inferior class or rank, or in any subservient role to the authority of another or others
_lackey/lickspittle/minion
_n. a fawning subaltern
_mate
_n. any officer junior in rank below the master of a commercial vessel
__(first) mate
__n. a commanding officer of a merchant ship directly subordinate to its captain

adjutant/aide/assistant/auxiliary/coadjutant/coadjutor/helper/subsidiary
n. one who aids another or others, often in an ancillary capacity

adherent/advocate/advocator/apostle/backer/booster/champion/devotee/evangelist/exponent/partisan/promoter/propagandist/proponent/supporter/votary
n. someone who actively and ardently promotes a cause, endeavor, person, policy or organization
_bastion
_n. someone who defends or maintains a principle, conviction or attitude
_janissary/liegeman/stalwart
_n. a steadfast supporter or follower
_mainstay/pillar/rock
_n. an essential or prominent supporter
_monopolist
_n. an exponent of monopoly
_oligopolist
_n. an advocate of extremely limited competition in a market

adjudicator/arbiter/arbitrator/judge/umpire
n. someone appointed or elected to verify the objective truth of and conclusively resolve a disputed issue

adulator/bootlicker/flatterer/flunky/lackey/lickspittle/minion/spaniel/sycophant/toady
n. a (commonly servile or insincere) person who cajoles others (esp. their superiors) to attain favor or advantage by ingratiation

adventurer [OR] adventuress/argonaut
n. anyone engaged in a perilous yet rewarding venture

affirmer/alleger/attestant/attester/avoucher/avower/asserter/asseverator/certifier/claimant/contender/declarer/professor
n. someone who states a claim with assurance

Aga/Agha
n. a military commander or civil official of a Muslim nation, esp. Turkey

agent/ambassador/commissary/delegate/deputy/envoy/proxy/representative/secondary/surrogate/vicar
n. a person appointed or otherwise authorized to represent or act on behalf of others, as at a conference

agronomist
n. an expert on the subjects of soil management and field-crop production

airhead/ass/birdbrain/blockhead/bonehead/butthead/changeling/chowderhead/chucklehead/chump/clod/clot/cretin/dickhead/dimwit/dingbat/dolt/donkey/doofus/dope/dork/dullard/dumbhead/dumbo/dumdum/dummy/dunce/dunderhead/fathead/fool/goof/goofball/goon/halfwit/idiot/imbecile/jackass/klutz/knucklehead/lamebrain/loggerhead/loon/meatball/meathead/moron/mouth-breather/muttonhead/nincompoop/ninny/nitwit/numbskull/oaf/palooka/peabrain/pillock/pinhead/putz/retard/schlep/schlub/schmuck/shithead/simpleton/stupe/thickhead/turkey
n. a stupid person
_ape/dork/gawk/goon/klutz/lout/lubber/lummox/oaf/palooka/schlep/schmuck/turkey
_n. an ungainly moron
__galoot/lug/
__n. an awkward, doltish man
_bozo
_n. a male dolt

alderman
n. an elected member of a municipal legislative body, such as a local council

almoner
n. someone who distributes alms on behalf of a household or institution

almsman/eleemosynary
n. one who subsists on charity
_beggar/cadger/mendicant/mooch(er)/panhandler
_n. a pauper who survives on whatever he or she can cadge from others by begging
_remittance man
_n. an emigrant or expatriate reliant on money dispatched from home

alternate/proxy/relief/replacement/sub/substitute/succedaneum/surrogate
n. a person acting or serving in lieu of another, esp. in their absence

amazon/virago
n. a powerful, valorous, aggressive woman

anachoret/anchoress [OR] anchoret/anchorite/eremite
n. one withdrawn from society to practice religious worship in seclusion: a Holy hermit!

anachronism
n. a person who seems displaced in time, or whose peculiarities are typic of another age

analog/counterpart/equivalent/match/obverse/parallel/similitude
n. a person or thing similar, resembling or correspondent to another in value, significance, function, or characteristics

anathema
n. someone who's despised

anathema
n. any person or thing anathematized by clerical or papal authority

android/automaton/droid/robot
n. a machine designed to resemble a human, replicate certain human functions and lineaments, and perform routine and mechanical tasks on demand
n. a person who works or deports themselves in a mechanical, monotonous or phlegmatic manner

anthropophagus/cannibal
n. a human who eats human flesh

apostate/recreant/tergiversator
n. someone who renounces a religion, ideology, or any other faith, cause or principles
_defector/renegade/turncoat
_n. one who abandons a cause, faith, movement, etc. for another

archetype/byword/epitome/example/exemplar/exemplification/image/model/paradigm/prototype/specimen
n. someone representative of a group or type
_avatar/byword/embodiment/epitome/image/incarnation/personification
_n. anyone who typifies or exhibits an attitude, concept, principle, quality or spirit
__quintessence
__n. a perfect or purest embodiment

arriero
n. one who transports goods with pack animals, esp. mules

ass/boob/chump/clot/donkey/doofus/fathead/fool/goof/goofball/goon/halfwit/idiot/jackass/moron/muttonhead/nincompoop/ninny/nitwit/putz/sap/shithead/simpleton/twat
n. someone bereft of wisdom, good sense or sound judgment

auspex/augur (Roman)
n. a religious official of ancient Rome who interpreted omens (esp. those educed from avian activity) to advise authorities regarding matters of public policy

backer/benefactor [OR] benefactress/contributor/donor/friend/giver/patron/sponsor/underwriter
n. a person who aids people, causes, institutions or enterprises, esp. with monetary endowments

backstabber/betrayer/rat/recreant/traitor
n. someone disloyal to a cause, party, nation, friend or trust
_collaborator/quisling
_n. a traitor who colludes with and abets an occupying enemy force

barrator
n. a grossly litigious individual

bawd/cocotte/cyprian/doxy/fille de joie/harlot/hooker/hustler/moll/prostitute/slut/strumpet/tart/tramp/trollop/trull/wench/whore
n. a woman who solicits and accepts payment for sexual intercourse

beau/buck/coxcomb/dandy/fop
n. a man prompted by vanity to immoderate concern for his attire and appearance

beau ideal/best/exemplar/ideal/jewel/model/nonesuch/nonpareil/paradigm/paragon/perfection
n. a person adjudged a peerless exemplar of excellence or perfection

bedlamite/loon(y)/lunatic/madman [OR] madwoman/nut/wacko
n. a deranged individual
_psychotic
_n. someone afflicted with psychosis
_schizophrenic
_n. a person suffering from schizophrenia

bird/chick/lass/wench
n. a young woman
_baggage/hussy
_n. a lippy lass
_damsel/demoiselle/maid/maiden/miss
_v. a young, unmarried woman
_sylph
_n. a slender, graceful young woman

blabber(mouth)/chatterbox/chatterer/gasbag/magpie/prattler/windbag
n. someone who prates, esp. in concern of trivial subjects
_popinjay
_n. a conceited, garrulous person

bon vivant/bon viveur/epicure/epicurean/hedonist/sensualist/sybarite/voluptuary
n. a person devoted to the pursuit and indulgence of refined and luxuriant pleasures, esp. those of superlative food and drink

bore/bromide/mundane
n. someone whose convictions, discourse or diversions are tediously trite or prosaic

bourgeois/burgher
n. a citizen of the middle class

boy/lad/stripling/tad
n. a male child

bricoleur/handyman
n. a skilled worker assigned or employed to execute varied, often minor tasks, esp. those pertinent to maintenance or repair

bricoleur
n. any artist, craftsman or designer who innovates by exploiting a diverse assortment of available resources, often to assure some economy of invention

boyar/bolyar
n. a Bulgarian, Kievan Rus'ian, Moldavian, Moscovian, Russian or Wallachian aristocrat subordinate to the prince of his respective nation, of an order abrogated by Peter the Great in 1711

buck/gallant/swell
n. a dashing, fashionable young man

bursar
n. the treasurer of an educational institution, as a school, college or university

businessperson/businesswoman [OR] businessman
n. anyone employed in a commercial or industrial enterprise

busybody/interloper/meddler/quidnunc
n. one who meddles in or pries into other peoples' affairs

buyer/client/customer/emptor/purchaser/vendee
n. anyone who purchases goods or services
_monopsonist
_n. the sole vendee of a commodity or service in a market
_oligopsonist
_n. one of very few purchasers in a market, whose scarcity affords them leverage in concern of costs
_patron
_v. a recurrent, often frequent customer, usu. of a retailer or hotel
_scalper/tout
_n. someone who purchases bulk tickets to an event so to resell them at a profit

caballero/cavalier/chevalier/gallant
n. a chivalrous gentleman

caballero/equestrian/horseman [OR] horsewoman/horseback rider
n. someone accomplished in equitation

campesino
n. a farmer or peasant in Latin America

candy-ass/milksop/milquetoast/sissy/wimp/wuss
n. a craven, dithering or impuissant person

Cavalier/Royalist
n. a royalist supporter of King Charles I during the English Civil War

caveator
n. someone who files a caveat with a court

censor
n. someone who reproves or condemns others

censor
n. an inspector authorized to review content and expurgate or wholly suppress anything therein rated obscene or politically unacceptable

chapman/hawker/packman/peddler/pedlar
n. an itinerant vendor who purveys goods on the street, at carnivals, or door to door
_cheapjack
_n. a hawker of shoddies
_mountebank
_n. entertaining purveyors of quack medicines whose chicanery, comedy and anecdotes are exploited to sell their wares
_pitchman
_n. a packman who sells small items, usu. at a stand

chief/governor/head/honcho/leader/lord/regent/ruler
n. anyone who governs or rules a group, institution, region, country, etc.
_alcalde
_n. a Spanish or Latin American mayor invested with judiciary authority
_demagogue
_n. a leader of the hoi polloi
_despot/dictator/tyrant
_n. an immane, oppressive autocrat or authority figure
_dynast
_n. a hereditary ruler
_heresiarch
_n. the leader of a heretical sect
_jefe
_n. any military or political leader
_liege/suzerain
n. a feudal lord or sovereign commanding and entitled to fealty and service
_nabob/nawab
n. a Muslim governor of an Indian province designated by and sustaining the sovereignty of the Mughal Emperor
_regent
_n. someone who rules a country during the absence, incapacity or minority of its sovereign
_satrap
_n. a provincial governor of ancient Persia
_n. a subsidiary chief
_suzerain
_n. a sovereign exercising hegemony over a dependent country's foreign affairs, usu. while affording it domestic autonomy

chorine/chorus girl
n. a female choral singer or dancer in a musical production

cibolero
n. a colonial Spanish buffalo hunter active in New Mexico and Texas
n. a Mexican buffalo hunter active in New Mexico and Texas

cipher/cypher/nobody/nonentity/nothing/zero
n. an individual bereft of influence, significance or value

civilist
n. a student of civil law

cleric/divine/ecclesiastic/priest
n. a trained member of a religious order authorized to conduct religious worship, as an imam, minister, priest or rabbi
_archpriest (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest of the first rank in a cathedral chapter, acting as chief assistant and subordinate only to its bishop
_canon (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest who is a permanent member of a cathedral chapter's staff
_n. a monk of the Augustinian or Premonstratensian Canons
_coadjutor (Roman Catholic)
_n. a bishop designated to assist and succeed a diocesan bishop
_cordelier (Roman Catholic)
_n. a Franciscan friar of the order of the Friars Minor
_curate (Protestant)
_n. any cleric who administers a parish
_n. a clergyman who assists a rector or vicar
__parson/rector (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican divine who manages a parish and collects its tithes as his income of this benefice
__vicar (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican curate paid a stipend in lieu of the tithes allocated to a rector
__rector (Episcopalian)
__n. a clergyman supervising a parish
_imam/imaum (Islam)
_n. a Muslim cleric who leads recitation of prayer in a mosque
_oracle
_a. a priest or priestess in classical antiquity who purported to serve as a divine medium and presaged future events
_minister/parson (Protestant)
_n. a cleric of a Protestant denomination, as a pastor or rector
__pastor (Christian)
__n. a minister in charge of a church and its congregation
_prelate/hierarch
_n. any ecclesiastic of high rank or office, as an abbot, archbishop, bishop or cardinal
__abbot (Roman Catholic)/archimandrite (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a priest who oversees a monastery
__primate/archbishop (Roman Catholic)
__n. a bishop of the higest rank who presides over the archdiocese or archbishopric of a province or country
___metropolitan
___n. an archbishop whose purview extends to one or multiple suffragan sees
__Primate (of all England)/Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican)
__n. the Church of England's chief bishop, whose influence as a leader guides the global Anglican church
__vicar (Roman Catholic)
__n. a Roman Catholic priest assigned the delegacy of a prelate (as a primate, bishop, abbot, et al.) or the pontiff
_provincial (Christianity)
_n. any cleric (as an archbishop or metropolitan) presiding over an ecclesiastic province
__metropolitan (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a provincial ranking betwixt an archbishop and a patriarch
_rector (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest administering a Roman Catholic institution, as a university, religious house or Jesuit seminary
_shrift father (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest to whom confession is recited
_vicar (Anglican)
_n. a clergyman in the Church of England acting as a substitute or deputy for a rector or bishop
_vicar (Episcopal)
_n. an Episcopal cleric governing a chapel

coeval/contemporary
n. a person of approximately the same age as or period of another

cognate/kin/kinsman [OR] kinswoman/relation/relative/sib
n. one related to another by blood and esp. a common ancestor
_agnate/patrikin/patrisib
_n. someone consanguine by birth from the same father or descent of a common male ancestor as another
_ancestor/antecedent/ascendant/forebear/forefather/parent/predecessor/primogenitor/progenitor
_n. somebody from whom one is descended, esp. a person antedating a grandparent
__primogenitor
__n. the earliest ancestor of a lineage
_collateral
_n. a cognate of variant lineage
_enate/matrikin/matrisib
_n. someone kin to another of a common mother or matrilineage

cognoscente/connoisseur/maven
n. a discerning expert possessing specialized knowledge or refined taste, esp. that in appreciation of the fine arts
_enophile/oenophile
_n. an enthusiast or cognoscente of wines
_epicure/epicurean/gastronome/gastronomer/gastronomist/gourmet
_n. a connoisseur of cuisine boasting an acute and discerning palate

compulsive
n. someone whose propensities or behavioral patterns are governed by psychological compulsion

concierge
n. a member of a hotel's staff who manages luggage conveyance, messages and tour and event reservations for guests and residents
n. a (usually French) resident caretaker of an apartment complex or hotel who monitors traffic, transports luggage, handles mail and performs janitorial services

confidant/confidante/intimate/repository
n. someone to whom private matters are confided

conscript/draftee/inductee
n. someone drafted for military service

consigner/consignor
n. a person who or firm that consigns goods, as by sea or rail

consort
n. the spouse of a reigning monarch

constructionist
n. someone whose interpretation of laws (esp. a governmental constitution) is specific and esp. stringent

contributor/newswriter/newspaperman [OR] newspaperwoman/pressman [OR] presswoman/reporter
n. a journalist employed to pen news articles for newspapers or broadcast media outlets
_correspondent
_n. a newswriter who reports from a distant (usu. foreign) locality

controversialist/debater/disputant/eristic/polemic
n. a person engaged in or disposed to argument 
_polemicist/polemist
_n. someone adept in dispute: an expert eristic

correspondent
n. someone who communicates by delivery and exchange of letters

cosignatory/cosigner
n. anyone who signs a document jointly with another or others

cottager/cottier
n. anyone domiciled in a cottage

cow
n. a repellent fat or doltish woman

criminal/convict/con
n. anyone who's been legally convicted of a crime
_repeater/recidivist
_n. someone repeatedly convicted of criminal activity, esp. for their iteration of the same offense

criminal/crook/culprit/felon/lawbreaker/malefactor/offender/perp/perpetrator/wrongdoer
n. someone who has committed a crime
_abettor/accomplice/confederate
_n. someone who assists a perpetrator in the execution of a crime
__accessary/accessory
__n. an accomplice who's absent during the commission of the crime abetted
_arsonist/firebug/incendiary
_n. someone who destroys property with fire, esp. by commission
_bandit/brigand/picaroon
_n. an armed thief (usu. affiliated with a criminal outfit) who ambuscades travelers
__highwayman
__n. a bandit who waylays and robs travelers on a road or other path
___road agent
____n a highwayman who preys on stagecoaches

culprit/evildoer/felon/malefactor/malfeasant/miscreant/reprobate/scoundrel/sinner/transgressor/villain/wrongdoer
n. a person engaged in villainy, who commits evil acts
_beguiler/bilk(er)/cheat(er)/chiseler/cozener/defrauder/diddler/finagler/fleecer/fraud/gazumper/grifter/gyp/gypper/gypster/rook/scammer/scamster/slicker/shark/swindler/tricheur/tricker
_n. anyone who prevails or deprives someone of something by chicanery; one who mulcts others for attainment or advantage
__confidence [OR] con man/stinger
__n. a swindler who bilks his targets with a confidence game
__rook/sharp(er)
__n. a diddler who plies his fraud by gambling, usu. in card or dice games
_despot/dictator/tyrant
_n. an immane, oppressive autocrat or authority figure
_freebooter/looter/marauder/pillager/plunderer/raider/reaver
_n. anyone seeking or violently purloining goods, esp. during wartime
_reprobate (Calvinism)
_n. an irreclaimable sinner predestined to everlasting damnation

cynosure
n. someone who strongly attracts attention and admiration

cyprian/floozy/hussy/jade/slut/strumpet/tart/tramp/trollop/wanton/wench/whore
n. a sexually immodest or promiscuous woman

dauphin
n. formerly (1349-1830), the French King's eldest son and direct heir to his throne

dawdler/laggard/lagger/loiterer/poke/slowpoke/snail/straggler
n. a person who proceeds very slowly and consequently lags behind

Delaware/Lenape
n. any member of an Indian tribe that inhabited the Delaware and Hudson river valleys and localities betwixt before migrating west posterior to their deracination by post-European settlement

demagogue/rabble-rouser
n. an agitator (esp. a political activist or leader) who obtains support by appealing to popular passions and prejudices, esp. by manipulative, mendacious or unprincipled means

Dey
n. formerly, the governor of Algiers antecedent of French conquest in 1830
n. a kindly, avuncular person of middle or old age

diplomat
n. any government official constituted to represent their country abroad by conducting negotiations concerning thorny issues and maintaining cordial political and economic relations
_ambassador
_n. a sanctioned diplomat of the highest rank installed as a permanent delegate of one's country in another
__nuncio
__n. a papal ambassador: any diplomat representing the Holy See at a foreign capital or court
_attache
_n. a staff member of an embassy or legation, esp. a specialist delegated to serve in a specific capacity
_charge d'affaires
_n. a diplomat of the lowest rank, junior to a minister plenipotentiary
_n. a diplomat acting as a surrogate for an absent or incapacitated ambassador or other government minister
_consul
_n. an official residing in a foreign nation, tasked with protecting and ministrating traveling and expatriate compatriots and furthering commercial interests
__consul general
__n. a consul of superior rank stationed in a foreign city of commercial significance who supervises other consuls and consular offices thereof
_emissary/legate
_n. a messenger or representative dispatched to fulfill a diplomatic mission
__envoy/legate
__n. a diplomat dispatched on a pro tempore or special mission
_envoy/envoy extraordinary/minister plenipotentiary
_n. an accredited diplomat of second rank, subordinate to an ambassador

disbeliever/nullifidian
n. someone who does not believe, as in a theory, rumor, religion or idea

docent
n. a comprehensively educated guide who conducts tours in a cathedral, gallery, museum, etc.

dog/gorgon
n. an ugly woman
_beast
_n. a hideous woman
_beldam(e)/crone/hag/witch
_n. an elderly gorgon

doorkeeper/doorman/gatekeeper/porter
n. someone employed to guard and attend the entrance or gateway of a public or private edifice

doyen [OR] doyenne
n. the eldest or senior member of a group or profession

drafter/draftsman [OR] draftswoman/draftsperson
n. an artist skilled at drawing
_n. a skilled illustrator who renders technical plans and blueprints of buildings and machines
_illustrator
_n. a draftsman who describes works for publications, esp. books or magazines

dragoon
n. a European calvalryman armed with short muskets or carbines and trained to combat mounted or afoot, prevailing from the 17th century through World War I

drover
n. someone who drives sheep and cattle, esp. to market
_muleteer
_n. one who impels mules

duopolist
n. one of but two suppliers of a product or service in a market

dupe/fool/gull/pigeon/sap/victim
n. a person who's been tricked or swindled: a victim of chicanery, esp. that facilitated by their credulity

dynamo
n. an extremely energetic, forceful, productive person

dyspeptic
n. a person afflicted by indigestion

ectomorph
n. a person whose build is lean and rather delicate

empiric/quack
n. a charlatan who pretends to be a doctor or professes medical skill or qualifications

ensign
n. formerly, an army's lowest rank of commissioned officer, who carried the ensign or flag of a company or regiment
n. a commissioned officer of the lowest rank in the navy (subordinate to lieutenant junior grade and superior to chief warrant officer), corresponding to the grade of second lieutenant in the army

epigon/epigone
n. a mediocre or inferior follower or imitator of someone, esp. an artist

exponent/interpreter
n. anyone who expounds, elucidates or interprets
_exegete
_n. a person proficient in analysis and interpretation (esp. of religious texts)

factotum
n. an assistant or employee tasked with a manifold sweep of labor and responsibilities

farrier
n. someone who shoes horses

fashion plate/clothes horse
a. someone who consistently, almost exclusively wears vesture of current fashion

feudatory/helot/liege (subject)/liegeman/serf/vassal
n. an agricultural laborer bound by feudal servitude and allegiance to perform labor in exchange for residence, protection and legal or customary rights furnished by his suzerain
_villain/villein
_n. a free feudal tenant of medieval England subject exclusively to his respective leige, to whom he paid rent or performed services in exchange for the land on which he resided

frotteur
n. someone who masturbates by rubbing against someone else

gallant/squire
n. a man who attends or escorts a woman

gambist
n. a musician who performs the viola da gamba

gamine
n. a vagrant girl who roams urban streets; a female urchin
n. any girl distinguished by some pert, boyish or impish appeal

gendarme
n. an armed police officer in a Francophone country or region

gossip(er)/gossipmonger/quidnunc/rumormonger
n. one keen to learn and disseminate scuttlebutt

guidon
n. a soldier who carries a guidon

haberdasher
n. a vendor of men's vestments

hardliner
n. a member of a political party, faction or society who adheres intractably to an ideology, policy or principle

harpy/harridan/hellcat/jade/shrew/termagant/virago/vixen
n. a bilious, usu. contentious woman prone to reproach
_battle-axe/bitch/gorgon/virago
_n. an irascible, imperious woman
_fishwife
_n. a crude, usu. unsophisticated shrew

hierarch
n. anyone who occupies a position of authority in a hierarchy

honoree
n. a recipient of an honor, as an accolade

hostler/ostler
n. someone who cares for horses, esp. at an inn
_farrier
_n. a noncommissioned, equestrian military officer who tends to horses
_stableman
_n. one who cares for horses at a stable

hostler
n. an engineer who services or maintains a large vehicle (as a bus or train) or its engine

incumbent/occupant/officeholder
n. one who occupies an office, position or post to which they were appointed or elected

incurable
n. a person whose disease is incurable

inquirer/interlocutor/querent
n. someone who asks a question

interlocutor
n. a person engaged in conversation
_conversationalist
_n. one disposed to or adroit in conversation

intersex/gynandromorph/epicene/androgyne
n. someone possessing morphological and physiological characteristics of both genders; at birth, neither an unambiguous male nor female identity can be ascertained
_hermaphrodite/androgyne
_n. a gynandromorph that has both male and female genitals

intestate
n. one who perishes without a legal will

irredentist
n. someone prescribing annexation or restitution to their country of any territory it once possessed or to which it's culturally or ethnically related

Janissary/Janizary
n. a soldier of the Turkish infantry's elite class comprising the Sultan's personal guard from the 14th through the early 19th century

jilt
n. one who abruptly, capriciously rejects a lover

journeyman/craftsperson/craftswoman [OR] craftsman/artisan/artificer
n. a skilled worker of a trade, esp. that entailing manual handicraft
_brazier
_n. one who fashions articles from brass
_hooper/cooper
_n. someone who constructs or mends wooden barrels, casks and tubs
_lapidist/lapidary
_n. an artisan who cuts, engraves and polishes precious stones

journeyman
n. a trained worker employed on a daily wage

jumper
n. someone who jumps

knave/picaroon/rapscallion/rascal/reprobate/rogue/scalawag/scamp/scapegrace/scoundrel/varlet
n. a person destitute of moral scruples given to deceit or mischief, esp. one rated charming

Laconian/Spartan
n. a citizen of Sparta

landlubber/lubber
n. anyone unfamiliar with the sea or unaccustomed to seamanship

landsman
n. someone domiciled or employed on land

lapidary/lapidarist
n. an expert on the subject of precious stones and the lapidary art

latitudinarian
n. someone of broad or tolerant convictions, esp. in pertinence to religion
n. an Anglican of the 17th-19th century opposed to the dogmatism endemic to the Church of England, whose exegesis was based on reason

legist
n. a legal expert, such as a lawyer
_feudist
_n. a specialist on the subject of feudal law
_Justinianist
_n. a historian whose expertise pertains to the codification and revision of Roman laws enacted by the 6th-century Byzantine emperor Justinian
_pandectist
_n. the author of a complete legal code
_publicist
_n. a specialist of public or international law

logophile
n. one who loves and enjoys words

madcap
n. an impetuous or impulsive person

magnate/mogul/tycoon
n. a wealthy, powerful, influential person, esp. an industrialist
_baron
_n. a mogul of a particular sphere or industry

manciple
n. a steward who purchases provisions for a college or monastery

Manichean/Manichee
n. an adherent of Manichaeism

medic
n. a medical practitioner serving in the armed forces who administers triage and dispenses first aid at combat sites

metrician
n. a composer of verses

milord
n. a term of address for an English nobleman, esp. one peregrinating throughout continental Europe

mistress/lass/ladylove/inamorata/dulcinea/doxy
n. a female lover or sweetheart

Mogul
n. a member of a dynastic Muslim empire that dominated India and areas of the Deccan from 1526 through the early 18th century

monopolist
n. a person who or firm that enjoys exclusive control of a commodity or service in a market
n. an exponent of monopoly

moor
n. a Muslim of mixed Arab and Berber descent in north Africa (specifically, of Morocco, Algeria, Tunis and Tripoli)

muadhdhin/muazzin/muezzin (Islam)
n. a mosque's cryer, who vociferously convokes the Islamic faithful to prayer from its minaret five times daily

mumpsimus
n. one who obdurately adheres to a fallacious belief, idea, ideology, etc. or persists in unsound enunciation, practice, routine, etc.

nabob
n. a wealthy person (esp. a Briton) who amassed a fortune in India

naif
n. an ingenuous and often confiding person

neoteric
n. a modern person who accepts and advocates new concepts, trends or fashions

noctambulant
n. anyone active, awake or walking during the night

noctambulist/sleepwalker/somnambulator/somnambulist
n. someone afflicted with somnambulism, who tootles whilst asleep

nonperson/unperson
n. someone whose existence isn't acknowledged by a government or news media outlets for objectives of political expedience; an officially ignored person

oblate
n. a layperson dedicated to religious life, esp. one affiliated with a monastic order

onanist/masturbator
n. anyone who excites genital stimulation manually or by means exclusive of coitus

ornament
n. anyone who contributes to the beauty, credit, glory or honor of a group or period

orthoepist
n. one who studies correct or accepted pronunciation

outlier
n. someone who resides some distance from their workplace

pandemoniac
n. someone who engenders chaos

patrician/aristocrat
n. a (often hereditary) person of high or noble social status; a member of the governing or upper class
n. an individual of cultivated partialities and carriage

penitent
n. a person who repents for his or her iniquity

perceiver/percipient
n. one who perceives, as with their senses or intellect

pettifogger
n. a petty, niggling, often reprobate lawyer of a minor practice

pissant
n. a picayune person

playboy/rake/rakehell/rip/roue
n. a fashionable or wealthy man of profligate and promiscuous appetites

plenipotentiary
n. any agent (esp. a diplomat) fully vested with the authority to act independently in representation of their government

prescriptivist
n. someone who believes that acceptable practices (esp. of language) should be prescribed by an authority rather than be determined by the usage of the general public
_orthoepist
_n. one among a consortium of 17th- and 18th-century scholars who proposed to reform English orthography to better reflect enunciation

prodigal/profligate/spendthrift/squanderer/waster/wastrel
n. a person who dissipates resources or money in self-indulgence and reckless extravagance

prospect/candidate/applicant
n. someone who applies and is considered for an office, prize, honor, etc.

prospect
n. someone esteemed a likely success

pyrolater/pyrolator
n. one who worships fire

qualifier
n. a person or team who qualify for competition or a final round thereof

recidivist/reversionist
n. someone who retroverts to precursive, undesirable patterns or modes of behavior

rector
n. the principal of certain universities or colleges

recusant/rebel/nonconformist/maverick/dissident/dissentient/dissenter
n. someone who refuses to submit to authority, observe propriety or comply with prevailing convictions or practices

rentier
n. someone whose income is derived from property rents, bond interest or other investments

ribald
n. a lewd, vulgar and amusing person

Roundhead/Parliamentarian
n. a partisan supporting Parliament during the English Civil War; designated in derisory reference by their opponents to the Puritans in their ranks, whose hair was cropped circumferent to their noggins

rustic/provincial/peasant/countrywoman [OR] countryman/bucolic
n. someone who resides and works in a rural area, as a farmer or shepherd

sawbones/surgeon
n. a physician who specializes in and performs surgery

scrivener/scribe/penman/copyist/amanuensis
n. someone employed to manually pen copies of documents and manuscripts

scold
n. anyone who constantly chastises or criticizes

segregate
n. someone who is or has been segregated

separatist/separationist
n. a proponent of cultural, ethnic, political or religious secession from a dominant body, organization, party or country

sinologist/sinologue
n. a student of Chinese history, culture, civilization, language and literature

slaver/slave dealer [or] trader
n. someone who procures and purveys slaves

slaver/slaveholder/slaveowner
n. one who owns slaves

solipsist
n. one convinced that only their own mind or self exists

spiritualist/spiritist/medium
n. a clairvoyant who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead

sprite/pixie/fay/fairy/faerie
n. a tiny, mischievous, magical humanoid usu. possessing the power of flight

stenographer/shorthand typist
n. someone skilled in the transcription of speech (esp. dictation) in shorthand format

stentor
n. a speaker (often an orator) possessing an oddly or exceptionally loud voice

stoker
n. someone assigned to tend and feed fuel to a furnace, as that of a steam locomotive or steamship

supernumerary
n. an added or superfluous person

supernumerary/extra
n. a minor actor assigned no dialogue, as one portraying a constituent of a crowd

sutler
n. a merchant who accompanies an army unit or maintains a store at an army post to purvey provisions to its soldiers

suttee
n. a Hindu widow who cremates herself on her husband's funeral pyre

sylph
n. a slender, graceful girl

tar/seaman/seafarer/salt/sailor/rating/matelot/mariner/Jack
n. anyone proficient in seamanship who directs or ministrates a vessel's navigation
_lubber/landsman/landlubber
_n. an unseasoned sailor
_shellback/sea dog/(old) salt
_n. a veteran sailor, esp. of advanced years
_shellback
_n. any sailor who's crossed the equator

teacher/professor/preceptor/pedagogue/instructor/educator
n. someone who teaches, esp. someone who imparts instruction and education to young people

terrestrial/tellurian/earthling
n. an inhabitant of the earth

tiller
n. a cultivator who tills land to prepare soil for crop planting

tout
n. someone who advertises or solicits potential customers, voters or patrons with an especially brazen carriage
n. one who sells advice concerning racehorse speculation

tribune
n. an official elected by the plebeians of ancient Rome to protect their interests, esp. against the abuses of patrician magistrates

tyro/tenderfoot/rookie/novitiate/novice/neophyte/newcomer/initiate/greenhorn/freshman/beginner/apprentice
n. an inexperienced person new to a field, activity or circumstance

undine (Paracelsus)
n. a mortal, soulless, usu. female elemental being that inhabits water

upstart/parvenu/nouveau riche/arriviste
n. someone suddenly flourishing in a higher economic or social class in which they've neither achieved reception nor adopted proprieties

valet (de chambre)/manservant/man
n. a male attendant responsible for his employer's habiliments and other mundane duties

valet
n. a servant (as of a hotel or cruise ship) who attends to patrons, esp. in concern of cleaning, laundry and pressing

vampire
n. an undead, sentient, nocturnal corpse sporting protrusible canine teeth who rises at night to drink the blood of the living
_lamia
_n. a female vampire

vasir/vazir/vesir/vezir/vizier/vizir/wazir
n. an official, minister or advisor of high rank in a Muslim government, esp. that of the Ottoman Empire

vidette
n. an army outpost's mounted sentry

visitant/visitor
n. one who pays a visit to another or others for any or no purpose

wallflower
n. a diffident, awkward or neglected attendant of a social function too farouche to interact with others present

whoreson/love child/illegitimate/by-blow/bastard
n. any offspring of unwed parents

wisp
n. a small, spare person, esp. a child

wizard/witch [OR] warlock/thaumaturgist/thaumaturge/sorceress [OR] sorcerer/magus/magician/magian/mage/enchantress [OR] enchanter
n. one possessing magical powers who practices sorcery

wraith/visitant/spook/specter/shadow/shade/phantom/ghost/apparition
n. the incorporeal, often visible spirit of a deceased individual
_revenant
_n. a returning ghost
_wraith
_n. an apparition of someone witnessed shortly anterior to their death (usu. as an augury)


==GEOGRAPHY, GEOLOGY, LOCATIONS & TOPOGRAPHY==

abbey (Roman Catholic)
n. a convent managed by an abbess
n. a monastery supervised by an abbot
n. a church constituting an annex of a monastery or convent

abyss/chaos/chasm/crevasse/gulf
n. a sheer fissure of monumental or fathomless depth, as a gorge

agglomerate
n. volcanic rock consisting of fused rounded and angular fragments

ait/eyot/islet
n. a small island, esp. of a lake or river

alcove/arbor/bower
n. a shaded, leafy recess or shelter formed by entwined tree boughs, climbing vines or both in a garden, copse or wood

alfresco/outdoor(s)/out of doors/outside/thereout
a., av. in the open air; outside a building

ambit/border/(outer) boundary/bounds/bourn/brim/circumference/compass/edge/end/fringe/limits/marge/margin/mete/periphery/perimeter/rim/skirt/verge
n. the outermost limit of any area or surface, at which it terminates or ends; a place or point furthest from the center

annex
n. an annexed territory or country

anticline
n. an arched, stratified rock formation

antipode
n. one of two places located at diametrically opposite global positions

archipelago
n. a large chain, cluster or group of islands, such as the Aegean Islands or Myeik Archipelago

area/belt/part/region/section/territory/zone
n. any portion of a country, county, city, town, etc. distinguished by particular attributes

area/expanse/extent/reach/region/sheet/stretch/sweep/tract
n. any space of land or water comprising a broad, continuous surface

arete
n. a sharp, narrow mountain ridge engendered by glaciation that demarcates cirques or valleys

arrondissement
n. an municipal district of a French city

arrondissement
n. an administrative subdivision of a French department, itself comprised of numerous cantons
_canton
_n. a subdivision of a French arrondissement

backcountry/backlands/backwoods/boondocks/boonies/bush/hinterland/outback/sticks
n. any remote or uninhabited and esp. undeveloped rural vicinage

bagnio/bawdyhouse/bordello/brothel/cathouse/whorehouse
n. an establishment where men pay to fuck trulls

bagnio
n. a public Italian or Turkish bathhouse

balk
n. an unplowed strip of land
_headland
_n. a balk at the margin of an arable field

bank/banking/camber/cant/superelevation
n. the lateral rake of a road's or track's bend (from inner to outer edge) enabling runners or vehicles rounding it to maintain speed by reducing the effects of centrifugal force

bank/incline/slope/talus
n. inclined land, as that of a hill or riverbank
_acclivity/ascent/upslope
_n. an upward slope
_bank(s)/waterside
_n. an incline contiguous to a body of water, as a channel or lake
__bluff
__n. a steep bank
__riverbank/riverside
__n. a bank adjoining a river
_declension/decline/declivity/descent/dip/downslope
_n. a downward slope
_escarpment/scarp
_n. a steep slope formed by erosion or faulting

bar(room)/beer hall/cantina/dramhouse/pub/saloon/tavern
n. a public establishment in which liquor is served
_rathskeller
_n. a basement beer hall
_shebeen
_n. an unlicensed tavern of picayune disrepute

barranca/barranco/canyon/coulee/defile/gorge/ravine
n. a narrow valley or passage formed by aqueous erosion betwixt precipitous hills or mountains that comprise its steep walls, esp. that through which a stream flows
_gulch
_n. an especially circumscribed ravine
__arroyo
__n. a gulch that's ordinarily dry, save after heavy rainfall

basin/pan
n. a large, often concave depression in the earth's surface
_basin
_n. an area wherein rock strata decline to a common center

bastion/citadel/fortress/stronghold
n. any extremely fortified and secure location
_citadel
_n. a fortress commanding or defending a surrounding or proximal city

bay
n. a recess of land partially encompassed by hills

bay/bight
n. a body of water partly enclosed by seaboard, the wide outlet of which renders access to a sea

benefice/feud/fief/vassalage
n. a landed feudal estate or territory, tenure of which is incident to the service or labor of a helot for its liege

benthic division/benthonic zone/benthos
n. the bottom of a body of water, as a lake, river or ocean

billet/cantonment/quarters
n. lodging for military personnel, esp. in a private home
_cantonment
_n. an army's winter quarters

bistro
n. a small restaurant
_estaminet
_n. a small, often squalid bistro or cafe where alcoholic potables are sold

bodega
n. a warehouse wherein wine is stored and aged

bog/bogland/fen/fenland/mire/morass/quag/quagmire/slack/wetland
n. an area of moist, spongy ground consisting of moss and peat

boscage/boskage/bosk/brake/brush(wood)/coppice/copse/thicket
n. a concentrated growth of bushes, small trees or similar vegetation
_bush
_n. a copse of shrubs
_chaparral
_n. a bosk of evergreen shrubs and trees (usu. evergreen oaks) in the southwestern United States, most prevalent in central and southern California
_covert
_n. a thicket where game or other wild animals may hide or secure shelter

bower/embower
v. to enclose, shelter or shade within or as though in a bower

brook/rill/rivulet/streamlet
n. a small stream

Burgundy
n. a region and quondam province of central France famed for its wines

buttery
n. a shop purveying light meals, frequented by students of certain British universities

buttress
n. a rock formation protruding from a hill or mountain

calaboose/calabozo/jail
n. a facility where the arraigned awaiting trial or bail, or offenders convicted of misdemeanors are detained

caldera
n. a huge crater ensuing the collapse or explosion of a volcano's summit or center

camber
n. a slight convexity at the center of a road's surface

camp/campground/camping area [OR] ground [OR] site/campsite/encampment
n. a (usu. sylvan) locus where a party may camp in tents or alfresco, esp. that furnished with bathrooms and cooking grills
_bivouac
_n. a temporary encampment ordinarily established in an unsheltered area, where campers either sleep in the open or beneath a makeshift shelter
_n. a military encampment where soldiers reside pro tempore

canton
n. a small, territorial division of a country, esp. one of Switzerland's 23 states
v. to divide into cantons

carrel(l)
n. a partitioned desk, or a small cubicle or room containing a desk intended for private study, esp. in a library

cascade/cataract/waterfall
n. a steep, copious fall or flow of water from a height, usu. a precipice

cinder/scoria/slag
n. cindery, crusty, dark, porous, solidified cellular lava

cirque/corrie/cwm
n. a bluff, incurvate mountain basin, which often forms the head of a glacier or stream

clay [OR] pug mill
n. a mill in which clay is mixed to create bricks or crafts

cloister
n. a residence of religious seclusion, as a convent or monastery

coast/litoral/littoral/seaboard/seacoast/seashore/seaside/shore/strand/waterside
n. land or a region adjoining the sea
_beach/sand(s)/strand
_n. a swath of sand and pebbles along a shoreline
_bight
_n. a seashore's broad indentation
_rimland
_n. the seaboard of a country or continent

coastal/seaboard/seaside/waterside
a. bordering the sea

commissary
n. a cafeteria, restaurant or snack bar of a motion picture studio

Cotopaxi
n. a volcano situated in the Andes of central Ecuador; at a height of 19,347 feet, it's Earth's tallest active volcano

coulee
n. a small, intermittent stream, esp. that coursing through a canyon

coulee
n. a stream of molten lava
n. a sheet of congealed lava
_malpais
_n. the rough, often spiked surface of a coagulated lava stream

cove/niche
n. any sheltered recess in a mountainside

debouche/egress/exit
n. a passage through which one leaves a place, as a doorway or gateway

debris/detritus/rubble
n. particles of loose material (gravel, rocks, silt, stone fragments, etc.) broken or worn away by attrition from a mass
_scree/talus
_n. a mass of rocky rubble that covers or constitutes a slope at the base of a cliff or hillside, or on a mountainside

demesne/district/precinct/region/ward
n. an administrative, electoral, etc. division of a county, city or town
_bailiwick
_n. a district wherein a bailie or bailiff possesses jurisdiction
_precinct
_n. a demesne under the jurisdiction of and patrolled by a particular police unit
_quarter
_n. a cultural region of a city or town
_sector/zone
_n. a ward intended for a specific purpose (as residence or commerce) and therefore subject to certain restrictions of construction

denudation
n. an erosive process by which rock strata are bared and subsequently exposed by elemental ablation

dosshouse/flophouse
n. a cheap, seedy boarding house

emplacement
n. a (usu. fortified) position where artillery or other military weapons are situated

enclave
n. a distinct locality, country or territory thereof entirely encompassed by another, esp. that which is culturally or ethnically disparate

enclave/exclave
n. a geographically isolated region of one nation that's wholly surrounded by another or others

enclosure
n. an area that has been enclosed for some purpose by a fence or wall
_corral/fold/pig [OR] cow [OR] cattle pen
_n. a fenced enclosure in which livestock are confined
_paddock
_n. a fenced field near a barn or stable where horses graze
_n. an encosure at a racetrack where horses are saddled, paraded and mounted preceding a race

environs/outskirts/purlieus
n. surrounding locations or districts, esp. those of a city, as a suburb

entrance/entranceway/entry/entryway/ingress/portal/threshold
n. a passage through which one enters a place, as a doorway or gateway
_archway
_n. an entry under an arch
_door/doorway
_n. an entrance barred and opened by a door
_subingression
_n. any subtle, concealed or secret entrance

eon/aeon
n. the longest division of geological time (minimally, 500,000,000 years) during which the eonothem rock strata is formed, comprising two to fourteen eras
_era
_n. several hundred million years when the erathem rock strata is formed, consisting of numerous periods
__period
__n. the primary unit of geologic time representing the formation of a standard rock system; constituted of epochs
___epoch
___n. tens of millions of years during which a series of rock strata is laid down, comprehending multiple ages
____age
____n. millions of years during which a stage of rock strata is formed

eonian/aeonian
a. of, regarding or composing a geological eon

Escorial/Escurial
n. the church, mausoleum, monastery and palace of Spanish sovereigns, located 27 miles northwest of Madrid and constructed from 1563 to 1584

esker
n. a long, narrow, steep, sinuous ridge composed of coarse sand and gravel once deposited by a meltwater stream running beneath a glacier

estaminet
n. a small, often squalid bistro or cafe where alcoholic potables are sold

extramural
a. located beyond the bourn of a locality, as of a city or town

finca
n. any rural estate in Spain or Latin America
_hacienda/estancia
_n. a large estate in Spain or Latin America, esp. a ranch or farm
__hacienda
__n. the central house of such an estate

floodplain
n. a plain composed of sediment (usu. clay, sand, silt, etc.) deposited during the floods of a river it neighbors

ford
n. a shallow place in a river or stream that may be traversed afoot

fronton
n. a building (as an arena) where jai alai or pelota are played

fulgurite
n. slender, usu. tubular glassy rock generated by lightning when it strikes and fuses rock or sand

galena
n. a gray, heavy mineral mined from hydrothermal veins notable as the primary ore of lead

(geological) formation
n. an array of strata distinguished by correspondent characteristics, which constitute the rudimentary lithostratigraphic unit

gendarme
n. the sharp rock pinnacle of a mountain ridge

Gondwanaland
n. one of twain supercontinents split from the greater supercontinent Pangaea during the Precambrian eon, which sundered in the middle Mesozoic Era; its erstwhile constituents eventually became Africa, the Indian subcontinent, South America, Australia and Antarctica

granary
n. an agricultural region yielding bounteous grain

Green River
n. a river of 730 miles' length that rises in western Wyoming's Wind River Mountains and flows southward through northwest Colorado and eastern Utah to become a tributary of the Colorado River
n. a river rising from south-central Kentucky that courses 384 miles northwest to confluence as a tributary of the Ohio River

grotto/grot
n. a small, often picturesque cave or cavern

gully
n. any deep ditch or channel occasioned by heavy, protracted rainfall
_couloir
_n. a mountainside's gully, esp. that of the Swiss or French Alps

haberdashery
n. a haberdasher's shop, where men's attire is sold

heath(land)
n. an open tract of sandy, uncultivated land where shrubby, prostrate plants (esp. heather) flourish

hinterland
n. an area neighboring or surrounding and dependent on a port or town
n. any land or region beyond a coastal district

holt/hurst/wood/woods
n. a wooded area smaller than a forest, the bushes, grasses, shrubs, etc. of which are dominated by a single or few species of trees 
_boscage/boskage/bosk/coppice/copse
_n. a little holt of small trees and bushes
_covert
_n. a hurst where game or other wild animals may hide or secure shelter
_grove/holt
_n. a small (usu. dense and isolated) wood containing minimal if any undergrowth

army [OR] field hut
n. a temporary military shelter

insular
a. of, regarding or constituting an island
a. located or domiciled on an island

interchange
n. a motorway intersection comprised of interconnected roads and bridges devised to preclude decussation of traffic flow

intersection/junction
n. any place where two or more routes (esp. roads or railways) converge or conjoin
_confluence
_n. a junction where two or more streams (esp. rivers) or glaciers join to flow together
_crossing/crossroads/intersection/junction
_n. anywhere two or more roads meet and cross one another
_gantlet
_n. an intersecting section of otherwise collateral railway tracks

inversion layer
n. a layer of the atmosphere in which temperature increases with height

jade
n. a semiprecious stone composed of either the nephrite or jadeite minerals, the color of which ranges from rich green to white and is applied primarily to fashion gemstones or sculptures

jakes/privy/outhouse
n. a small outbuilding constructed over a deep, narrow pit in which one sits on and defecates through a hole in its seat or bench

Jidda
n. a seaport on the Red Sea in Saudi Arabia traveled by Mohammedan pilgrims en route to Mecca

kiva
n. a subterranean or semi-underground chamber in a Pueblo Indian village used for religious rites and councils

lake/loch/mere
n. a lengthy inland body of fresh or salt water

lazaret/lazarette/lazaretto/lazar house/pesthouse
n. a hospital where people suffering from infectious diseases (esp. leprosy or plague) are quarantined and treated

lee
n. an area sheltered from wind

legation
n. the official headquarters and residence of a diplomat at a foreign court or seat of government

lineament
n. any prominent, linear topographic feature that denotes or reflects an underlying geological structure, as a fault

lithology
n. physical attributes of rocks or rock formations (as color, composition and texture) by which they may be classified
n. the scientific study and classification of rocks

loam
n. soil composed of clay, sand, silt and decomposing vegetable matter
 
locale/locality/location/locus/place/position/site/situation/spot
n. a particular area, esp. one where an activity occurs or something exists
_locale/locality/site/scene/setting/stage/venue
_n. wherever an event or action (esp. a congregation) occurs or has transpired

marl
n. crumbly, fine, friable deposit rich with a mixture of clay, calcium and magnesium carbonates and shell fragments employed as fertilizer to enrich soil lacking lime

merestone
n. any stone serving as a landmark to designate a boundary

milieu/surroundings
n. a social or cultural environment

mire/morass/quag/quagmire/slack/slough
n. a soft, wet area of muddy ground that yields underfoot

mogul
n. a small, hard mound of snow on a ski slope forming a bump

monocline
n. a singlar incline of stratified rocks

moor(land)
n. an expanse of open, uncultivated land, the peaty soil of which is normally covered with bracken, coarse grass, heather and moss
n. a game preserve comprised of moorland

Mull
n. a mountainous island off the coast of western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides

nook/rincon
n. an interior bend, corner or recess of a cliff, mountain, river, etc. 

Orange River
n. a river in Lesotho, South Africa that flows 1,367 miles westward from the Drakensberg mountains to the Atlantic Ocean

outlier
n. an isolated portion of a rock stratum separated by erosion from its formation and subsequently surrounded by older rocks
  
outlook
n. wherever something may be seen

petrifactive/petrific
a. converting organic matter into stone
a. concerning the process or condition of petrification

petrified
a. (of an organic substance, esp. wood) fossilized by a suffusion of dissolved minerals and unchanged in form
_petrific/petrifying
_a. experiencing petrification

plateau/tableland
n. an elevated area of land featuring a level surface
_butte
_n. a tall, flat hill of precipitous flanks
_mesa
_n. a broad tableland of one or multiple steep sides larger than a butte

plash/plashet/puddle
n. a small pool, esp. of rainwater

playa
n. the flat bed of a desert basin that's occasionally covered with water

porphyry
n. dark, igneous, reddish-purple rocks containing large crystals (usu. feldspar) embedded in a mineral groundmass

posada
n. a Spanish or Latin American inn 

pothole
n. a hole in a paved surface (esp. a road) produced by detrition of precipitation, pressure, etc.

precinct
n. a subdivision of a city or town under the jurisdiction of a police force or unit thereof

precipice/steep/cliff/bluff
n. a high and steep or sheer rock face
_palisades
_n. a line of cliffs
_scarp/escarpment
_n. a lengthy cliff sequent of erosion or faulting

premises
n. a tract of land and all buildings thereon

presbytery/rectory (Roman Catholic)
n. a parish priest's residence

presbytery (Presbyterian)
n. churches in a presbytery's jurisdiction

principality/princedom
n. a state or territory ruled by a prince

promenade/paseo/parade/esplanade
n. a public walk of grass or pavement where pedestrians may perambulate, as of a resort
_alameda
_n. a promenade lined with and shaded by (usu. poplar) trees
_boardwalk
_n. a seashore esplanade constructed of wooden boards
_mall
_n. a shaded or sheltered promenade

promontory/point/ness/mull/head/headland/foreland/cape
n. an elevation of land or rock that precipitously projects into a lake or sea beyond a conterminous bank or coastline
_bluff
_n. an especially steep, usu. broad headland

presidio
n. a Spanish garrison, as in colonial Mexico

ratchel
n. any gravelly stone

rathskeller
v. a basement beer hall or restaurant

Red River
n. a river flowing 730 miles from China's southern Yunnan province through northern Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin
n. a 1,360-mile tributary of the Atchafalaya and Mississippi Rivers that rises biramous in the Texas Panhandle and courses eastward as the border between Texas and Oklahoma and Texas and Arkansas, through Arkansas and Louisiana into the Mississippi Rivers

rimrock
n. rock constituting the perimeter of an elevation, esp. a plateau

rookery
n. wherever a rookery nests

scabland
n. elevated, barren, rocky land
_scabrock
_n. outcropping scabland

scullery
n. a small room neighboring a kitchen where vegetables are prepared, and dishes and utensils are washed and reposited

shale
n. fissile rock formed by compression of sedimentary layers rich in clay

sierra
n. a rugged mountain range of irregular or jagged peaks in Spain or the Americas

silica
n. the insoluble, refractory, white dioxide form of silicon, a crystalline compound that occurs naturally as agate, flint, quartz, sand, etc., and is bestowed to manufacture abrasives, ceramics, concrete and glass
_quartz
_n. hard, lucent silica found in igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks: the most common of minerals, and utilized in the manufacture of abrasives, cement and glass 
__amethyst
__n. purple or violet quartz, often fashioned into gemstones
__chalcedony
__n. translucent to transparent and often milky or grayish quartz consisting of microscopic crystals, slender fibers of which are disposed in parallel bands
___agate
___n. fibrous chalcedony of particolored bands
___carnelian/cornelian
___n. semitransparent, pale to deep reddish-yellow to reddish-brown chalcedony
___onyx
___n. chalcedony of alternating black and white striations, often used as gemstones
__chert
__n. siliceous, sedimentary rock primarily composed of microcrystalline quartz
__jasper
__n. an opaque, cryptocrystalline variant of quartz colored brown, red or yellow
_sinter
_n. a white, porous, siliceous incrustation deposited from hot mineral springs

siliceous
a. comprised of, containing, regarding or resembling silica

source/provenience/provenance/cradle/birthplace
n. a place or point of origin: where something originated

spall
n. a chip, flake, fragment or splinter from a piece of ore, rock or stone

stratigraphy
n. a branch of geology treating of the age, composition, denomination, deposition, distribution, relegation of rock strata to discern their history
_lithostratigraphy
_n. the scientific study and relegation of rock strata based on their distinct lithography

storehouse/salvatory/repository/depository/deposit
n. a facility where things can be deposited for preservation, safekeeping or storage
_granary
_n. a storehouse where threshed grain is stowed

subsoil/substrate/substratum/undersoil
n. a layer of soil betwixt topsoil and bedrock

swamp/swampland/wetland
n. permanently waterlogged and seasonally flooded land distinguished by riotous vegetation

swale
n. a (usu. damp, elongate and narrow) depression in a tract of land, wherein especially riotous vegetation often grows

tarmac(adam)/macadam
n. a paved surface consisting of crushed, compressed stone bound by bitumen and tar

topography
n. the configuration of a region's surface, including all its natural and artificial features
_n. the aforementioned features thereof
n. a survey of a purlieu's or location's natural and artificial surface features
n. a delineation or detailed graphic representation (as a map or chart) of a place's or region's surface features that specifies their relative positions and elevations

umbra/shade
n. an extent wholly shaded under a shadow such as that contrived by an opaque object's obnubilation or a lunar eclipse

upland/highland
n. land or a locality of a relatively high elevation
a. of, pertaining to or located in an elevated region

valley/vale/dale
n. an elongated lowland betwixt hills, mountains or other uplands through which a river or stream usually courses
_dell
_n. a small, ordinarily wooded valley
_glen/hollow
_n. a small, narrow valley, esp. one flanked by mountains

vault/tomb/sepulture/sepulchre/sepulcher/repository/burial chamber
n. a stone edifice where corpses are interred, often underground

vicinity/vicinage/purlieu/neighborhood/environs
n. an area or territory near, encompassing or immediate to a particular location

void/vacuum/vacuity/vacancy
n. a locus devoid of matter

wallow
n. a pool of water or mud where animals (esp. bears) roll about for enjoyment

warren
n. an overcrowded residential building or zone
_rookery
_n. a decrepit warren

whinstone
n. any of several varieties of hard, dark rocks
_basalt
_n. a dark, hard, igneous, often vitreous rock composed of olivine, plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene


==GEOMETRY & SHAPES==

across/athwart/crosswise/thwart/transversely
av. (usu. extending or placed) from one side to another

across/athwart/thwart
prep. from one side to the other

acute
a. (of an angle) less than 90 degrees

ambit/border/(outer) boundary/bounds/bourn/brim/circumference/compass/edge/end/fringe/limits/marge/margin/mete/periphery/perimeter/rim/skirt/verge
n. the outermost limit of any area or surface, at which it terminates or ends; a place or point furthest from the center
_ambit/circuit/circumference/compass/perimeter
_n. the enclosing outer boundary of a closed plane figure
__n. the margin of a circle
___arc
___n. any continuous portion of a curve's circumference, as that of a circle or ellipse
____quadrant
____n. a quarter of a circle's circumference; an arc of 90 degrees

anfractuous/bending/curving/flexuous/meandering/serpentine/sinuate/sinuous/tortuous/twisting/twisty/voluminous/winding
a. shaped in, following a course of or containing profuse twists, turns, curves or bends

angle/cant/incline/lean/rake/slant/slope/tilt/tip
v. to move or lift at an angle diverging from a level position, so that one end or side is higher than the other in a slanting, oblique or diagonal position or direction

apex/apogee/crest/crown/height/peak/pinnacle/summit/tiptop/top/vertex
n. the highest point of something

arc/arch
v. to form an arch or curve of similar conformation
_camber
_v. to arch faintly at center

(surface) area
n. the extent of a bounded two-dimensional surface

arrangement/array/configuration/disposal/disposition/formation/grouping/layout/placement/positioning
n. a particular spatial organization of things or people
_alignment
_n. formation in a straight line
_conformation
_n. any symmetrical arrangement of components or constituents
_panoply
_n. a comprehensive or resplendent array
_permutation
_n. a configuration ensuing rearrangement
_tandem
_n. an arrangement of two or more objects or persons in succession

askew/aslant/awry/bevel/beveled/cant/crooked/diagonal/inclined/oblique/skew/slant/slanting/slantwise/sloping
a. of an acute or obtuse angle; neither perpendicular nor parallel to a line
_abrupt/steep
_a. slanting sharply whether rising or falling, as of an angle, contour, precipice, flight of stairs, etc. in ascent or descent
__abrupt/precipitous/sheer
__a. extremely steep; nigh perpendicular
_fastigiate
_a. beveled to a point
_gentle/gradual
_a. (of an angle, contour, slope, etc.) slanting slightly in ascent or descent

auricular
a. shaped like a pinna

bevel/cant/grade/gradient/inclination/incline/rake/slant/slope/tilt
n. an acute or obtuse angle, surface or position; any line or surface deviant from a level position
_bevel/chamfer
_n. the oblique inclination of a line or surface that meets another
_declension/decline/declivity/descent/dip/downslope
_n. a downward incline or slope
_pitch/rake
_n. the specific angle of a slope: a degree of deviation from a horizontal or vertical plane

bevel/cant/grade/incline/lean/pitch/rake/shelve/slant/slope/tilt/tip/verge
v. (of a surface or line) to be in a sloping position deviant from the horizontal or vertical, whereby one end or side is higher than the other

bevel/chamfer
n. an oblique, symmetrical surface at an edge or corner

bifurcate(d)/biramous/cleft/cloven/forficate/forked/pronged/split
a. divergent, divided or separated into two branches, prongs, tines, etc.

buckle/twist/warp
n. a distortion of shape or form such as a bend, bulge, kink, etc.

camber
n. a slight arching or convexity (as of a road's surface)

campaniform/campanular/campanulate(d)
a. shaped like a bell or campana

centroid
n. the centerpoint of any body

chiasm/chiasma/decussation
n. an intersection or crossing of two lines or tracts in the form of an X

circumference/perimeter
n. the length of a circumference

circumferent/compassing/encompassing
a. proximally encircling

circumscribe
v. to draw a geometric figure around another so that the circumferent and enclosed forms contact at points yet never intersect

close/contiguous/immediate/near/proximal/proximate
a. within a short distance of another or other things
_nearest/proximal/proximate
_a. immediately preceding or succeeding in position or sequence; spatially closer than any other
__abutting/adjacent/adjoining/bordering/conterminous/contiguous/coterminous/immediate/neighboring
__a. next to or directly nearby; sharing a common border
___alongside/beside
___av. adjoining along, to or at the side of
____abreast
____av. alongside one another and facing the same direction

coextensive/conterminal/conterminous/coterminous
a. sharing and within a common boundary

coil/whorl
n. any gathered or wound and conjoined series of loops, rings or spirals
_coil
_n. any individual ring or loop therein

colinear/collinear
a. located at different points in the same straight line
_tandem
_a. of multiple things arranged in single file
_av. one behind or following the other

columnar/columniform/columnlike
a. having the form of a column

commensurable/commensurate/proportional/proportionate
a. corresponding in proper or relative size or dimensions

configuration/conformation/contours/figure/form/mold/shape
n. any spatial attributes, esp. those defined by outline
_contour/figure/line/outline
_n. a line that defines or represents the outer configuration or bounds of an object or figure

contorted/convolute(d)
a. coiled or rolled together in overlapping folds or whorls, as shells, petals or leaves

contour
n. a feature (or order or arrangement of features) of any complex structure

cordate/cordiform/heart-shaped
a. shaped like a heart

crinkle/rimple/wrinkle
n. any small crease, furrow or ridge effectuated by crumpling, folding or shrinking

crucial/cruciate/cruciform
a. having the shape of a cross

curvature
n. a degree to which something is curved
n. a curved condition

curve
n. a continuously bending line without angles

curve/arc
n. any curved shape or form
_curlicue
_n. an ornamental curve, curl or twist of plastic design or calligraphy
_lemniscate
_n. two isobilateral loops that meet at a central node, as the infinity symbol or contours of a shotgun's twin barrels
_oval/ellipse
_n. a closed symmetrical curve which is either prolate or oblate, resembling a circle of which the polar or equatorial diameter is elongated
_parabola
_n. a symmetrical plane curve formed by the intersection of a cone and a plane parallel to an element of the curve
_spiral/helix
_n. a curve wound uniformly at a constant angle on a cylindrical or conical axis
_spiral/helix/gyre
_n. a curve that winds around and away from a central point
_squiggle
_n. a short, irregular curve or twist that curls and loops
_undulation
_n. a wavy curve of a form or pattern

bent/compass/crooked/curvate/curved/curvilineal/curvilinear
a. shaped as a curve
_annular/circinate/circular/orbicular/ringed/round
_a. having the shape of a circle or ring; shaped to a circumference of constant equidistance
_a. arcuate/bowed
_a. curved like an arc or bow
_elliptic/elliptical/oval/ovate
_a. of, pertaining to or having the form of an ellipse
_excurvate
_a. curving or bulging outward
__convex
__a. excurvate in a spherical or annular shape
___biconvex/convexo-convex/lentiform/lenticular
___a. bilaterally convex; shaped like a lens
_globular/globy/orbicular/spherical
_a. possessing the shape of a globe or sphere: curved entirely equidistant from a fixed, central point
_incurvate
_a. curved or curving inward
_v. to curve inward
__concave/hollow
__a. incurvate in the shape of a sphere's interior
_involute
_a. curled or rolled inward or spirally from a margin or edges, as leaves in vernation
_oval/ovate/oviform/ovoid
_a. curvilinear in the shape of a leaf or egg; broader at the base
_parabolic(al)
_a. of, similar to or possessing the form of a parabola
_sinuate
_a. of or having a margin of undulate or sinuous indentations formed by alternate rounded notches and lobes
__crenate(d)/scalloped
__a. (of a rim) shaped in a series of curved projections, as that of a leaf or shell
_undulant/undulate/undulating/wavy
_a. of or having a wavelike form or pattern that rises and falls smoothly

curvilineal/curvilinear
a. following, characterized or bounded by curved lines

depressed/indented/recessed/sunken
a. lower than a surrounding surface

diameter
n. a straight line passing through the center of a circle or sphere and meeting at each end its circumference or surface
n. the length of a diameter, representing the width of the circle or sphere

diverge
v. to be, extend or move in various directions from a common point
_bifurcate/fork
_v. to diverge into two branches
_divaricate
_v. to diverge at a broad angle

equidistant
a. at equal distances; equally distant

equilateral
n. any figure wholly comprised of equal sides
n. any side equal in length to others

extant/jutting/projecting/protruding/salient
a. extending outward from a surface or shape

flank/side
n. any lateral subfigure, esp. a surface

flank
v. to be situated at one or each side of something or somebody

hypotenuse/hypothenuse
n. the side of a right triangle opposite its right angle

incumbent/superincumbent/superjacent
a. lying or resting upon something else

inscribe
v. to draw a geometric figure wholly within another so that the enclosed and circumferent forms contact at as many points as possible without intersecting

isometric
a. of equal dimensions
_coextensive/commensurate/conterminal/conterminous/coterminous
_a. of an equal spatial range or extent
_equiangular
_a. of or having equal angles
_equilateral
_a. of or having sides of equal length

lateral
a. of, concerning or situated at a side or sides
_equilateral
_a. of or having sides of equal length
_lateral/sidelong/sideward/sideways/sidewise
_a. directed or inclined to, or proceeding or extending from one side
_multilateral
_a. possessing or composed of multiple sides
__bilateral
__a. of, having or pertaining to two sides
__quadrilateral
__a. of or formed by four sides
__trilateral
__a. possessing or involving three sides

lobation/lobe
n. any rounded projection

locus
n. a curve, surface or other figure formed by all points that satisfy a particular equation of the relation between coordinates, or are determined by specific mathematic conditions

lunule
n. anything shaped in the form of a crescent

magnitude/measurements/proportion/scale
n. the relative spatial properties of something

meeting/junction/join/intersection/crossing
n. a point at which lines or pathways intersect, branch or converge; a central or connecting point
_node/crunode
_n. a junction at which two of a curve's branches intersect
_tacnode/osculation
_n. treble tangency of two curves or surfaces

metric (function)
n. the function of a topological space that provides a value equal to the distance between any two points therein

nearness/propinquity/proximity/vicinity
n. any state of spatial closeness

oblate
a. (of a spheroid) flattened at the poles; having an equatorial diameter exceeding the polar diameter

oblong
n. an object or plane figure (such as a rectangle or ellipse) deviating by its unidirectional elongation from a square or circle
a. of or having an elongation of form by which one dimension exceeds the other, as that of a rectangle or ellipse

obtuse
a. (of an angle) greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees

obtuse angle
n. an angle between 90 and 180 degrees

obtuse/dull/blunt
a. neither sharp nor pointed

oriented
a. aligned, located or positioned in a particular direction or in relation to compass points or other specific surroundings

orthogonal/orthographic(al)
a. of, involving or pertaining to an angle or angles of 90 degrees to a specific line, plane or surface

osculate
v. (of two branches in a curve) to touch so as to have a common tangent at the point of contact

oval/ovoid
n. an egg-shaped object or surface

parallel/collateral
a. extending in the same direction, invariably equidistant and never convergent or divergent

parallel
n. any among a set of parallel, geometric lines or planes

prolate
a. (of a spheroid) elongated at poles; having a polar diameter exceeding the equatorial diameter

proportionate
v. to render multiple things proportionate

quadrilateral/tetragon
n. a polygon constituted of four sides
_parallelogram
_n. a tetragon comprised of parallel opposite sides
__rhomb/rhombus/rhomboid/lozenge/diamond
__n. a parallelogram of four equal sides, two of which are acute and two obtuse; an oblique-angled equilateral parallelogram, of which only the opposite sides and angles are equal
___rhomb/rhombus/rhombohedron
___n. a parallelepiped comprised of six equal rhombuses

quadrant
n. an area within a circle's quadrant and two perpendicular radii 
n. any of a plane's four areas divided by two Cartesian coordinate axes

quadrille
a. ruled in squares, as a pattern of graph paper

rectilineal/rectilinear
a. characterized by, consisting of, contained by, forming or moving in a straight line or lines
_orthogonal/orthographic(al)/perpendicular/rectangular
_a. intersecting at or consisting of right angles, surfaces or axes

sector
n. a plane figure enclosed by two radii of a circle or ellipse and the arc betwixt them

semicircle
n. half of a circle or its circumference

shape/mold/model/form
v. to fashion into a particular shape, as by sculpting
_contour
_v. to shape the outline of, esp. to fit within or in juncture with something else
__chamfer/cant/bevel
__v. to cut or reduce an edge or corner from an orthogonal shape to an oblique, symmetrical form; to contour to a bevel
_corrugate
_v. to form or shape into folds or alternate ridges and grooves by contraction, pressure, bending or drawing
_cut
_v. to form by cutting
_dimension
_v. to model to particular dimensions
_extrude
_n. to form or shape a ductile substance (metal or plastic heated to a malleable state, Play-Doh) by forcing it through a die or other aperture
_tabulate
_v. to shape or cut with a flat surface

sharp/pointy/pointed/needlelike/keen/acute/acuate
a. tapering to or terminating in a fine point

sharp/keen
a. possessing a tapered, effectual cutting edge

subjacent/underlying
a. positioned beneath or below something else

subtend
v. to extend under so to enclose or surround
v. to be opposite to and delimit an angle or side

superficies/superfice/periphery/outside/external/exterior
n. any external, visible surface or aspect, as of a body

surface/superficial/outward/outside/outer/external/exterior
a. of, on, near, occurring at or affecting a surface

symmetric(al)
a. identically conformed or configured on opposite sides of a point, plane or line
_bilateral/bilaterally symmetric(al)/isobilateral
_a. symmetrical on each side of an axis

tangent
n. a curve, line or plane that touches another without intersection
a. touching a curve at a single point, or along one line without intersecting

tangential
a. of, relating to or acting along or in the direction of a tangent

tessellate
v. to precisely fit identical shapes together, esp. to cover a plane surface

triangle/trigon
n. a polygon of three sides and three angles

undulate/wave
v. to have or confer a wavy appearance or form (esp. a contour or pattern), as that of a liquid surface
_riffle/ripple
_v. to form or prompt small waves

undulate/roll
v. to occur in rounded and wavy curves

wry/twisted/distorted/contorted/awry/askew
a. oddly bent or turned to one side

x-axis
n. the horizontal reference axis of a two- or three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system, on which the abscissa is measured, and from which the ordinate is measured
_abscissa/abscisse/x coordinate
_n. the coordinate of a point's horizontal position in a plane's Cartesian coordinate system, representing its distance from the y-axis measured parallel to the x-axis

y-axis
n. the vertical reference axis of a two- or three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system, on which the ordinate is measured, and from which the abscissa is measured
_ordinate/y coordinate
_n. the coordinate of a point's vertical position in a plane's Cartesian coordinate system, representing its distance from the x-axis measured parallel to the y-axis


==LANGUAGE & LINGUISTICS==

ablaut/gradation/grade
n. an alternation of vowels in related words or forms (esp. tenses thereof) that reflects a distinction of their grammatical function (sing, sang, sung, song)

acceptation
n. the conventionally recognized definition of a word or phrase

acronymic/acronymous
a. characterized by the use of acronyms

acute (accent)
n. a mark placed above a vowel to indicate an alteration of its quality, quantity or pitch

adage/saw
n. a traditional, observational and admonitory or instructive saying commonly accepted as veritable on its own merit
_aphorism/apophthegm/apothegm/byword/dictum/gnome/maxim/proverb/saw
_n. a pithy adage

adjunct
n. any word, phrase or clause (esp. that which is prepositional or adverbial) used to extend, augment or modify the meaning of a word or phrase, but is not among the main constituents in a sentence

affix
n. a lexical element added to a root or word to produce an inflected or derived form: a prefix, infix or suffix
v. to attach a prefix, infix or suffix to a root, stem or word to modify its definition
_prefix
_n. an affix prepended to a word or another prefix
_v. to add a prefix to a word
_infix
_n. an affix interjected into a word
_v. to insert an infix into the body of a word
_suffix
_n. an affix appended to a word or stem
_v. to subjoin a suffix to a word

agglutinate
v. to form words in an agglutinating language by conglomerating component morphemes or words, often to express compound ideas

agglutinative
a. of or being a language characterized by lexical agglutination, as German, Hungarian, Turkish, etc.

anapest
n. a trisyllabic measure, the first two syllables of which are short or unstressed and followed by a third that's long or stressed, as kerosene

anaphor
n. a word (esp. a pronoun) that refers to another, used to avoid repetition; the referent of an anaphor is determined by its antecedent
_antecedent
_n. the referent of an anaphor; a phrase or word to which an anaphoric pronoun refers, as "runners" in "Runners who excel"

anastrophe/inversion
n. a reversal of the usual order of words or clauses: "I don't know where he's going"/"Where he's going, I don't know"

antonymous
a. of reciprocally opposite words, so related that one reverses the definition denoted by the other: "parental" and "filial"

appellation/appellative/denomination/designation/name
n. an identifying word or phrase by which someone or something is known, addressed, classified or distinguished from others
_agnomen/byname/cognomen/handle/moniker/nickname/sobriquet
_n. an affectionate, derisive, familiar or humorous name appended to or substituted for someone's real name
_cognomen/last [OR] family name/surname
_n. a hereditary name common to all members of a family
__matronymic
__n. a family name derived from that of a mother or maternal progenitor
__patronymic
__n. a surname derived from that of a father or agnate ancestor

apposition
n. a grammatical relation between two (usually sequent) nouns or nominal phrases of the same referent and syntactic relation to other elements in a sentence, as "acute auteur" and "Eric Rohmer" of "Many critics panegyrized acute auteur Eric Rohmer as the nouvelle vague's most vital."

archaism
n. an archaic word, phrase, idiom, etc.

aspirate
n. any sound pronounced with an exhalation of breath
n. a consonant articulated with a verbal rush of air, esp. the sound h
v. to enounce a sound with an exhalation of breath
v. to pronounce the sound h at the beginning of a word

assimilate
v. to enounce a phoneme or word similarly to another adjacent or esp. preceding

attributive
a. (of modifiers) placed adjacent to words modified
_prenominal
_a. (of qualifiers, usu. adjectives) placed prior to those nouns modified
_preverbal
_a. (of qualifiers, usu. adverbs) preceding a verb

beheadment
n. the excision of a word's initial letter to form a new derivation: crack becomes rack

buzzword/catchword [OR] catchphrase/shibboleth
n. a fashionable word or phrase encapsulating a particular concept or object, often reiterated with such frequency that it becomes a slogan
_motto/shibboleth/slogan
_n. a distinctive phrase of an enterprise, movement, organization, party, product or sect communicating its chief principle, goal or function

cipher/code/cryptograph/cypher
n. a secret method of writing with coded symbols or a private alphabet substituted for words or letters, intended to secure secrecy of communication

cipher/cypher
n. a key to a cipher's characters

cipher/cryptogram/cryptograph/cypher
n. coded text

cipher/code/cypher/encipher/encode/encrypt
v. to convert ordinary language or data (esp. text) into code

cognate
a. decending from and having the same linguistic derivation as an earlier word or lingual form
n. a word derived from the same ancestral word as another 

collocate
v. (of a word or words) to occur in a collocation, as fall in "fall in love"

collocation
n. any frequent or commonplace arrangement or juxtaposition of words, esp. those of phrases or cant: "loss [of] life," "purchase [a] product"

conjunction/conjunctive/connective
n. a uninflected word that serves to conjoin and coordinate words, clauses, phrases or sentences (and, but, if, however, etc.)
_copula/linking verb
_a. a verb (such as appear, be or is) acting as a conjunction between subject and predicate

conjunctive
a. of or pertaining to a conjunction or the grammatical relation between linguistic units connected by a conjunction

continuative
n. a word or phrase that impels or resumes conversation (yes, well, as I was saying, anyway, etc.)
a. (of a word or phrase) having the function of propelling discourse

correlative
n. either of two or more words or phrases which are mutually related

declension
n. an inflection of nouns, pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages constituting a variation of forms by which grammatical case, gender and number are identified
n. a class of nouns, pronouns or adjectives in Indo-European languages which possess the same or similar inflectional forms

diachronic
a. of or pertaining to the historical development of a (usually lingual) phenomenon

diacritical
a. (of a character mark) serving to indicate different pronunciations of a letter above or below which it's written

diagonal/separatrix/shilling mark/slant/(forward) slash/solidus/stroke/virgule//
n. an oblique character interposed to separate alternatives, data, verses or a URL's components

diphthong
n. a sound formed by the combination of two vocal phonemes in a single syllable, for pronunciation of which the sound begins at the articulatory position of one vowel and shifts to that of another

disambiguate
v. to eliminate any semantic uncertainty from an ambiguous sentence, phrase or other linguistic unit
v. to establish a single grammatical or semantic interpretation

dysphemism
n. an offensive or derogatory expression substituted for another deemed pleasant or neutral
n. any instance or employment of a dysphemism

eggcorn
n. a (usu. humorous) phrase derived from the misunderstanding of another, as "For all intensive purposes" in lieu of "For all intents and purposes"
_mondegreen
_n. a misheard, consequently misinterpreted and often comic phrase, esp. of a verse, slogan, lyric or aphorism

ellipsis/eclipsis
n. any omission of words or a phrase that's syntactically essential yet supererogatory to comprehension

euphemism
n. an inoffensive, indirect or vague expression substituted for another regarded as offensive or inordinately harsh
n. utilization of a euphemism

fricative/spirant
n. a continuant consonant produced by breath moving against a narrowing of the vocal tract
a. of speech sounds produced by friction or rustling of breath, through a narrow aperture between two vocal organs: f, v, s, z

homonym/homograph
n. each of two or more words of different meanings which are spelled and usually pronounced likewise

homonym/homophone
n. either of two or more words of different meanings which are pronounced identically and usually spelled otherwise

hypotaxis
n. the subordination of one clause to another as linked by a conjunction

ideogram/ideograph
n. any written symbol directly representative of a concept or object without indication of a word or other speech sound, as a numeral or Chinese character

idiom/parlance
n. a (usu. exclusive or specialized) mode of verbal expression
_argot/cant/dialect/jargon/lingo/patois/parlance/slang/vernacular
_n. language of a characteristic vocabulary peculiar to people of a certain class, profession, subculture or trade
__gobbledygook
__n. verbose, often periphrastic jargon
_argot/lingo/slang
_n. extremely metaphorical, informal and ephemeral vernacular, the idiom of which is typified by tropes and ordinarily restricted to a group or context
_dialect/patois/speech/vernacular
_n. a regional or social lingual form distinct from the standard language of its vicinity's country
__dialect/patois
__n. a provincial dialect, esp. that deplored inferior
_idiolect
_n. the language or speech habits peculiar to an individual, esp. at a particular period in their life

idiomatic(al)
a. of, relating to or conforming to an idiom: using, containing or denoting expressions natural to a native speaker of a language

impersonal
a. (of pronouns) indicating no particular person

instantiate
v. to cite a specific instance or usage of a word

interjection/exclamation/ejaculation
n. any abrupt, grammatically autonomous utterance that conveys emotion, as "Alas!" or "Oh!" or "Yow!" or "Huh!"

malapropism
n. an accidental, often amusing misuse of a word by confusion with another of similar pronunciation
n. any instance of malapropism

modifier/qualifier
n. any word (esp. an adjective or adverb), phrase or clause used to attribute a quality to the meaning of a noun or verb
_adjective
_n. a word naming an attribute that modifies a noun to which it's grammatically related or added
__attributive
__n. an adjective immediate to the noun it modifies to form a nominal phrase
_adverb
_n. a word or phrase that modifies an adjective, verb or adverb and expresses time, location, degree, circumstance, cause, etc.
__disjunct/sentence adverb
__n. an adverb or adverbial phrase induing a context (technically, politically) or attitude thereof (frankly, obviously) to its sentence
_degree
_n. any of an adjective's or adverb's three forms specifying relative intensity, quality or quantity: the positive (large), comparative (larger) or superlative (largest) degrees

nominal/substantive
a. of, pertaining to or headed by a noun or nominal phrase
_substantive
_a. substituted for a noun

nominal
a. of, pertaining to or constituting a name or names
_appellative
_a. of, regarding or serving for the assignment of names

nominative
n. the nominative case or a word therein
a. denoting or concerning the case of nouns, pronouns, adjectives or nominal phrases utilized as the subject of a clause or sentence in Latin and other inflected languages

noun/nominal/substantive
n. a word that specifies an action, person, place or thing that may function as the object or subject of a verb
_appellative/common noun
_n. a nominal representing any or all of the articles or members in a class, as banana, cat, girl or videocassette
_noun phrase/nominal (phrase)/substantive
_n. a phrase serving the role of a noun
_pronoun
_n. a superordinate word used in substitution for specific nouns: I, you, she, he, it, this
__reflexive
__n. a reflexive pronoun: herself, himself, themselves
_substantive
_n. a word (esp. an adjective or pronoun) functioning as a noun

octothorpe/number [OR] pound sign/hash/crosshatch/#
n. a typographic symbol of two vertical lines intersected by two horizontal lines, symbolic for the word number or representing a cartographic village

orthoepist
n. a specialist of correct or accepted pronunciation
n. one among a consortium of 17th- and 18th-century scholars who proposed to reform English orthography to better reflect enunciation

orthoepy
n. the study of correct or accepted pronunciation

orthographic(al)
a. of or concerning (usu. proper) spelling

orthography
n. a method of representing lingual sounds by written or printed symbols; the conventional spelling system of a language
n. a branch of linguistics concerned with how languages are written
n. spelling in accordance with accepted or established usage

palindrome
n. a word, sentence, phrase, passage, etc. spelled identically backward as forward

palinlogue
n. a word that may be reversed of spelling to another, esp. in reference to a theme, riddle, etc.

parallel
a. (of clauses or phrases) syntactically correspondent

parataxis
n. any consecutive apposition of sentences, or clauses or phrases within sentences, sans conjunctives: "Gloaming is upon us; let's take a walk."

paronomasia/pun/wordplay
n. any humorous exploitation of homophones

parse/analyze
v. to resolve a passage of text (esp. a sentence) into its elements, specifying the constituent parts of speech therein and their syntactic relation to one other by government or agreement so to test its structure's conformity to a logical grammar

pejorative/dyslogism
n. a disparaging word, phrase, expression, etc.

pejorative/dyslogistic
a. (of a word, phrase, expression, etc.) possessing or endowed with a negative or disparaging connotation

phoneme
n. any speech sound of a small set in a specified language that distinguishes one word from another
_allophone
_n. any of a single phoneme's various, acoustically distinct forms

pidgin/jargon
n. a hybridized, grammatically simplified form of a language comprised in part of words from another and employed for communication between those who don't share a common language

polysemantic/polysemic/polysemous
a. (of a word) having or characterized by multiple meanings or interpretations

polysyllabic
a. (of a word) consisting of three or more syllables
_sesquipedalian
_a. (of a word) quite long, usu. encompassing more than five syllables

polysyllable
n. a word embodying more than two syllables
_sesquipedalian
_n. a lengthy polysyllable

portmanteau (word)
n. a word comprising the merger of two, as motel (motor & hotel)

preposition
n. a word that antecedes a noun or nominal to denote a causal, temporal or spatial relation: on, at, with, for, by, after, before, etc.

prescriptive
a. based on or endeavoring to impose lingual rules

preverbal
a. preceding a verb

purple/ornate/flowery/florid/empurpled/aureate
a. distinguished by elaborate syntactic, grammatical or rhetorical constructions and unusual or recondite language
_turgid/tumid/tumescent/rhetorical/purple/plethoric/overwrought/orotund/magniloquent/grandiloquent/fustian/flatulent/declamatory/bombastic/aureate
_a. tediously, often pompously extravagant in style of writing

reciprocal
n. a term (esp. a phrase) expressing a mutual action or relationship to another

reflexive
a. (of a personal pronoun) suffixed with -self to indicate how a subject's action affects it (myself, himself, herself)

rune/runic letter
n. any character from an ancient Germanic alphabet utilized in Scandinavia and Britain from the 3rd century through the Middle Ages

semantic
a. of or relating to meaning in language

semantics/semasiology
n. the critical study of meanings in language, the functions of words and nonverbal symbols which represent concepts and their diachrony

semantic satiation
n. inordinate repetition of a word that divests it of its perceived meaning

sibilant
n. any consonant sounded by hissing: s, z, sh, zh
a. of phonemes uttered as a hissing sound

sonant
n. a speech sound generated in part by the vocal cords
a. produced by vibration of the vocal cords

substantive
a. denoting or expressing existence

substrate/substratum
n. the language of an aboriginal people that influences the form or lexicon of that spoken by their conquerers, and by which it's supplanted

surd
n. any speech sound uttered with the breath and without vibration of the vocal cords

surd/unvoiced/voiceless
a. produced with the breath rather than any resonance of the vocal cords

syncretic/syncretical/syncretistic/syncretistical
a. of, relating to or characterized by a historical tendency for a language to reduce its use of inflections

syncretism
n. the diachronic fusion of different inflected forms, from which a reduction of inflections proceeds

synonym
n. a word semantically identical or correspondent to another or others
_hyponym/subordinate word
_n. a word that is more specific than another of analogous definition (fork to cutlery; shark to fish; raisin to fruit)

syntactic(al)
a. of, pertaining to or conforming to the rules of syntax

syntax
n. proper sentence structure realized by appropriate arrangement of words and phrases
n. the pattern or structure of words in a phrase, clause or sentence
n. a set of rules for or analysis of syntax
n. a branch of linguistics addressing syntactical subjects

tautologous/tautological/tautologic/pleonastic
a. of redundant repetition of the same sense in different words: "true fact," "free gift"

tautology/pleonasm
n. redundant repetition of something expressed in different words: "wet fluid," "smell with one's nose"

temporal
n. the semantic role of a noun phrase that designates the time or state of action denoted by the verb
a. related to or denoting time or tense

tittle/dot
n. a dot over a lowercase i or j

translate/render
v. to convert something by speech or writing from one language into another

triliteral
n. a word comprised of three letters
n. a root of three consonants
a. consisting of three letters, esp. consonants

trope
n. language used in a figurative sense

trope/image/figure of speech
n. a nonliteral expression, as a metaphor, simile or synecdoche
_metonymy
_n. (usu. colloquial) substitution of an attribute or feature for a designation (suit for business executive)
_prosopopoeia
_n. an image in which an absent or imaginary person acts or verbalizes
_prosopopeia/personification
_n. a figure of speech wherein personality is attributed to a concept or inanimate object
_synecdoche
_n. a metonymous trope whereby a constituent is substituted for its whole or vice versa: "church" in lieu of congregation; "transistor" for transistor radio; "Holland" as the Netherlands; "sands" of desert or beaches; "law" for a peace officer; "steel" instead of sword; "vinyl" for an LP record

valence/valency
a. the number of grammatical elements with which a particular word (esp. a verb) interacts in a syntactically sound sentence

verb
n. a word or phrase expressing an action or state of being
_copula/linking verb
_a. a verb (such as appear, be or is) acting as a conjunction between subject and predicate
_participle
_n. a non-finite form of a verb used as an adjective (barking dog) or to create compound verb phrases (have been)
_preterit(e)
_n. a verb of preterit tense, as went or grasped
_n. a verb tense expressing a previous action or state
__past perfect/pluperfect
__n. a verb denoting a finished act or process
__n. a verb tense expressing action that has since been completed
_subjunctive
_n. a verb expressing or depicting a hypothetical act or state
_n. a verb mood that represents an act or state as contingent or possible, but not (yet) factual, such as a supposition, possibility, wish, etc.

verbal
a. of, concerning, derived from or possessing the function of a verb
_impersonal
_a. (of verbs) having exclusively third-person singular forms (usually the pronoun it) in expression of an action attributable to an indefinite subject: "it is still raining"
_preterit(e)
_a. (of a verb) describing an anterior act or condition
__past perfect/pluperfect
__a. of, regarding or being a verb tense communicating action previously concluded
_subjunctive
_a. relating to or denoting an irrealis (in contrast to indicative) mood of verbs expressing what is imagined, wished or possible

verbalize
v. to convert a noun, adjective, etc. into a verb

verbose/prolix/garrulous/diffuse
a. using or containing a tedious excess of words
_periphrastic/circumlocutory/ambagious
_a. needlessly, circuitously verbose

verbosity/verbiage/verbalism/surplusage/prolixity/diffusion
n. an overabundance of words
_periphrasis/circumlocution/ambage
_n. a circuitous mode of expression

vernacular/speech
n. the common, native language spoken by the ordinary people of a country

vocabulary/lexicon
n. a stock of words used in a particular language, sphere or occasion
n. a body of words known to one who speaks or those who speak a language

vernacular/vulgar
a. being, characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language
a. pertaining to or spoken as one's mother tongue; neither learned nor imposed as a second language


==LATIN ON LOAN==

ad libitum
a., av. at one's pleasure; at liberty (affording a performer discretion in regard to tempo or omission of accessory accompaniment)

a posteriori
a. of, regarding, involving or denoting reasoning illated from observation, experiment or experience in lieu of theory or first principles
a. derived from or requiring evidence, experience or observation for validation or support

a priori
a. of, employing, pertaining to or signifying reasoning deduced from a theory or general principle instead of empirical observation
a. inferred from theoretical deduction rather than observation or experience
a. known to be so, and thus requiring no evidence or experience for validation or support

ante meridiem/A.M.
a. before noon

caveat emptor
n. "let the buyer beware" -- a commercial principle asserting that without a warranty, a vendee assumes all risk of quality

de minimis
a. too trifling to merit consideration

ex nihilo
a., av. out of or from nothing

de novo
av. from the beginning

ex officio
a., av. by virtue or as consequence of an office or position

ex parte
a. partial; favoring something over another

fait accompli
n. "accomplished fact" -- an irreversible accomplishment

furor scribendi
a. an ardor for writing

infra dignitatem/infra dig
a. beneath one's dignity

in media res
av. in the midst of things

in situ
a. in its original location or position

inter alia
av. among other things

in toto
av. in entirety

lex talionis
n. the law of retaliation: that revenge exacted should correspond to the mode and severity of the offense committed

mirabile auditu
intj. wonderful to hear

mirabile dictu
intj. wonderful to tell

mirabile visu
intj. wonderful to see

mutatis mutandis
av. with all necessary changes having been fulfilled

nolens volens
a., av. whether someone wants or likes something or not

non compos mentis
a. not of sound mind

nota bene
v. note well: observe carefully or take special notice

non sequitur
n. a statement or reply irrelevant to what preceded it; literally, "it does not follow"
n. a conclusion or inference that does not follow from its evidence or premises

obiter dictum
n. any remark voiced in passing

parabellum
"prepare for war"

pari passu
av. at an equal pace or rate

per se
av. "in itself," intrinsically -- with respect to its inherent nature

pons asinorum
n. a problem or challenge that taxes the faculty of an inexperienced individual

post meridiem/P.M.
a. between noon and midnight

pro forma
a., av. (done or produced) in accordance with form or propriety

pro rata
av. in proportion

pro tempore
a., av. for the time being: temporary or temporarily

sine qua non
n. an essential condition or thing; a factor, requirement or state that's absolutely necessary

sui generis
a. constituting an individual class: unique

summum bonum
n. the greatest or supreme ethical good


==LAW==

abeyance
n. a condition wherein the ownership of property (as that of an estate) has yet to be ascertained or assigned

abolish/abrogate/annul/rescind/repeal
v. to formally or legally terminate a custom, institution, law or practice

abolishment/abolition/abrogation/annulment/repeal
n. the act of revoking a custom, institution, law or practice

accessary/accessory
a. aiding or abetting a criminal act

accredit/approve/confirm/formalize/ratify/sanction/validate
v. to formally authorize, legally sanction and express assent of, responsibility for or obligation to an agreement, contract or treaty, esp. by contribution of one's seal or signature

accredited/authorized/commissioned/empowered/enabled/invested/sanctioned/warranted
a. endowed with legal or official authority
_sceptered
_a. invested with royal authority, as symbolized by the possession of a scepter

accretion
n. an increase in a beneficiary's share of an estate that transpires when a co-beneficiary dies, fails to satisfy a stipulaton or relinquishes their inheritance

accuse/charge/criminate/incriminate/inculpate/indict
v. to charge with a crime; to aver that someone has comitted a criminal act
_charge/indict
_v. to formally accuse someone of a crime, esp. in an affidavit or court of law

acquittal
n. a juridical exoneration (determined by a judge or jury) of a defendant from a criminal charge

adjudge/adjudicate/hear/judge/try
v. to preside as judge of a case or trial

adjudication/decision/decree/judgment/resolution/ruling
n. a judicial decision or edict rendered subsequent to a hearing, esp. that of admiralty, divorce, equity or probate

adjudication/decision/finding/judgment/resolution/verdict
n. the conclusion of a jury appertaining to an issue submitted to its judgment for examination and trial, as that of a criminal case or inquest

aggravated
a. (of a criminal offense) distinguished by a salient, often egregious aspect imparting an especially grave significance

angary
n. the legal right of a belligerent to sequester or destroy the property of a neutral state or its citizenry contingent upon remuneration

antinomia/antinomy
n. a law's ostensive or actual contradiction of another

antinomic
a. of or concerning a conflict between two or more laws

arson/incendiarism
n. the deliberate, criminal ruination or destruction of property by fire

attach/confiscate/impound/seize
v. to take forcible possession of property by legal authority
_commandeer/confiscate/requisition
_v. to seize for use or service, esp. as a shift
_sequester
_v. to occupy, requisition or seize enemy property, usu. after an invasion

attainder (English common law)
n. a state whereby a convicted or condemned criminal's civil rights are revoked

averment/verification
n. an affidavit that attests to the veracity of an allegation and readiness of a pleader to corroborate it

bailiwick
n. a district wherein a bailie or bailiff possesses jurisdiction

ban/bar/debar/embargo/enjoin/forbid/inhibit/interdict/nix/outlaw/prohibit/proscribe/suppress/veto
v. to refuse sanction of activity, admission, exhibition, puveyance, etc., esp. by legal authority; to make illegal
_censor/suppress
_v. to interdict the public distribution of politically unacceptable content, as a broadcast, publication, screening, etc.
_enjoin
_v. to restrain or prohibit by issuing an injunction

ban/enjoinment/forbiddance/interdiction/outlawry/prohibition/proscription
n. the act or an instance of restraining action, admittance, exposition, expression, sale, etc. in accordance with a law

ban/enjoinment/forbiddance/prohibition
n. an official or legal restriction of action, admittance, exposition, expression, sale, etc.
_embargo
_n. any commercial prohibition
_interdict/interdiction
_n. an enjoinment ordered by a court or administrative official

barrator
n. a grossly litigious individual

barratrous
a. of or pertaining to excessive litigation

barratry
n. any egregiously persistent engagement of litigation

bequeath/devise/leave/will
v. to dispose of or grant property to designated heritors or other beneficiaries by dictate of one's will
_devise
_v. to bequeath real estate
_entail
_v. to restrict the inheritance of real property to a designated succession of heirs

Black Maria/paddy [OR] patrol [OR] police wagon/police van
n. a van used by police to transport prisoners

calaboose/calabozo/jail
n. a facility where the arraigned awaiting trial or bail, or offenders convicted of misdemeanors are detained

case [or] common law
n. law based on juridic precedents rather than statutes

caveat
n. a legal notice filed with a court or officer thereof to suspend a proceeding (especially that held in concern of probate) until its filer is provided notification or a hearing

caveator
n. someone who files a caveat with a court

civilist
n. a student of civil law

codicil
n. a supplement to a will; a testamentary instrument intended to alter a will which has been executed 

collusion
n. a covert agreement between two or more persons (esp. a lawsuit's putative opponents) to secure a judicial decision to advance an illegal objective

commute
v. to reduce a sentence or penalty to another of attenuated severity

condition/provision/proviso/stipulation/term
n. a clause in a contract, will or other legal document specifying a condition to be observed or requirement attained, upon which the instrument's effect is contingent

connivance
n. any passive, implicit assent or encouragement of illegality

constitute/enact/legislate/make
v. to authorize a bill or proposal as law
_promulgate
_v. to enact a law or court decree by communique

constructionist
n. someone whose interpretation of laws (esp. a governmental constitution) is specific and esp. stringent

coverture
n. a woman's legal status of matrimony

criminal/convict/con
n. anyone who's been legally convicted of a crime
_repeater/recidivist
_n. someone repeatedly convicted of criminal activity, esp. for their iteration of the same offense

criminal/crook/culprit/felon/lawbreaker/malefactor/offender/perp/perpetrator/wrongdoer
n. someone who has committed a crime
_abettor/accomplice/confederate
_n. someone who assists a perpetrator in the execution of a crime
__accessary/accessory
__n. an accomplice who's absent during the commission of the crime abetted
_arsonist/firebug/incendiary
_n. someone who destroys property with fire, esp. by commission
_bandit/brigand/picaroon
_n. an armed thief (usu. affiliated with a criminal outfit) who ambuscades travelers
__highwayman
__n. a bandit who waylays and robs travelers on a road or other path
___road agent
____n. a highwayman who preys on stagecoaches

criminate/implicate/incriminate/inculpate/involve
v. to indicate or disclose or bracket involvement in criminal activity

cumulative
a. (of evidence) substantiating whatever prior evidence had confirmed
a. (of punitive sentences) consecutive

defalcate/embezzle/misappropriate/peculate
v. to steal or misuse assets (esp. money) entrusted to one's care

demurrer
n. a formal objection to an opponent's point conceding its factual verity while repugning its relevance or validity

demur
v. to respond to a point by entering a demurrer_

detention/durance vile
n. a state or period during which the accused is confined while awaiting trial

(obiter) dictum
n. an opinion or observation voiced by a judge regarding a point of law that's tangentially or incidentally relevant to a case over which he presides, and therefore not legally binding

docket
n. a court calendar listing impending cases and the disputant parties thereof
v. to append or interpolate a suit or case to a docket

docket
v. to draft a summary or abstract of a legal document and inscribe it in a register

easement
n. a limited right afforded to one owner of property over that of another, as of passage or free access to water

engross
v. to produce the final or canonical draft of a legal document

engrossed
a. written formally in a large clear script, as a deed or other legal document

enquiry/inquirendo/inquiry/investigation/percontation/probe
n. an official, systematic, investigative examination concerning a
matter of public interest

entail
n. an entailed estate

entail/fee-tail
n. exclusive tenure of an estate attributing its inheritance to a specific line of heirs

exculpatory
a. (of evidence or testimony) verifying that a suspect or defendant is not guilty of a wrongful or criminal act

execute
v. to discharge a judicial sentence
v. to implement a contract, will or other legal instrument in accordance with its terms
v. to formally sign a will or other legal instrument in the presence of witnesses

ex parte
a. (of a hearing, motions or orders) granted by petition to or for the sole benefit of a single party, as a restraining order; translated: "for one party"
a. (of a judicial decision) that decreed without all involved parties present

final/indefeasible/irrevocable/peremptory/unappealable
a. not to be annulled, voided, recalled, retracted, revoked, overturned, etc.; not open to appeal or challenge

forensic
a. of or regarding the application of scientific and technological methods or techniques in criminal investigation
a. used in, concerning or befitting a court of law

forfeit/forfeiture/penalty
n. a right, privilege or article of property subject to surrender by a legal penalty imposed for criminal activity or a breach of engagement

gist
n. the ground or purpose of a legal action

graft
n. an illicit profit or advantage, esp. that attained by the abuse of authority

gravamen
n. the tenor or material grounds of a criminal or civil charge
n. the most significant aspect of an accusation germane to a defendant's alleged crime

imperium
n. authority to enforce the law by command of state apparatuses

inculpatory/inculpative
a. (of evidence or testimony) indicating or proving a suspect's or defendant's guilt

indictment/charge
n. a formal accusation of a serious crime

(bill of) indictment
n. a formal document penned by or for a prosecutor that charges an accused party with a criminal offense, signed by a court official and presented to a grand jury

injunction
n. a court order issued to oblige or debar a course of action

injunction/interdict/interdiction
n. a court order that prohibits a specific activity, as a cease and desist letter bidding surcease of an act on pain of legal action

inquest
n. a judicial inquiry conducted to determine the facts of an incident, esp. that prompted by a coroner to ascertain the cause of an unexpected death; ordinarily held before a jury
n. the jury appointed to hear an inquest
n. the adjudication of an inquest

intestate
a. (of a person) possessing no legal will
a. (of property) uncovenanted in disposal by any will
n. one who perishes without a legal will

jactitation
n. a false, potentially injurious boast or avowal (esp. a claim of marriage) that was once legally actionable

judicatory/judicial/juridic(al)
a. of or pertaining to the administration of justice 

judicial
a. of or concerning judicial proceedings

judicial/judiciary/juridic(al)
a. of, relating or appropriate to judges, the office and functions of a judge or courts of law

juridic(al)/legal
a. of or regarding jurisprudence or law

jurisprudence/law
n. the systematic totality of laws, rules and principles imposed by a policial authority or legal system
n. a juridic branch, as contract law, matrimonial jurisprudence or medical law
_pandect(s)
_n. a national legal code

jurisprudence/law/legal philosophy
n. a branch of philosophy concerned with law and those principles by which courts abide

legalism
n. strict, usu. literal legal conformity

legalize/legitimate/legitimize/validate
v. to make legal

legist
n. a legal expert, such as a lawyer
_feudist
_n. a specialist on the subject of feudal law
_publicist
_n. a specialist of public or international law

legitimate
a. (of a child) born to parents who are lawfully wed

licit/legitimate/legalized/legal/lawful/just
a. conforming to, authorized or sanctioned by law

litigiomania
n. a compulsion to pursue legal disputes

litigious
a. of, subject or relating to litigation
a. zealous to resort to legal action as a means to prevail or resolve matters

misdemeanor
n. a criminal offence deemed less significant than a felony, commonly punishable by a fine or jail term not exceeding a year's duration

moratorium
n. a legally sanctioned cunctation of an obligation's fulfillment

nihil dicit
n. a refusal by a defendant to plead or reply

nomism
n. religious observance of law or laws

nomocracy
n. a system of government based on jurisprudence

nomography
n. the art of drafting laws
n. a monograph on the authorship of laws

nonage
n. a period or state of legal minority

obligate/oblige
v. to impel by legal measures

pandectist
n. the author of a complete legal code

pettifogger
n. a petty, niggling, often reprobate lawyer of a minor practice

order
n. a direction delivered by a court or judge entered on a court record yet not necessarily included in a verdict or final judgment

panel/jury
n. a party of (ordinarily twelve) people convened to render a verdict on the basis of evidence submitted them in the course of a court trial

panel
n. a comprehensive register of people convoked for jury duty

precedent
n. an adjudication that may be institutionalized as an authoritative standard, or invoked or instantiated as a justification in address of ulterior resolutions for comparable cases

premise
n. expository or prefatory text introducing a legal instrument, as a deed

probate
n. a court proceeding by which a will is validated or invalidated
n. a judicial certificate legitimating a will's authenticity and conferring to its executors the power to administrate an estate
n. the act of proving that an instrument purporting to be a will was signed and executed in accordance with legal requirements
v. to establish the legal validity of a will in probate court

purview
n. the body (excluding its preamble), scope or limit of a statute, which comprises the total extent of its intention or provisions

recuse
v. (of a judge or attorney) to disqualify and excuse oneself from participation in a particular case in regard to some potential conflict of interest or partiality
v. to challenge the qualification of a judge, prosecutor or juror on a basis of incompetence, bias or conflict of interest

rejoinder
n. an answer voiced by a defendant during the second stage of a common law pleading in response to the plaintiff's replication, intended to confute or deny averments thereof

remit/remand
v. to refer a legal case to a lower court, usu. with directions pertaining to the aforementioned case

remitment/remit/remission
n. the act of referring a case to an inferior court for further deliberation or action

replevin
n. a legal retrieval of stolen property incident to juridic determination
n. a writ of replevin

replevin/replevy
v. to recover moveables by dint of a replevin

reprise(s)/reprize
n. a payment, duty or deduction tendered per annum by an estate or manor, esp. an annuity

respite/reprieve
v. to intermit the imminent punishment of a convict, esp. an execution

rubric/title
n. the titular heading of a legislative bill, statute or civil code's chapter, which may precis its purview

sequestrate/sequester/distress/distrain
v. to legally assume the assets of a party until their debt has been paid or other claims of creditors satisfied

sequestrate
v. to legally transfer a bankrupt's property to a trustee that allots those holdings to creditors

severalty
n. individual ownership of (usu. real) property

statute/legislative act/legislation/enactment
n. a law formally enacted by a legislative body

statutory
a. of, related to, authorized, enacted, permitted, prescribed or punishable by statute

stultify
v. to attest or prove that a defendant is of unsound mind or incompetent to stand trial or testify, thus absolving them from legal responsibility so that the execution of some judicial act may be forestalled

surrender
n. the delivery of a fugitive or other principal named in a suit into lawful custody
n. the act of yielding oneself or being delivered to bail

surrogate
n. a judge who presides over the probate of wills and testaments, and adjudicates the settlement of estates

traverse
v. to formally deny a lawsuit's allegation in pleading

uncovenanted
a. not assured, bound, granted or proscribed by a contract

vested
a. absolute, settled, static and without contingency, as a right or law
a. legally entitled to the immediate possession of property, or a future benefit of property or revenue, as from a pension

void/vitiate/vacate/revoke/rescind/quash/overturn/nullify/null/negate/invalidate/defeat/avoid/annul
v. to impair or cancel the legal effect or validity of (a contract, deed, indictment, law, ruling, etc.), esp. by invocation of a specific law's contravention
_abate
_v. to vacate a writ


==MARINE & NAUTICAL==

aft
a. at or toward the stern

argosy
n. a large merchant ship, usu. one carrying a rich and opulent cargo
n. a fleet of argosies

bail
n. to empty or remove water from a boat by filling a receptacle with it and emptying it over the vessel's side

ballast
n. any heavy material (gravel, sand, iron) placed to stabilize a vessel
v. to stabilize a ship by depositing a heavy substance in its bilge or hold

bay/bight
n. a body of water partly enclosed by seaboard, the wide outlet of which renders access to a sea

becalm
v. to deprive a sailing vessel of the wind required to propel it

berth
n. a ship's allocated place at a dock, wharf or pier
n. adequate space (esp. from a shoreline) in which a vessel may maneuver or navigate

berth/dock
v. to enter and moor at a berth, dock, pier, etc.
_wharf
_v. to dock or moor at a wharf

berth/moorage/mooring(s)
n. wherever a ship can be moored, esp. a pier
_dock/jetty/pier/wharf
_n. a platform supported by piles or pillars that extends from shore over water, where vessels may land to moor and stock or discharge
_dock/slip
_n. a berth betwixt two piers
_wharf/quay
_n. a landing pier constructed of solid masonry or steel and disposed parallel to a navigable river's shoreline or harbor's waterfront to facilitate landing and transfer of cargo

bilge
n. the curvilinear portion of a vessel's hull where its incurvate sides converge to its bottom
_chine
_n. the point where the side and bottom of a flatbottom boat intersect
n. a hull's lowermost internal portion
v. to breach a bilge and effect a leak
v. to flood at the bilge, ensuing a leak

bilge (water)
n. water accumulated in the bilge of a ship, esp. that which stagnates

bitt
n. a strong vertical post (usu. one of a doublet) fixed on the deck of a ship to which cables or ropes are fastened
v. to wind and secure a line around a bitt
_kevel
_n. a strong bitt, bollard or cleat to which large ropes (esp. hawsers) are belayed

bitt/bollard
n. a short, thick, firm post on the deck of a ship or landing of a wharf or pier, around which mooring lines are secured
_kevel
_n. a strong bitt, bollard or cleat to which large ropes (esp. hawsers) are belayed

bower
n. an anchor carried at and submerged from a ship's bow, esp. one of a duad

cabotage
n. navigation in coastal waters
n. commerce implemented along a coast
n. the act of conducting trade along a coast

caisson
n. a float employed to raise a sunken vessel

caisson
n. a pressurized, watertight chamber in which construction is implemented underwater

caisson/cofferdam
n. a large box fastened to the side of a ship for the underwater repair of its hull

canal
a. long, narrow, artificial waterway constructed to admit inland passage of vessels or convey water for irrigation
_acequia
_n. an irrigation canal

careen/heel/list
v. (of a vessel) to incline laterally, usu. attendant of a leak or unbalanced cargo

cetacean
a. of, pertaining or belonging to the marine order Cetacea and its members: dolphins, porpoises, whales
_delphine
_a. of, regarding or characteristic of the dolphin

cordage
n. a vessel's cords or ropes, esp. those of its rigging
_hawser
_n. a large, heavy cable or rope with which a vessel is moored or towed
_ratlin(e)
_n. any of several small ropes horizontally fastened to a ship's shrouds and used as a ladder

cove
n. a small, sheltered recess of a shoreline; a wee inlet

dockyard/shipyard
n. a waterside array of docks, dry docks, warehouses and workshops where ships are constructed, maintained and repaired

dory
n. a small, narrow rowboat featuring a flat bottom, high sides and an acute stem

ensign
n. a national flag, banner or standard flown by a (usu. naval or military) vessel to indicate its provenance

escutcheon
n. the portion of or a plate fixed to a vessel's stern on which its name is blazoned

estuary
n. the wide tidal debouchure of a large river where its current meets the sea's tide, containing an admixture of fresh and salt water

euripus
n. a sea channel distinguished by strong, tempestuous and unpredictable currents

firth/frith
n. a long, narrow coastal inlet, often part of an estuary

fleet/navy
n. the largest organized unit of naval vessels grouped to attain an objective under the direction of a single commander
n. multiple warships organized as a tactical unit, normally under one command
_armada
_n. any fleet of warships
_flotilla
_n. a small naval fleet
_n. a fleet of small naval vessels

flotsam
n. the wreckage of a sunken ship or its cargo found floating on the water

fluke
n. either of two broad, flat, trilateral plates projecting from an anchor's arm designed to catch in the ground

fore
a. at or toward the bow

gaff
n. an iron hook fixed to a handle or shaft used to land fish
v. to hook, impale or land with a gaff

gaff
n. a spar rising aft from a mast to support the head of a quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail

gimlet
v. to turn an anchor by its stock with a motion akin to that of a gimlet

grapnel/grapple/grappling
n. a light anchor for small boats terminating in three or more flukes

groundswell
n. a broad, deep swell or undulation in the sea, often provoked by a distant storm or earthquake

gunwale/gunnel
n. the upper edge or planking of a vessel's side

harbor/haven/port
n. a sheltered coastal area where vessels may dock or anchor, often containing piers or jetties
_marina
_n. a luxury harbor where pleasure vessels and small boats may dock

harborage
n. shelter for vessels, as that afforded by harbors

harborside
n. the area directly contiguous to a harbor

harpoon
n. a barbed missile or throwing spear affixed to a line and used to catch sharks, whales and other large marine animals
v. to spear with a harpoon
_fluke
_n. a harpoon's barbed head

head
n. a ship's lavatory

jetsam/jetsom/jettison
n. cargo or other refuse cast overboard (usu. in accordance with a shift to lighten the vessel) that have either sunk or washed ashore
_lagan/ligan
_n. jetsom affixed to a buoy to enable recovery

jettison
v. to forcibly discharge cargo from a ship whilst at sea to lighten its load, esp. as a shift during an emergency

jumper
n. a line fastened to preclude the jumping of a yard or mast

kedge
v. to draw a vessel forth by retracting the line of a light anchor submerged some distance away
n. a small, light anchor normally employed to kedge a ship

keelson
n. a fortifying longitudinal girder fixed above and parallel to a vessel's keel

landing
n. anywhere (a dock, pier, wharf, etc.) people or cargo may be landed
_landing stage
_n. a platform -- either floating or a constituent of a pier or wharf -- onto which passengers disembark or cargo is unloaded
_levee
_n. a landing for riverboats

landlubber/lubber
n. anyone unfamiliar with the sea or unaccustomed to seamanship

landsman
n. someone domiciled or employed on land

lee
n. any side away from the wind's direction
a. at, of, on, pertaining to or toward a side away or sheltered from wind

leister
n. a fishing spear terminating to treble prongs used to transfix fish
v. to spear with a leister

(sea) loch
n. a long, narrow, partially landlocked sea inlet, occasionally interposed betwixt steep cliffs

luff
n. the leading edge of a fore-and-aft sail
v. to steer a sailing vessel closer or directly into the wind, prompting her sails to flap
v. (of a sail or sails) to flap whilst losing wind

maelstrom
n. a colossal, powerful, violent whirpool

manifest
n. a comprehensive customs document in which a ship's or plane's crew, cargo and passengers are itemized

mast
n. a tall post positioned at a vessel's centerline from which sails, spars and derricks are slung, navigation is conducted and navigation lights, signal lamps, radio aerials, etc. are hung
_foremast/fore-mast
_n. the first mast, fore of the main-mast
_mainmast/main-mast
_n. the tallest of a vessel's masts, usually situated at the ship's center
_mizenmast/mizzenmast/mizzen-mast
_n. the second or third mast proximately aft of the main-mast

mate
n. any officer junior in rank below the master of a commercial vessel
_(first) mate
_n. a commanding officer of a merchant ship directly subordinate to its captain

moor
v. to immobilize a vessel by anchoring or fastening lines to bollards

moorage
n. the act of mooring a vessel
n. a charge or payment for the use of moorings

oakum
n. loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unraveling old ropes; impregnated with tar, it's used to caulk seams of wooden ships

octopine
a. of or regarding the octopus

odobenine
a. of of concerning the walrus	

offing
n. any area of the sea visible from a coast

pelagic
a. of, pertaining to or inhabiting open seas or oceans rather than waters proximate to or surrounded by land

pennon/pennant/burgee
n. a tapering, conventionally triangular flag flown at the masthead of a commissioned vessel to provide signal or identification

phocine
a. of, pertaining or belonging to Phocinae, family of the harbor and harp seals

piscine
a. of, pertaining to, resembling or characteristic of fish
_elasmobranch/selachian
_a. of, concerning or belonging to the cartilaginous Elasmobranchii/Selachii: dogfish, rays, sharks and skates

pitch
v. (of a vessel's bow and stern) to dip and rise in alternation
n. the interchanging rise and fall of a ship's bow and stern

port/larboard
n. the left forward side of a vessel
a. of, on or regarding the port
av. to or toward the port

quayside
n. an area adjoining a quay or system thereof

rudder
n. a steering mechanism consisting of a hinged, vertical plate mounted to the stern of a vessel
_tiller
_n. a bar or lever used to turn a boat's rudder

school/shoal
n. any large group of aquatic animals (esp. fish) that swim in confluence, esp. during migration
_gam
_n. a school of whales

scow
n. a large, orthogonal boat, usu. a light freighter

scud
v. to run a vessel before a gale with scant (if any) sail set

scyphozoan
a. of, concerning or belonging to Scyphozoa, the class of true marine jellyfishes

seize
v. to bind a rope to another or a spar

setline/trawl (line)
n. a long, buoyed fishing line extended across a span of sea to which shorter hooked, baited lines are fastened at intervals

shoal
n. a submerged sandbank visible at low tide

shoal/shallow
n. any stretch of shallow water, which often comprises a navigational hazard

skiff
n. a small, shallow, often flatbottom boat propelled by sail, oars or motor

starboard
n. the right forward side of a vessel
a. of, on or pertaining to the starboard
av. to or toward the starboard

stem/prow/head/fore/bow
n. the forward end of a vessel
_cutwater
_n. the forward edge of a bow

stern
n. the rear end of a vessel
_taffrail
_n. a stern's upper portion, which is often ornately carved
_n. a rail around a stern, often above its transom
_transom
_n. a flat surface forming a vessel's horizontal stern

surf/breakers
n. sea waves that break to foam on a shore

tack
v. to alter the course of a sailboat
_tack/beat
_v. to change course by turning a vessel's head windward, so to redirect the wind to its opposite side; often executed along a zigzag course
_n. any such windward course
_n. an act of tacking

tar/seaman/seafarer/salt/sailor/rating/matelot/mariner/Jack
n. anyone proficient in seamanship who directs or ministrates a vessel's navigation
_lubber/landsman/landlubber
_n. an unseasoned sailor
_shellback/sea dog/(old) salt
_n. a veteran sailor, esp. of advanced years
_shellback
_n. any sailor who's crossed the equator

thimble
n. a grooved metal ring fixed to line any of a sail's eyes to forfend tears or corrasion

thwart
n. a broad trave used as a seat in a rowboat or skiff

tide
n. the cyclic rise and fall of the sea level occasioned by lunar and solar gravitational influences
v. to drift or ride with the tide
v. to be carried by the tide

veer
v. to steer a vessel away from the wind; to turn the stern windward
_broach
_v. to veer broadside to wind and wave

wharf
v. to store or discharge at a wharf
v. to supply with a wharf or services thereof

wharfage
n. wharves (collectively)
n. the utilization of a wharf
n. accommodations furnished for the loading, unloading or storage of goods at a wharf
n. charges or payment tendered for those aforementioned services

whitecap
n. a wave swelling to a broken, foamy crest

windlass
n. a winch comprehending a horizontal drum or barrel on which rope or chain is wound when lifting a load to which it's secured; utilized on ships to hoist anchors
v. to raise or haul with a windlass

yawl
n. a sailing vessel possessing two masts: a mainmast and mizzenmast or jiggermast aft of its rudderpost

yawl
n. a ship's small boat rowed by a crew of four to six


==MATHEMATICS==

0/aught/cipher/cypher/naught/nought/null/ought/zero
n. a digit denoting an absolute absence of quantity and a mathematical element that yields the same number as another to which it's added or subtracted

analyze/dissect
v. to conduct a mathematical analysis of a problem, equation, etc.

arithmology
n. the conveyance of a concept by dint of a mathematical device

calculate/cipher/compute/cypher/figure/reckon
v. to verify by the execution of a mathematical procedure
_add (up, together)/sum (up)/summate/total
_v. to ascertain the aggregate or total of several items, numbers, quantities, etc. added together
_count/enumerate/number/numerate/reckon/tally
_v. to determine the number or amount of, usu. by checking or naming one after another
_prorate
_v. to calculate proportionately

commensurable
a. having the same divisor or measure; precisely divisible by the same unit, as 14 and 21 of 7

constant
n. an unspecified quantity of invariant value in a specific mathematical context
n. any symbol representing such an amount

count/counting/enumeration/numeration/reckoning
n. the act of counting, esp. by reciting numbers in (usu. ascending) order

disjoint
a. (of two or more sets) having no common elements

equation
n. a mathematical (usu. algebraic) statement asserting the equipollence of two expressions

exponent/index/power
n. a superscript number or variable indicating the number of times a number or expression it succeeds and surmounts is multiplied by itself

parity
n. a relation between a pair of integers: if both are odd or even, they have the same parity

proportional
a. (of multiple quantities) possessing a constant or the same ratio

quotient
n. the ratio of two quantities to be divided 
n. a number obtained by division 

transpose
n. a matrix formed by interchanging the rows and columns of another

transpose
v. to reverse the position and sign (to maintain equality) of a term in an algebraic equation

variable
n. a quantity to which any among a set of values may be assigned
n. a symbol (usu. an alphabetical character) emblematic of a variable, as a, b, c, x, y, etc.
a. characteristic of a variable: possessing no fixed quantitative value


==MEASUREMENT & QUANTITIES==

abounding/abundant/ample/bounteous/bountiful/considerable/copious/extensive/full/fulsome/generous/huge/lavish/liberal/massive/opulent/plenteous/plentiful/plenty/profuse/rich/rife/substantial/substantive/tremendous/vast
a. of, yielding, characterized by, or available or existing in great quantity or supply
_excess/extra/overabundant/plethoric/redundant/superabundant/supererogatory/superfluous/supernumerary/surplus/wanton
_a. exceedingly abundant; of a quantity surpassing requirement, normality, necessity, expectation, desire or consumption

amount/measure/quantity/quantum/volume
n. however much or many constitute what one may quantify
_abatement/decrease/reduction
_n. a quantum by which something has been decreased
_abundance/amplitude/lot/mass/plenitude/plenteousness/plentifulness/plentitude/plenty/profusion/quantity/stack/volume/wealth
_n. a large quantity of something
__embarrassment/excess/glut/nimiety/overabundance/overplus/plethora/superabundance/superfluity/surfeit/surplus/surplusage
__n. an immoderate abundance exceeding desire, necessity or requirement
__amplitude/fill/plenty
__n. any abundance that normally comprises a full supply
_allocation/allotment/cut/dividend/lot/moiety/portion/quantum/ration/share/slice
_n. a parceled amount of a sum divided between two or more people or groups
__cut/share/slice
__n. a portion of profit
__quota
__n. a proportional allocation
_bit/dash/dot/modicum/ounce/shred/sprinkle/sprinkling/tad/touch/trifle
_n. a small measure
__atom/drop/grain/hint/iota/particle/scintilla/scruple/smidge(n)/smidgin/soupcon/speck/trace
__n. a tiny, often scarcely detectable bit
__grain/jot/particle/tittle/whit
__n. the smallest scruple of anything
_dearth/paucity/scarcity
_n. an insufficient amount
_deficiency/deficit/insufficiency/lack/shortfall/shortage/want
_n. a quantity by which something is deficient
_increase/raise/rise
_n. a quantity by which something has increased
_lot/parcel
_n. an amount of emptional commodities or merchandise
_measure/modicum
_n. a moderate volume
_precipitation
_n. the measure of hail, rain, sleet or snow that falls to earth at a particular place during a specified period of time
_(polar) vector
_n. any variable quantity (usu. force or velocity) specified by a magnitude and a direction

aught/nada/naught/nil/nix/nought/nothing/null/zero/zilch/zip/zippo
n. a complete absence of quantity

battalion/host/lot/mass/multiplicity/multitude/plurality/stack
n. a great number of things or people

Brobdingnagian/colossal/elephantine/enormous/gargantuan/giant/gigantic/grand/great/huge/humongous/immane/immense/jumbo/mammoth/massive/mastodontic/mighty/monstrous/mountainous/prodigious/stupendous/titanic/tremendous/vast/whopping
a. extremely or exceptionally large

bushel
n. a British unit of dry or fluid measure equivalent to 8 Imperial gallons, 36.38 liters, 2,219.36 cubic inches or 0.03637 cubic meters
n. a United States unit of dry measure equal to 35.24 liters, 64 pints, 4 pecks, 2,150.42 cubic inches and 0.03524 cubic meters

butt
n. 126 U.S. gallons, two hogsheads or approximately 477 liters

commensurable/commensurate/proportional/proportionate
a. corresponding in proper or relative amount, degree or size

commensurable/commensurate
a. subject to measurement by a common standard

decade
n. a group or set of ten

deficient/exiguous/insufficient/meager/measly/paltry/poor/scanty/slender/stingy
a. inadequate in amount

dimensions/magnitude/measurements/proportions/size
n. something's spatial properties
_enormity/enormousness/grandness/greatness/hugeness/immanity/immensity/magnitude/size/vastness
_n. prodigious proportions
_magnitude/measurements/proportion/scale
_n. relative size

dram/drachm(a)
n. a unit of apothecary weight equal to one-eighth of an ounce, or sixty grains

duad/dyad/twain/two/twosome
n. two items or units accounted as a set or group
_brace/couple/couplet/doublet/duad/duo/dyad/pair
_n. twain correspondent or equivalent articles or constituents usu. intended to be used together

entropy
n. a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a process or system that is no longer available for work

furlong
n. a spatial unit equal to 660 feet, 201.168 meters, one-eighth of a mile or 220 yards

gill
n. a small unit of liquid measure equal to a quarter of a pint, four fluid ounces or 118 milliliters

longitudinal
a. of or pertaining to longitude or length

measure/metric/metrology/scale
n. any system or standard of related measures that facilitates mensuration or quantification of specific properties
_metric system
_n. a decimal system of weights and measures based on the units of longitudinal meter (39.370079 inches), ponderary gram (0.0022046226 pounds) and quantitative liter (1.0566882 liquid quarts), first proposed by French astronomer and mathematician Gabriel Mouton in 1670, and standardized in France in the 1790s

metric(al)
a. of or relating to measurement
_quantitative
_n. of or regarding mensuration of quantity
_volumetric(al)
_a. of, concerning, employing or involving measurement by volume

metric
a. of or regarding distance

metric
a. of or pertaining to the metric system or the meter

metrology
n. the science and scientific study of measurement

ponderary
a. of or concerning weight

score
n. a group or set of twenty

scruple
n. a unit of apothecary weight equal to 20 grains

stature/height
n. the vertical distance between the lowest and highest points of an object or someone standing upright

ternary/threefold/treble/trifold/tripartite/triple/triplex
a. involving or consisting of three components, parties, units, etc.

threefold/treble/trifold/triple
a. three times as great, many or much


==MEDICAL==

ablate/extirpate
v. to surgically remove an organ or bodily structure
_amputate
_v. to ablate a limb, digit or portion thereof
_enervate
_v. to extirpate a nerve or portion thereof
_enucleate
_v. to extirpate an intact eye, tumor, etc. from its cover or capsule

abraded/chafed/excoriated/galled/grazed/scraped
a. painfully irritated by a dermal abrasion engendered by friction

abrasion/excoriation/gall/graze/scrape
n. a superficial dermal wound inflicted by scraping or excoriation

abscess
n. a localized cumulation of pus surrounded by inflamed, infected tissue, as a boil, carbuncle or whitlow

acute
a. (of a disease or symptoms thereof) severe, yet fugitive

adjuvant
n. an appurtenant drug immixed or administered with another (esp. an antigen) to enhance its effect

agglutinate
v.  to induce cohesion of bacteria, red blood cells, etc.

alcoholic/bibulous/boozy
a. addicted to alcohol

alleviant/palliative
n. a remedy that assuages pain without curing the malady from which it eventuates, as an anodyne
_analgesic/anodyne/painkiller
_n. an agent (esp. a drug) that allays pain, as acetaminophen
__demulcent
__n. a (usu. mucilaginous) substance that relieves irritation of inflamed skin or esp. mucous membranes by coating them with a soothing, protective film

amentia/idiocy
n. extreme mental retardation

analgesia
n. an inability to feel pain
n. an absence of pain, esp. that induced without a loss of consciousness

analgesic/analgetic/anodyne
a. alleviating or eliminating pain

anosmia
n. diminution or loss of one's sense of smell, usu. consequent of a lesion afflicting the olfactory nerve, nasal obturation or disease

anterograde
a. of amnesia inhibiting the development of memories subsequent to causal trauma

antidotary
n. a treatise on the subject of antidotes

antigen
a. any substance that foments the production of antibodies and excites an attendant immune response, as bacteria, foreign blood cells or toxins

aphasia
n. an inability to communicate by or discern spoken or written language resultant of brain damage
_anomia
_n. aphasia manifest as mnemonic lapses whereby names cannot be recalled
_dysphasia
_n. an impairment of communication (esp. speech generation or comprehension) usually attributable to brain damage
_paraphasia
_n. an inability to recall the appropriate words to express oneself symptomatic of aphasia

apoplexy/cerebrovascular accident/CVA/ictus/stroke
n. an abrupt loss of brain function (usu. ensuant to a cerebral hemmorhage) effecting unconsciousness and cerebral anoxia that may inflict neurological damage from which paralysis, speech impairment, a coma or death may issue

asthenic
a. of, regarding or afflicted by asthenia: suffering from an abnormal paucity of bodily strength or vitality

astringent/styptic
n. a substance (esp. a drug or lotion) that causes contraction and constriction of bodily tissues and canals
a. contracting or constricting tissues or blood vessels, often to curb or obstruct the secretion of bodily fluids

atony
n. an abnormal dearth of muscular tension or tonus

attenuate
v. to diminish the virulence of a bacterium or virus, as by heating

bilious/biliary
a. of or pertaining to bile
_biliary
_a. conveying bile
_a. of or regarding bile ducts
_bilious/choleric
_a. of an immoderate secretion of bile or any disorder so symptomatic
_bilious/liverish/livery
_a. suffering from or suggesting a liver disorder or resultant gastric distress

blackout/deliquium/faint/swoon/syncope
n. an abrupt, spontaneous, temporary loss of consciousness caused by an immediate drop in blood pressure or cerebral hypoxia

blackout/faint/swoon
v. to lose consciousness, suddenly and pro tempore

caduceus
n. the winged wand entwined by a twain of serpents and possessed by the numinous Greek/Roman herald Hermes/Mercury, utilized as an emblem of the medical profession

canker/ulcer/ulceration
n. an open dermal sore that heals slowly, to which an abscess is often concomitant
_canker (sore)
_n. an ulcerous open sore of one's lips or interior oral lining

carious
a. (of teeth or bone) decayed

cataract
n. partial or complete opacity of the ocular lens that inflicts impaired vision or blindness

communicable/contagious/infectious/infective
a. (of a disease or causative agent thereof) capable of being transmitted from one individual to another

concretion
n. a solid, ordinarily inorganic mass in a bodily cavity or tissue formed by local accumulation
n. the accretive process by which a concretion is formed
_calculus
_n. a concretion (usu. composed of mineral salts) that forms in bodily ducts or hollow organs, esp. the gallbladder or kidneys

conglutination/union
n. any healing process of reintegration whereby the edges of a wound or a broken bone's parts grow together

consumption
n. any condition whereby bodily tissues waste away, such as pulmonary tuberculosis

contagious/infectious/infective/pestiferous/pestilent
a. (of an organism or individual) carrying or spreading a contagious disease

contusion/bruise
n. an injury by which unbroken skin is discolored by ruptured, underlying blood capillaries

crepitation/crepitus
n. a crackling noise within the chest sounded during pneumonia or other diseases afflicting the lungs
n. the rude sound of a broken bone's edges when they rub against one another

diagnostic
a. of, concerning or employed in the identification and evaluation of an illness, injury or any other malady

diarrhea/flux
n. an intestinal disorder that occasions frequent, surplus egestion of liquid fecal matter

disarticulate/disjoint/dislocate/luxate
v. to separate bones at their joints

disarticulated/disjointed/dislocated
a. (of bones) disconnected at their joints

diseased/morbid/pathologic(al)
a. of, concerning, causing, caused or altered by disease

dispense
v. to prepare and distribute (usu. prescription) medication

dyspepsia/indigestion
n. sensations of bloating, heartburn, nausea and abdominal discomfort or pain symptomatic of impaired digestive function

dyspeptic/indigestive
a. appertaining to or afflicted with indigestion

emetic/nauseant/vomit(ive)
n. a medicine (either an agent or drug) that induces vomiting

empiric/quack
n. a charlatan who pretends to be a doctor or professes medical skill or qualifications

endemic
n. a disease or disorder peculiar to people of a certain region, locality or ethnicity

endemic(al)
a. (of a disease) predominant among or exclusive to people of a particular territory, site or ethnicity

enervation
n. the extirpation of a nerve or portion thereof

engorge
v. (of an organ, skin, etc.) to swell or cause to tumesce with blood, water or other fluid

epidemic
a. (of a disease) spreading rapidly by infection to affect many people of a locality or population concurrently

epistaxis/nosebleed
n. bleeding from the nostril

evert
v. to turn a bodily structure or organ outward or inside out

febrile/fevered/feverish/feverous/pyretic/pyrexial/pyrexic
a. of, concerning, manifesting symptoms of or suffering from a fever

feverish/feverous/pyretic
a. inducing fever

fistula
n. an anomalous bodily duct or passage produced by a congenital disorder, disease or injury connecting an abscess, cavity or organ to the dermal surface or another organ

gangrene/mortification/necrosis/sphacelus
n. localized death, decomposition and putrefaction of living cells proceeding from infection or hypoxia
_infarction
_n. localized necrosis ensuing obstruction of the blood supply to an organ or tissue

gangrene/mortify/necrose/sphacelate
v. (of living tissue) to gradually die and decay ensuant to a hypoxic, infectious or diseased condition

geriatrics
n. the branch of medical science treating of diseases and problems specific to elderly people

gerontology/gerocomy
n. the scientific study of the aging process and problems unique to the elderly

graft/implant/transplant
n. an organ or living tissue (esp. skin) surgically transferred from one part of a body to another, or from a donor's body to that of a recipient
v. to surgically remove an organ or other tissue from one part of a body to another, or from a donor's body to that of a recipient

graft/transplant
n. a surgical operation whereby living tissue is transplanted

hypoxia/anoxia
n. a shortfall of oxygen in arterial blood, inspired gases, organs or tissues

icteric/jaundiced
a. affected by jaundice, of which dermal and ocular yellowing eventuates

icterus/jaundice
n. yellowing of the skin and the whites of one's eyes prompted by an accumulation of bile (bilirubin) pigment in the blood, which is in turn symptomatic of gallstones, an obstruction of the bile duct, liver infection or anemia

incurable/irremediable/untreatable
a. (of a disease) incapable of being cured

incurable
n. a person whose disease is incurable

infarct(ion)
n. necrotic or dead tissue resulting from a deficient supply of blood

infectious/infective/pestiferous/pestilent/pestilential
a. producing disease
_virulent
_a. extremely infective

influenza/grippe/grip/flu
n. an acute, febrile, highly infectious viral disease entailing prostration, respiratory inflammation and alternating fever and chills 

infuse
v. to introduce a fluid into a body through a vein for therapeutic purposes

intumescence
n. any distended organ or body part

inversion
n. the anomalous position of an organ turned upside down or inside out, as the upper portion of the uterus when pulled into the cervical canal succeeding childbirth

irritable
a. (of an organ or appendage) exceptionally sensitive to stimuli

jactitation/jactation
n. extremely restless tossing whilst reposed, usu. induced by illness
n. muscular twitching

lazaret/lazarette/lazaretto/lazar house/pesthouse
n. a hospital where people suffering from infectious diseases (esp. leprosy or plague) are quarantined and treated

lethargy
n. a condition of extreme torpor symptomatic of a disease

metastasize
v. (of cancerous cells or pathogenic microorganisms) to spread throughout the body via blood or lymphatic vessels

mimesis
n. any disease generating symptoms characteristic of another
n. palpable symptoms engendered by hysteria of a disease that isn't present

modality
n. any method of therapy that requires physical treatment, as surgery or electrotherapy

nostrum
n. a bogus, ineffectual medicine prepared and administered by a quack

obdormition
n. appendicular numbness and subsequent paresthesia induced by pressure applied to a nerve or prolonged dearth of movement

palpate
v. to examine an area of a body or organ by touching, esp. as a means of diagnosis

paresthesia
n. a tingling, pricking, itching or burning sensation elicited by damage to or pressure on (as of obdormition) peripheral nerves, neurological disorders, deficient circulation, and sundry other diseases

parturient
a. at the threshold of giving birth; in labor
a. in the process of giving birth

pathology/pathobiology
n. the branch of medical science concerning the origins, development, processes, and effects of diseases

pathology
n. the condition of an organ, tissue or fluid afflicted with disease
n. the aggregate manifestations (esp. those evinced as symptoms) of a disease

periodontal disease/pyorrhoea
n. inflammation of gums inflicting suppuration and loosed teeth

pharmacology
n. the science of drugs, by which their sources, chemistry, properties, preparation, effects and clinical applications are studied

pharmacopoeia/pharmacopeia
n. a book containing a list of medicinal drugs, their formulas, applications, dosages, effects and preparation, usu. issued by an official authority and regarded as an authoritative standard

pill/tab/tablet
n. a compressed dose of medicine in the form of a small capsule, disk, pellet or tablet, intended for oral consumption
_lozenge/pastille/troche
_n. a small, medicated candy tablet that's chewed or slowly dissolved in the mouth, usu. to sooth irritated or inflamed jugular tissues
_pilule
_n. a small pill

placebo
n. a faux, inert medication administered or sham procedure conducted for the psychological benefit of a patient who presumes its authenticity
n. an inactive substance administered to a control group as ostensive medicine in experiments conducted to determine the efficacy of a drug

pregnant/gravid/expectant/enceinte
a. carrying a developing fetus or fetuses in one's uterus

(medical) prognosis
n. a prediction regarding the pending course and outcome of a disease or disorder
n. the prospect of recovery from a disease

prophylaxis
n. prevention of or protection from disease

quinine
n. a bitter drug derived from cinchona bark utilized to treat malaria

rash
n. a dermal eruption or cluster thereof inflicted by allergy, infection, etc.

refractory/obstinate
a. (of an illness, infection or afflicted tissue) resistant or unresponsive to treatment

remission
n. a subsidence or abeyance of (and attendant respite from) a disease's symptoms

rheum
n. a watery discharge of the mucous membranes that seeps from the eyes or nose, as during a cold

rheumatism
n. any of numerous painful, stiffening disorders afflicting bones, joints, muscles, tendons or nerves such as bursitis, osteoarthritis, and back and neck pain
_rheumatoid arthritis/atrophic arthritis
_n. a chronic autoimmune disease inflicting symptoms of joint inflammation (and incident deformity), osteoporosis, vascular inflammation (vasculitis), dermal bumps (rheumatoid nodules) and lung disease

rhinitis
n. inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes

sawbones/surgeon
n. a physician who specializes in and performs surgery

sclerosis/induration
n. the hardening of a bodily tissue commonly provoked by inflammation or neoplastic infiltration

sclerotic/sclerosed
a. relating to or affected by sclerosis

scurfy/scaly/leprose/lepidote/furfuraceous
a. producing or coated with shredded, peeling or flaking dry skin, as dandruff

snowblind
n. temporarily blinded by UV light reflected from snow

soporific/hypnotic
n. an agent (esp. a drug) that induces sleep

spasm/seizure/paroxysm/ictus/fit/convulsion
n. sudden, involuntary muscular contractions prompting contorted, violent, irregular movements; ordinarily excited by neurological disorders such as epilepsy

splenic/splenetic/lienal
a. of or relating to the spleen

sprue
n. a chronic, primarily tropical disease incurring intestinal malabsorption from which anemia, diarrhea, emaciation, flatulence and ulceration eventuate

stenosis/stricture
n. abnormal constriction of a bodily duct or passage, as a canal

suppurate/fester
v. (of a wound or sore) to generate or discharge pus
_abscess
_v. to form an inflamed and localized accretion of pus

suture
n. the act of sewing two bodily surfaces together, as the skin of an open wound
v. to join flesh, skin, etc. by means of suture
n. fine surgical thread (usu. catgut, silk thread or wire) used to sew two bodily surfaces together
n. an organic, usu. dermal seam or scar attending a surgical stitch

symptom
n. any divergence of physical or mental function or features (esp. an impairment) that indicates and characterizes a disease or other disorder

symptomatic
a. of, according to, betraying, concerning or constituting a symptom or symptoms

travail/parturiency/labor
n. the ultimate stage of a pregnancy, spanning the onset of uterine contractions to childbirth
_confinement/accouchement
_n. the duration of a parturiency
_n. a woman's condition in labor

theriac
n. any ointment or potion applied or ingested as the antidote to a poison

treacle
n. any of various medicinal compounds formerly dispensed as antidotes for poison

triage
n. prioritization of emergency patients and apposite allocation of medical treatment on the bases of need, exigency and probable benefit

unguent/unction/salve/ointment
n. a medicinal fluid or lotion applied externally to treat, soothe or palliate a contusion, irritation, sprain. etc.
_balsam/balm
_n. a fragrant salve
__balsam
__n. a fragrant ointment containing a balsam
_liniment/embrocation
_n. an ointment applied to skin to soothe stiffness, soreness, sprain or inflammation

wale/weal/welt
n. a raised dermal mark caused by a blow or lash, esp. that inflicted by a whip

zoonosis
n. any infectious disease transmitted between species, esp. from animals to humans

zoonotic
a. of diseases transmitted from one species to another and esp. from animals to humans, as rabies or trichinosis


==MISCELLANY==

abundance/argosy/plenty
n. a great or rich supply of anything
_glut/overabundance/oversupply/superfluity
_n. a supply exceeding need

accolade/award
n. any prize (such as a trophy, medal, laurel, ribbon or palm) or privilege signifying approval or distinction in recognition of an achievement or merit

accretion
n. biological growth by addition, esp. adhesion of usu. individual parts or particles

adjunct/appendage/attachment
n. a subordinate part added or attached to something larger or more important
_complement/supplement
_n. something added to complete or compensate for the deficiency of something else

aegis/auspice(s)/patronage
n. support, protection or sponsorship provisioned by a particular person or organization

agglomerate
n. a clustered mass or collection of things

allograph
n. a proxy's signature

ambit/area/compass/orbit/purview/range/region/scope/territory
n. an extent of activity or function
_sweep
_n. an extremely wide orbit

ambit/area/compass/range/scope
n. a range of applicability
_sweep
_n. an extremely wide scope

ambit/area/compass/jurisdiction/orbit/purview/range/remit
n. an extent of authority, control or influence

ambit/area/compass/purview/range
n. a span of familiarity or competence
_sweep
_n. an extensive purview

anachronism
n. anything chronologically misplaced, esp. that which is conspicuously demode

analog/counterpart/equivalent/match/obverse/parallel/similitude
n. a person or thing similar, resembling or correspondent to another in value, significance, function, or characteristics

anathema
n. something that's loathed

aperture/opening/orifice
n. a natural or artificial open or vacant space, as a gap, hole, slit, slot, etc.
_gap/hiatus/lacuna
_n. any empty space or interval

aphrodisiac
n. an agent (such as a food, drink or drug) that stimulates sexual desire

appointment/berth/billet/job/place/position/post/situation
n. a position of employment, esp. in an organization
_legation/legateship
_n. the office or post of an envoy

arcanum/enigma/mystery/secret
n. a thing or event that's unknown, inexplicable or inscrutable, the obscurity of which arouses curiosity

arcanum/elixir
n. an alchemic remedy

archetype/byword/epitome/example/exemplar/exemplification/image/model/paradigm/prototype/specimen
n. something typical of a particular class or group

artifice/contrivance/expedient/shift
n. a convenient solution that may be immoral or unethical

assortment/medley/mélange/miscellanea/miscellany/mixture/omnium-gatherum/potpourri/salmagundi/variety
n. any collection of heterogeneous things
_chaos/clutter/confusion/farrago/gallimaufry/hash/hodgepodge/jumble/medley/mélange/mingle-mangle/mishmash/omnium-gatherum/pastiche/ragbag/welter
_n. a confused, usu. messy miscellany

attitude
n. the incline of an aircraft's axes relative to the ground, horizon, wind, etc.

aught
n. anything at all

avatar/byword/embodiment/epitome/image/incarnation/personification
n. any tangible thing that represents or demonstrates an attitude, concept, principle, quality or spirit
_quintessence
_n. the perfect or purest epitome

bagatelle/fluff/frippery/frivolity/trifle/trinket/triviality
n. something of negligible value or significance
_bauble/bibelot/chachka/falderal/falderol/folderol/kickshaw/knickknack/novelty/tchotchke/trinket
_n. an ornamental article bereft of significant function or value
__gaud/geegaw/gewgaw/gimcrack
__n. a gaudy bauble

bailiwick/forte/metier/niche/specialty
n. a professional or avocational pursuit for which one evinces an assured aptitude

balefire/bonfire
n. a large, alfresco fire kindled as a beacon or for entertainment or warmth

ballast
n. anything providing or endowing stability

battledore (and shuttlecock)
n. a racket game played with flat wooden paddles (battledores) and shuttlecocks that anticipated badminton

beau ideal/best/creme de la creme/exemplar/ideal/jewel/model/nonesuch/nonpareil/paradigm/paragon/perfection
n. something deemed an unrivaled model of excellence or a kind of perfection

bellicism
n. a preference for or advocacy of war

billet/note
n. a brief, customarily informal letter

billet
n. a short, thick chunk of wood, usu. expended as firewood

bit/crumb/fleck/fraction/fragment/gobbet/mite/mote/ounce/particle/scintilla/scrap/shred/smidge(n)/smidgin/speck/tittle
n. a tiny piece of anything

bracket/brand/breed/category/class/classification/genus/grade/kind/nature/rubric/sort/species/stamp/strain/type/variety
n. a division or grouping of people or things distinguished by shared traits or attributes

brisance
n. the shattering force of a high explosion, influenced primarily by its detonation pressure

burr
n. a rough or ragged edge or surface area (usu. on metal) after it's been cast, cut or drilled

cachet/seal
n. an official, distinguishing mark signifying approval, authenticity, endorsement or sanction

cachet
n. an inscription stamped or printed on postal envelopes, which often commemorates a special event

caisson
n. a horse-drawn cart or wagon of two wheels that carries artillery ammunition and coffins during military funerals

caparison/trappings
n. a horse's ornamental covering or harness

caravan/van
n. a covered truck equipped with sleeping and dining facilities, or a hold intended for the transport of chattel or people
n. a large, covered, horse-drawn wagon

cartography/chartography
n. the art, practice and techniques of delineating maps and charts

chattel/movable/moveable (pl. chattels/gear/movables/moveables/personal property/personalty)
n. any movable article of personal property (appurtenances, books, clothing, discs, electronic devices, furniture, utensils, vehicles, etc.), distinguished from realty

charm/mojo/talisman
n. an engraved or representational object (esp. an article of jewelry) worn for the magical benefit of its purported apotropaic, empowering or lucky properties
_amulet
_n. a talisman worn on a necklace
_juju
_n. a west African charm

chimera
n. any macabre or grotesque monster, esp. one comprising parts of various animals

chreotechnics
n. practical, indispensable domains of activity or trade: agriculture, commerce and manufacturing

clod/clot/clump/gobbet/lump/mass
n. a compacted, indefinitely or irregularly shaped piece of matter, esp. earth or clay
_chunk/gobbet/hunk
_n. a large, thick clump
__gobbet
__n. a hunk of raw meat

cumulus
n. a thick, white or gray and fluffy, bulbous or billowing cloud possessing a flat base ordinarily related to fair weather and ascending air currents 

compact/concordat/contract/covenant/pact/treaty
n. a formal or official agreement between parties
_concordat (Roman Catholic)
_n. a pontifical pact with a secular government regarding Catholic legality
_pact/treaty 
_n. a (usu. written) concordat between multiple nations, as that assuring irenicism or mutual trade

contour (line)
n. a line described on a map connecting points of equal elevation above or below sea level

cooperage
n. the labor of a cooper

copy/duplicate/facsimile/manifold
n. an identical reproduction, esp. a mimeograph or photocopy of a document

correlate/correlative
n. either of two or more mutually related or complementary things

counterfeit/fake/forgery/pinchbeck/postiche/sham
n. any false imitation presented as authentic

crib/pony/trot
n. a translation, list of correct answers or other illicit aid utilized furtively by students when taking exams

curriculum
n. a specific course of academic study in a school or university
n. all curricula afforded by an educational institution

cynosure
n. something that provides guidance, such as Polaris
n. something that strongly attracts attention and admiration

data point/datum/fact
n. an item of factual information derived from measurement, research or experience
_outlier
_n. an exceptional statistical datum of a graph or diagram notable for either its miniscule or massive size relative to an adjacent data point or its location significantly removed beyond a main cluster of data points; outliers are often indicative of aberrant factors or errors in measurement

desideratum/essential/necessary/necessity/need/requirement/requisite/sine qua non/want
n. anything indispensable, esp. something required for the realization of a particular objective

desideratum/desire/want/wish
n. something wanted

detriment
n. anything that causes damage or harm

diligence/stage/stagecoach
n. a horse-drawn coach of four wheels in which mail and passengers are conveyed, usu. on a fixed, plied route

dust devil
n. a small whirlwind that lofts and incorporates light debris, dust, leaves, sand, etc.

eddy/purl
n. a miniature whirlpool or whirlwind issuing from a fluxion of air or fluid at variance with a main current or stream

enclosure/inclosure
n. something enclosed in an envelope with a covering letter, esp. a supporting document

enfilade
n. sweeping gunfire discharged along a target's length, as a row of troops
n. any target vulnerable to a sweep of gunfire
v. to rake with a sweep of gunfire

ephemeral/ephemeron/fugitive (pl. ephemera/ephemerals/fugitives)
n. anything that briefly exists; that which lives, or is applied or enjoyed for a fleeting duration

epitaph
n. a tombstone's or mortuary monument's commemorative inscription concerning the interred individual

ersatz
n. an artificial, usu. inferior substitute or imitation

esoterica
n. obscure or highly specialized subjects or articles

exclusive/scoop
n. a news report initially published in a newspaper or magazine, or broadcast in a newscast in advance of rival outlets

fervor/ardor
n. intense heat

fillip/goad/impetus/impulse/incentive/inducement/motivation/spur/stimulus
n. something that stimulates action
_sting
_n. a keen inducement

flank
n. one side of a military or naval formation

gloss
n. a superficially or delusively attractive or impressive appearance

gold
n. anything that's precious, beautiful, brilliant or superior, and thusly likened to gold

gradation/scale
n. a progressive series of degrees represening a range of competence, intensity, rank, quality or value
_cut/degree/gradation/grade/level/notch/step
_n. a graded position in a scale of intensity, proficiency, quality, rank or value

groundswell
n. a surge or progressive swell of public sentiment or opinion

headway/headroom/clearance
n. vertical space available to accommodate passage beneath something

hierarchy
n. a tiered system of arrangement or classification according to significance
n. a system or organization whereby people or groups are ranked in accordance to their status or authority

hither
a. situated on this or a nearer side

hitherward/hither/here
av. to or toward this place

inset/insert/insertion
n. something inserted or to be inserted

integument
n. an organism's outer protective layer: skin, rind, shell, cuticle, etc.

irenicism
n. any endorsement of peace or conciliation

largess(e)
n. gifts (esp. of money) given in a spirit of munificence

leviathan
n. anything gargantuan of size, or possessing tremendous power

lignification
n. transmutation of a substance into wood

list(ing)/catalog
n. a series of names, titles, etc. written or printed in a consecutive sequence of alphabetic or other systematic order
_listing/entry
_n. an individual item in a list
_synchronism
_n. a chronological, usu. tabular list of historical people, events and things arrayed to demonstrate their contemporaneity

lozenge
n. a charge in the shape of a solid diamond, esp. one on which the arms of an unmarried or widowed woman are displayed

medium/environment
n. any external substance or surrounding in which an organism resides and thrives
_substrate/substratum
_n. a surface on which an organism lives, to which it's either affixed or on which it moves, esp. that which provides it sustenance

medium
n. an agency or means enabling an activity, communication or conveyance, as instrumentation, language, vehicles, etc.
_medium
_n. any means or instrumentality with which information is propagated

miasm/miasma
n. a foreboding, unpleasant, unwholesome atmosphere surrounding or emanating from something

microcosm
n. a relatively small system, situation, location, individual or community representative in part or whole of some larger, encompassing analog
n. humanity regarded as the epitome of the universe

miscue
n. a faulty shot in billiards, by which the cue tip slips upon striking the cue ball

mumpsimus
n. an unreasonable or erroneous belief, custom, ideology, pronunciation, practice, routine, etc. to which someone intractably adheres

nexus/link/couple
n. the means of juncture between connected things, esp. those linked in a series

niche
n. a position esp. apposite for its occupant

node
n. any computer or peripheral thereof connected to a network
_client
_n. any computer or program thereof that accesses or conveys data from a network

nomocracy
n. a system of government based on jurisprudence

nostrum
n. any pet scheme or remedy propounded to solve a problem (esp. one intended to enact social improvement or political reform) without any objective basis for its asserted efficacy

notation
n. a system or series of specialized figures or symbols that type elements, numbers, quantities, tones or values

notwithstanding/despite
prep. in spite of (used to introduce a statement contrasting, contradicting or citing exception to some prior purport)

omnibus/motorbus/(motor)coach/bus/autobus
n. a large, long motor vehicle that carries numerous passengers by road, esp. one that serves the public for a fare on a fixed route
_charabanc
_n. a large bus used for sightseeing tours
_jitney
_n. a small bus that transports passengers for a cheap fare

ontology
n. the branch of metaphysics in which the nature of being and existence are studied

onus/millstone/load/incumbrance/encumbrance/cumbrance/cumber/burden/albatross
n. an onerous obligation or responsibility, esp. in pursuit of a specified objective

order/grouping/disposal/array
n. an arrangement of numerous related elements (things or people) organized in accordance with a particular pattern, method or logic
_permutation
_n. an order ensuing rearrangement
_succession/series/sequence/order
_n. a linear disposal
__nexus
__n. a connected series or group

ornament
n. anything that contributes to the beauty, credit, glory or honor of a group or period

ossature/carcass
n. any underlying framework or skeleton

pall
n. anything that covers or shrouds to gloomily darken or obscure

pall
n. any disconsolate atmosphere

panacea
n. a solution for all problems
n. a remedy for all diseases

panatela/panatella/panetela/panetella
n. a long, slender cigar

parfleche
n. any article fashioned of parfleche, as bags, shields, soles, etc.

pestilence/canker
n. any pernicious, malign and especially tenacious influence

phantasmagoria/phantasmagory
n. a mutable scene embodying manifold elements

philter/love potion
n. a magic potion, esp. one which kindles love and desire for a particular person

pile/mound/heap/cumulus/cumulation/accumulation
n. a (usu. large) collection of objects laid or lying upon one another, often haphazardly
_shitpile/midden/dunghill/dungheap
_n. a mound comprising feces, esp. animal droppings
_stack
_n. an orderly or organized pile

plurality/relative majority
n. the number of votes cast for a winning candidate or party, often short of 50%

plurality
n. the number by which a winner's votes exceeds those of the runner-up

plutocracy
n. government by the wealthy
n. a state or society ruled by the wealthy
n. a wealthy class that dominates a government

propaedeutic
n. a subject or course of study precursive to advanced study of an art or science

prospectus
n. a printed brochure delineating and advertising a forthcoming project, enterprise or academic course to attract potential members, clients, investors or students

rampart/fortification/defense/bulwark
n. that which secures safety, fortifying and defending from assault, damage or injury

resemblance/similitude
n. something that resembles something else

reverse/opposite/inverse/converse/contrary/antithesis/antipode
n. something which or someone who is the direct opposite of another in sequence, character, effect, position, direction, etc.

rubric
n. an authoritative rule pertaining to conduct or procedure

samiel/simoom/simoon
n. a hot, strong, sandy wind of the Arabian and Saharan deserts

scintilla/spark
n. a bright, fiery or sparkling particle

score
n. the facts of a situation

score
n. the totality of a team's or competitor's points scored in a game or contest

score/mark/grade
n. a letter or percentage representing assessed quality, esp. that of a student's work

score/notch
n. an angular indentation or incision in a surface or edge, esp. one denoting a single item of a tally
_kerf/carf
_n. a groove, incision or notch cut by a tool, esp. an axe or saw
_tally
_n. a notch incised on or in a tally

shoddy
n. anything of inferior quality, esp. products or fabric

skein
n. thread or yarn wound in a long, loose coil
n. anything akin or reminiscent of such a coil, as a lock of hair

slipstream
n. the rear airstream generated by an aircraft's propeller
n. the airstream behind any moving object or vehicle that reduces air pressure and produces forward suction

spoor
n. a visible track or trail, esp. of a wild animal followed by a hunter in pursuit of game

spot/speckle/speck/mark/macule/macula/fleck/dapple
n. a small, contrasting patch of color, light or texture
_dot
_n. a circinate macule

squib/firecracker
n. a firework comprised of a cardboard tube filled with explosive powder, the fuse of which burns to sound a sibilance ere exploding

statute
n. a permanent rule established by an organization or institution

stria/striation
n. any of a number of tiny, parallel grooves, such as the scratches left by a glacier on rocks, or the streaks or ridges in muscle tissue

substrate/substratum
n. any underlying layer

sulky
n. a light carriage of two wheels, drawn by one horse and admitting a single occupant

sum/pith/nub/meat/marrow/kernel/heart/gist/essence/core
n. the most vital, important, essential or choice part of anything, esp. an idea or experience

suzerain
n. a state exerting hegemony over another's foreign affairs, usu. while affording it domestic autonomy

tactic/stratagem/shift/scheme/plan/device/contrivance/artifice
n. a detailed, systematic procedure intended to realize an objective
_maneuver/machination/ploy/gambit
_n. any clever scheme intended to obtain an advantage
_schedule/program/docket/agendum/agenda
_n. a temporally organized plan for matters (duties, events, etc.) awaiting attendance, usually formatted as a list
_scheme/plot/machination/intrigue/device/design
_n. a wily, covert plan for an illegal, sinister or underhanded purpose
_subterfuge/shift/evasion/dodge
_n. a devious stratagem intended to effect evasion or circumvention
_wile/trick/shift/ruse/dodge/device/deceit/contrivance/artifice
_n. a deceptive tactic concocted to befool, snare or stymie
__stratagem/ruse/ploy
__v. a wile intended to confound, cozen, ensnare, foil or outwit an opponent

tally/score
n. any record of an amount

tally
n. one of two books, sheets of paper, etc. on which corresponding data of an account is recorded
n. any account or score recorded on wood or paper, esp. that kept in duplicate

taxonomy
n. the branch of science concerned with the classification of organisms
n. any classification of organisms into groups based on similitude of structure, genetic origin, etc.
n. the practice of classifying plants and animals according to their presumed natural relationships

telesis/telesia
n. "planned progress:" the advancement of society by dint of harnessed natural and social processes, and an adherence to scientific method

thither
a. located on that farther side

thitherward/thither/there
av. to or toward that place

threshold/start/outset/opening/inception/commencement/beginning
n. the initial temporal or spatial point of a new state, experience, endeavor, journey, etc.
_verge/brink
_n. a point beyond which something occurs

tonsure
n. a shorn portion of one's head, as a cleric's crown

tide
n. anything that fluctuates, rises and falls, waxes and wanes like the waters of a tide

timetable/schedule
n. a chart listing the departure and arrival times of trains, buses or airplanes

tribute/testimonial
n. anything given or done in expression of esteem or appreciation

tribute
n. periodic payments signifying subservience, tendered by one nation or ruler to another in exchange for peace or protection

tribute/protection
n. payment extorted by racketeering gangsters on threat of violence

(treasure) trove
n. any secreted store of valuable or delightful articles of usu. unknown proprietorship, esp. that which is buried

vector
n. an aircraft's direction, course or compass heading

verity/truth/fact
n. a belief, idea, principle, etc. verified or commonly accepted as true

wager/stake/bet
n. something (esp. money) risked by pledge on the outcome of a game, venture or future event
_parlay
_n. a wager embodying the sum of a precursive bet and its winnings
_n. a cumulative series of wagers, by which accrued winnings are utilized as a stake for others subsequent

windrow
n. a row of dust, leaves, snow, etc. heaped or swept together by eolian force
n. a row or line of hay, grain, etc. left to dry anterior to being raked into cocks or heaps
v. to arrange hay or other crops in windrows

wisp
n. a small or twisted piece, bunch or amount of something slender, as a tuft of grass, lock of hair or bundle of hay

withal/too/therewithal/moreover/likewise/furthermore/besides/also
av. in addition; as a further matter (used to introduce a new or related factor or consideration)

yet/whilst/while/though/notwithstanding/howbeit/although
conj. in spite of the fact that (used to introduce or conclude a statement contrasting, contradicting or citing exception to some prior purport)

yet/withal/though/still/notwithstanding/nonetheless/nevertheless/natheless/nathless/however/howbeit
av. in spite of; all the same (used to introduce or conclude a statement contrasting, contradicting or citing exception to some prior purport)


==PHILOSOPHY & LOGIC==

abstract/academic/conceptual/imaginary/metaphysical/notional/theoretic(al)
a. existing in thought or as an idea without physical or concrete existence; conceived apart from any specific object or instance

abstract/abstraction/concept/conception
n. a purely theoretical idea not associated with any specific instance

abstraction/abstract entity/concept/conception/construct
n. a general idea developed by derivation of common aspects or attributes from specific examples

(a)esthetics
n. the branch of philosophy treating of taste and beauty as perceived or contrived in art or nature, wherein the evaluative criteria that apply to art are expatiated

a posteriori/inductive
a. of, regarding, involving or denoting reasoning illated from observation, experiment or experience in lieu of theory or first principles

a posteriori/empiric/empirical/experiential/experimental
a. derived from or requiring evidence, experience or observation for validation or support

a priori/deductive/syllogistic(al)
a. of, employing, pertaining to or signifying reasoning deduced from a theory or general principle instead of empirical observation

a priori/deductive
a. inferred from theoretical deduction rather than observation or experience

a priori
a. known to be so, and thus requiring no evidence or experience for validation or support

argument/contention/thesis
n. an assertion advanced to be maintained or proven in argument
_polemic
_n. a controversial argument, esp. one deploring or exploding an opinion or credo

axiom
n. a universally established or accepted principle

axiom/maxim/truism
n. an obviously true statement

canon/criterion/precept/tenet
n. a fundamental rule or principle of established validity in a religion, philosophy or field of art or science that governs belief, conduct and procedure, and in compliance with which something may be judged, decided or compared

Cartesian
a. of or relating to Rene Descartes, his philosophy or his mathematics
n. an adherent of Cartesian theory, thought or methods

casuistry
n. a resolution of moral conundra (esp. those occasioned by an apparent discordance of principles) attained by an illustrative analysis of instances in which said principles are applicable

cohere/consist
v. to be logically connected and therefore consistent

colligation
n. the logical or causal connection of isolated facts by a hypothesis

consilience
a. accord of inductions derived from discrete data sets

conundrum/poser/puzzle(r)
n. a difficult, insoluble, paradoxical or perplexing problem

credo/creed/doctrine/dogma/ideology/persuasion
n. any system of principles or convictions, esp. that which constitutes the ethical or intellectual foundation of an economic, philosophical or political institution
_hedonism
_n. a doctrine that esteems the pursuit of pleasure as the summum bonum
_n. a credo that equates morality and gratification
__Epicureanism
__n. a hedonistic creed propounded by Epicurus contending that the world is a contingent combination of atoms, and that cultivation of and indulgence in pleasure and luxury (contrasted with pain and anguish) represents a moral ideal

(Hegelian) dialectic
n. an exchange or debate of two logical arguments intended to conciliate two contradictory propositions (thesis and antithesis) to yield a new theory (synthesis) rather than establish the verity of either

dialectic
n. any collocation, interaction or resolution of discrepant concepts

dialectic(al)
a. of, concerning or employing dialectic

Epicurus (341?-270 B.C.)
n. Greek philosopher who asserted that the world is a random aggregation of atoms, and that pleasure is the greatest good to which one can aspire

Epicurean
a. of or relating to Epicurus or Epicureanism
n. a disciple of Epicurus or exponent of Epicureanism

epistemic/cognitive
n. of, regarding or involving knowledge

epistemic/epistemological
a. of, appertaining to or prompted by epistemology

epistemology
n. the branch of philosophy concerning the foundations, nature, methods, scope and validity of knowledge

eristic/polemics
n. the art or practice of logical (often specious) disputation

forensic/rhetorical
a. of, regarding, applied or suitable to public debate or argument

generalization
n. the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances
n. a general statement or concept obtained by inference from specific cases

generalization/induction/inductive reasoning
n. reasoning by inference from detailed facts to general principles

heuristic
n. any educational method or procedure that stimulates a student's interest in learning by promoting assessment, experimentation and investigation
a. of or regarding educational methods encouraging a student's initiative for experimentation and evaluation
a. advancing discovery or learning
a. encouraging or enabling someone to discover or learn something for themselves

heuristic/experimental
a. of or pertaining to any speculative procedure or contrivance employed as a means to approximate or resolve a problem

heuristic rule
n. a rule or set thereof, by abidance of which one is expected to better the likelihood that they'll resolve a problem

hypothesis
n. a provisional surmisal propounded to explicate an obervation, phenomenon or problem, from which argument or investigation may proceed

inconsistency/mutual exclusivity/repugnance
n. a relation between contradictory propositions

inversion
n. a method of reasoning by which the antithesis of a proposition is inferred from its own argument

just/legitimate/logical/rational/reasonable/sound
a. of, according to, derived from or predicated on reason, a particular method of reasoning or sound judgment

meliorism
n. a doctrine asserting that the world may be bettered by positive human effort

non sequitur
n. a conclusion or inference that does not follow from its evidence or premises

ontological
a. of or relating to the quiddity or nature of being
a. of or relating to the branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature of existence

paradox
n. an evidently ludicrous or contradictory statement that may be true, as "ultimately, we're just beginning"

paralogism
n. any illogical or unsound averment or thesis
_enthymeme
_n. a contention wherein a premise or premises are omitted on the basis that they're patent
_fallacy
_n. an erroneous statement or argument predicated on an invalid premise or inference
__ignoratio elenchi
__n. a fallacious refutation of a proposition extraneous to its substance, and perhaps germane to a related matter
_paradox
_n. an assertion of integral self-contradiction, as "nobody will attend such a crowded screening"
__aporia
__n. an intrinsic, insoluble paradox or logical disjunction of an argument, postulate, theory, etc.
_paralogism
_n. an inadvertently incorrect contention or conclusion
_sophism/sophistry/syllogism
_n. a subtle, specious argument

percept
n. an object of perception; any object or phenomenon that's perceived

polestar/pole star
n. any guiding rule or principle

posit/postulate
v. to assert or assume a necessity, reality or verity as a basis for debate or reasoning

proposition
n. a statement that affirms or denies something, and may be true or false
_axiom/posit/postulate
_n. a proposition deemed self-evident or true, proposed as a basis for discussion or reasoning
_converse
_n. a proposition ensuant to the interchange of predicate and subject: "no virtue is vice; no vice is virtue" or "some soot is filth; some filth is soot"
_corollary
_n. a proposition sequent of another and proven by the same rationale
_obverse
_n. a proposition derived from another by negation of its predicate and a reversal of its quality from affirmative to negative, or vice versa: the obverse of "she's always intrepid" is "she's never trepid"
_premise/premiss
_n. a proposition assumed or proven to be true, from which a conclusion is inferred, or on which an argument is based
_theorem
_n. a proposition systematically deducible from postulates or premises

Pyrrhonism
n. Pyrrho's Skeptic doctrines postulating that the preservation of tranquility and disregard of life's extraneous circumstances (in light of perceptual unreliability) are the bosom of wisdom

pyrrhonism
n. absolute skepticism

quintessence/ether
n. the notional fifth and highest element (after air, earth, fire and water); the Pythagoreans believed that ether was the substance composing all heavenly bodies and latent in all physicality

ratiocination
n. a process of logical and methodical reasoning

reification/hypostatization
n. the ascription of corporeality to an abstraction

rudiments/postulates/fundamentals/fundamental [OR] first [OR] basic principles/basics
n. basic, irreducible assumptions or concepts that cannot be deduced from any others and constitute the basis or foundation of a method, system or theory

scruple
n. an ethical or moral principle that restrains iniquity

shibboleth
n. a conventional principle or belief, esp. one ordinarily adjudged superannuated or irrelevant

Socratic method [OR] debate/maieutic method
n. an interrogative mode of instruction whereby a preceptor addresses their students with a succession of dialectic or logical queries to actuate critical thought and induce an apprehension of knowledge by response; employed by Socrates to elicit verities from his students

solipsism
n. the theory asserting that only one's own mind or self may be acknowledged or verified

sophistry/casuistry
n. a deliberately delusory, fallacious and artful method of disputation or reasoning

subsume
v. to classify or include an idea, instance, proposition, etc. in a more comprehensive or inclusive category
v. to deem an instance or case as part of a rule or principle

summum bonum
n. the greatest or supreme ethical good

syllogism
n. deductive reasoning whereby a conclusion is derived from two premises: "Every virtue is laudable; efficiency is a virtue; therefore: efficiency is laudable."
_premise/premiss
_n. either of a syllogism's two propositions, from which a conclusion is educed
__major premise [OR] premiss
__n. a syllogism's first premise, which contains its predicate: "All birds have feathers..."
__argument/mean/minor premise [OR] premiss
__n. the second premise of a syllogism, which posits its subject: "A duck has feathers..."
_conclusion/deduction
_n. a proposition inferred from the major and minor premises of a syllogism: "...ergo, a duck is a bird"
_enthymeme
_n. a syllogism containing a tacit or unstated premise or conclusion

syncretism
n. the conciliation, fusion or union of different religions, principles, philosophies, ideologies, cultures, etc.

tautology
n. a statement that is necessarily true by the virtue of multiple corresponding propositions: "Either he'll arrive on time or he won't."

telos (pl. tele/teloi)
n. the ultimate purpose or end of a process

tenable/sound/justifiable/defensible
a. capable of being maintained in argument

theory
n. a coherent set of hypotheses that exposit a class of phenomena, esp. those that are widely accepted in a particular field

verity
n. an enduring or indispensable aesthetic or ethical truth of fundamental significance


==POSITIONS==

akimbo
a., av. with hands on hips and elbows projecting sidelong

assume/pose/strike
v. to take on a particular position or attitude, esp. to be drawn, painted or photographed

attitude
n. a position or posture reflecting one's mood or immediate emotion

couchant
a. (of a cat) seated with body resting on legs and head raised

equestrian/mounted
a. seated upon horseback

prostrate
v. to cast oneself face-forward on the ground, as in humility, reverence or submission
v. to lie facing the ground or an underlying surface, as in submission

prostrate/prone/procumbent
a. lying facedown, with one's ventral side to the ground or a surface

rest/lie
v. to assume a horizontal position on the ground, in a bed or reclining chair, etc.
_rest/recumb/recline/lie
_v. to lie by leaning back; to rest in an (usu. slightly) inclined position
_rest/repose/couch
_v. to lie while resting
_rest/repose
_v. to lie when dead

resting/prostrate/prone/decumbent
a. lying flat, as on the ground or a bed

resting/recumbent/reclining/decumbent/accumbent
a. lying back at a slight cant, esp. in a comfortable position

resupine/supine
a. lying face upward upon one's back

sprawl
v. to sit or lie with one's limbs awkwardly spread
n. an ungainly posture whereby arms and legs are spread in an inelegant manner

stoop/couch/bend
v. to lean one's body forward and down from the waist
n. an inclination of a body's top half forward and downward
_crouch/couch
_v. to bend one's knees and stoop
_n. a crouching act or posture

welter/steep
v. to lie drenched in a fluid (esp. blood)


==QUALITIES==

A1/ace/bang-up/beautiful/boss/brilliant/choice/crack/dandy/divine/fine/exceeding/excellent/exceptional/eximious/exquisite/fab/fabulous/fantastic/first-rate/glorious/grand/great/high-grade/high-quality/magnificent/marvelous/outstanding/premium/prime/quality/recherche/select/sensational/smashing/special/splendid/splendiferous/super/superb/superior/surpassing/swell/terrific/top-notch/transcendental/tremendous/uncommon/wonderful
n. of exceptional quality or merit; extremely good
_best/first-class/first-rate/incomparable/matchless/nonpareil/peerless/prime/prize/sublime/supreme/top-grade/top-notch/top-quality/ultimate/unequaled/unexampled/unmatchable/unmatched/unparalleled/unrivaled/unsurpassable/unsurpassed
_a. without equal by virtue of superlative excellence, eminence or singularity

abated/attenuate(d)/decreased/diminished/ebbed/lowered/mitigated/moderated/mollified/reduced/relaxed/relented/remitted/slackened/slaked/subdued/subsided/tempered/weakened
a. lessened of effect, force or potency
_declined/dwindled/failed/tapered/waned
_a. gradually diminshed

aberrant/abnormal/anomalous/antic/atypical/bizarre/curious/deviant/different/eccentric/exceptional/extraordinary/freaky/funny/irregular/odd/oddball/offbeat/outre/peculiar/queer/singular/strange/uncommon/unconventional/unfamiliar/unique/unnatural/untypical/unusual/weird
a. departing from or different than any average, accepted or expected standard constituting normality; out of the ordinary
_rare/recherche
_a. seldom experienced, found or occurring
_remarkable
_a. conspicuously odd

abhorrent/abject/abominable/accursed/cheap/contemptible/cursed/damnable/despicable/detestable/disgusting/execrable/hateful/heinous/loathsome/lousy/miserable/nauseating/odious/scummy/scurvy/stinking/wretched
a. provoking, deserving or esteemed in arrant contempt or hatred

abiding/aeonian/eonian/enduring/everlasting/perennial/permanent/perpetual/persistent
a. continuing or lasting for an indefinitely long span; seeming to never end or cease

ability/accomplishment/adeptness/adroitness/capability/capacity/competence/deftness/facility/faculty/power/proficiency/skill/technique
n. a quality that enables fulfillment of an action or function, usu. acquired by practice
_ability/aptitude/bent/endowment/faculty/flair/genius/gift/instinct/knack/talent/verve
_n. an inherent, congenital, often superior proficiency in assay of a particular discipline or purpose
_accomplishment/adeptness/expertise/genius/mastery/prowess/virtuosity
_n. comprehensive knowledge of a subject or consummate skill in pursuit of a discipline
_adroitness/deftness/dexterity/handiness
_n. manual skill
__legerdemain/prestidigitation/sleight of hand
__n. exceptional dexterity conducing or employed in the execution of conjuring tricks
_art/artistry
_n. creative or artistic competence
_craftsmanship
_n. occupational technique
_sprachgefühl
_n. a (often instinctual) proficiency for or sensitivity of language

able/accomplished/adept/adroit/capable/competent/deft/mean/practiced/proficient/skilled/skillful
a. possessing or exhibiting ability in practice of a discipline or execution of a task
_accomplished/complete/consummate/expert/gifted/master/masterful/masterly/polished/practiced/virtuoso
_a. possessing or demonstrating exceptional mastery or skill
_adroit/deft/dexterous/handy
_n. skilled in the use of one's hands: manually proficient
_slick
_a. smoothly, efficiently, often cunningly adroit

abominable/abysmal/appalling/atrocious/awful/deplorable/dreadful/execrable/flagitious/frightful/ghastly/god-awful/heinous/horrendous/horrible/monstrous/rotten/shocking/terrible/vile
a. extremely or outrageously bad
_egregious/flagrant/glaring/gross
_a. conspicuously horrible
_infandous/unspeakable
_v. too horrible to be mentioned or discussed

aboriginal/autochthonal/autochthonic/autochthonous/indigenous/native
a. originating in a specific area, as of a region or country

abrading/abrasive/chafing/corrading/eroding/erosive
a. wearing away, down or off or by friction, esp. rubbing
_abradant/abrasive
_a. capable of smoothing, polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding

abrasive/barking/chafing/galling/grazing/excoriating/scraping/scratching
a. rubbing or tearing skin away uncomfortably or painfully

absolute/arrant/categoric(al)/complete/consummate/downright/gross/outright/perfect/plain/positive/pure/rank/real/sheer/stark/strict/teetotal/thorough/thoroughgoing/total/unadulterated/unalloyed/unconditional/undiluted/unequivocal/unmitigated/unqualified/utter
a. possessing or exemplifying a specified characteristic without restriction, limitation or exception; utilized as colloquial intensifiers, usu. of pejorative context

absolute/despotic/full/paramount/plenary/plenipotentiary/sovereign/supreme
a. (of power or authority) subject to neither conditions nor restriction

abstract/abstruse/baffling/bewildering/confusing/dark/enigmatic/mysterious/mystifying/obscure/opaque/perplexing/puzzling/recondite/sphinxlike
a. difficult to comprehend or severalize

accessorial/accessory/adjunct/adjuvant/adminicular/ancillary/appurtenant/assistant/assisting/auxiliary/collateral/subsidiary/supplemental/supplementary
a. furnishing added support; functioning in a supporting capacity

acceptable/adequate/fair/fine/nice/palatable/passable/satisfactory/sufficient/tolerable
a. just so good to suffice

accepted/accustomed/conventional/customary/orthodox/prevalent/regular/standard/usual/wonted
a. required by, or conforming or according to accepted or ordinary use, standards or practice

accidental/casual/chance/contingent/fortuitous/incidental
a. happening by chance rather than intent or design
_coincidental
_a. incidental, yet concurrent or seemingly related

accordant/coincident/compatible/concordant/concurrent/congruous/consistent/consonant/consorting/correspondent/corresponding/harmonious
a. matching or in agreement with the actions, feelings, function, sentiments, etc. of another or others

accuracy/exactness/fidelity/truth/truthfulness/veracity/verity
n. conformity to truth or fact

accurate/correct/evidential/just/justified/legitimate/sound/substantiated/valid/warranted/well-founded/well-grounded
a. in accordance with verified facts

actual/authentic/bona fide/genuine/kosher/legitimate/real/substantial/substantive/true/veritable
a. truly and verifiably what it is represented or claimed to be; in no way artificial, counterfeit or spurious

acute/big/consequential/crucial/epochal/important/key/major/material/momentous/pivotal/polar/significant/vital/weighty
a. of a decision, event, phenomenon, etc. entailing great significance, effect or consequence

adhesive/clingy/sticky/tenacious
a. apt or designed to cling to a surface or another object
_tacky
_a. slghtly sticky, esp. afore drying, as paint or glue

adipose/fatty
a. of, resembling, pertaining to or composed of animal fat

adjunct/assistant/junior/subaltern/subordinate/subservient/subsidiary
a. connected as or serving in a position of inferior (often secondary) rank

ad-lib/extemporaneous/extemporary/extempore/impromptu/offhand/unpremeditated
a. without preparation or forethought

ad lib/extemporaneously/extemporarily/extempore/impromptu/offhand/unpremeditatedly
av. without preparation or premeditation

ad rem/applicable/apposite/apropos/germane/material/pertinent/relevant
a. logically relating or significant to an immediate matter

adulterate(d)
a. degraded by admixture with impure or inferior elements

advantageous/auspicious/benign/bright/favorable/fortunate/promising/propitious/rosy/toward
a. presenting providential circumstances or auguring success

advantageous/behovely/beneficial/constructive/effective/effectual/favorable/friendly/fruitful/gainful/helpful/invaluable/kind/productive/profitable/serviceable/useful/valuable
a. conducive to the pursuit or realization of an objective
_accessorial
_n. nonessential yet useful
_expedient
_a. gainful, though possibly improper or unethical

adverse/contrary/disadvantageous/inauspicious/unfavorable/unfortunate/unpromising/unpropitious/untoward
a. opposed to one's interests or welfare; likely to preclude success or development

advising/apprising/informative/instructional/instructive/notifying/revealing
a. serving or meant to inform; supplying information

aeolian/eolian/windy
a. of or pertaining to wind
_aeolian/eolian
_a. arranged, carried or produced by wind
_blowy/blustering/blustery/furious/windy
_a. bounteous of strong winds
__gusty/gusting
__a. abruptly blustery
_katabatic
_a. (of winds) blowing downward (esp. downhill), ordinarily during nocturnal periods when air cools and condenses

aeonian/ageless/amaranthine/endless/eonian/everlasting/interminable/perennial/permanent/perpetual/sempiternal/stable/undying/unending
a. continuing, enduring, existing or lasting forever; never ending or ceasing

affecting/emotional/emotive/moving/poignant/rousing/stirring/touching
a. enkindling the emotions
_abashing/agitating/bothering/bothersome/carking/commoving/concerning/discombobulating/discomfiting/discomforting/discomposing/disconcerting/discountenancing/dismaying/disquieting/distracting/distractive/distressful/distressing/disturbing/exercising/fazing/flurrying/flustering/fretting/hurtful/painful/perturbing/ruffling/shaking/troublesome/troubling/troublous/unnerving/unsettling/upsetting/vexing/worrisome/worrying
_a. eliciting distress
__harrowing/heart-rending/traumatic
__a. severely upsetting
__poignant
__a. acutely agitating
_aggravating/annoying/bothering/bothersome/bugging/chafing/deviling/displeasing/galling/grating/importuning/infernal/irksome/irritating/maddening/miffing/molesting/nettlesome/niggling/peeving/pesky/pestiferous/pestilent/pestilential/plaguing/provoking/rankling/rebarbative/riling/tiresome/tormenting/troublesome/trying/vexatious/vexing
_a. exciting mild anger or frustration
__badgering/bedeviling/bothering/bugging/deviling/harassing/harrying/hassling/hounding/nagging/persecuting/pestering/plaguing/tormenting
__a. persistently irritating by some mode of importunity, as nagging
__besetting
__a. constantly annoying or troubling
_agreeable/alluring/appealing/attractive/cheerful/congenial/engaging/enjoyable/felicific/felicitous/glad/gratifying/ingratiating/kindly/likable/nice/pleasant/pleasing/pleasurable/satisfying
_a. to one's liking; eliciting pleasure
__amusing/amusive/diverting/entertaining
__a. distracting one's attention by provision of enjoyment
__charming/delightful/divine/enchanting/glorious/heavenly/jolly/lovely/merry
__a. extremely pleasurable
_aphrodisiac(al)/erotic/lascivious/lubricious/lubricous/prurient/salacious/sensual/sexy/sultry/venereal
_a. stimulating sexual desire or excitement
__dirty/lascivious/lecherous/lewd/obscene/prurient
__a. provoking lechery
_awful/creepy/fearful/fearsome/formidable/frightening/redoubtable/scary/spooky
_a. inspiring fear
__alarming/frightful/scary
__a. suddenly frightening
___chilling
___a. numbingly alarming
__appalling/creepy/direful/dread(ful)/frightful/ghastly/ghoulish/grim/grisly/gruesome/hideous/horrendous/horrible/horrid/horrific/horrifying/macabre/morbid/nightmarish/petrifying/shocking/terrible/terrific/terrifying/tremendous
__a. extremely fearful; arousing great fear or dread, esp. by depiction or evocation of death, decay or injury
_brackish/disagreeable/displeasing/distasteful/exceptionable/frightful/icky/objectionable/offensive/rebarbative/repellent/ugly/unpalatable/unpleasant/unsavory/vile
_a. not pleasant or enjoyable; kindling distaste
__abhorrent/antipathetic(al)/disgusting/filthy/foul/fulsome/gross/icky/loathsome/nasty/nauseating/nauseous/noisome/obscene/odious/offensive/rebarbative/repellent/repugnant/repulsive/revolting/sickening/ugly/vile/vomitous/yucky
__a. profoundly disagreeable to one's senses or sensibilities; exciting visceral or somatic disgust or aversion
__bawdy/dirty/filthy/indecent/ithyphallic/lewd/obscene/raunchy/salacious/scabrous/smutty/unsavory/vulgar
__a. morally or socially exceptionable, esp. erotically so
__blatant/flagrant/gross
__a. glaringly offensive
__horrible/horrid/monstrous/obnoxious/outrageous/vile
__a. highly distasteful
__indelicate
__a. mildly offensive
_haunting/indelible/memorable/unforgettable
_a. too impressive, evocative, affecting or potent to be forgotten or ignored
_heart-rending/melancholy/mournful/sad/wretched
_a. kindling sadness
__black/bleak/cheerless/dark/dejecting/depressing/disconsolate/dismal/disheartening/dispiriting/dreary/gloomy/melancholy/mournful/overcast/sulky
__a. evoking depression
__doleful/grievous/heartbreaking/lachrymose/lamentable/mournful/sad/sorrowful/woeful
__a. affecting grief, as that of the bereaved
__pathetic/piteous/pitiable/pitiful
__a. eliciting or deserving commiseration

agglomerate(d)/agglomerative/bunched/clumped/clustered/conglomerate/lumped/massed
a. gathered or formed together into a (usu. incoherent) mass

agile/deft/light-footed/lightsome/lissom(e)/nimble/volant
a. quick, light and well-coordinated in movement or action
_withy
_n. tough and nimble

agreeability/agreeableness/amenity/attraction/charm/congeniality/congenialness/gladness/gratification/pleasurability/pleasure/pleasantness
n. a pleasing property
_delightfulness/divineness/gloriousness/jolliness/loveliness/merriness
_n. a fantastically felicific feature

ajar/conflicting/discordant/dissonant/incompatible/incongruous/inconsistent/inconsonant/inharmonious/unharmonious
a. at variance with the actions, feelings, function, sentiments, etc. of another or others
_clashing/jarring
_a. strikingly or shockingly incongruous

affinity/analogy/comparability/comparison/correspondence/likeness/parallel/resemblance/semblance/similarity/similitude
n. the quality of being alike

akin/analogous/comparable/conformable/correspondent/corresponding/like/kindred/parallel/similar
a. alike in character, form or function (esp. in a manner illustrative of the constitution of those compared), though not identical
_homologous
_a. corresponding in relative position or structure

akin/cognate/consanguine/consanguineal/consanguineous/kin
a. of the same ancestry; related by blood of familial relation or descended from a common ancestor
_agnate/agnatic/paternal
_a. mutually cognate by a common father or lineage thereof
_collateral
_a. consanguineous by a differing lineage
_enate/enatic/maternal
_a. consanguine by a mother or her lineage

alacritous/blistering/brisk/expeditious/fast/fleet/hasty/quick/rapid/sharp/smart/snappy/speedy/swift
a. acting, moving, occurring or reacting with formidable speed
_lightning
_a. suddenly swift

alacrity/briskness/celerity/expedition/haste/quickness/rapidity/speed/swiftness
n. great speed of action or motion

alacritously/avidly/eagerly/enthusiastically/gladly/readily/willingly
av. done or felt without reluctance, hesitation or compunction

aldermanic/aldermanly
a. of, regarding or similar to a member of a municipality's legislative body

alleged/apparent/ostensible/ostensive/professed/purported/putative/reputed/seeming/supposed
a. represented, claimed or appearing as such, though not necessarily so

alleviating/alleviative/alleviatory/anodyne/lenitive/mitigating/mitigative/mitigatory/palliative
a. relieving or moderating distress, pain or sorrow

allographic
n. of or concerning a representative's signature

allure(ment)/appeal/attraction/attractiveness/charm/enticement/fascination/lure/pull
n. the power to provoke pleasure, interest and admiration; any attractive quality

alluring/arresting/attractive/captivating/compelling/compulsive/engaging/enthralling/fascinating/interesting/intriguing/occupying/striking
a. arousing and regularly retaining curiosity and interest
_absorbing/engrossing/fixating/obsessive/preoccupying/prepossessing/riveting
_a. extremely interesting, occupying the totality of one's attention

amalgamated/coalesced/combined/compound(ed)/conflated/consolidated/fused/incorporate(d)/integrated/melded/merged/unified/united
a. joined or formed into a single, coordinated entity, mass or whole

amazing/astonishing/astounding/incredible/marvelous/miraculous/portentous/prodigious/staggering/startling/stupefying/stupendous/surprising/unbelievable/wonderful/wondrous
a. exciting great wonder or surprise by virtue of significance, improbability or exceptional singularity

ambage/ambiguity/equivocacy/equivocality/oracularity
n. incertitude attendant of multiple possible interpretations or indefinite meanings

ambagious/ambiguous/equivocal/obscure/oracular
a. admitting numerous possible meanings or interpretations thereof

ample/capacious/commodious/large/roomy/spacious/voluminous
n. containing plenteous space

amusing/comic(al)/funny/humorous/laughable/mirthful/risible
a. eliciting laughter
_absurd/antic/cockamamie/daffy/desipient/farcical/footling/inane/laughable/ludicrous/preposterous/ridiculous/silly
_a. risible or hysterical by virtue of foolishness or incongruity
_Attic
_a. subtly, elegantly witty
_bawdy/Rabelaisian/raunchy/ribald
_a. humorously lewd
__gamey/gamy/racy/risqué
__a. slightly, usu. suggestively raunchy
_droll
_a. weirdly or whimsically funny
_facetious/tongue-in-cheek
_a. irreverently or insincerely amusing
__biting/caustic/corrosive/cutting/incisive/mordant/mordacious/piercing/pointed/pungent/sarcastic
__a. spitefully tongue-in-cheek; expressing derision with sneering, witty irony
__deadpan/dry/wry
__a. phlegmatically facetious; of humor expressed with an impassive pretense
__sardonic/wry
__a. cynically facetious
_hilarious/hysterical/priceless/riotous/uproarious
_a. extremely funny, esp. when provoking hearty or irrepressible laughter
_lambent
_a. (of wit or humor) effortlessly, playfully brilliant

anchored/fast/fastened/firm/fixed/moored/rigid/rooted/secure(d)/stable/stationary/steadfast/steady
a. firmly, immovably, often permanently emplaced or implanted

androgynous/epicene
a. sexually ambiguous; possessing traits of both or neither gender

anemic/bloodless/dull/flaccid/lackluster/languid/languorous/lethargic/lifeless/listless/lusterless/sluggish/spiritless/supine/torpid/vapid
a. lacking vitality
_languescent
_a. gradually becoming languid

anile
a. of or like a feeble or senile old woman

anomic
a. afflicted by a destitution of values

antipodal/antithetic(al)/counter/contrary/converse/diametric(al)/inverse/opposed/opposite/polar/reverse(d)
a. exclusively and mutually different in action, character, direction, effect, meaning, nature, order, position or relation and thusly incompatible
_dichotomous
_v. (of two parts or varieties) converse

apocryphal/bogus/false/fake/faux/inauthentic/phony/sham/spurious/unauthentic
a. not genuine, or what it's purported to be
_bogus/counterfeit/fake/false/faux/forged/phony/pinchbeck/sham
_a. fabricated as a credible imitation of something for a fraudulent or deceptive intention

apotropaic
a. designed or intended to deter or dispel evil

applicable/apposite/appropriate/apropos/apt/becoming/befitting/condign/congruous/felicitous/fit/fitting/meet/opportune/proper/suitable
a. aesthetically, logically, etc. acceptable or palatable for an occasion, purpose or situation

applicably/appositely/appropriately/apt/becomingly/befittingly/congruously/duly/felicitously/fittingly/meetly/opportunely/properly/suitably
av. in a due, fit or becoming manner; as anything ought be

aqueous/watery
a. of, regarding, consisting of or resembling water
_aqueous/hydrous
_a. containing water
__watery
__a. containing excess water
_vadose
_a. of, being, derived from or regarding water occurring or available above the water table

arcane/cabalistic/cryptic(al)/dark/enigmatic/mysterious/mystic/mystical/mystifying/obscure/occult/oracular/secret/shadowy
a. of a secret or hidden meaning

arcane/esoteric/occult/rarefied/recondite
a. intended for or understood by only a select few of specialized knowledge or interest

arctic/bitter/freezing/frigid/frosty/frozen/gelid/glacial/icy/nippy
a. extremely, often bitingly cold

arduous/challenging/demanding/difficult/exigent/formidable/grueling/hard/heavy/Herculean/laborious/operose/stiff/strenuous/taxing/toilsome/tough/uphill
a. compelling or demanding tremendous, exhausting physical or mental exertion
_sisyphean
_a. interminably operose and ultimately futile

aristocratic/noble/patrician/titled
a. of, regarding, belonging to or characteristic of hereditary nobility

arresting/blazing/conspicuous/flagrant/glaring/marked/noticeable/outstanding/prominent/pronounced/salient/striking
a. extremely evident by virtue of some distinct prominence or attribute; attracting attention

ascetic(al)/austere/nonindulgent/spartan
a. characterized by, pertaining to or suggesting severe self-discipline and abstention from all indulgences and luxuries

asceticism/austerity/nonindulgence
n. uncompromising self-discipline and rigorous abstinence from indulgence and luxury

asinine/brainless/cretinous/daft/dense/dim/dimwitted/doltish/dopey/dumb/fatuous/halfwitted/idiotic/imbecile/imbecilic/inane/mindless/moronic/senseless/simpleminded/stupid/unintelligent/vacuous/witless
a. distinguished by a dearth of intelligence
_cloddish/gaumless/gormless/oafish
_a. barren of intelligence and vitality: sluggishly and usu. clumsily stupid
_fatuous
_a. smugly stupid

assorted/diverse/diversified/heterogeneous/manifold/miscellaneous/mixed/multiple/multiplex/variable/varied/variegated
a. consisting of or incorporating differing components, elements, features or forms
_multifarious
_a. copiously diversified

atavistic/atavic
a. relating to or characteristic of regression to a primitive or ancestral type or character

Attic
n. of, concerning or characteristic of ancient Attica, neighboring Athens or the Athenians

Attic
n. elegantly simple or pure

attribute/character/characteristic/feature/hallmark/lineament/peculiarity/point/property/quality/tenor/trait
n. a distinctive, often inherent property by which individuals or objects may be distinguished
_aspect/complexion/facet/phase
_n. a quality of a circumstance, condition, problem or subject
_character/identity/individuality/mold/nature/self
_n. an aggregate of characteristics that distinguishes one person or thing from others
_earmark
_n. a property by which something may be identified
_haecceity
_n. a unique trait by which something may be identified
_intrinsic/strain
_n. any inherent or inborn quality

attritional/attritive/decreasing
a. effectuating or promoting a gradual diminution of strength, number or mass

austere/bare/chaste/plain/restrained/severe/simple/stark/unadorned/undecorated/unembellished/unornamented
a. without ornament; sparsely adorned

awkward/bulky/bunglesome/clumsy/clunky/cumbersome/elephantine/hulking/ponderous/ungainly/unhandy/unmanageable/unwieldy
a. difficult to use, convey or carry for an irregular conformation, excessive magnitude or immoderate weight

awkward/clumsy/gawky/graceless/incoordinate/inelegant/inept/uncoordinated/ungainly/ungraceful
a. lacking grace or coordinated ease of movement

backstair(s)/clandestine/covert/furtive/secret/sly/sneaky/stealthy/surreptitious/undercover/underhand(ed)
a. used, performed, obtained, devised or achieved in concealment

bad/baleful/baneful/damaging/deleterious/detrimental/evil/harmful/heinous/hurtful/inimical/injurious/malefic/maleficent/malevolent/malign/malignant/mischievous/noisome/pestilent/pestilential
a. inflicting damage or harm
_destructive/impetuous/rough/ruinous/violent
_a. exerting, inflicting or involving injurious or destructive force
__Procrustean
__a. intended to violently or arbitrarily enforce compliance
_insidious/pernicious/pestiferous/pestilent/pestilential/subtle
_a. operating or proceeding with surreptitious inconspicuity to ultimately malign effect

bad/bum/cheap/cheesy/chintzy/crummy/dismal/inferior/lousy/low-grade/low-quality/mean/miserable/poor/schlocky/shabby/shoddy/substandard/tacky
a. of low or inadequate quality, as a performance, product, service, etc.
_abominable/atrocious/bum/execrable/terrible/trashy/woeful/wretched
_a. extremely or especially inferior

baleful/dark/dire/direful/forbidding/foreboding/menacing/minacious/minatory/ominous/portentous/prodigious/sinister/threatening
a. portending misfortune, menace, harm, evil or cataclysm

ballast
n. any attribute imparting stability

balneal
a. of or regarding baths or bathing

banal/bromidic/cliche(d)/commonplace/corny/hack/hackneyed/hoary/mundane/musty/overused/overworked/shopworn/slavish/stale/threadbare/timeworn/tired/trite/uncreative/uninventive/unoriginal
a. lacking originality (usu. ensuing exploitation of exhausted concepts, trends or tropes), and often consequently predictable, embarrassing or dull
_conventional/institutional
_a. banal by unregenerate adherence to convention
_pedestrian/prosaic/prosy/unimaginative/uninspired
_a. stale for a shortfall of imagination

bankrupt [of]/barren [of]/bereft [of]/destitute [of]/devoid [of]/free [from, of]/innocent [of]/lacking (in)/vacant [of]/void [of]/wanting
a. without an attribute or capacity

baroque/elaborate/embellished/extravagant/exuberant/flamboyant/florid/luxuriant/ornate/rococo
a. sumptuously ornamented and distinguished by intricacy and complexity of detail

barren/effete/infecund/infertile/sterile/unfruitful
a. unable to procreate

bathetic/cloying/cornball/corny/drippy/gooey/hokey/kitschy/mawkish/mushy/saccharine/sappy/schmaltzy/schmalzy/sentimental/sickly/sloppy/slushy/soppy/soupy/syrupy
a. immoderately or artificially emotional

beddable/cute/desirable/foxy/luscious/lush/sensual/sexy/sultry/toothsome
a. (of a person) sexually attractive or exciting
_nubile
_a. (of a woman) foxy and sexually mature

befouled/begrimed/besmirched/cruddy/dirty/feculent/filthy/foul/grimy/grubby/grungy/mucky/raunchy/smutty/soiled/sordid
a. smudged, smeared, ingrained or covered with filth
_crummy/flyblown/sordid/squalid
_a. abhorrently filthy, usu. attendant of poverty or neglect
_sooty/smutty
_a. begrimed with soot

bifid
a. deeply cleft into two parts or lobes, as a petal or leaf

bilateral
a. pertaining to, affecting or essayed by two or both sides, parties, etc.

bloated/bulging/dilated/distended/swollen/tumefied/tumid/turgid
a. enlarged or expanded by internal gaseous or fluid pressure
_intumescent/puffy/tumescent
_a. slightly swollen
_varicose
_a. uncommonly tumefied

boring/dreary/dry/dull/flat/humdrum/insipid/irksome/jejune/stodgy/tame/tedious/tiresome/tiring/uninteresting/vapid/wearisome
a. not especially or remotely interesting
_deadly
_a. exceedingly, painfully tedious

bourgeois
a. of, belonging to, concerning, composing or representative of the middle class

bracing/brisk/crisp/energizing/fortifying/invigorating/lively/strengthening/vitalizing/vivifying
a. induing vitality and energy; stimulating health and strength
_refreshing/reinvigorating/rejuvenating/restorative/revitalizing/reviving/revivifying
_a. energizing anew

brackish
a. slightly salty, as briny sea water immingled with the fresh water of an estuary

brassy/brazen
a. consisting or constructed of brass
a. similar to the color or durability of brass

buoyant/floatable/floaty
a. able or apt to float upon or rise to the surface of a liquid or gas

burdensome/onerous/oppressive/taxing/trying
a. difficult to bear, as grueling labor or repression

caliginous
a. dim, misty and consequently gloomy

callow/fledgling/green/inexperienced/untrained
a. innocent of practical or required experience or training

canonic(al)
a. relating or conforming to established and usu. procedural rules

caustic/corrosive/mordant
a. capable of burning, corroding, dissolving or destroying matter (esp. living tissue) by chemical action
_vitriolic
_a. exceedingly corrosive

celebratory/festal/festival/festive/festivous/gala
a. of, for, concerning, involving or suitable for a festival

certain/definite/impregnable/incontestable/incontrovertible/indisputable/indubitable/irrefutable/positive/sure/unassailable/undeniable/unquestionable
a. not subject to denial, dispute or doubt; impossible to disaffirm by virtue of verity

changeable/fluctuant/fluid/inconstant/labile/mutable/unsettled/unstable/variable/variant
a. apt to change
_volatile
_a. suddenly or violently labile

changeless/constant/firm/fixed/immutable/invariable/invariant/static/steady/unchanging/uniform/unvariable/unvarying
a. not or never changing; remaining the same

chaotic/disorderly/disruptive/rowdy/stormy/tempestuous/troublesome/tumultuous/turbulent/uproarious
a. causing or characterized by excited or confused unrest, disorder or conflict

characteristic/distinctive/distinguishing/individual/special/typical
a. signifying a quality or character of a person or thing that distinguishes it from others
_essential/immanent/inbuilt/indigenous/inherent/innate/integral/intrinsic(al)/native/natural/substantive
_a. existing as a permanent, essential characteristic of something or someone
__congenital/connate/inborn/inbred/inherited/innate/native/natural
__a. intrinsic from birth, as an aptitude or physical trait
_idiosyncratic
_a. distinguishing a person or group

charitable/eleemosynary
a. of, involving or pertaining to generosity for the benefit of those in need
_benevolent/charitable/philanthropic
_a. exercising and demonstrating munificence for the poor and needy by furnishment of money, property or work

charmed/fortuitous/fortunate/lucky/providential/serendipitous
a. enjoying, or characterized or occurring by favorable chance

chic/fashionable/modish/stylish/swanky/trendy
a. conforming to and thus characteristic and representative of a currently popular trend or style

chill/chilly/cool/fresh/nippy/parky
a. appreciably, moderately, often uncomfortably cold

chintzy/flash(y)/garish/gaudy/glaring/glitzy/loud/meretricious/showy/tawdry/tinselly
a. ostentatiously and crudely or tastelessly colorful or ornate

circuitous/circular/devious/indirect/roundabout/tortuous
a. deviating from a direct course to a longer route or method; not straightforward

classic/exemplary/highest/ideal/model/ultimate
a. representing the unequaled excellence of a class or kind; worthy of imitation

classic/exemplary/model/paradigmatic/prototypal/prototypic(al)/representative/typic(al)
a. of, concerning or comprising an accurate, distinctive example of a class, quality or type
_archetypal/archetypic(al)/prototypal/prototypic(al)
_a. exemplary of an original type or model
_archetypal/archetypic(al)/quintessential
_a. of, regarding or forming a perfect or purest example

classifiable/categorizable
a. qualified for arrangement or organization in a class or category

climacteric/critical/crucial/pivotal
a. of, distinctive of or comprising a decisive phase or moment

coherent/cohesive/tenacious
a. holding together
_adherent/adhering/adhesive/agglutinate(d)/bonded/coherent/cohering/clinging/consistent
_a. sticking or stuck together, as by glue or another adhesive

coherent/compatible/consistent
a. in sound, logical concord: never erroneous by discrepancy

coherent/logical/lucid
a. capable of thinking and expressing oneself in a perspicuous, consistent manner

collective
a. of, characteristic or expressive of a group
_collaborative/collective/combined/concerted/conjoint/cooperative/joint/united
_a. collectively conducted, created, planned or realized
_common/conjoint/joint
_a. collectively and equally owned or shared

comme il faut/conventional/correct/decorous/formal/proper/orthodox/right/seemly
a. conforming to etiquette or protocol

commendable/exemplary/laudable/meritorious/praiseworthy
a. deserving or worthy of praise or esteem

compatible
a. (of hardware) capable of joint function or interaction
_interoperable
_a. (of different computers or systems) able to exchange and share data
_a. (of software) executable on a computer or in an operating system
_portable
_a. (of software) capable of functioning or being compiled for execution in different operating systems
_a. (of files) accessible with different programs

complete/entire/full/grand/integral/total/undivided/whole
a. constituting an undiminished entirety; containing all essential or necessary elements or parts

condign
a. (of punishment or retribution) appropriate to the crime or wrongdoing; fitting and deserved

condonable/excusable/forgivable/pardonable/remittable/venial
a. fit to be excused or forgiven, as a minor affront or trespass

confused/desultory/disconnected/disjointed/disordered/disorganized/incoherent/incoordinate/unconnected/uncoordinated
a. lacking a logical or coherent sequence or continuity

connectivity
n. a potential or capacity to be connected
n. a capacity for hardware interconnection

consecutive/sequent/sequential/straight/successive
a. characterized by or occurring in continuous succession: following one after the other

consubstantial
n. of the same essence, nature or substance [as something else]

controllable/governable/manageable
a. subject to control
_docile/tractable
_a. easily controlled or managed

convenable
a. able to be assembled, esp. with ease

convivial/festive/frolic/holiday/jolly/jovial/merry
a. (of an atmosphere or event) friendly, lively and enjoyable

conviviality/festivity/gaiety/jollity/joviality/merriment
n. a milieu characterized by or conducive to friendly, lively sociality

correctitude/decency/decorum/propriety
n. correct or appropriate behavior, speech or attire in abidance with established standards of conduct

cosignatory
a. signed jointly

cumulative/accumulative/accretionary
a. characterized or generated by, or attendant of growth by gradual addition or inclusion

cursory/hasty/hurried/passing/rushed/sudden
a. briskly performed, without attention to detail; not thorough
_hurried/overhasty/precipitate/precipitous
_a. excessively hasty

dangerous/dicey/hazardous/parlous/perilous/risky/treacherous/unsafe
a. fraught with uncertainty and some risk of harm or death
_precarious/treacherous
_a. dangerously insecure or unsteady, esp. if liable to fall

dash/elan/flair/panache/pizazz/pizzazz
n. vigorous, distinctive, elegant style

deceitful/deceiving/deceptive/duplicitous/fallacious/false/misleading/treacherous
a. done or intended to deceive; inducing belief in what is not true

deceiving/deceptive/delusive/delusory/fallacious/false/illusional/illusionary/illusive/illusory/misleading/shadowy
a. (usu. unintentionally) likely to prompt false belief

defensible/tenable
a. able to be sustained or defended against assault or injury
_impenetrable/impregnable/inviolable/unassailable
_a. sufficiently robust or otherwise secure to resist attack and frustrate invasion or entry

deficient/exiguous/inadequate/insufficient/measly/mingy/scanty/skimpy/slender/stingy
a. lacking in needed or desired size, extent or degree

delinquent/derelict
a. failing to fulfill what one's duty, obligation or responsibility requires

deluxe/de luxe/grand/lavish/Lucullan/lush/luxe/luxuriant/luxurious/luxury/opulent/plush(y)/posh/rich/ritzy/sumptuous/swank(y)
a. of, conducing, distinguished by or furnishing superb, elaborate quality and splendid, elegant luxuriance, esp. that necessitating great expense

demanding/exacting/nice/severe/testing
a. requiring exceptional sedulity, skill or resources

de rigueur
a. required by etiquette or protocol
a. required by present fashion

diaphanous/filmy/gauzy/gossamer/sheer/vaporous
a. fine and translucent, as a thin, light fabric

didactic(al)/educational/instructional/instructive/preceptive
a. intended or serving to instruct, as by teaching
_propaedeutic
_a. of, concerning or furnishing exordial instruction

difference/disparity/dissimilarity/distinction/unlikeness/variance
n. the quality of being neither similar nor equivalent to another or others
_contradiction/contrariety/discrepance/discrepancy/incompatibility/incongruence/inconsistency/variance
_n. a difference between conflicting claims, facts or opinions
_contradistinction
_n. a distinction determined on the basis of contrasting or opposing properties
_nicety/nuance/shade/shading/subtlety
_n. any subtle variance of character, color, feeling, expression, meaning, sound, taste, tone, etc.; a slight or delicate distinction

different/differing/dissimilar/distinct/diverse/unalike/unlike/variant/various
a. not like another's or each other's character, form, nature or quality
_heterogeneous
_a. of a different type
__disparate
__a. fundamentally and entirely heterogeneous
_variant
_a. dissimilar to others of the same type or standard

different/discrete/distinct/individual/separate/single
a. existing as or constituting a different or independent constituent, entity or occurrence

discreteness/distinctness/individuality/separateness/singleness/singularity
n. the quality of being distinct from others

dilatory
a. intended to postpone, esp. by dint of some temporizing diversion

directly/forthwith/immediately/instanter/instantly/promptly/straightaway/straightway
av. without delay; at once

downcast
a. directed downward, as one's eyes or a trajectory

driving/impelling/impulsive/propelling/urging
a. causing or forcing to move forward or onward

duality/duplicity
n. any quality distinguished by or reflecting two parts or aspects

dynamism/energy/force/health/heartiness/might/power/robustness/strength/sturdiness/vigor/vim/vitality
n. any physical or mental faculty for intense or operose exertion
_beef/brawn/might/muscle/sinew/strength/thew(s)
_n. muscular power or strength

easy/effortless/facile
a. requiring or achieved with paltry or no difficulty

easily/effortlessly/facilely/readily
av. without difficulty or inordinate effort

edifying/enlightening/illuminating
a. furnishing moral or intellectual instruction; imparting knowledge, understanding or insight

effective/effectual/efficacious/operative/powerful
a. producing or capable of producing an intended or desired result or effect

effeminate/epicene/unmanly/womanly
a. (of a male) possessing or exhibiting feminine characteristics

elective/electoral
a. of, based on or pertaining to selection by vote

emblematic(al)/representative/symbolic(al)
a. of, regarding or serving as a visible symbol of something, esp. a particular property or concept

emetic/nauseant/vomitive
a. inducing vomiting

emollient
a. softening or smoothing, esp. to skin

endemic
a. peculiar or confined to a certain region or population, as an organism, disease or condition

enormous/exceeding/exceptional/extraordinary/fantastic/great/prodigious/surpassing/tremendous/vast
a. far surpassing a typical amount, degree or extent

epicurean/hedonistic/sybaritic/voluptuary/voluptuous
a. of, regarding, having or characterized by luxuriant, often refined predilections or habits, esp. in regard to cuisine; devoted to sensual pleasure

equal/equivalent/even/matching
a. identical in value, quantity, degree, force, significance, etc.

equestrian
a. of or pertaining to horsemen or horsemanship
a. of, regarding or composed of knights or other breeds of mounted warriors, esp. the Holy Roman Empire's imperial free knights

erroneous/false/inaccurate/incorrect/mistaken/untrue/wrong
a. not correct: containing, characterized by or derived from error
_meretricious/specious
_a. superficially or seemingly plausible, yet false

ersatz/fake/false/faux/imitation/simulated/synthetic
a. fabricated as an artificial (and usu. inferior) substitute for something else

ethos/climate
n. the distinctive temperament of a culture or an era manifest by its prevailing values, convictions, aspirations, etc.

Eurocentric/Europocentric
a. treating of and focused on European culture, history and peoples

evil/immorality/iniquity/wickedness
n. a quality distinctly contrary to morality

evocative/redolent/reminiscent/resonant/suggestive
a. eliciting memories, images or feelings, esp. by similitude to that visualized
_haunting/indelible/memorable/unforgettable
_a. too impressive, evocative, affecting or potent to be forgotten or ignored

excessive/exorbitant/extravagant/immoderate/outrageous/unconscionable/unreasonable
a. (of demands) exceeding all bounds of reason or propriety

exchangeable/fungible/replaceable
a. subject to exchange, return, replacement or negotiation for another of correspondent or equivalent substance or function

exclusive/private/sole/unshared
a. owned by or restricted to a single person or party

exclusive
a. not admitting something or anything else

exoteric/external/exterior/outside
a. of or regarding the outside

exoteric/popular
a. intended or suitable for the general public by virtue of an essentially accessible quality

extraneous/immaterial/impertinent/inapplicable/inapposite/indifferent/irrelevant
a. not germane to certain circumstances or an immediate matter
_digressive/peripheral/tangential
_a. of superficial relevance

extravagant/improvident/infrugal/lavish/prodigal/profligate/profuse/spendthrift/thriftless/wasteful
a. unfettered in an excessive, imprudent expenditure of funds or other resources

extrinsic/extraneous
a. neither contained in nor forming the essence of something: not inherent

facile
a. working or acting with ease or fluency

facile/oversimplified/simplistic/superficial
a. (of theories or arguments) ostensibly neat and comprehensive in disregard of pertinent complexities or nuances

factious/schismatic(al)
a. of, concerning or consequent of faction
_breakaway/separatist
_a. of or regarding exponents of cultural, ethnic, political or religious secession from a group, organization or country
_factious/fissiparous/schismatic(al)
_a. prone to dissever into smaller groups or factions, esp. from a larger association
_schismatic(al)
_a. fomenting division between dissenting or opposed factions

feckless/helpless/impotent/impuissant/ineffective/ineffectual/otiose/powerless/prostrate
a. destitute of ability, influence, or power; unable to take effective action

feckless/incapable/incompetent/ineffective/inefficient/inept/inexpert/maladroit/unable/unfit/unskilled/unskillful
a. vacant of the proficiency or knowledge required to execute a task or fulfill a responsibility

fecundity/fertility/fruitfulness/luxuriance/productiveness
n. any quality or power that enables or conduces healthy and bounteous production, esp. of offspring

fecund/fertile/productive
a. producing or capable of producing new growth (crops, fruit or other vegetation) or offspring (eggs or progeny)
_fecund/fertile/fruitful/luxuriant/prolific/productive
_a. amply fecund; bearing fulsome productive or reproductive growth

filial
a. of, regarding or beseeming an offspring
a. denoting a generation or sequence of generations succeeding that of the parental

firm/fixed/immutable/inalterable/inflexible/invariable/stabile/unalterable/unchangeable/unvariable
a. not subject or susceptible to change or variation, as of form, quality or nature

fixed/immobile/immobilized/immovable/stabile/stationary
a. incapable of moving or being moved

fluid/inconstant/mutable/shifting/unsettled/variant/varying
a. constantly changing

folly/foolishness/imprudence/indiscretion/injudiciousness
n. any destitution of good sense or sound judgment, esp. that engendering disaster
_improvidence/infrugality/thriftlessness
_n. imprudent mismanagement of resources and concerns

foolishness/immateriality/inconsequence/inconsequentiality/indifference/insignificance/marginality/negligibility/paltriness/pettiness/puniness/slightness/smallness/superficiality/triviality/unimportance
n. any dearth of significance

forbidding/grim/severe/stern
a. unpleasantly threatening in manner or appearance

forceful/forcible/intense/mighty/powerful/vigorous
a. characterized by, demonstrating, exerting or possessing force and power

formidable/great/impressive
a. admirable by virtue of exceptional strength, intensity, excellence, enormity, etc.

fumid/smoky
a. abounding in, filled with, disgorging, obnubilated by or smelling of smoke

geared/oriented/tuned
a. adapted, adjusted, designed or optimized for specific needs, purposes, circumstances or individuals
_customized
_a. created or modified in accordance with personal specifications

gendered
a. pertaining, distinctive or becoming to either the female or male sex

glory/grandeur/magnificence/majesty/pageantry/pomp/resplendence/splendor/splendiferousness/stateliness/sumptuousness
n. sumptuous, imposing beauty and elegance exhibited publicly

gold(en)
n. of, pertaining to, consisting or constructed of gold
_gilt/gilded/aureate
_a. coated with gold leaf or paint

grandiose/pompous/pontifical/portentous/pretentious
a. characterized by an extravagant, ostentatious exhibition of gravitas or significance, esp. that purposed to impress and betraying insufferable vanity

halcyon/idyllic
a. of a period characterized by pleasant repose or eudaemonia

healthful/healthy/salubrious/salutary/wholesome
a. promoting good health of mind or body; beneficial to one's health

hedonic
a. of or concerning hedonism or hedonists
_epicurean
_a. relating to or suitable for an epicure
_sybaritic(al)
_a. pertaining to sybarites

hermitic(al)/eremitic(al)
a. of or characterized by austere solitude or a lifestyle thereof

honorific
a. conferring or demonstrating honor or respect

immaterial/incorporate/incorporeal/insubstantial/intangible/metaphysical/nonmaterial/unsubstantial
a. not composed of matter; neither material nor physical

immaterial/indifferent/insignificant/little/nugatory/null/unimportant
a. of no importance whatsoever
_de minimis/desipient/dinky/fiddling/foolish/footling/frivolous/inconsequential/inconsiderable/insignificant/lilliputian/little/marginal/negligible/niggling/nugatory/paltry/peripheral/petty/picayune/piddling/piffling/pissant/slight/small/superficial/trifling/trivial/unimportant
a. of such minor significance as to warrant disregard

impenetrable/incomprehensible/inscrutable/sphinxlike/unfathomable/unintelligible
a. impossible to comprehend

impersonal
a. without personal reference, relation or connection

impersonal
a. possessing neither a personality nor human traits; not existing as a person

incompatible/irreconcilable
a. of any variance entailing mutual opposition or inconsistency beyond resolution

indomitable/insuperable/insurmountable/invincible/unconquerable
a. incapable of being surmounted or overcome

indomitable/invincible/unbeatable/unconquerable
a. impossible to subdue or defeat

ineluctable/ineludible/inescapable/inevitable/unavoidable
a. impossible to escape or evade; certain to happen

ineluctably/inescapably/inevitably/necessarily/perforce/unavoidably
av. (done or occurring) by necessity or force of circumstance

inexplicable/unaccountable/unexplainable
a. impossible to explain

intermediary/intermediate/mean/middle
a. existing, graded, located or occurring between two stages, points, extremes, etc. in time, place, order, etc. or of status, size or quantity
_average/mean/medial/median/medium/mesial/middle/middling
_a. centrally intermediate between two extremes or limits of a property such as degree, quantity or size
_mesomorphic
_a. existing in an intermediary state between liquid and crystal

internecine
a. of or pertaining to conflict within a group, organization, nation, etc.
a. mutually destructive: ruinous or fatal to both or all belligerent parties

intumescent
a. (of a coating or sealant) swelling when heated to protect underlying material or seal a gap

irreducible
a. incapable of being decreased, reduced or simplified

lachrymal/lacrimal
a. of or regarding tears

lapidary
a. of or concerning gemstones
a. of or pertaining to the art of cutting, engraving, polishing and setting precious stones

liege
a. of or relating to the feudal relationship between a suzerain and vassal

manifold
a. comprised of or simultaneously operating correspondent or identical devices

matrilineal/matrilinear
a. tracing, regarding or predicated on maternal descent

meretricious/whorish
a. of, relating to or characteristic of a prostitute

meritable/meritorious
a. deserving a reward

miscible/mixable
a. (of liquids) capable of being mixed; forming a homogeneous mixture when coalesced

multifaceted/multiplex
a. having many aspects
_myriad
_a. innumerably multifaceted

neonatal
a. of or relating to newborns

new/neoteric/fresh
a. recently created, introduced, obtained or produced
_novel/original/innovative/groundbreaking/fresh
_n. unprecedentedly, uniquely or strikingly new

nominal
a. (of aerospace technology or operations) normally or acceptably functioning or accomplished

normative
a. of, regarding or prescribing an established or ordinary standard

novelty/freshness
n. originality by virtue of being new and unique, esp. refreshingly so

novercal
a. of, pertaining to or idiosyncratic of a stepmother

null/otiose/paltry/useless/worthless
a. serving no practical purpose

omnibus
a. including, pertaining to or providing for several items, matters or objects simultaneously

oneiric
a. of, regarding or suggestive of dreams

parallel
a. of, concerning or involving the simultaneous performance of multiple operations
_multiplex
_a. of, concerning or involving transmission of multiple, concurrent signals or messages along a single channel or circuit of communication

passe/outmoded/outdated/obsolete/demode/antiquated
a. no longer fashionable

patrician
a. of, regarding, characteristic of or belonging to the aristocratic families of the Roman Republic, who held the nigh-totality of senatorial and praetorian offices

patrilineal/patrilinear
a. based on, pertaining to or tracing paternal descent

pedagogic(al)
a. of or characteristic of a teacher

philatelic(al)
a. of or pertaining to philately, the study and collection of postage stamps and postmarks

plenary
a. (of a meeting) to be attended by all members, who might otherwise convene in smaller groups

plutocratic(al)
a. of, pertaining to or typical of a state or society governed by the wealthy

pluvial/rainy
a. of, relating to or characterized by rain

pluvial
a. distinguished, formed or effected by a plenitude of rainfall

presaging/prefigurative/portending/foretokening/foreshowing/foreshadowing/betokening/auguring/adumbrative
a. suggesting, representing or indicating in advance
_presaging/ominous/portending/forewarning/foretokening/foreboding
_a. foreshadowing in warning of some future calamity or evil

preparatory/preparative/preliminary/prefatory/precursory/precursive/introductory/initiatory/exordial
a. of a prevenient action, event, text, etc. that presents or prepares for a principal event or subject

prescriptive
a. regarding, establishing or dictating rules, laws or instructions

prevalent/prevailing/preponderating/preponderate/preponderant/predominating/predominate/predominant/controlling/ascendant
a. possessing or exerting superior power or influence
_ascending/ascendant/advancing
_a. rising in power or influence

priapic
a. immoderately concerned with masculinity and male sexuality

princely
a. of, regarding, befitting or exemplary of a prince

probative/probatory/trial
a. designed or serving for testing or trial, so to provide demonstration or evidence

protean
a. easily adopting various forms, shapes, roles, etc.

provincial/parochial
a. characteristic of a province's trifling and unsophisticated inhabitants

provincial
a. of, regarding, belonging to or associated with a rural administrative division of a country or empire

punitive/penal
a. of or concerning punishment
_penal
_a. prescribing punishment
_punitory/punitive/punishing
_a. inflicting or intended as punishment

purposive
a. serving a purpose

purposive/purposeful/purposed/intentional/intended/deliberate
a. posessing, indicating or acting for a purpose

quiddity/kind/essence
n. someone's or something's inherent, invariant nature

reciprocal/mutual
a. given, expressed, experienced, felt or done by each of two or more parties toward the other or others

redoubtable/grand/considerable
a. commanding or worthy of respect or honor
_venerable/reverend/dread
_a. deserving or commanding profound respect and awe, usu. by virtue of advanced age, attainment, identity or position

refractory/uncontrollable/ungovernable/unmanageable/unruly
a. impossible to control, govern, manage, restrain, etc.

saprogenous/saprogenic
a. generating bacterial or fungal decomposition of organic matter

saprogenous/saprogenic/putrid
a. produced by or otherwise consequent of putrefaction

scholastic/educational
a. of or pertaining to systematic instruction, esp. that taught at a school or university
_academic
_a. of or regarding institutionalized education

sepulchral/funereal
a. of or resonant of a funeral or inhumation

sepulchral
a. of, relating to or redolent of a tomb

sere/withered
a. shriveled and shrunken for want of moisture or aliment

serial
a. of, regarding, consisting of, occuring or arranged in a series

serial/nonparallel
a. of or concerning the successive performance of multiple operations

single/singular/sui generis/unique
a. constituting an individual class; being the only one of its kind

slaughterous/sanguineous/sanguine/sanguinary/bloody
a. regarding, provoking, ensuing, connoting or characterized by bloodshed

soporific/soporiferous/somnolent/somnific/somniferous/slumberous/sleepy/hypnotic/hypnogogic/hypnagogic/drowsy
a. inducing sleep or somnolence

specious/gilded
a. deceptively attractive or gratifying

sphingine/sphinxlike
a. like or resembling a sphinx

spontaneous/reflexive/reflex/involuntary/instinctive/impulsive/automatic
a. incited, elicited or done by natural impulse without conscious volition or intention

straggly/straggling/sprawling/rambling
a. spreading, growing or disposed in an irregular, often untidy manner, as paths, buildings, vegetation, etc.

sublime/sublimate/rarefied/noble/lofty/grand/exalted/empyreal/eminent/elevated
a. of superior spiritual, moral, intellectual or aesthetic character, standards or values

suffusive/saturant/pervasive/permeative/permeant/perfusive/penetrative/penetrating/penetrant/interpenetrative/interpenetrant/infusive
a. (of fluid, light, etc.) apt or able to spread or penetrate throughout

sullen/sluggish/slack/lusk
a. slow to act or respond to stimulation

superannuated/outmoded/outdated/obsolete/musty/antiquated
a. no longer commonly used, esp. when superseded
_obsolescent
_a. becoming or increasingly outmoded

supererogant/supererogative/supererogatory
a. executed beyond requirement or expectation

surrogate/foster
a. concerning, involving or acting as a parent and guardian of a child who is neither cognate nor legally adopted

tensile
a. of or relating to tension

tentative/provisionary/provisional/experimental
a. adopted, created, established or performed as a trial or experimental undertaking on an uncertain or temporary basis

terrestrial/terrene/telluric/tellurian/earthly
a. of, regarding or representing the earth or life thereon

terrestrial
a. of, pertaining to, occurring on or belonging to land

threatening/sullen
a. (of the sky) darkened by ominous clouds portending inclement weather

thriftiness/thrift/providence/frugality/economy
n. sparing prudence in the management and utilization of resources (money, food, etc.)

titular/nominal/formal
a. (of a position, status or title) existing in name only, though bereft of authority or power
_emeritus
_a. retired from active duty or office but retaining one's honorary, nominal title or rank
_honorary
_a. (of a position or title) nominal and honorably conferred

tough/substantial/strong/stout/solid/hardy/durable
a. highly resistant to wear, pressure, decay or damage; not easily breached or broken by adverse conditions or careless handling
_substantial/sturdy/stout/staunch/stalwart/rugged/robustious/robust
_a. durably constructed
_perdurable
_a. extremely durable

torrid/sultry/stifling/sizzling/searing/scorching/scalding/roasting/fiery/equatorial/burning/broiling/blistering
a. extremely, often uncomfortably hot
_tropical/sweltering/sultry/sticky/steamy/oppressive
_a. (usu. exceedingly or excessively) hot and humid

tortuous/tangled/labyrinthine/knotty/involved/involute/Gordian/convoluted/complicated/complex/Byzantine
a. puzzlingly, often deviously or hopelessly intricate

trappings/accoutrements
n. evident, emblematic, usu. characteristic features or objects associated with a particular role, scenario, state, etc.

tricky/touchy/ticklish/thorny/tender/sticky/sensitive/prickly/delicate/awkward
a. (of a situation) easily upset, consequently difficult to manage and necessitating discreet tact, prowess or diplomacy

troglodytic
a. of or concerning a cave-dweller, esp. that of a prehistoric era

tumbledown/tatty/shabby/seedy/rickety/ratty/ramshackle/mean/dilapidated/derelict/decrepit/decaying/crummy/creaky/bedraggled
a. in a deplorable condition of severe disrepair and deterioration sequent to age, neglect or use

unctuous/sebaceous/pinguid/oleaginous/oily/greasy
a. composed of, containing or exuding grease or oil, as deep-fried comestibles or Sicilians

underlying/ultimate/rudimentary/prime/primary/fundamental/elementary/elemental/basic
a. of, concerning or affecting first principles or basic aspects of a subject

unrestricted/unrestrained/uninhibited/ungoverned/unfettered/uncurbed/uncontrolled/unconstrained/unchecked/unbridled/unbounded/rampant/free
a. not restricted, restrained or controlled

usual/unremarkable/unexceptional/stock/regular/quotidian/ordinary/normal/mundane/household/habitual/familiar/everyday/customary/conventional/commonplace/common/average/accustomed
a. widely or frequently encountered, expected, experienced or observed

viable
a. (of a fetus or newborn) adequately developed to survive thereout its uterus
a. (of seeds, eggs, etc.) capable of life, growth and development prior to hatching, germination, etc.

vital/requisite/required/necessary/indispensable/imperative/essential/critical
a. categorically needed to achieve an objective or fulfill a function
_prerequisite
_a. required by circumstance or dictate as a prior condition

volant/volatile
a. capable of flight

volatile/explosive
a. apt to provoke violence or calamity

vulturous/vulturine/raptorial/rapacious/predatory/predacious
a. subsisting on live prey
_ravening
_a. ravenous and rapacious; esurient whilst hunting for prey

wanton/unprovoked/gratuitous
a. following from, executed with or distinguished by malice without justification, motivation or provocation

whimsical/visionary/romantic/quixotic/fanciful
a. extravagantly, impractically, unrealistically imaginative and idealistic

wild/tempestuous/stormy/rigorous/raging/inclement/furious/foul
a. (of weather) distinguished by plenteous precipitation and fierce winds, thunder or lightning
_squally
_a. briefly tempestuous

woolly/vague/shadowy/obscure/nebulous/misty/indistinct/indiscernible/hazy/fuzzy/faint/dim/blurry/blurred/bleary
a. difficult to discern for a deficiency of distinct character, form or shape

worldly/terrestrial/terrene/temporal/sublunary/secular/mundane/material/earthly/carnal
a. of, concerned with or peculiar to the present physical world or matters thereof in lieu of the spiritual

zeitgeist
n. the spirit of a time: predominant trends of thought or sentiment characteristic of a historical period


==RELIGION, THEOLOGY & MYTHOLOGY==

abbey (Roman Catholic)
n. a convent managed by an abbess
n. a monastery supervised by an abbot
n. a church constituting an annex of a monastery or convent

ablution
n. a ceremonial rite of bathing that lustrates one's body and soul
n. liquid (usu. water) used to cleanse one's body, esp. as a function of a religious rite

ablution (Roman Catholic)
n. the ritual washing of sacred vessels or a priest's hands

absolution/shrift (Roman Catholic)
n. an ecclesiastical remission of one's sins administered by a priest in the sacrament of penance

absolution (Roman Catholic)
n. the act of absolving one of their sins; sacred redemption as declared by a priest in the sacrament of penance
n. the condition of being so absolved ensuing that sacrament

accurse/anathematize/anathemize/ban/beshrew/comminate/curse/execrate/imprecate/maledict
v. to wish or invoke evil or misfortune upon someone or something

anathema/ban/curse/execration/imprecation/malediction
n. a verbal evocation (usu. addressed to a deity or other supernatural power) to inflict evil, doom or cataclysm on a person or collective
_anathema (Roman Catholic)
_n. a formal ecclesiastical curse of excommunication, usu. pronounced by a pope or archbishop
_n. any person or thing anathematized by clerical or papal authority

aegis (Greek, Roman)
n. the goatskin shield of Zeus or Athena (Jupiter or Minerva), at the center of which the Gorgon's head is fastened

agape (Christian)
n. a spiritual, asexual love for God, Christ or other people, often accounted a paragon of Christian sentiment
n. a religious meal conducted as a token of Christian fellowship, held by early Christians to commemorate the Last Supper

Alcyone (Greek)
n. the daughter of Aeolus, so aggrieved by the death of her husband King Ceyx that she drowned herself and was transmuted by divine intervention into a kingfisher

altar (Christian)
n. a table in a Christian church where communion is administered
n. a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are placed, or religious rites performed

ambo (Christian)
n. one of two raised, oblong pulpits in which the gospels and epistles were read in early Christian churches

anachoret/anchoress [OR] anchoret/anchorite/eremite
n. one withdrawn from society to practice religious worship in seclusion: a Holy hermit!

anchoritic/eremitic(al)
a. of, regarding or beseeming religious recluses or their practices

"Anathema Maranatha" (Abrahamic)
n. an emphatic expression of anathema; Maran atha: "Our Lord cometh"

antinomianism (Christian)
n. a theological doctrine asserting that Christians may achieve salvation solely by bestowal of faith and divine grace, fulfillment of which exempts them from scriptural, moral or civil laws

apostasy/tergiversation
n. renunciation of or departure from a religion, political party, ideology or cause, often in favor of another

apostatize/tergiversate
v. to abandon one's party, faith or convictions

apostate/recreant/renegade/tergiversator
n. someone who renounces a religion, ideology, or any other faith, cause or principles

apostolic(al) (Christian)
a. of, regarding or contemporaneous with Christ's twelve Apostles
a. of, concerning or derived from the practices and doctrines of Christ's twelve Apostles

apostolic(al)/pontifical/papal (Roman Catholic)
a. of or pertaining to the pope, deemed the successor of St. Peter
_pontifical
_a. befitting or characteristic of a pope or pontiff
_papal
_a. ordered by or subject to a pope

apotheosis/deification
n. the exaltation of a person to the rank of a god

apotheose/apotheosize/deify
v. to esteem someone as a god or godlike; to worship as or exalt to the position of a god
_idolize
_v. to worship a material object (esp. a simulacrum) as a deity or representation thereof

Argonaut (Greek)
n. any of the heroes who sailed with Jason to Colchis on the Argo on his quest to claim the Golden Fleece

Armageddon (Christian)
n. the ultimate, climacteric battle between the forces of good and evil precursive to the Day of Judgment, as foretold in the Apocalypse of Saint John
n. the Armageddon's locus

assume (Christianity)
v. (of God) to intromit someone's soul into heaven

atonement (Christian)
n. the reconciliation of man and God engendered by Christ's redemptive life and sacrificial death
n. the lineaments of God or Christ as epitomized in mankind

attrition
n. penitence for one's sin provoked by a fear of damnation rather than the love of God

auspex/augur (Roman)
n. a religious official of ancient Rome who interpreted omens (esp. those educed from avian activity) to advise authorities regarding matters of public policy

avatar (Hindu)
n. the manifestation of a Hindu deity (esp. Vishnu) in superhuman, human or animal form

bedamn/damn
v. to condemn to divine, eonian punishment

belief/credo/creed/faith/religion
n. any system of beliefs, principles and practices fundamental to a form of theistic worship

benediction
n. an invocation of divine blessing usu. performed at the conclusion of a religious service

Benediction (Roman Catholic)
n. a brief service comprehending prayers, a Eucharistic hymn and the blessing of the congregation and sacrament

benefice (Roman Catholic)
n. an endowed church office furnishing a fixed income and property to its hieratic beneficiary

benefice/rectory (Anglican)
n. an endowed church office (commonly that of a rector or vicar) furnishing a fixed income and property to its holder

benefice (Roman Catholic, Anglican)
n. the property or revenue of a benefice
v. to afford a benefice

breviary
n. a priest's book containing hymns, psalms and prayers recited daily in the divine office during the canonical hours

Broad Church (Anglican)
n. a latitudinarian Anglican party, movement and doctrine of tolerance and reason that assumed de facto preponderance in the Church of England during the 18th century

caduceus (Greek, Roman)
n. the winged staff twined by a brace of serpents carried by the messenger god Hermes (Mercury)

canon/criterion/precept/tenet
n. a fundamental rule or principle of established validity in a religion, philosophy or field of art or science that governs belief, conduct and procedure, and in compliance with which something may be judged, decided or compared

canon (Christian)
n. the Bible's collective books recognized by any Christian church as genuine holy scripture
n. an ecclesiastical decree or law promulgated to regulate morality or practice

canon (Roman Catholic)
n. a prayer of the Mass consecrating the Host to be consumed
n. a complete register of saints recognized by the Roman Catholic church

canonic(al) (Christian)
a. of or included in the Biblical canon
a. of, relating to, prescribed by or in accordance with canon law

catafalque (Roman Catholic)
n. a structure shaped to resemble a coffin and draped with a pall, signifying the corpus at a Requiem Mass

catechesis (Christian)
n. oral religious instruction imparted to children or converts antecedent to baptism or confirmation, often conveyed via maieutic method

catechetic(al) (Christian)
a. of, regarding or involving oral religious insruction in preparation of a baptism or confirmation

catechize (Christian)
v. to instruct someone in the rudiments of Christianity by means of Socratic method

Catholic (Christian)
a. of or pertaining to the ancient, undivided Christian church
a. of or relating to any Christian church (Anglican, Orthodox, Roman Catholic, etc.) asserting representation of the foregoing church of antiquity, esp. those perpetuating the apostolic succession of bishops

Catholic (Roman Catholic)
a. of or concerning the Roman Catholic church

chancel (Roman Catholic)
n. the space in a church circumferent of its altar, usu. enclosed by a lattice or railing and occupied by the clergy and often the choir

Chimera (Greek)
n. Typhon's daughter: a distaff, fire-breathing monster embodied of a lion's head, goat's body and serpent's tail

ciborium/baldachin (Christian)
n. a canopy standing on four pillars over an altar

ciborium (Roman Catholic)
n. a lidded vessel shaped like a goblet in which the consecrated bread or wafers of the Eucharist are contained

cleric/divine/ecclesiastic/priest
n. a trained member of a religious order authorized to conduct religious worship, as an imam, minister, priest or rabbi
_archpriest (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest of the first rank in a cathedral chapter, acting as chief assistant and subordinate only to its bishop
_canon (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest who is a permanent member of a cathedral chapter's staff
_n. a monk of the Augustinian or Premonstratensian Canons
_coadjutor (Roman Catholic)
_n. a bishop designated to assist and succeed a diocesan bishop
_cordelier (Roman Catholic)
_n. a Franciscan friar of the order of the Friars Minor
_curate (Protestant)
_n. any cleric who administers a parish
_n. a clergyman who assists a rector or vicar
__parson/rector (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican divine who manages a parish and collects its tithes as his income of this benefice
__vicar (Anglican)
__n. an Anglican curate paid a stipend in lieu of the tithes allocated to a rector
__rector (Episcopalian)
__n. a clergyman supervising a parish
_imam/imaum (Islam)
_n. a Muslim cleric who leads recitation of prayer in a mosque
_oracle
_a. a priest or priestess in classical antiquity who purported to serve as a divine medium and presaged future events
_minister/parson (Protestant)
_n. a cleric of a Protestant denomination, as a pastor or rector
__pastor (Christian)
__n. a minister in charge of a church and its congregation
_prelate/hierarch
_n. any ecclesiastic of high rank or office, as an abbot, archbishop, bishop or cardinal
__abbot (Roman Catholic)/archimandrite (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a priest who oversees a monastery
__primate/archbishop (Roman Catholic)
__n. a bishop of the higest rank who presides over the archdiocese or archbishopric of a province or country
___metropolitan
___n. an archbishop whose purview extends to one or multiple suffragan sees
__Primate (of all England)/Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican)
__n. the Church of England's chief bishop, whose influence as a leader guides the global Anglican church
__vicar (Roman Catholic)
__n. a Roman Catholic priest assigned the delegacy of a prelate (as a primate, bishop, abbot, et al.) or the pontiff
_provincial (Christianity)
_n. any cleric (as an archbishop or metropolitan) presiding over an ecclesiastic province
__metropolitan (Eastern Orthodox)
__n. a provincial ranking betwixt an archbishop and a patriarch
_rector (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest administering a Roman Catholic institution, as a university, religious house or Jesuit seminary
_shrift father (Roman Catholic)
_n. a priest to whom confession is recited
_vicar (Anglican)
_n. a clergyman in the Church of England acting as a substitute or deputy for a rector or bishop
_vicar (Episcopal)
_n. an Episcopal cleric governing a chapel

cloister
n. a residence of religious seclusion, as a convent or monastery
n. life in a cloister

colloquy
n. an informal conference wherein discussions of theological matters are conducted

commination (Anglican)
n. a liturgical recitation of divine threats against sinners performed during Ash Wednesday

concordat (Roman Catholic)
n. a pontifical pact with a secular government regarding Catholic legality

confess (Roman Catholic)
v. (of a penitent) to profess one's sins to a priest or to God in the presence of a priest to obtain absolution
v. (of a priest) to hear a penitent's confession, so to subsequently administer his or her absolution
_shrive (Roman Catholic)
_v. (of a priest) to hear a confession of, assign a penance to and absolve a penitent
_v. to avow one's sins to a priest, receive absolution and perform one's delegated penance

conjuration/evocation/invocation
n. the action of summoning spirits, demons, deities or other supernatual entities by dint of magical spells or ritual incantations

conjure/evoke/invoke
v. to summon or dictate a spirit or demon with a magical incantation or spell

consecration/devotion/devoutness/godliness/piety/piousness/religiosity/religiousness
n. earnest dedication to God and ardent observance of religious tenets

consubstantial
n. (of the Holy Trinity) of the same divine essence, despite their dissimilar aspects

contrition
n. sincere repentance for one's sins inspired by a love of God

cope (Roman Catholic)
n. a long, loose cloak worn by a priest or bishop over an alb or surplice in a procession or during a litugical function

credence
n. a small table adjoining an altar on which bread, wine and vessels of the Eucharist are placed ere the consecration of those elements

credo (Christian)
n. a musical setting of The Nicene Creed

creed (Christian)
n. any proclamation of essential Christian belief, as The Apostles' Creed
_credo
_n. The Apostles' Creed
_n. The Nicene Creed, being the third constituent of Roman Catholic Eucharist

discalced
a. (of friars or nuns) barefoot or indued with sandals

divine/godly/numinous/supernatural
a. of, regarding, from, expressed by, characteristic of or being a deity

doctrine/dogma/gospel/tenet
n. a sanctioned body of principles immanent of a religion and appurtenant to matters of morality and faith

ecclesiastic(al) (Christian)
a. of or concerning a church or the Christian church

ecumenic(al)/oecumenic(al) (Christian)
a. of or pertinent to the global Christian faith
a. purposed for or concerned with constituting and advancing unity among religions and denominations thereof

elemental
n. an inhabitant of an element (earth, fire, water, wind) existing in an intermediary state between living humans and spirits

eschatological
a. of or regarding the finality of mankind and the world

eschatology
n. a doctrine or branch of theology concerned with conclusive events: death, the Second Coming, the Last Judgment, and the ultimate destiny of humankind

ethereal/incorporeal/inner/spiritual
a. of, pertaining to or affecting the spirit or soul

evangelist (Protestant)
n. an itinerant, missionary or occasional preacher

Evangelist (Christian)
n. any of the four Apostles who authored the New Testament's Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke or John

evangelist/gospeler (Christian)
n. a preacher who instructs of or professes faith in the gospels

evangelist/revivalist
n. someone (often a clergyman) who advocates or leads a religious revivial

exegesis
n. a critical explanation or interpretation of Biblical scripture

exegete
n. a person proficient in analysis and interpretation of religious texts

extramundane
a. of, regarding, existing or occurring beyond the physical world or universe

festival/fete/fiesta
n. a (usu. ceremonial) celebration of a religious holiday, esp. a saint's day
_Carnival (Roman Catholic)
_n. a frolic fiesta contiguously anteceding Lent

genuflect
v. to bow while bending one knee to a floor before a religious superior or image as a demonstration of worship

hagiography
n. a biography of a saint or saints
n. composition of a hagiography

halcyon (Greek)
n. a mythical bird that nested on the sea's surface during the winter solstice, and possessed the power to calm winds and waves

hallelujah/alleluia (Christian)
n. any sacred musical composition based on the hosanna, "hallelujah"

hecatomb (Greek, Roman)
n. a public sacrifice of 100 oxen to the ancient gods

heresy/heterodoxy
n. any belief, doctrine or opinion at variance with a religion's established tenets

heresiarch
n. the innovator or chief exponent of a heresy
n. the leader of a heretical sect

homily/sermon
n. a religious disquisition ordinarily proclaimed by a cleric in address of a moral or scriptural topic, intended to edify their congregation

hosana/hosannah (Christian)
_i., n. an impassioned exclamation of praise or adoration to God
_hallelujah/alleluia (Christian)
__i., n. a hosanna, literally: "praise the Lord!"

hymnody/hymnology/psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing hymns

hymnody/hymnology (Christian)
n. the composition of hymns
n. the study of hymnal classification, composition, history, etc.

hymnody/psalmody (Christian)
n. hymns collectively

imam/imaum (Islam)
n. a Muslim spiritual guide and esteemed authority of Islamic theology and law
n. one in a succession of seven or twelve divinely inspired Shiite religious leaders descended from Muhammad

in petto (Roman Catholic)
a., av. (of cardinals papally appointed but not disclosed in the consistory) secret, private; secretly, privately

interdict (Roman Catholic)
n. a punitory ecclesiastical or papal censure rescinding a person's or locality's privileges of certain sacraments (save communion) and Christian burial

invocation
n. a prayer obsecrating God for succor or forgiveness

invultuation
n. a function of witchcraft in which a wax sculpture or doll fashioned in the likeness of someone is burnt, melted, stabbed, etc. to inflict parallel pain on the accursed subject

Lamia (Greek)
n. the beauteous queen of Libya and consort of Zeus, whose children were either abducted or murdered by Hera, and who resorted in her envious, dolorous madness to devour the children of others -- a transgression that metamorphosed her into a serpentine monster

latitudinarian (Anglican)
n. an Anglican of the 17th-19th century opposed to the dogmatism endemic to the Church of England, whose exegesis was based on reason

latitudinarianism
n. tolerance and freedom of opinion in matters pertaining to religious belief and exegesis

lavabo (Roman Catholic)
n. a large stone washbasin of a medieval monastery

leviathan (Judaism, Christianity)
n. an immense, monstrous sea beast prominent in the Tanakh and Old Testament

Manichaeism
n. a syncretic religion founded by the Persian prophet Manes in the third century that coalesced and reconciled Zoroastrian dualism of light and dark, Gnostic philosophy, selected tenets of Christianity, Buddhist ethics and Babylonian folklore; though broadly propagated throughout the Roman Empire, Manichaeism declined to moribundity by 1000 A.D.

Manichean
a. of or relating to Manichaeism or Manichees

Manichean/Manichee
n. an adherent of Manichaeism

metaphysical/mystic/mystical/occult/paranormal/preternatural/supernatural/supernormal/transcendental
a. of events, phenomena (as clairvoyance, telekinesis or telepathy) or manifestations (as ghosts or shades) to which a scientific or natural explanation cannot be ascribed

muadhdhin/muazzin/muezzin (Islam)
n. a mosque's cryer, who vociferously convokes the Islamic faithful to prayer from its minaret five times daily

Muse (Greek)
n. any of nine sororal goddesses born to Zeus and Mnemosyne, each of whom presided over and inspired afflatuses of an art or science

narthex (Christian)
n. an early Christian or Byzantine church's lobby or portico leading to its nave by way of a railing or screen

nave (Christian)
n. the central area of a church flanked by aisles, spanning from its narthex to its chancel

nomism
n. religious observance of law or laws

numen (pl. numina) (Roman)
n. a deity or spirit that inhabits or presides over an object or place

nuncio (Roman Catholic)
n. a papal ambassador: any diplomat representing the Holy See at a foreign capital or court

oblate
n. a layperson dedicated to religious life, esp. one affiliated with a monastic order

oblation
n. any offering to a god, as a libation or sacrifice

oblation (Roman Catholic)
n. the offering of consecrated elements during the Eucharist

oracular
a. of, pertaining to or assuming the authority of an oracle

oracular/prophetic(al)/sibyllic/sibylline/vatic(al)
a. of, resembling, regarding or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy; pertaining to or associated with mystical or spiritual interpretation
_Delphian/Delphic
_a. cryptically prophetic
_oracular
_a. gravely prophetic

paean (Greek)
n. a hymn of praise or exultation, ordinarily sung to invoke or thank an ancient deity, esp. Apollo

Panacea (Greek)
n. a goddess of universal remedy who healed the ailing with a poultice, born to Asclepius and Epione

pantheism
n. belief in and worship of all gods
n. a doctrine asserting that:
__a) God is the totality of the universe and all its phenomena
__b) the universe is a manifestation of God

patrimony (Christian)
n. an ecclesiastic estate or endowment

posada (Roman Catholic)
n. a Latin American Christmas festival in which the legend of Joseph and Mary's search for accommodation is dramatized

prelapsarian
a. of or regarding the period or condition preceding the fall of Adam and Eve

presbytery (Presbyterian)
n. a local court comprising its vicinity's church ministers and elders 
n. those ministers and elders who compose a presbytery
n. ecclesiastic government of and by a presbytery
n. churches in a presbytery's jurisdiction

presbytery/rectory (Roman Catholic)
n. a parish priest's residence

primacy (Christian)
n. the office, period, province or rank of a senior bishop, primate or the pope

profess
v. to asseverate one's faith in a religion and its doctrine, or allegiance to its order
v. to take the vows of and join a religious order or congregation
v. to admit someone into a religious order

propitiation
n. the appeasement of a deity, esp. that attained with a conciliatory offering

providence (Christianity)
n. guardianship and guidance as exercised by God
n. any manifestation of God's foreseeing care for and protection of his creatures
n. God in a context of providence

provision (Roman Catholic, Anglican)
n. an appointment to an ecclesiastical office (esp. a benefice)

psalmody (Christian)
n. the act or art of singing psalms
n. the composition of psalms
n. any musical arrangement of a psalm
n. psalms collectively

pyrolater/pyrolator
n. one who worships fire

pyrolatry
n. worship of fire

recusants (Roman Catholic, Anglican)
n. noncompliant English Catholics of the 16th to 18th centuries who refused to attend Anglican church services and suffered legal and social penalties for their recalcitrance

redemption (Christian)
n. salvation from sin effectuated by the death of Christ

(Protestant) Reformation (Protestant)
n. a religious movement of the 16th century commenced by John Calvin, Martin Luther, Philipp Melanchthon, et al. as an endeavor to reform the Roman Catholic Church that resulted in the schismatic inception and institution of the Protestant churches

reliquary
n. a receptacle in which holy relics are reposited

reprobate (Calvinism)
n. an irreclaimable sinner predestined to everlasting damnation
a. rejected by God and condemned to amaranthine damnation
v. (of God) to abandon or consign to eternal damnation

rubric (Christian)
n. directions for the conduct of Christian church services, often printed with red ink in a liturgical text, as a prayer book, missal, hymnal, etc.

sacerdotal/priestly/hieratic(al) (Roman Catholic)
a. of or regarding priests or a priesthood

sacrament (Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant)
n. one of seven traditional Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox or Anglican ceremonies instituted by Christ to accord sanctifying grace: baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, anointment of the ailing, matrimony or ordination
n. either of two sacred Protestant rituals that confer consecration: baptism and the Eucharist
_(Holy) Communion/Eucharist/Mass/Sacrament (Christian)
_n. a sacrament in which bread and wine representing Christ's divine body and blood are consecrated and consumed by a congregation

sacrament/Eucharist (Christian)
n. the consecrated elements eaten during the Eucharist

sacristy/vestry (Christian)
n. a room within a church where sacred vessels and vestments are reposited and ecclesiastics habilitate

sacrosanct
a. inviolable by virtue of a sacred condition

sanctify/hallow/consecrate/bless
v. to render or declare holy and dedicate to a religious purpose by means of religious ceremony

sanctify/purify/cleanse
v. to free from guilt, sin or spiritual corruption
_lustrate
_v. to purify by means of a religious ritual or ceremony, as propitiation or ablution

scapular(y) (Roman Catholic)
n. a loose, sleeveless, often cowled monastic garment worn over the shoulders

schism (Christian)
n. a formal division within or separation of a church into two denominations
n. the secession of a group in dissent regarding doctrinal variance

schismatic(al)
a. of, distinguished by or fomenting division between dissenting or opposed factions

shrift (Roman Catholic)
n. a confession of sin communicated to a priest, and his subsequent absolution of the professing penitent
n. the act of confessing one's sins in the presence of a priest

simony (Roman Catholic)
n. traffic of ecclesiastic appointments, benefices, indulgences or relics
_barratry
_n. traffic of ecclesiastical preferments

sprite/spirit/pixie/fay/fairy/faerie
n. a tiny, mischievous, magical humanoid usu. possessing the power of flight

Stentor (Greek)
n. a mythical herald of the Trojan War who possessed an exceptionally loud voice and perished after losing a shouting contest with Hermes

stoup/stoop (Roman Catholic)
n. a basin containing holy water, into which the faithful might dip their fingers before crossing themselves; ordinarily mounted to a wall immediate to an entrance for the convenience of worshipers

succubus/succuba
n. a female demon believed to inflict a pernicious effect while engaging sleeping men in sexual congress

supernal/heavenly/ethereal/empyrean/empyreal/divine/celestial
a. of or pertaining to heaven as the abode of God

suttee
n. the customary, suicidal autocremation of a Hindu woman upon her husband's funeral pyre
n. a Hindu widow who cremates herself on her husband's funeral pyre

sylph (Paracelsus)
n. a mortal, soulless, usu. female elemental being that inhabits the air

syncretism
n. the conciliation, fusion or union of different religions, philosophies, ideologies, cultures, etc.

tabernacle (Roman Catholic)
n. a bedight box emplaced upon a church's altar that contains the sacrament
n. a niche wherein a statue or relic is enshrined

talismanic
a. invested with a protective magical power

thaumaturgy/wonderworking
n. the execution of magical feats or miracles

theophany
n. a visible (but not perforce material) manifestation of a deity beheld by a human or humans

transubstantiate (Roman Catholic)
v. to transmute the Eucharist (bread and wine) into the body and blood of Christ

uncovenanted (Abrahamic)
a. neither committed to a relationship with God through the appointed means of grace nor assured His divine promises or salvation

undine (Paracelsus)
n. a mortal, soulless, usu. female elemental being that inhabits water

vampire
n. an undead, sentient, nocturnal corpse sporting protrusible canine teeth who rises at night to drink the blood of the living
_lamia
_n. a female vampire

vespers (Roman Catholic)
n. that sixth of the divine office's seven canonical hours, first recurring during the early evening and now a public service every Sunday and fete day
_placebo (Roman Catholic)
_n. vespers of the office for the dead

vespers/evensong/Evening Prayer (Anglican)
n. an evening service of prayer and Biblical readings

visitation
n. any appearance or arrival of a supernatural being, esp. a deity
n. an instance of divine calamity, castigation, relief or reprisal

witch/spellbind/hex/fascinate/enthrall/ensorcell/enchant/charm/bewitch
v. to cast a spell over someone to render them immobile, impressible or subject to other magical influences and effects thereof

witched/spellbound/hexed/fascinated/enthralled/ensorcelled/enchanted/bewitched
a. captive to, entranced, or influenced by a magical spell

wizard/witch [OR] warlock/thaumaturgist/thaumaturge/sorceress [OR] sorcerer/magus/magician/magian/mage/enchantress [OR] enchanter
n. one possessing magical powers who practices sorcery

wraith/visitant/spook/specter/shadow/shade/phantom/ghost/apparition
n. the incorporeal, often visible spirit of a deceased individual
_revenant
_n. a returning ghost
_wraith
_n. an apparition of someone witnessed shortly anterior to their death (usu. as an augury)


==RIGHTS & PRIVILEGES==

antecedence/precedence/precedency/priority
n. the right to be attended before others or furnished preference
_primacy
_n. the state of being the first in position, rank or significance: priority exceeding and preceding that of all others

choice/discretion/disposition/election/option
n. the freedom or power to act or decide in accordance with one's own judgment

clout/influence/pull
n. the power to exert an effect, exploit an advantage or realize an objective by dint of one's wealth, eminence or social or political connections

command/imperium/mastery
n. the supreme right to command

disherison
n. the act of cancelling someone's inheritance
n. a state of disinheritance

easement
n. a limited right afforded to one owner of property over that of another, as of passage or free access to water

egress
n. the right to exit

elective
a. (of a group or populace) accorded the authority to elect

entail/fee-tail
n. exclusive tenure of an estate attributing its inheritance to a specific line of heirs

hegemony
n. the supremacy, leadership or preponderant influence of one country, class or ethnicity over another or others
_suzerainty
_n. the hegemonic authority, power or domain of a suzerain

ingress
n. the right or permission granted to enter

latitude/leeway/liberty/scope
n. freedom or opportunity to do or think what one pleases

morganatic
a. of a legitimate marriage between a royal or noble and a peer of lower rank; neither the inferior of the betrothed nor their offspring may accede to titles or inherit property of the superior

noblesse oblige
n. a moral obligation of the wealthy or elite to acquit themselves with prodigality and politesse towards those less privileged

patrimony/birthright
n. an inheritance by right of birth (esp. that of primogeniture)

perquisite/prerogative
n. a right or privilege reserved exclusively by a particular person or group
_primogeniture
_n. an eldest offspring's prerogative of inheritance

primogenitive
a. of or pertaining to a firstborn offspring's precedent patrimony

principality/princedom
n. the sovereignty or jurisdiction of a prince

severalty
n. individual ownership of (usu. real) property

veto/negative
n. executive or legislative power to prevent or quash legislation


==SCENTS==

aromatic/odiferous/odoriferous/odorous/redolent/smelling
a. possessing or emitting a distinctive odor
_aromatic/fragrant/perfumed/redolent/scented
_a. distinguished by or emitting a pleasant odor
_fetid/foul/funky/gamy/malodorous/mephitic/minging/noisome/odiferous/odoriferous/odorous/pongy/rank/reeking/smelly/stinking/stinky
_a. emanating an offensive odor
_poignant/pungent/racy/sharp/tangy
_a. (of scents) keenly potent

effluvium/fetor/malodor/mephitis/reek/stench/stink
n. a foul, potent, possibly poisonous odor

penetrate/perfuse/permeate/suffuse
v. to diffuse a scent over or through
_embalm/perfume/scent
_v. to permeate with a fragrancy
_fill/impregnate/interpenetrate/permeate/pervade/saturate
_v. to suffuse throughout

petrichor
n. the pleasant scent of rain on earth or rock, most readily perceptible following a rainstorm, esp. that occurring posterior to a prolonged period of warm, dry weather


==SIGHTS==

(visual) acuity
n. sharpness of vision: the visual faculty to perceive fine detail

apparent/clear/conspicuous/distinct/evident/manifest/noticeable/observable/obvious/overt/palpable/patent/plain/visible
a. clearly revealed to one's sight; easily seen

bathe/perfuse/permeate/suffuse
v. to overspread with light

beaming/beamy/bright/brilliant/effulgent/fulgent/irradiant/lucent/luminous/lustrous/radiant/refulgent/resplendent/shining/shiny/splendent
a. eradiating or reflecting much light
_blazing/dazzling/incandescent
_a. extremely or intensely bright
__blinding/dazzling/glaring/shrill
__a. blindingly blazing
_lambent
_a. softly, gently luminous

brightness/brilliance/brilliancy/effulgence/fulgency/irradiance/irradiancy/lucence/lucency/luminance/luminosity/luster/radiance/radiancy/refulgence/refulgency/resplendence/resplendency/shine/splendor
n. the state or quality of emanating or reflecting light
_blaze/dazzle/glow/incandescence
_n. intense or extreme effulgence
_lambency
_a. soft luminance

behold/discern/eye/observe/see/sight/view
v. to visually perceive with one's eyes
_behold/consider/examine/eye/eyeball/inspect/note/observe/peruse/regard/scan/scrutinize/sift/study/survey/view/watch
_v. to view thoroughly, rigorously, attentively and often minutely, esp. in assessment
__sift
__v. to scan so to isolate or discern whatever is most germane or significant
__spy
__v. to furtively watch
__survey
__v. to examine comprehensively
_contemplate/consider
_v. to observe in rumination
_descry/espy/spot/spy
_v. to catch sight of something distant or indistinct, esp. with strenuity
__glimpse/sight
__v. to briefly (usu. momentarily) espy
_gaze/ogle/stare
_v. to directly, fixedly view someone or something with fascination, hostility, intent, vacuity, etc.
__gaure/gaze
__v. to stare in amazement
__goggle/stare
__v. to gaze with one's eyes wide open, as in stupefaction
__ogle
__v. to gaze flirtatiously or salaciously

bicker/blink/flicker/glimmer/twinkle
v. to shine with a wavering, unsteady light, as a candle or star
_glimmer/glimpse
_v. to flicker dimly
_shimmer
_v. to bicker softly

bird's-eye/panoramic
a. of or exhibiting a very broad, extensive view, as from the perspective of an altitude or distance

carcel
n. a French photic standard approximating 9.74 candelas, predicated on the output of a Carcel lamp that consumes forty-two grams of colza oil per hour whilst emitting a flame of forty millimeters' height

cast/project/throw
v. to put or send forth light, shadow, etc. on a surface
_image/project
_v. to cast an image

coruscate/flash/gleam/glint/scintillate/spark
v. to emit light briefly and suddenly
_flash/gleam/glint/glisten/glister
_v. to gleam by reflecting light
_blink/scintillate/twinkle/wink
_v. to flash in intermittence
__twinkle
__v. to twinkle in reflection
_coruscate/scintillate/sparkle
_v. to coruscate with bright, usu. small points of light
__glister/glitter/sparkle/twinkle
__v. to sparkle by reflection of light

blink/coruscation/flash/gleam/glimpse/glint/scintilla/spark
n. an abrupt, fleeting, fulgent light
_blink/flicker/glimmer/glimpse/shimmer/twinkle/wink
_n. an intermittent gleam
_glisten/sparkle/twinkle
_n. a gleam consisting of little sparks
__glister/glitter/sparkle
__n. a reflected sparkle

crepuscular rays
n. rays of sunlight visibly shed from specific points, such as cloudy lacunae

disappearing/evanescent/vanishing
a. fading from sight, usu. apace

downcast
a. looking downward

ignis fatuus/will-o'-the-wisp
n. nocturnal, phosphorescent light that flickers, flits and hovers over swampy ground, surmised to eventuate from combustion of effluvium

luminescent/phosphorescent
a. emitting light neither generated by nor accompanying heat, as by the slow oxidation of phosphorous

magnify
v. to increase the apparent size of something, as by the refraction of a lens

obscure/obnubilate/obfuscate/eclipse/fog/cloud/befog/becloud/adumbrate
v. to make less visible
_obnubilate/cloud/becloud
_v. to obscure with clouds
_veil/shroud/screen/occult/obscure/mantle/mask/hide/fog/enshroud/cover/conceal/cloud/cloak/block/beshroud/befog/becloud
_v. to cut or shut off from view
__obnubilate/cloud/becloud
__v. to shroud with clouds

obverse
a. facing or turned toward an observer

opaque
a. admitting neither the passage of light nor concomitant visibility; not transparent or translucent

parallax
n. an apparent, erroneous shift in an object's position consequent of its observer's

phantasmagoria/phantasmagory
n. a fluid, illusory, often oneiric series of associated images, as phantasms

phosphenes
n. rings or spots of visual light induced by excitation of the retina, as by pressure applied to the eyeball under a closed eyelid

photic
n. of or regarding light

similitude/semblance/resemblance/likeness/image/affinity
n. visual or apparent similarity
_simulacrum
_n. a vague, unreal or superficial likeness

sight/spectacle
n. anything seen or well worth seeing
_perspective/prospect/scene/view/vista
_n. a (usu. alfresco, extensive) sight of a location
__aspect/outlook
__n. a vista seen from a specific site
__panorama
__n. a broad, unobstructed view of a surrounding area, esp. a landscape or seascape
__vista
__n. a perspective beheld through a long, narrow passage, as between rows of buildings or trees

tenebrous/tenebrious/tenebrific/stygian/obscure/murky/gloomy/dusky/dim/dark
a. dimly illumined; lacking light
_umbratile/shady/shadowy/dusky
_a. stygian or replete with shadow or shadows

translucent/semitransparent/pellucid/lucent
a. permitting the passage of light so diffused that things or people positioned behind, beneath or beyond are obfuscated

umbratile/umbratic(al)
a. of or concerning shade or shadows

vitreous/transparent/pellucid/lucent/limpid/glassy/clear
a. admitting an absolute passage of light, so that whatever's or whoever's situated behind, beneath or beyond can be clearly seen

weak/wan/pale/feeble/faint/dull/dim
a. (of light) not bright; of very low intensity


==SOUNDS==

assimilate
v. (of a sound) to make or become similar

cacophonic/cacophonical/cacophonious/cacophonous/discordant/disharmonious/dissonant/grating/harsh/inharmonic/inharmonious/noisy/rough/rude/strident/stridulant/stridulous/unharmonious
a. offensively coarse to the ear
_blaring/clamant/clamorous/loud/noisy/raucous/strepent/strepitent/strident/stridulant/stridulous
_a. loudly discordant
_gravelly/guttural/hoarse/rasping/raspy/throaty
_a. (of a voice) harshly grating
__croaking/croaky/gruff/hoarse
__a. (of a voice) gutturally deep in pitch
__hoarse/husky/throaty
__a. (of a voice) slightly hoarse

crackle/crepitation
n. sharp, slight snapping sounds 

crepitation/crepitus
n. a crackling noise within the chest sounded during pneumonia or other diseases afflicting the lungs
n. the rude sound of a broken bone's edges when they rub against one another

dulcet/euphonic/euphonical/euphonious/euphonous/harmonious/mellisonant/melodic/melodious
a. pleasant to the ear
_liquid/mellifluent/mellifluous/smooth
_a. euphonically flowing
__mellow/rich
_a. softly dulcet
__rich
__a. richly mellow

gluck/glug
n. the repeating gurgle of liquid poured from a bottle

hush/quiet/quieten/settle/still/silence
v. to make silent

hush/quiet/quieten/settle/still
v. to become quiet

knell/toll
n. the sound of a bell rung slowly, esp. to herald a death, funeral or hour
v. (of a bell) to ring slowly and somberly, esp. during a funeral

loud/strident
a. (of sound) great in volume and intensity
_blaring/clamant/clamorous/loud/noisy/raucous/strepent/strepitent/strident/stridulant/stridulous
_a. loudly discordant
_brasslike/brassy/brazen
_a. harshly, loudly, metallically resonant, as the ringing sound produced by a brass instrument
_piercing/sharp/shrill/strident/stridulant/stridulous
_a. keenly strident and high-pitched
_plangent
_a. loudly resounding
_stentorian
_a. (of a voice) extremely loud

noctisonance
n. a sound or sounds heard at night

peal/ring
n. a sustained, strident, ordinarily reverberant noise or succession thereof, as that of large bells
_n. a peal produced by bells

purl/babble
n. the murmuring sound produced by flowing, rippling water
v. (of a liquid, usu. water) to produce such a sound

resonance/reverberance/reverberation/sonority/sonorousness/vibrance/vibrancy
n. a condition or quality of sonic prolongation by reflection and sympathetic vibration
_plangency
_n. loud resonance

resonant/resonating/resounding/reverberant/reverberate/reverberating/ringing/sonorous/vibrant
a. (of sound) protracted and often amplified by reflection and vibration
_plangent
_a. loudly resounding
_ringing/silvery
_a. clearly resounding

resonant/sonorous
a. producing or augmenting sonority

resound/reverberate/ring
v. to sound with prolonged reflection and vibration
_peal/whang
_v. to loudly resound
__peal/ring
__v. (of bells) to sound with a peal whilst swinging
_ring
_v. to reverberate clearly
_roll/rumble
_v. to reverberate deeply, as thunder or drums

roll/rumble
n. a low, sustained, sonorous sound, as that of thunder

skirl
v. (of bagpipes) to emit a shrill wail
n. the stridulous wail produced by bagpipes

staccato
n. sound (esp. noise) distinguished by brief, abrupt sunderance
a. (of sounds) shortly, suddenly severed

volume/loudness
n. the gradation of sonic intensity

whang
n. the sharp, snapping sound of a whip's blow

zing
n. a short, sharp buzz of high pitch, as of a shot bullet or tautly plucked string
v. to sound a zing, usu. by speeding

zip
n. a brief, keen, hissing sound, as of an object in flight
v. to produce a zip by festinating


==SUBSTANCES==

ablution
n. liquid (usu. water) used to cleanse one's body, esp. as a function of a religious rite

abrasive/abradant
n. any substance that wears, scrapes or grinds away, often to buff, clean, hone, polish, sand or smooth, as sandpaper, pumice, emery or other powdered surface cleansers

adjuvant
n. an appurtenant drug immixed or administered with another (esp. an antigen) to enhance its effect

agglomerate
n. volcanic rock consisting of fused rounded and angular fragments

amalgamation
n. a procedure by which precious metals (esp. gold and silver) are extracted from their ores when treated with mercury to create an amalgam

amber
n. a hard, lucent fossil resin of yellow, orange, red, brownish-yellow or tawny coloration, harvested from extinct coniferous trees; often used as a component of jewelry or other ornaments

astringent/styptic
n. a substance (esp. a drug or lotion) that causes contraction and constriction of bodily tissues and canals

baize
n. woolen or cotton fabric napped to emulate felt, dyed bright green and utilized as a covering for cue sporting tables and lining for firearms cases

ballast
n. coarse gravel or crushed rock or stone laid as a foundation for street tarmacadam and railroad ties
n. a mixture of coarse and fine, sandy gravel aggregate with which concrete is made

balsam
n. any of various fragrant oleoresins derived from trees (esp. the Balsam fir) and shrubs, and used as an ingredient in medicines and perfumes
n. a fragrant ointment containing a balsam

bile/gall
n. a bitter, alkaline, brownish- or greenish-yellow fluid secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and discharged during digestion into the duodenum, where it conduces emulsification, digestion and absorption of consumed fats, and neutralizes acids

blacking/lampblack
n. fine soot derived from the smoke of burnt carbonaceous materials that's bestowed as a pigment and ingredient of carbon electrodes, dynamo brushes, explosives, fertilizers, lubricants and matches

bonanza
n. an especially rich vein, pocket or mine of ore

boneblack/bone charcoal
n. a residual black pigment created by roasting bones in airtight receptacles and used as a filtering medium, polish ingredient and sugar decolorant

bromide
n. any compound comprehending bromine, such as methyl bromide
n. a salt of hydrobromic acid composed of bromine and another element
_(potassium) bromide
_n. a white, soluble, crystalline bromide formerly employed in photographic emulsion and lithography, and as a sedative; superseded in its latter function by safer drugs and discontinued in 1975

caoutchouc/gum elastic/rubber
n. an extremely elastic material of light cream to dark amber colors obtained from the latex or sap of tropical plants (usu. of the Hevea and Ficus species) that's polymerized by coagulation, dried, dyed, finished and fashioned into various products: automotive tires, elastic bands, electrical insulation, etc.

caustic/corrosive
n. any substance capable of chemically burning, corroding or dissolving another, esp. living tissue
_calcium oxide/calx/(burnt [OR] calcined [OR] fluxing [OR] unslaked) lime/quicklime
_n. a white, lumpy, caustic crystalline powder used as an industrial alkali, flux and refractory, to produce calcium hydroxide, and to manufacture glass, insecticides, paper, steel, etc.
_mordant
_n. a corrosive bestowed in etching
_(oil of) vitriol/sulfuric acid
_n. a colorless to brown (depending on its purity), dense, oily, highly corrosive acid readily miscible with water; utilized extensively as an industrial and scientific reagent, and in the manufacture of detergents, drugs, dyes, explosives, fertilizers, paints, pigments, etc.

chaw/chew/cud/quid/wad
n. a piece of something chewable or chewed, such as a stick of gum or plug of tobacco

chenille
n. a thick, soft, tufted cord or yarn composed of cotton, silk or worsted velvet applied in embroidery, fringing, trimmings, etc.
n. a fabric consisting of chenille, from which bathrobes, bedspreads, rugs etc. are fashioned

cinder/scoria/sinter/slag/tailings
n. vitrified refuse resulting from smelted metal or ore
_dross
_n. oxidized, mostly metallic scum that forms on molten metal surfaces

cinder/scoria/slag
n. cindery, crusty, dark, porous, solidified cellular lava

cinnabar
n. a heavy, vermilion mineral comprised of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury

coir
n. the coconut husk's prepared fiber applied as a component in the manufacture of rope, matting, etc.

concretion
n. a hard, solid mass formed by the local, cohesive accumulation of matter, esp. within a mass of sediment
n. the process by which matter accrues into a concretion

debris/detritus/rubble
n. particles of loose material (gravel, rocks, silt, stone fragments, etc.) broken or worn away by attrition from a mass
_scree/talus
_n. a mass of rocky rubble that covers or constitutes a slope at the base of a cliff or hillside, or on a mountainside
n. scattered fragments of something that has been destroyed or broken into pieces, esp. demolished buildings

duff
n. decomposing matter (esp. leaves and branches) covering a forest floor

effluvium/miasm/miasma
n. noisome vapors emanating from putrescent matter or other waste

emollient/ointment
n. any agent (esp. a cream or lotion) applied to skin to soften or soothe it

essence
n. a concentrated extract of a substance
_attar/ottar/otto
_n. a fragrant, floral essential oil, often exploited as a base for perfume
_essence/spirit
_n. liquid essence, usu. extracted by distillation
_quintessence
_n. a pure essence containing the most concentrated form of its principle

exudate/ooze
n. any liquid substance oozed, esp. through pores

fiber/fibril/filament/filum/strand/thread
n. a single, slender structure of natural or synthetic substance, such as hair, string or wire
_fibril/filament
_n. an especially or relatively small fiber

flatus
n. intestinal gas accrued of bacterial fermentation or swallowed air in or from the stomach

flux
n. any substance that induces or conduces flow or fusion, as to refine metals by merging with impurities to form disposable slag, avert the oxidation of fused metals or facilitate the flow of plastics during mold injection

foam/froth/spume
n. a cumulation of small gas bubbles produced by agitation or fermentation on a fluid surface

frieze
n. a heavy, coarse woolen fabric featuring a long nap, usu. only on one side

fulgurite
n. slender, usu. tubular glassy rock generated by lightning when it strikes and fuses rock or sand

galena/galenite
n. a gray, heavy mineral mined from hydrothermal veins notable as the primary ore of lead

gingham
n. cotton fabric composed of dyed yarn and woven in checked, plaid or striped patterns

gold
n. a shiny, yellow, incomparably pliable and ductile metallic element of great intrinsic monetary value; resistant to corrosion and immune to oxidation, yet soluble by contact with chlorine and aqua regia
_gilt/gilding
_n. a coating of gold leaf or paint applied to a surface or other object

gutta-percha
n. the milky, whitish liquid latex of the gutta-percha tree
n. a rubbery substance derived from the aforementioned congealed latex, utilized as an element of dental cement, electrical insulation and golf balls

gypsum
n. hydrous calcium sulfate: a colorless, white or xanthous mineral bestowed as an ingredient of cement, fertilizer, glass, paint, plaster of Paris, plasterboard and school chalk

isomer
n. any of multiple compounds composed of dissimilar atomic arrays of the same molecular formula

jargon/jargoon
n. a smoky or translucent, colorless or pale yellow variety of zircon

humectant
a. any substance that absorbs or promotes retention of moisture
_moisturizer
_n. a cosmetic cream or lotion applied to skin that restores to it moisture or promotes retention thereof

hydrargyrum/mercury/quicksilver
n. a silvery, poisonous, metallic, heavy, fluid element applied as an active component of barometers, batteries, thermometers and vapor lamps

indigo(tin)
n. a dark blue crystalline compound extracted from the indigo plant and broadly bestowed as a textile dye

jade
n. a semiprecious stone composed of either the nephrite or jadeite minerals, the color of which ranges from rich green to white and is applied primarily to fashion gemstones or sculptures

kidskin
n. soft, smooth leather tanned from the hide of a young goat

kinnikinic/kinnikinnic(k)/killikinick
n. a concoction of certain dried leaves and bark smoked with or as a substitute for tobacco by Native Americans and pioneers

loam
n. soil composed of clay, sand, silt and decomposing vegetable matter
n. a mixture of moist clay, sand and straw packed to produce foundry molds and plaster walls

maguey
n. fiber obtained from the magueys, usu. applied in the manufacture of rope

marl
n. crumbly, fine, friable deposit rich with a mixture of clay, calcium and magnesium carbonates and shell fragments employed as fertilizer to enrich soil lacking lime

meconium
n. dark green mucoid matter primarily composed of bile, epithelial cells and mucus, which accrues in fetal intestines and ultimately comprises a newborn infant's first excretion

(culture [OR] growth) medium
n. a nutritive liquid or gelatinous substance in which tissues, microorganisms or (bacterial, fungal, faunal, floral) cells are cultivated for scientific uses

medium
n. any substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed

medium
n. an intervening substance (esp. air) through which force or signals may be transmitted as a means to impart effect or convey communication to the senses

medium
n. a solvent with which pigment is mixed to produce paint, or paint is mixed to extenuate its viscosity

niter/potassium nitrate/saltpeter
n. a white or colorless crystalline mineral compound generated by nitrification in soil and used as an ingredient in explosives, gunpowders, fertilizers, matches, preservatives, pyrotechnics and rocket propellants

oakum
n. loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unraveling old ropes; impregnated with tar, it's used to caulk seams of wooden ships

ocher/ochre
n. any of numerous soils primarily embodying alumina, ferric oxide and silica; utilized as red and yellow pigments
_ruddle
_n. red ochre, usu. applied to mark sheep
_v. to dye or mark with ruddle

ormolu
n. gilded brass or bronze, often used to fashion fixtures, furniture mounts and other adornments
n. any of numerous, gilt copper, tin or zinc alloys, utilized as a decorative component of architecture, furnishings, jewelry, etc.
_pinchbeck
_n. an alloy composed of copper and zinc employed as fake gold

parfleche
n. rawhide depilated by soaking in lye and water and dried on a stretcher

patina
n. a green or brown film or crust consisting of oxide that gradually forms on the surface of bronze or copper
_verdigris
_n. a green to aqua patina composed of copper sulfate or copper chloride and resulting from atmospheric oxidation on brass, bronze or copper exposed to air or seawater for protracted durations

pee/piss/urine
n. acidulous, commonly yellowish excretory liquid filtered from blood by the kidneys, containing waste matter that's egested via the urethra

phlogiston
n. a hypothetical chemical once believed to be a volatile ingredient of all combustible substances and released as flame during combustion

porphyry
n. dark, igneous, reddish-purple rocks containing large crystals (usu. feldspar) embedded in a mineral groundmass

precipitation
n. water formed by atmospheric condensation that falls from clouds to earth: hail, rain, sleet or snow

priming
n. any explosive substance used to ignite a charge, as gunpowder

quinine/quinia
n. a white, bitter, crystalline or powdered alkaloid extracted from cinchona bark and used as an active ingredient of antimalarial treatments

radium
n. a lucent, extremely radioactive metallic element found minutely in uranium ores, the decay of which produces alpha rays and radon gas; applied for radiotherapy and as an ingredient of luminescent paints

ratchel
n. any gravelly stone

reagent
n. any reactive substance used in chemical analysis and synthesis as a means to detect, examine, measure or produce other substances

rheum
n. a watery discharge of the mucous membranes that seeps from the eyes or nose, as during a cold

rime
n. an incrustation of ice formed when supercooled water droplets in fog freeze on contact with solid objects
n. any coating akin to rime, as frozen mud or slime

scurf
n. any flaky or scaly matter that flakes or peels from a surface
_scurf
_n. dry, scaly, exfoliated shreds of skin
__dandruff
__n. scurf of the scalp

shale
n. fissile rock formed by compression of sedimentary layers rich in clay

silica
n. the insoluble, refractory, white dioxide form of silicon, a crystalline compound that occurs naturally as agate, flint, quartz, sand, etc., and is bestowed to manufacture abrasives, ceramics, concrete and glass
_quartz
_n. hard, lucent silica found in igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks: the most common of minerals, and utilized in the manufacture of abrasives, cement and glass 
__amethyst
__n. purple or violet quartz, often fashioned into gemstones
__chalcedony
__n. translucent to transparent and often milky or grayish quartz consisting of microscopic crystals, slender fibers of which are disposed in parallel bands
___agate
___n. fibrous chalcedony of particolored bands
___carnelian/cornelian
___n. semitransparent, pale to deep reddish-yellow to reddish-brown chalcedony
___onyx
___n. chalcedony of alternating black and white striations, often used as gemstones
__chert
__n. siliceous, sedimentary rock primarily composed of microcrystalline quartz
__jasper
__n. an opaque, cryptocrystalline variant of quartz colored brown, red or yellow
_sinter
_n. a white, porous, siliceous incrustation deposited from hot mineral springs
_tektite
_n. any of numerous small, rounded, vitreous, silicate glass objects dyed from brown to green, presumed resultant of meteoritic impact

slurry
n. any fine suspension of insoluble particles in a liquid, as cement, clay, coal or feces in water or oil

spraint
n. a piece of otter feces

substrate
n. any substance on which an enzyme acts

sustenance/pabulum/nutrition/nutriment/nutrient/nourishment/food/aliment
n. any matter ingested to nourish the body
_provender/meat/food/edible(s)/eatable(s)/comestible(s)
_n. any solid or semisolid nutriment that's eaten
__provender/pasture/forage/fodder/feed
__n. grass, hay or other vegetation eaten by grazing animals such as equine or cattle
__swill/slop(s)
__n. solid and fluid esculent refuse (as table scraps) fed to animals, esp. pigs and goats
__vittle/victual
__n. food eaten by humans
___viand
___n. an article of victual

sweat/sudor/perspiration
n. saline fluid excreted by sweat glands through dermal pores

sweat
n. moisture (esp. droplets) wept from something, as that condensed on a cold surface

tarmac(adam)
n. coarse, crushed stone immingled with tar and bitumen, and compressed (usually by a steamroller) to pave a surface

teak
n. the hard, substantial, yellowish-brown wood of teak trees, which is resistant to insects and warping, and utilized in the construction of ships and furniture

theriac/treacle
n. any of various medicinal compounds (usu. ointments or potions) formerly dispensed and applied or ingested as antidotes for poison

travertine
n. a porous, sedimentary limestone formed by precipitation of calcium carbonate; colored white, cream, tan and rusty, and utilized as a construction material; bounteous deposits exist and are quarried at Tivoli, near Rome

unguent/unction/salve/ointment
n. a medicinal fluid or lotion applied externally to treat, soothe or palliate a contusion, irritation, sprain. etc.
_balsam/balm
_n. a fragrant salve
__balsam
__n. a fragrant ointment containing a balsam
_liniment/embrocation
_n. an ointment applied to skin to soothe stiffness, soreness, sprain or inflammation

volatile
n. a substance that evaporates readily at ordinary pressures and temperatures

vomit(us)/spew/puke/barf
v. any matter orally ejected from one's stomach

wastewater/sewer water/sewerage/sewage
n. water mixed with waste matter during ablution, flushing or a manufacturing procedure channeled through sewers
_effluent
_n. wastewater discharged from a factory, nuclear plant, sewage system, etc. into another body of water

weft
n. woven fabric
_selvage
_n. a length of woven fabric's finished edge that's weaved or knit to preclude curling, fraying or raveling

whinstone
n. any of several varieties of hard, dark rocks
_basalt
_n. a dark, hard, igneous, often vitreous rock composed of olivine, plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene, which constitutes most of the oceanic floor


==TEXTURE & CONSISTENCY==

attenuate/extenuate/rarefy
v. to make or become less dense
_cut/dilute/extenuate/reduce
_v. to attenuate the consistency or viscosity of a fluid

bendable/bendy/flexible/flexile/limber/lissom(e)/lithe/pliable/pliant/supple/withy/yielding
a. readily flexed, esp. without sustaining damage

coagulate(d)/congealed/curdled/gelled/jelled
a. (of a liquid) thickened (usu. by cooling) to a semisolid or gelatinous state
_clotted
_a. curdled into one or several soft, thick lumps

condense/inspissate/thicken
v. to render or become thick or thicker of consistency or viscosity
_coagulate/congeal/set
_v. (of a liquid, semifluid or semisolid) to solidify, as by cooling, drying, freezing or thickening
_coagulate/congeal/curdle/gel/jell/set
_v. (of a liquid) to change or cause to change to a semisolid or gelatinous state, usu. by thickening
__clot
__v. to congeal into a soft, viscous mass or lump

deliquium/dissolution/liquefaction/liquification
n. transformation of solid into liquid matter

dissolve/flux/liquefy/liquidize
v. to make or become a liquid
_condense/liquefy/liquidize
_v. (of a gas or vapor) to flux, usu. by cooling
_deliquesce/dissolve/liquefy/liquidize/melt
_v. (of a solid) to liquefy, ordinarily by heating
__defrost/thaw/unfreeze
__v. to melt from a frozen state
_deliquesce
_v. (of a solid) to liquidize by absorbing moisture from air

ductile/malleable/moldable/plastic/workable
a. capable of being shaped when subjected to pressure
_pliable/tractable
_a. very malleable; easily molded
_ductile/tensile/tractile
_a. malleable to protraction

fusil(e)/fusible/meltable
n. subject to melting

sectile
a. capable of being cut smoothly, as with a knife

slippy/slippery/lubricous/lubricious/lubric
a. likely to occasion slipping; difficult to hold firmly, or stand or walk on by detriment of a greasy, wet, slimy or otherwise exceedingly smooth surface

soften/mollify/emolliate
v. to make soft or softer; to render less hard
_steep/macerate
_v. to soften by soaking

unyielding/unbending/stiff/rigid/inflexible/firm
a. not flexible when subjected to pressure: not to be or not easily bent
_rigidulous
_a. slightly or somewhat stiff

wispy/fine
a. (of hair, smoke, thread, etc.) extremely light and slender


==TIME==

aeon/age/eon
n. any indefinitely long span

aeonian/ageless/dateless/eonian/eternal/everlasting/sempiternal/timeless
a. without beginning or end; of an infinite duration

afore/before/earlier/formerly/once/preveniently/previously
av. (existing or occurring) at a previous time
_heretofore
_av. before now; ere the present time
_heretofore/hitherto
_av. until now
_theretofore
_av. before a previous time
_theretofore/thitherto
_av. until then

afore/before/ere
conj., prep. (being or happening) at an earlier time

age/epoch/era/period
n. any historical span distinguished by particular characteristics, conditions, events, personalities, phenomena or zeitgeist

anachronic(al)
a. out of proper chronological order; chronologically jumbled

anachronistic/anachronous
a. chronologically misplaced; erroneous of date or period

antecede/antedate/forego/precede/predate
v. to exist or occur during an earlier time

antecedent/anterior/earlier/precedent/preceding/prevenient/previous/prior
a. existing or occurring before in time or order

antecedence/antecedency/anteriority/precedence/precedency/priority
n. a state of being or occurring earlier

approaching/coming/forthcoming/near/upcoming
a. temporally close; soon to occur
_forthcoming/imminent/impendent/impending/pending/proximate
_a. about to occur; to happen at any moment

brief/ephemeral/fleeting/fugacious/fugitive/passing/quick/short/temporal/transient/transitory/volatile
a. existing or occurring in brevity; lasting only for a short time
_momentary
_a. lasting but a moment; especially ephemeral

coetaneous/coeval/coexistent/concurrent/contemporaneous/contemporary/simultaneous
a. existing at the same time; of the same age, generation or period

coetaneous/coextensive/commensurate/conterminal/conterminous/coterminous
a. (of several events, processes, etc.) of the same duration

coextensive/coincident/concurrent/contemporaneous/contemporary/conterminal/conterminous/coterminous/simultaneous/synchronic/synchronous
a. occurring during the same span

coincide/concur
v. to happen simultaneously

coincidence/concurrence/conjunction/contemporaneity/simultaneity/synchronicity/synchronism/synchrony
n. a temporal correspondence of multiple events, the simultaneous occurrence of which ordinarily denotes no causal relation

contiguous/immediate/nearest/proximal/proximate
a. occurring directly before or after; immediately preceding or succeeding in time; temporally closer than any other

daily/diurnal
a. of or happening during daytime
_daily/diurnal/everyday/quotidian
_a. recurring every day
_daily
_a. issued every day

decade
n. ten consecutive years
_luster/lustrum
_n. five successive years; a half-decade

Devonian (Period)
n. the fourth period of the Paleozoic Era (approximately 405 to 345 million years ago), historically distinguished by the advent of amphibians, insects and forests, and the evolutionary development of lobe-finned fish
a. of, being, concerning or incipient during the Devonian Period

duly/promptly/punctually/readily
av. at an agreed, scheduled or specified time

eon/aeon
n. the longest division of geological time (minimally, 500,000,000 years) during which the eonothem rock strata is formed, comprising two to fourteen eras
_era
_n. several hundred million years when the erathem rock strata is formed, consisting of numerous periods
__period
__n. the primary unit of geologic time representing the formation of a standard rock system; constituted of epochs
___epoch
___n. tens of millions of years during which a series of rock strata is laid down, comprehending multiple ages
____age
____n. millions of years during which a stage of rock strata is formed

eonian/aeonian
a. of, regarding or composing a geological eon

nearness/propinquity/proximity
n. any state of temporal closeness

nightly/nocturnal
a. of, pertaining to, active or occurring during the night
_nightly
_a. appearing, happening or performed every night

novennial
a. done or recurring every ninth year
a. lasting nine years

proximo
av. of, in or during the next month

span
v. to extend across a period of time

temporal
a. of or pertaining to time

ulterior/posterior/succeeding/subsequent/sequent/later/following/after
a. existing or occurring later in time or order

ultimo
av. of, in or during last month

unpunctual/tardy/overdue/late/delayed/belated/behindhand
a. transpiring, arriving, accomplished, etc. ulterior to an accepted, expected or scheduled time

whilom/sometime/quondam/past/once/old/former/erstwhile/bygone
a. of, belonging to, existing or occurring during a previous time; that once was

whilom/sometime/once/formerly/erstwhile/erst
av. in the past; at an earlier time

weekly
a. of or concerning a week
_hebdomadal/hebdomadary/weekly
_a. occurring once every seven days, or every week


==TOOLS, DEVICES & COMPONENTS==

accessory/accoutrement/adjunct/appurtenance/attachment/supplement
n. an additional, subordinate item or component that enhances or extends capability or function
_peripheral
_n. an accessorial computing device, as an external storage drive, keyboard, mouse, printer, etc.

aerial
n. any radio's or television's antenna

aglet
n. a tubular metal or plastic sheath that seals each end of a shoelace or cord to facilitate passage through eyelets

alpenstock
n. a long, stout staff that terminates to an iron point plied by mountain climbers

amphora
n. a large, ovoid, earthenware jar of ancient Roman or Greek origin distinguished by a narrow neck and twin handles that extend from its lip to its shoulder, which was used to contain oil or wine

aperture (stop)
n. a (usu. adjustable and circinate) component of an optical instrument (such as a camera or telescope) that limits an amount of light admitted to its lens or mirror

apparatus/appurtenances/equipage/equipment/gear/kit/outfit/paraphernalia/rig/tackle
n. any selection of articles (as tools, instruments, attire, etc.) bestowed to execute a particular operation or activity
_impedimenta
_n. bulky, encumbering equipage
_panoply
_n. a warrior's integral outfit of arms and armor

attache (case)
n. a flat, shallow, rectangular briefcase in which documents are carried

automaton
n. a mechanism programmed to perform a series of functions and act in response to a range of circumstances

axletree
n. a crossbar supporting a vehicle (as a cart or wagon) terminating to opposite spindles on which a twain of wheels revolve

baggage/dunnage/luggage
n. receptacles in which one bestows one's personalty (esp. clothes and toiletries) while traveling, as bags, suitcases or trunks
_impedimenta
_n. heavy or bulky baggage that encumbers

ballast
n. any heavy material (gravel, sand, iron) placed to stabilize a vessel
n. heavy, stabilizing material loaded on an airship or hot-air balloon that's jettisoned to achieve greater altitude

ballast
n. a device that maintains an electrical circuit's current

ballast resistor/barretter
n. a resistor inserted into a circuit to moderate changes in current, esp. those ensuant of temperature fluctuations

bauble
n. a court jester's mock scepter, fashioned in parody of his king's

bevel (square)
n. twain hinged rules with which one can mensurate or delineate angles of various sizes or inclinations

bier
n. a stand on which a corpse or coffin containing a corpse is laid afore its inhumation
_catafalque
_n. an adorned bier on which a corpse or coffin rests before or during a funeral

bight
n. any curve or loop in a rope

bight/slack
n. the (usu. middle) loose portion of an extended rope

boss
n. a thick, enlarged portion of a hub, shaft, wheel, etc. to which another is coupled or keyed

brad
n. a thin wire nail sporting a small head or lateral projection in lieu of a head

Brannock Device
n. an instrument used to measure a foot's proportions to ascertain an appropriate correspondent shoe size

brazier
n. a metal pan in which coals or charcoal are burnt to heat an area
n. a metal receptacle in which charcoal or coal are burnt to grill food

broach
n. a toothed, tapered, elongate cutting tool used to shape or enlarge a hole

broach
n. a spit on which meat is roasted

broadside
n. the collective totality of a warship's lateral armament

buckle
n. a (usu. rectilinear) frame fitted with a hinged prong designed to pass through the perforations of a belt or strap to join its ends
n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle

buckler
n. a small, round shield held by a handle or worn on one's forearm

bungstarter
n. a wooden mallet used to loosen the bung of a cask

burl
n. wood sliced from a tree's burl and used decoratively as a veneer

burr
n. a handheld, electric rotary file used to remove burrs

caisson
n. a chest in which ammunition is stored

caisson
n. a float employed to raise a sunken vessel

caisson/cofferdam
n. a large, watertight box fastened to the side of a ship for the underwater repair of its hull

canopy
n. the transparent covering of an aircraft cockpit constructed of glass or plastic

canopy
n. a parachute's hemispheric, folded, expanding component composed of silk or nylon, which fills with air to decelerate one's descent

cantle
n. the rear, upcurved portion of a saddle

carboy
n. a large plastic or glass bottle cased in a crate or basket, usu. applied to contain corrosive liquids

cartouche/cartridge
n. a cylindrical case containing a bullet and priming for small arms, esp. handguns, rifles and shotguns

cistern
n. a reservoir or tank in which water is stored, esp. that utilized to supply taps or flush toilets

clamshell (bucket)
n. a large industrial dredging bucket of two hinged parts akin in shape to the shell of a clam

compact
n. a small, flat, hinged, cosmetic case designed to be carried in a purse, in which an integrated mirror, compartmented pressed powder(s) and powder puff are contained

cupola
n. a vertical, cylindrical blast furnace wherein metals (esp. iron) are remelted ere casting

cupola
n. a plane's, tank's or warship's plastic or glass dome under which a gunner is seated

demiculverin
n. a cannon that launches a ball weighing between nine and thirteen pounds

derrick
n. a simple crane embodying a movable boom equipped with cables and pulleys secured to the base of a stabile, upright beam, ordinarily utilized to shift cargo

device/implement/tool/utensil
n. an item used to perform a manual or mechanical function
_contraption/contrivance/device
_n. a (usu. ingenious) mechanical, electric or electronic implement
__appliance
__n. a device employed to perform a domestic function, as a washing machine, toaster, refrigerator or dishwasher
__gadget/widget
__n. a small contraption
__instrument
__n. any contrivance applied to control, measure, monitor or record
__medium
__n. a type of electronic device on which information is stored and accessed: discs, magnetic tape, floppy, flash and hard drives, etc.
_instrument
_n. an implement designed for the execution of precision work

dispatch box
n. a locked case in which documents or valuables are reposited

drop/gallous/gallows (tree)/gibbet
n. a wooden frame comprised of two uprights supporting a traverse from which a noose is suspended to gird the neck of a condemned person executed by hanging
_gibbet
_n. a wooden structure resembling a gallows from which corpses of executed convicts were hung for public exhibition

dunnage
n. loose material laid beneath and betwixt articles of cargo to avert damage
_excelsior
_n. fine curled or curved softwood shavings employed as packing or stuffing

dynamo/generator
n. a machine that converts mechanical into electric energy, embracing a coil (the armature) that rotates between the poles of its electromagnet (the field magnet) and elicits the flow of electric current in the aforementioned armature

enchiridion/handbook
n. a compendious manual or reference book furnishing information or instruction regarding an implement, locale or topic

escapement
n. a mechanism in a timepiece comprising an escape wheel and anchor that controls its wheel and periodically impels a pendulum or balance

escapement
n. a mechanical component of a typewriter carriage embodying pawls and a toothed rack or wheel that regulates its sidelong motion

escapement
n. a mechanism in a piano that permits a hammer to fall clear of a string after striking so not to dampen its resonance

escritoire
n. a hinged case containing writing materials that opens to a surface on which one may write

escutcheon/scutcheon
n. a shield or emblem of a shield's conformation on which a coat of arms is blazoned

felloe
n. a rim of a wooden wheel (or portion thereof) to which spokes are attached
_duledge
_n. any dowel joining the ends of felloes that compose the circle of a gun carriage's wheel

ferrule
n. a plastic or metal sleeve, ring or cap affixed to the end of a shaft (as a handle, tube, stick, etc.) to impart durability and forestall splitting or wear
n. a metal band (such as that of a pencil's eraser or paintbrush's bristles) that forms a joint or stengthens the instrument of which it's a constituent

filament
n. a thin (usually tungsten) wire in a light bulb or electric lamp heated to incandescence by its conduction of an electric current

finery
n. a charcoal hearth in which cast or pig iron is converted into wrought iron

flail
n. a tool employed to implement manual threshing comprehending a staff or handle hinged to a free-swinging swipe pole or bar
n. an ancient weapon adapted from the farming tool, composed of a handgrip coupled by a chain to a spiked metal ball

fletching
n. an arrow's feathers

fluke
n. any lateral barb or barbed head of an arrow, fishhook, harpoon, spear, etc.

foible
n. the weaker half of a sword's blade extending from its center to tip

foil
n. the reflective, metallic sheet or coating constituting a mirror's backing

forte
n. the stronger half of a sword's blade, from hilt to center

frizzen
n. a flintlock action's pivoted metal upright situated over its flash pan that encloses the priming against which a flint strikes

furnace lining
n. the lining of a furnace's interior walls, which is composed of refractory material

fusee/vesuvian
n. a match sporting a large head that burns slowly and can't be easily extinguished, usu. employed to light cigars

fusil
n. a lightweight flintlock musket

gaff
n. an iron hook fixed to a handle or shaft used to land fish
v. to strike, impale or land with a gaff

gaff/spur
n. a sharp metal spike strapped to the leg of a gamecock

gimbal
n. a pair of rings mounted on axes that pivot perpendicular to enable a component device (such as a ship's compass) to remain horizontal even as its support tilts

grapnel/grapple/grappler/grappling (hook [OR] iron)
n. an iron shaft fastened to a rope at one end and at the other terminating in one or multiple hooks or clamps; used for grasping, holding or climbing

grapnel/grapple/grappling
n. a light anchor for small boats terminating in three or more flukes

graver
n. any tool used to engrave
_burin
_n. a tool with a rounded hilt terminating in an acute, beveled point, applied to engrave or carve marble, metal or wood
_scauper/scorper
_n. a fine chisel, the tip of which is square or arcuate, used to clear lines or large areas when engraving wood or metal

grip/haft/handgrip/handle
n. any component designed to be held in one's hand, so to be lifted, moved or operated
_haft/hilt
_n. the handle of a weapon, as a battle-ax, dagger or sword
__pommel
__n. a knob protruding from the hilt of a weapon, usu. a sword
_helve/hilt
_n. the handle of a tool, as an ax, chisel, driver, hammer, hatchet, pick, etc.

guidon
n. a small military flag or pennant utilized as a marker or standard by a unit, esp. a calvalry regiment

halter
n. an implement consisting of rope or straps fit about the head of an animal (usu. a horse) with which it's lead, restrained or secured
_hackamore
_n. a halter of rawhide or rope applying controlling pressure to its wearer's nose, the wide band of which can be lowered to shroud a horse's eyes; utilized primarily to gentle foals
_headstall/headpiece
_n. the portion of a halter that girds a horse's head

hasp
n. a metal clasp, the hinged, slotted strap of which passes over a staple to which it's fixated with a bolt, pin or padlock

headstall/headpiece
n. the portion of a bridle that girds a horse's head

hod
n. an open box fixed atop a pole in which bricks or mortar are carried against one's shoulder

horn/pommel/saddlebow
n. a saddle's arched forepart

howitzer
n. a short cannon that fires shells at medium velocity to steep trajectories

irons/shackles
n. a pair of metal rings or bands linked by a chain or bar and locked around someone's wrists or ankles to inhibit their movement
_bracelets/cuffs/handcuffs/manacles
_n. shackles girding the wrists to restrain appendicular or manual motion
_fetters
_n. shackles fastened about the ankles or feet to cumber ambulation

jumper (cable [OR] lead)
n. a short length of wire used to complete an electrical circuit or bypass a break therein

jumper
n. any rugged steel bar or bit with a tapered tip used to bore rock or drill holes with rapid and repeated impact, as that of a hammer drill or jackhammer

kevel
n. a masonry hammer used to break and crudely contour stone, the head of which is flat at one end and tapered to a wedged point at the other

key fob
n. a small, usu. flat object attached to a keyring or keychain, ordinarily composed of plastic or fiberglass and molded to be readily and comfortably handled

lariat/lasso/reata
n. a long rope terminating to a running noose applied to catch an animal

lariat
n. a rope used to tether a grazing animal, as to a post or picket

leister
n. a fishing spear terminating to treble prongs used to transfix fish

manifold
n. a pipe or chamber that branches into multiple apertures linked as inlets or outlets to enable the concurrent flux of liquids or gases

morral
n. a feedbag fashioned of thick, tough cloth (usu. canvas)

ossuarium/ossuary
n. any receptacle containing human bones, as an urn

pallet
n. a low, portable, wooden platform on which goods (usu. cargo) are stored or transported, through the open ends of which a forklift's forks are admitted

pallet
n. a potter's tool used to mix and model clay that's composed of a handgrip and flat blade or plate, comparable to a spatula

pannier
n. one of a brace of bags, baskets or packs slung over a person's shoulders, the back of a pack animal or stern of a bicycle or motorcycle

peen
n. the spherical or wedged end of a hammer's head opposite its flat striking face

pillory
n. a wooden framework mounted on a post, in holes of which the wrists and neck of the penalized are locked; thereafter, the captive is exposed to public scorn

placard/bill
n. a salient written or printed sign that's publicly posted
_poster
_n. a large placard posted to advertise or publicize

plumb line
n. a cord from which a metal weight is suspended, used to ascertain verticality or depth from a specific point
_plumb bob/plummet
_n. the (usually conical, lead) metal weight hung from the end of a plumb line

(two- [OR] three- [OR] four- [OR] five-, etc.) ply
n. one of several strands twisted together to make yarn, thread or rope
n. one of several layers of cloth, paper or wood, as those constituting a sheet of plywood, square of toilet paper, etc.

portmanteau
n. a large suitcase fashioned of stiff leather that opens to a pair of hinged compartments

pritchel
n. a tool with which a blacksmith or farrier punches or enlarges a horseshoe's nail holes

quirt
n. a riding whip embodying a short, stiff, stout handle and plaited leather lash

ramrod
n. a rod applied to clean a firearm's barrel
n. a rod used to insert the charge of a muzzleloading firearm

relay
n. an electrical device that activates or severs connections in a circuit in response to a minor alteration of current or voltage in another

revetment
n. any barricade intended to shield against explosives, ordinarily comprising sandbags or stones

rheostat
n. an adjustable resistor designed to respond to variance of current without opening the electrical circuit of which it's a component, as that of a light slider

ristra
n. a string on which preserved foodstuffs such as chilies, garlic, onions, dried fruit, etc. are threaded to be hung

rowel
n. a sharp, spiked wheel to which the shank of a spur terminates, used to impel a horse

rudder
n. a steering mechanism consisting of a hinged, vertical plate mounted to the stern of a vessel
_tiller
_n. a bar or lever used to turn a boat's rudder
n. a hinged airfoil mounted at an aircraft's vertical stabilizer that occasions horizontal course changes when pivoted

scribe(r)/scratch awl
n. a handgrip from which a thin, acuate steel spike projects; used to score wood, metal, ceramic, brick, etc. to indicate where it's to be cut

setline/trawl (line)
n. a long, buoyed fishing line extended across a span of sea to which shorter hooked, baited lines are fastened at intervals

setline/trotline
n. a long fishing line extended athwart a river or stream to which shorter, hooked, baited, intervallic lines are affixed

shisha/sheesha/narghile/nargileh/kalian/hookah/chicha/calean
n. an oriental pipe encompassing an urn wherein marijuana or (often fruit-scented) tobacco smoke is cooled by passage through water, affixed to a long, flexible tube through which it's aspirated

sideboard
n. a removable board fitted to the side of a wagon, truck or trailer to expand its lateral capacity

siphon
n. a tube extended from liquid in a vessel to a nether external level, through which the liquid is first drawn from the vessel by suction or immersion to enable atmospheric pressure and gravity to convey further liquid

skelp
n. curved and welded tubular sheet or plate metal

skeuomorph
n. an ornamental object, feature or design fashioned to resemble a functional component or a precursory substance or design, as electric tea kettles, simulated automotive woodgrain, faux buckles and the emulation of any software interface derived from calculators, calendars, drum machines, keyboards, modular synthesizers, notebooks, rotary phones, etc.
_buckle
_n. a shoe's or hat's ornamental skeuomorph resembling a buckle

spancel
n. a noosed rope used to hobble an animal, esp. a sheep, horse or cow

stob
n. any short, straight length of wood, as a post, stake or stump

stoker
n. a mechanical contrivance that feeds fuel (usu. coal) to a furnace

strop(per)
a. a thick, tethered leather strip on which razors are sharpened

substrate
n. a semiconductor foundation on which an integrated electronic circuit is fabricated or posited

sudarium
n. a cloth or handkerchief used to wipe sweat from the face

swivel
n. any coupling device or component (as a pivot or link) on which a fastened part or object may turn freely
_pivot
_n. any point, pin or short shaft on which a component it supports rotates or vacillates, as an axle, capstan, fulcrum, gudgeon, or hinge
__fulcrum
__n. a pivot on which a lever turns

tally
n. a wooden stick on which notches or scores denoting items of an account (esp. amounts paid or pending) are cut; a wood tally is often halved to furnish each of two parties with its record

tankard
n. a large drinking mug featuring a single lateral handle and hinged lid, ordinarily crafted from silver or pewter

tapadera
n. the leather covering of an American saddle's stirrup

taper
n. a slim candle
n. a long, wax-coated wick applied to light candles, gas, etc.

thimble
n. a grooved metal ring fixed to line any of a sail's eyes to forfend tears or corrasion

tiller/cultivator
n. a farm implement or machine used to fragment soil and deracinate weeds with shovels or blades

traces
n. a couple of sidelong leather straps or chains flanking and linking harnessed draft beasts to a vehicle, plow or whippletree thereof

trank
n. a piece of leather from which a single glove is cut
n. the body of a glove, sans thumb, gussets and fourchettes

trestle/horse
n. a movable framework consisting of a horizontal beam supported by a pair of sloping legs, a dyad of which are often used to bear a flat surface such as a tabletop

vernier (scale)
n. a small, graduated ancillary scale fixed parallel to another and calibrated to designate fractional degrees of the superior's gradations
a. of, pertaining to or fitted with a vernier

wadcutter
n. a specialty bullet with a flat front designed for paper target shooting

water gate/penstock/floodgate/head gate
n. a gate that regulates a flow of water passing through a conduit
_sluicegate/sluice/head gate
_n. a sluice's floodgate

wimble
n. any hand tool used to bore holes
_(screw) auger
_n. a wimble comprising a cross handle affixed to a shaft that terminates in a leading helical screw, used to bore holes in wood or ice
__gimlet
__n. a small auger
___broach
___n. a gimlet designed to tap casks

windlass
n. a winch comprehending a horizontal drum or barrel on which rope or chain is wound when lifting a load to which it's secured; utilized on ships to hoist anchors


==ZOOLOGY==

aerie
n. any bird's esp. lofty nest

amble
n. the peculiar sauntering gait of a horse, by which both sidelong legs move simultaneously, alternating with those opposite

animal/faunal
a. of, regarding, typical of or derived from an animal or animals
_anguilline/anguine/colubrine/serpentine
_a. of, about or akin to a snake or snakes
__viperine
__a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of the viper
_anisopteran
_a. of or pertaining to the order Anisoptera (damselflies, dragonflies)
_apian
_a. of, regarding or resembling bees
_avian
_a. of, pertaining to or characteristic of birds
__gallinaceous
__a. of, belonging or relating to, or characteristic of birds of the order Galliformes: chickens, ducks, grouse, pheasants, quail, turkeys, etc.
__passeriform/passerine
__a. of, concerning or belonging to the order Passeriformes, as blackbirds, cardinals, crows, finches, jays, larks, sparrows, starlings, thrushes, etc.
__strigine
__a. of, related or analogous to an owl or owls 
_camelid/cameline
_a. of, about or belonging to the family Camelidae or its members: alpaca, camels, guanaco, llama, vicuña
_canine
_a. of, relating or kindred to a dog or dogs 
_a. of, regarding or belonging to the family Canidae (dogs, coyotes, foxes, jackals, wolves)
__lupine
__a. of, typical of, pertaining or analogous to a wolf or wolves
_ceratorhine/rhinerocerine
_a. of or regarding the rhinoceros
_cetacean
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to the marine order Cetacea and its members: dolphins, porpoises, whales
__delphine
__a. of, regarding or characteristic of the dolphin
_cricetine
_a. of or about gerbils and hamsters, rodents of the subfamily Cricetinae
_elephantine
_a. of, pertaining or similar to the elephant
_equine
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to the family Equidae, which includes donkeys, horses and zebras
__asinine
__a. of, about or akin to a donkey or donkeys
__caballine/equine
_a. of, concerning, characteristic of or comparable to a horse or horses
__hippotigrine/zebrine
__a. of, regarding or resembling a zebra or zebras
_felid/feline
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to the family Felidae, which comprehends wild and domestic cats, cheetahs, jaguars, leopards, lions, tigers
_a. like or typical of a cat
__leonine
__a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of a lion or lions
__pardine
__a. of or pertaining to the leopard
__tigrine
__a. of, concerning, distinctive or similar to a tiger or tigers
_gastropod(ous)
_a. of, concerning or beloning to Gastropoda, a class of mollusks comprehending cowries, limpets, slugs, snails and whelks
__limacine
__a. of or regarding slugs
_hippocampine
_a. of of about the sea horse
_hippopotamian/hippopotamic/hippopotamine
_a. of, regarding or like a hippopotamus
_hyenine
_a. of or pertaining to hyenas
_hystricine
_a. of, relating or corresponding to porcupines
_lemurine/lemuroid
_a. of, resembling, regarding or belonging to the indruses' and lemurs' family Lemuroidea
_lepidopteran/lepidopteral/lepidopterous
_a. of, regarding or belonging to order Lepidoptera, which embodies butterflies, moths and larval caterpillars
_leporine
_a. of, about, similar or individual to hares and rabbits
_macropine/macropodine
_a. of or related to the kangaroo
_mastodontic
_a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of a mastodon
_murine
_a. of or concerning any rodent of family Muridae, as the house mouse and brown rat
_musteline
_a. of, resembling, relating or belonging to the family Mustelidae, comprised of badgers, ferrets, martens, minks, otters, polecats, skunks and weasels
__lutrine
__a. of or relating to the otter
__meline
__a. of or about the badger
__mephitine
__a. of or regarding a skunk or skunks
_myrmecophagine
_a. of or pertaining to the anteater of family Myrmecophagidae
_octopine
_a. of or regarding the octopus
_odobenine
_a. of of concerning the walrus	
_phocine
_a. of, relating to, resembling or affecting seals
_a. of, pertaining or belonging to Phocinae, family of the harbor and harp seals
_piscine
_a. of, pertaining to, resembling or characteristic of fish
__elasmobranch/selachian
__a. of, concerning or belonging to the cartilaginous Elasmobranchii/Selachii: dogfish, rays, sharks and skates
_porcine
_a. of, regarding or resembling pigs
__suilline
__a. of or concerning the hog
_procyonine
_a. of or relating to the raccoon
_ranine
_a. of, regarding or resembling a frog or frogs
_reptilian
_a. of, regarding, resembling or characteristic of reptiles
__chelonian
__a. of, like, regarding or belonging to the order Chelonia (tortoises, turtles) 
___testudine
___a. of or pertaining to the tortoise
__crocodilian/crocodiline
__a. of, regarding or resembling a crocodile
__a. of, relating or belonging to the order Crocodilia (alligators, caimans, crocodiles, gharial)
_ruminant
_a. of, concerning or belonging to Ruminantia, a suborder comprised of artiodactyl mammals possessing quadripartite stomachs, and who chew reguritated cud, as antelopes, cows, deer, giraffes, goats and sheep 
__alcelaphine
__a. of or concerning the family Alcelaphinae (antelopes, hartebeest, wildebeest)
__bovine
__a. of, regarding, resembling or belonging to the ruminant family Bovinae, which encompasses buffalo, cows, oxen, etc.
___taurine
___a. of, concerning or similar to a bull
__caprine/hircine
__a. of, regarding or resembling a goat or goats
__a. of, concerning, distinctive or belonging to the family Caprinae (goats, ibex, sheep)
__cervine
__a. of, relating or similar to deer
__a. of, about or belonging to the family Cervidae (deer, elk, moose)
__giraffine
__a. of or regarding giraffes
__ovine
__a. of, relating to or typical of sheep
_sciurine
_a. of, relating or belonging to the Sciuridae, a family of rodents that incorporates chipmunks, marmots and squirrels 
_scyphozoan
_a. of, concerning or belonging to Scyphozoa, the class of true marine jellyfishes
_soricine
_a. of or pertaining to the shrew or its family, Soricidae
_talpine
_a. of, regarding or resembling Talpinae, a subfamily of primarily Eurasian moles
_tolypeutine
_a. of or pertaining to the armadillo
_ursine
_a. of, regarding or resembling a bear or bears
_vulpecular/vulpine
_a. of, concerning, resembling or characteristic of a fox or foxes

armature
n. any of an animal's defensive organs (such as claws, teeth) or protective coverings (as a carapace)
_carapace/shell
_n. a hard, protective external casing, as a turtle's integrated dorsal plates, crustacean's exoskeleton, etc.

apiary/bee house
n. an edifice containing numerous beehives, wherein they're usually raised for harvest of their honey

basilisk
n. a small American lizard of genus Basiliscus bearing a cranial crest and webbed toes that enable it to run upright across an aquatic surface

bay
n. an animal of reddish-brown coloration, esp. a horse possessing a black mane and tail

benthos
n. animals inhabiting the bottom of a lake, river, sea, etc.

bird/fowl
n. a beaked, feathered, oviparous, winged mammal, many species of which possess the power of flight
_avifauna
_n. indigenous birds of a specific region or period
_coot
_n. a waterbird of genus Fulica distinguished by its black head and neck, white bill and dark gray plumage
_fowl/gallinacean
_n. any domestic or game bird of the order Galliformes widely hunted or bred for its meat and eggs, as chickens, ducks, grouse, pheasants, quail, turkeys, etc.
__coturnix/quail
__n. small, gallinaceous European game birds of genus Coturnix, correspondent to partridges and typified by brown, camoflaged plumage and short tails
_halcyon/kingfisher
_n. any nonpasserine bird of the family Alcedinidae, characterized by its large cranium, short tail, brilliant plumage and long, sharp bill; kingfishers that reside proximal to water feed on fish; those of forests predate insects and lizards
__halcyon
__n. a kingfisher of genus Halcyon prevalent in warm regions of Asia and Africa
_heron/hern
_n. any among a variety of wading birds in the family Ardeidae possessing spearlike bills and long legs and necks
_lanner (falcon)
_n. a large falcon of southern Europe, southern Asia and north Africa distinguished by gray and brown dorsal plumage and a white breast
__lanner
__n. a female lanner falcon
__lanneret
__n. a male lanner falcon
_owl
_n. any among several (usu. nocturnal) birds of prey constituting the order Strigiformes, characterized by a broad head, flat face, large eyes encompassed by feathered facial disks, small and hoooked bill, short neck, hooked and feathered talons and fluffy plumage that muffles its flight
_passerine
_n. perching birds of the order Passeriformes possessing four toes of prehensile faculty; most are diminutive and songbirds, and hatchlings of these breeds are helpless: blackbirds, cardinals, crows, finches, jays, larks, sparrows, starlings, thrushes, etc.
__finch
__n. any of varied passerine of the family Fringillidae possessing short, stout bills employed to crack seeds: bullfinches, chaffinches, canaries, goldfinches, and siskins
__n. any similar birds of the families Cardinalidae and Emberizidae: cardinals, grosbeaks and sparrows
___cardinal
___n. a crested North American songbird, males of which sport vivid red plumage
__grackle
__n. any North or South American blackbird of the family Icteridae and genus Quiscalus, whose plumage is iridescently black
__lark
__n. passerine of family Alaudidae, distinguished by their dull plume, melody and long hind claws
___Alauda arvensis/skylark
___n. a songbird of Europe, Asia and northern Africa of brown-speckled plumage that sings melodiously whilst hovering at terrific heights
__rook
__n. a gregarious Eurasian passeriform bird, notable for a bare patch of skin about the base of its bill and proclivity to nest and roost at the tops of trees
__shrike
__n. any carnivorous songbird of the family Laniidae, distinguished by its robust, severely hooked bill and propensity to predate insects and small vertebrates by empalement on thorns, barbed wire, etc.
_parrot
_n. any of many compact tropical and subtropical birds of the order Psittaciformes distinguished by their vibrant plumage, short, hooked bill, and select capacity to mimic human speech
__macaw
__n. any among various large Latin American parrots of genera Ara and Anodorhynchus characterized by stout bills and long tails
__parakeet/paroquet
__n. a small, slim parrot possessing a tapering tail
_plover
_n. a shorebird of family Charadriidae distinguished by its thick neck, short bill and tail, and compact, rounded body
_stint
_n. any among the smallest sandpipers of genera Erolia or Calidris found in Eurasia or Alaska
_(long-tailed) sylph
_n. any of several South American hummingbird species boasting brilliant green, blue and purple feathers; males of these species have extremely long, forficate tails
_tern
_n. any among various seabirds of genus Sterna bearing cleft tails and long, slim wings, which are smaller than gulls
_visitant
_n. a migratory bird that resides somewhere pro tempore

birdcall/birdsong/pipe
n. the chirping, whistling and song of a (usu. passerine) bird

blue
n. a small butterfly of the family Lycaenidae bearing blue wings

bobtail
n. a short or docked tail
n. any animal possessing a short or truncated tail
a. having a short tail

brood/cletch/clutch
n. a group of chicks who've hatched together

browse/graze
v. (of herbivorous animals) to feed on grass or other herbage, as in a meadow
_pasture
_v. to graze in a pasture

caducous
a. shed at an early stage of development, as an amphibian's gills

canter
n. a horse's or other quadruped's smooth, triple-beat gait between the velocity of a trot and a gallop
_lope
_n. a leisurely canter

caterwaul
n. the shrill, yowling sonant verbalized by a cat whilst rutting

cayuse/(Cayuse) Indian pony
n. a small, strapping range pony endemic of the western United States, gentled and employed by Native American tribes (esp. the Cayuse) and cowboys

chine
n. an animal's spine

cinnabar (moth)/Callimorpha jacobeae
n. a large, black European moth sporting vivid red patches, the larvae of which feed on leaves of ragwort

clowder/cludder/clutter
n. a group of cats
_glaring
_a. a clowder comprised of cats who are uncertain of one another

clutch
n. a set of eggs in simultaneous incubation

coelenterate/cnidarian
n. any radially symmetrical invertebrate of phylum Cnidaria, formed of a saclike internal cavity and single orifice ringed with tentacles furnished with stinging structures: corals, hydras, jellyfish and sea anemonies

coprophagous
a. feeding on feces, as certain insects or Teutons

couchant
a. (of a cat) seated with body resting on legs and head raised

cow
n. a mature, usu. domesticated female ox exploited for its milk or beef
n. a mature female mammal, as an elephant, moose, seal, whale, etc.

crepitation
n. defensive discharge by certain beetles of an acerbic fluid

croche
n. a small bud or knob protruding from and topping a deer's antler

cur/mongrel
n. a dog of mixed breed
_cur
_n. a vicious or substandard mongrel

dace
n. any among a variety of small, bluish-green or jade freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae

dam
n. a domestic, quadrupedal mother, such as a mare or sow

doggery
n. a group of dogs
_pack
_n. a ravening doggery

diurnal
a. (of animals) active during the daytime

dory
n. any among varied marine fish of order Zeiformes possessing spiny dorsal fins and slim, ovate bodies

drift/drive/drove
n. a driven herd of livestock, esp. of oxen, sheep or swine

entomology
n. that branch of zoology pertaining to the study of insects

ermine/Mustela erminea/short-tailed weasel/stoat
n. a weasel of the Northern Hemisphere notable for its black-tipped tail and lush, dark brown fur, which blanches during winters

escutcheon
n. pubic hair growing from the perineum betwixt a cow's udder and vulva, attributes of which were esteemed an index of milking qualities

flank
n. the fleshy or muscular portion of an animal's side between its ribs and hip

flehmen position [OR] reaction [OR] response
n. the act of curling back an upper lip to expose incisors and canines while inspiring orally

flukes
n. flat, bilateral lobes to which a cetacean's tail terminates

fluke
n. any parasitic flatworm
_monogenean
_n. an ectoparasite of class Monogenea whose entire life cycle is spent fastened to a fish
_trematode
_n. a fluke of class Trematoda that fastens itself with hooks or suckers to its host

frog
n. horny, durable, elastic matter centered in the sole of an equine's foot

gregarious/social
a. living together in colonies, herds, hives, flocks, etc. and often adherent to an organized and hierarchical system

gunnel
n. a small, narrow fish of the family Pholidae distinguished by its long dorsal fin and small or absence of pelvic fins; rife in the coastal waters and tidal pools of northern seas

hack/jade/nag
n. an old or worn-out horse

haunch
n. jointly, the loin and leg of a quadruped

husky/Eskimo dog
n. a powerful Arctic sled dog distinguished by its pricked ears, curled tail and dense, coarse double coat

imago
n. a sexually mature insect posterior to its metamorphosis

katydid
n. a large, green grasshopper of genus Microcentrum and family Tettigoniidae possessing long antennae; males of this species emit a stridulous song when they rub organs of their forewings together

leviathan
n. a gargantuan marine animal, esp. a whale

lobo
n. a large timber wolf of the western United States

malander
n. a dry, scabby or scurfy eruption behind an equine's knee

malandered
n. (of equines) suffering from or bearing malanders

mastodon(t)
n. a tusked, immane, hirsute, extinct mammal akin to the elephant that flourished worldwide from the Oligocene to Pleistocene epoch, secerned by its dental array and stockier, more robust build from those of the mammoth

mimicry/mimesis
n. the defensive resemblance of an animal or plant to another or an inanimate object developed to enable concealment or convey an unappetizing impression

mygale
n. a genus of large, pilose spiders that trap their prey in subterranean tubes rather than webs

(ecological) niche
n. the function, position or role of an organism or species within its environment and community

neigh
n. the prolonged, snorting, stridulous clamor of a horse
v. (of a horse) to vocalize this noise
_nicker/whinny
_n. a soft, gentle neigh
_v. (of a horse) to emit a nicker

osculate
v. to be relegated to an intermediary class between two taxonomic groups

peccary
n. two species of piglike mammals autochthonous to North America
_collared peccary/javelina
_n. a peccary possessing a gray coat ringed with a white collar

peltry
n. numerous undressed pelts

persistent
a. (of a faunal organ) retained; not shed upon maturity

plumage/plume
n. collectively, a bird's feathers

plume/preen
v. (of birds) to smooth or clean feathers with the beak

pout/eelpout
n. a bottom-dwelling fish of the family Zoarcidae, resident in cool or cold seas and distinguished by its broad head, thick lips and elongated body, the dorsal and anal fins of which extend along its tail

pout/hornpout/horned pout/bullhead/Ameiurus [OR] Ictalurus nebulosus
n. a freshwater catfish native to eastern North America and readily identified by its large head, oral barbels and spined dorsal and pectoral fins

predate/prey/raven
v. (of a predatory animal) to hunt for, kill and eat an animal of another species

predation/prey
n. killing and consumption by a predator of its prey

prehensile
a. (of an extremity) adapted to seize or grasp, esp. by wrapping around and clutching an object

remuda
n. an equine herd from which ranch hands select their daily mounts

rookery
n. a group of nesting birds
n. wherever a rookery nests

ruminate
v. (of ruminants) to chew cud posterior to its regurgitation

rostrum
n. any natural projection of an animal's anterior head, as a beak or snout

scapular
n. any feathers covering the shoulders of a bird

school/shoal
n. any large group of aquatic animals (esp. fish) that swim in confluence, esp. during migration
_gam
_n. a school of whales

scute/scutum
n. one of several thick, horny or bony plates or scales, as of a turle's shell, armadillo's banded armor, crocodile's back, etc.

shoat
n. a weaned piglet

siphon
n. a tubular organ (of clams, mollusks, squids, etc.) through which liquid (usu. water) is drawn or discharged

skein
n. a flock of ducks or geese in flight

snail
n. any lusk, freshwater or terrestrial gastropod mollusk that can withdraw its entire internal body into its voluted shell
_helix
_n. a terrene snail of genus Helix

solifugae
n. spiders distinguished by large, fierce fangs

squamous/squamose/scaly
a. comprised of, or covered or coated with scales

stentor
n. a trumpet-shaped protozoan of the genus Stentor that ravens other microorganisms in freshwater ponds with its spiral, ciliated orifice

stridulate
v. (of insects, esp. the cricket) to produce a strident, often chirping sound by rubbing organs together

stifle
n. a joint between a quadruped's hind femur and tibia homologous and inverse to the human knee
_hock
_n. a joint diametric yet homologous to the human ankle in gallinaceous legs and some quadrupedal hind legs

terrestrial/terrene
a. inhabiting dry land

venomous
a. containing, secreting or capable of injecting venom by biting or stinging

vinegarroon
n. a whip scorpion of Mexico and the southern United States that sprays a fluid of vinegary odor when disturbed

(rabbit) warren
n. a network of subterranean rabbit burrows interconnected by tunnels

wisdom
n. a group of wombats

wisp
n. a flock of snipe
© 2012-2017 Robert Buchanan

Back to the homepage